Saros -5

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -5

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -5

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros -5 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -5
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-36 -2852-May-0913:33:48 69452 8068 -60008 Nb t- -1.5395 0.0306-0.9643 49.8 - -
2-35 -2834-May-2020:28:00 68916 7961 -59785 N t- -1.4677 0.1646-0.8344114.7 - -
3-34 -2816-May-3103:23:15 68383 7854 -59562 N t- -1.3974 0.2958-0.7079152.6 - -
4-33 -2798-Jun-1110:19:21 67852 7748 -59339 N t- -1.3284 0.4251-0.5838181.6 - -
5-32 -2780-Jun-2117:18:09 67323 7642 -59116 N t- -1.2623 0.5493-0.4653205.0 - -
6-31 -2762-Jul-0300:21:04 66796 7538 -58893 N t- -1.2003 0.6661-0.3546224.3 - -
7-30 -2744-Jul-1307:29:28 66271 7433 -58670 N t- -1.1437 0.7731-0.2541240.3 - -
8-29 -2726-Jul-2414:43:42 65748 7330 -58447 N t- -1.0924 0.8706-0.1632253.7 - -
9-28 -2708-Aug-0322:04:56 65227 7227 -58224 N t- -1.0477 0.9561-0.0845264.9 - -
10-27 -2690-Aug-1505:33:58 64709 7125 -58001 Nx t- -1.0101 1.0286-0.0188274.0 - -
11-26 -2672-Aug-2513:11:12 64192 7024 -57778 P t- -0.9800 1.0872 0.0330281.2 43.2 -
12-25 -2654-Sep-0520:55:09 63677 6923 -57555 P t- -0.9562 1.1341 0.0736287.1 64.2 -
13-24 -2636-Sep-1604:47:45 63165 6823 -57332 P t- -0.9399 1.1669 0.1004291.4 74.9 -
14-23 -2618-Sep-2712:46:21 62654 6724 -57109 P t- -0.9291 1.1896 0.1176294.7 81.1 -
15-22 -2600-Oct-0720:51:25 62146 6625 -56886 P t- -0.9243 1.2009 0.1240296.9 83.5 -
16-21 -2582-Oct-1904:58:48 61640 6527 -56663 P t- -0.9219 1.2073 0.1262298.5 84.4 -
17-20 -2564-Oct-2913:10:24 61135 6430 -56440 P t- -0.9236 1.2061 0.1215299.4 83.0 -
18-19 -2546-Nov-0921:21:43 60633 6333 -56217 P t- -0.9254 1.2040 0.1168300.0 81.6 -
19-18 -2528-Nov-2005:32:27 60133 6237 -55994 P t- -0.9273 1.2015 0.1125300.6 80.4 -
20-17 -2510-Dec-0113:39:08 59635 6142 -55771 P t- -0.9264 1.2037 0.1136301.5 80.9 -
21-16 -2492-Dec-1121:41:43 59139 6047 -55548 P t- -0.9226 1.2108 0.1204302.7 83.4 -
22-15 -2474-Dec-2305:37:04 58645 5953 -55325 P t- -0.9135 1.2273 0.1373304.8 89.0 -
23-14 -2455-Jan-0213:24:19 58154 5860 -55102 P t- -0.8982 1.2549 0.1659307.7 97.6 -
24-13 -2437-Jan-1321:02:20 57664 5767 -54879 P t- -0.8757 1.2954 0.2079311.6108.8 -
25-12 -2419-Jan-2404:30:39 57176 5676 -54656 P t- -0.8455 1.3497 0.2641316.5121.7 -
26-11 -2401-Feb-0411:47:55 56691 5584 -54433 P t- -0.8068 1.4198 0.3363322.3136.1 -
27-10 -2383-Feb-1418:54:51 56207 5494 -54210 P t- -0.7597 1.5049 0.4237328.8150.9 -
28 -9 -2365-Feb-2601:51:21 55726 5404 -53987 P t- -0.7044 1.6053 0.5266335.7165.7 -
29 -8 -2347-Mar-0808:39:05 55246 5315 -53764 P t- -0.6416 1.7193 0.6428342.8179.8 -
30 -7 -2329-Mar-1915:16:17 54769 5226 -53541 P t- -0.5703 1.8490 0.7747349.8193.1 -
31 -6 -2311-Mar-2921:47:23 54294 5138 -53318 P t- -0.4941 1.9879 0.9156356.2204.8 -
32 -5 -2293-Apr-1004:10:54 53821 5051 -53095 T t- -0.4116 2.1384 1.0678362.0215.0 42.4
33 -4 -2275-Apr-2010:31:27 53349 4965 -52872 T tp -0.3264 2.2940 1.2248366.8223.2 73.3
34 -3 -2257-May-0116:46:35 52880 4879 -52649 T- pp -0.2366 2.4583 1.3901370.5229.5 90.8
35 -2 -2239-May-1123:02:06 52414 4794 -52426 T- pp -0.1468 2.6227 1.5551372.9233.7100.9
36 -1 -2221-May-2305:16:28 51949 4709 -52203 T- pp -0.0563 2.7887 1.7213374.1235.8105.9
37 0 -2203-Jun-0211:33:29 51486 4626 -51980 T+ pp 0.0324 2.8326 1.7651374.0235.9106.4
38 1 -2185-Jun-1317:53:27 51025 4543 -51757 T+ pp 0.1188 2.6743 1.6062372.8234.1102.7
39 2 -2167-Jun-2400:19:38 50566 4460 -51534 T+ pp 0.2004 2.5251 1.4562370.5230.7 95.2
40 3 -2149-Jul-0506:52:43 50110 4379 -51311 T pp 0.2765 2.3860 1.3160367.4225.9 83.6
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -5
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 4 -2131-Jul-1513:33:18 49655 4298 -51088 T -t 0.3468 2.2576 1.1862363.7220.0 67.1
42 5 -2113-Jul-2620:23:39 49203 4217 -50865 T -t 0.4094 2.1436 1.0706359.7213.5 42.9
43 6 -2095-Aug-0603:23:38 48752 4138 -50642 P -t 0.4644 2.0435 0.9689355.5206.7 -
44 7 -2077-Aug-1710:34:53 48304 4059 -50419 P -t 0.5108 1.9591 0.8829351.5200.1 -
