Saros -8

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -8

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -8

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros -8 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -8
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-36 -2993-Jun-0716:19:35 73707 8931 -61751 Nb t- 1.5335 0.0421-0.9535 58.3 - -
2-35 -2975-Jun-1723:22:38 73155 8818 -61528 N t- 1.4695 0.1623-0.8389113.7 - -
3-34 -2957-Jun-2906:30:54 72606 8706 -61305 N t- 1.4103 0.2740-0.7332147.0 - -
4-33 -2939-Jul-0913:43:09 72059 8595 -61082 N t- 1.3546 0.3794-0.6342172.2 - -
5-32 -2921-Jul-2021:02:47 71513 8484 -60859 N t- 1.3056 0.4727-0.5476191.4 - -
6-31 -2903-Jul-3104:27:41 70970 8374 -60636 N t- 1.2614 0.5572-0.4699207.2 - -
7-30 -2885-Aug-1112:01:44 70429 8265 -60413 N t- 1.2252 0.6272-0.4068219.4 - -
8-29 -2867-Aug-2119:42:22 69890 8156 -60190 N t- 1.1947 0.6865-0.3543229.3 - -
9-28 -2849-Sep-0203:31:05 69353 8048 -59967 N t- 1.1714 0.7326-0.3148236.9 - -
10-27 -2831-Sep-1211:26:39 68818 7941 -59744 N t- 1.1541 0.7675-0.2862242.8 - -
11-26 -2813-Sep-2319:30:02 68285 7834 -59521 N t- 1.1440 0.7889-0.2707246.7 - -
12-25 -2795-Oct-0403:38:13 67755 7728 -59298 N t- 1.1382 0.8023-0.2625249.4 - -
13-24 -2777-Oct-1511:50:53 67226 7623 -59075 N t- 1.1367 0.8074-0.2621251.1 - -
14-23 -2759-Oct-2520:05:45 66699 7518 -58852 N t- 1.1376 0.8077-0.2657252.1 - -
15-22 -2741-Nov-0604:22:33 66175 7414 -58629 N t- 1.1408 0.8034-0.2731252.3 - -
16-21 -2723-Nov-1612:36:51 65652 7311 -58406 N t- 1.1427 0.8011-0.2778252.8 - -
17-20 -2705-Nov-2720:49:31 65132 7208 -58183 N t- 1.1441 0.7993-0.2812253.3 - -
18-19 -2687-Dec-0804:56:09 64613 7107 -57960 N t- 1.1413 0.8049-0.2765254.7 - -
19-18 -2669-Dec-1912:58:00 64097 7005 -57737 N t- 1.1352 0.8163-0.2653256.8 - -
20-17 -2651-Dec-2920:49:45 63583 6905 -57514 N t- 1.1217 0.8408-0.2404260.6 - -
21-16 -2632-Jan-1004:34:41 63071 6805 -57291 N t- 1.1032 0.8743-0.2060265.3 - -
22-15 -2614-Jan-2012:07:49 62561 6706 -57068 N t- 1.0762 0.9233-0.1558271.8 - -
23-14 -2596-Jan-3119:31:40 62053 6607 -56845 N t- 1.0418 0.9856-0.0919279.4 - -
24-13 -2578-Feb-1102:43:15 61547 6509 -56622 Nx t- 0.9980 1.0651-0.0108288.5 - -
25-12 -2560-Feb-2209:45:53 61043 6412 -56399 P t- 0.9473 1.1573 0.0831298.1 70.0 -
26-11 -2542-Mar-0416:37:41 60541 6315 -56176 P t- 0.8883 1.2646 0.1921308.3104.9 -
27-10 -2524-Mar-1423:19:47 60042 6220 -55953 P t- 0.8217 1.3861 0.3151318.8132.2 -
28 -9 -2506-Mar-2605:53:20 59544 6124 -55730 P t- 0.7484 1.5199 0.4501329.0155.0 -
29 -8 -2488-Apr-0512:20:07 59048 6030 -55507 P t- 0.6696 1.6639 0.5953338.6174.3 -
30 -7 -2470-Apr-1618:41:08 58555 5936 -55284 P t- 0.5863 1.8164 0.7485347.4190.6 -
31 -6 -2452-Apr-2700:57:41 58063 5843 -55061 P t- 0.4995 1.9755 0.9079355.1204.2 -
32 -5 -2434-May-0807:12:23 57574 5751 -54838 T t- 0.4111 2.1378 1.0702361.7215.2 43.1
33 -4 -2416-May-1813:26:39 57087 5659 -54615 T tp 0.3221 2.3013 1.2332366.9223.6 74.4
34 -3 -2398-May-2919:41:24 56602 5568 -54392 T+ pp 0.2334 2.4645 1.3956370.7229.7 91.2
35 -2 -2380-Jun-0901:59:17 56118 5477 -54169 T+ pp 0.1470 2.6235 1.5535373.3233.7100.8
36 -1 -2362-Jun-2008:21:49 55637 5387 -53946 T+ pp 0.0641 2.7765 1.7049374.7235.6105.5
37 0 -2344-Jun-3014:51:14 55158 5298 -53723 T- pp -0.0135 2.8702 1.7968375.0235.9106.4
38 1 -2326-Jul-1121:26:56 54682 5210 -53500 T- pp -0.0864 2.7375 1.6621374.4234.8104.2
39 2 -2308-Jul-2204:12:41 54207 5122 -53277 T- pp -0.1514 2.6193 1.5416373.1232.6 99.7
40 3 -2290-Aug-0211:07:26 53734 5035 -53054 T- pp -0.2097 2.5134 1.4335371.4229.7 93.4

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -8
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 4 -2272-Aug-1218:13:12 53263 4949 -52831 T- pp -0.2593 2.4237 1.3416369.4226.5 85.8
42 5 -2254-Aug-2401:28:29 52794 4863 -52608 T -p -0.3015 2.3473 1.2631367.3223.2 77.4
43 6 -2236-Sep-0308:55:14 52328 4778 -52385 T -p -0.3349 2.2868 1.2008365.4220.1 69.0
44 7 -2218-Sep-1416:31:51 51863 4694 -52162 T -p -0.3608 2.2401 1.1525363.6217.4 61.1
45 8 -2200-Sep-2500:17:08 51401 4610 -51939 T -p -0.3801 2.2052 1.1166361.9215.1 53.9
46 9 -2182-Oct-0608:11:25 50941 4527 -51716 T -p -0.3926 2.1825 1.0934360.6213.4 48.5
47 10 -2164-Oct-1616:12:32 50482 4445 -51493 T -p -0.3997 2.1695 1.0806359.4212.3 45.2
48 11 -2146-Oct-2800:19:39 50026 4364 -51270 T -p -0.4027 2.1634 1.0754358.4211.6 43.7
49 12 -2128-Nov-0708:28:48 49572 4283 -51047 T -p -0.4048 2.1589 1.0725357.3211.0 42.8
50 13 -2110-Nov-