45 8 -2059-Aug-2717:55:57 47858 3980 -50196 P -t 0.5497 1.8886 0.8109347.7193.9 -
46 9 -2041-Sep-0801:29:03 47413 3903 -49973 P -t 0.5793 1.8349 0.7560344.5188.6 -
47 10 -2023-Sep-1809:11:36 46971 3826 -49750 P -t 0.6017 1.7943 0.7145341.7184.3 -
48 11 -2005-Sep-2917:03:55 46531 3750 -49527 P -t 0.6167 1.7669 0.6867339.5181.1 -
49 12 -1987-Oct-1001:03:59 46093 3674 -49304 P -t 0.6260 1.7498 0.6697337.8178.9 -
50 13 -1969-Oct-2109:11:44 45657 3599 -49081 P -t 0.6299 1.7423 0.6629336.5177.8 -
51 14 -1951-Oct-3117:23:45 45224 3525 -48858 P -t 0.6306 1.7402 0.6623335.4177.3 -
52 15 -1933-Nov-1201:39:03 44792 3452 -48635 P -t 0.6294 1.7413 0.6656334.5177.2 -
53 16 -1915-Nov-2209:55:32 44362 3379 -48412 P -t 0.6279 1.7425 0.6698333.4177.2 -
54 17 -1897-Dec-0318:12:41 43935 3307 -48189 P -t 0.6268 1.7427 0.6737332.2177.1 -
55 18 -1879-Dec-1402:25:59 43509 3236 -47966 P -t 0.6296 1.7354 0.6709330.5176.4 -
56 19 -1861-Dec-2510:36:38 43085 3165 -47743 P -t 0.6352 1.7225 0.6630328.4175.1 -
57 20 -1842-Jan-0418:40:54 42664 3095 -47520 P -t 0.6471 1.6979 0.6441325.6172.6 -
58 21 -1824-Jan-1602:40:44 42245 3026 -47297 P -t 0.6633 1.6650 0.6173322.2169.3 -
59 22 -1806-Jan-2610:31:23 41827 2957 -47074 P -t 0.6882 1.6160 0.5748317.8164.0 -
60 23 -1788-Feb-0618:16:56 41412 2889 -46851 P -t 0.7183 1.5575 0.5230312.7157.2 -
61 24 -1770-Feb-1701:53:06 40999 2822 -46628 P -t 0.7569 1.4832 0.4554306.3147.8 -
62 25 -1752-Feb-2809:23:34 40588 2755 -46405 P -t 0.8011 1.3987 0.3777298.9135.8 -
63 26 -1734-Mar-1016:45:12 40179 2690 -46182 P -t 0.8534 1.2993 0.2849289.9119.2 -
64 27 -1716-Mar-2100:02:45 39772 2625 -45959 P -t 0.9100 1.1924 0.1844279.6 97.0 -
65 28 -1698-Apr-0107:13:53 39367 2560 -45736 P -t 0.9727 1.0743 0.0723267.5 61.4 -
66 29 -1680-Apr-1114:21:20 38964 2496 -45513 N -t 1.0392 0.9494-0.0470253.6 - -
67 30 -1662-Apr-2221:25:32 38564 2433 -45290 N -h 1.1089 0.8190-0.1723237.7 - -
68 31 -1644-May-0304:28:51 38165 2371 -45067 N -h 1.1798 0.6865-0.3003219.5 - -
69 32 -1626-May-1411:32:00 37768 2310 -44844 N -h 1.2517 0.5526-0.4303198.7 - -
70 33 -1608-May-2418:35:52 37374 2249 -44621 N -h 1.3237 0.4189-0.5607174.5 - -
71 34 -1590-Jun-0501:42:55 36982 2189 -44398 N -a 1.3938 0.2890-0.6879146.2 - -
72 35 -1572-Jun-1508:54:10 36591 2129 -44175 N -a 1.4609 0.1649-0.8100111.3 - -
73 36 -1554-Jun-2616:10:13 36203 2070 -43952 Ne -a 1.5247 0.0470-0.9264 59.8 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros -5

Lunar eclipses of Saros -5 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -2852 May 09. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -1554 Jun 26. The total duration of Saros series -5 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros -5
First Eclipse -2852 May 09
Last Eclipse -1554 Jun 26
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 10N 21P 11T 23P 8N

Saros -5 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros -5
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 18 24.7%
PartialP 44 60.3%
TotalT 11 15.1%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros -5 occur in the order of 10N 21P 11T 23P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros -5
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 10
Partial P 21
Total T 11
Partial P 23
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros -5 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -5
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -2203 Jun 0201h46m22s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -2293 Apr 1000h42m23s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2095 Aug 0603h26m43s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2672 Aug 2500h43m09s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2690 Aug 1504h33m57s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2852 May 0900h49m47s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2095 Aug 06 - 0.96894
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2672 Aug 25 - 0.03304

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.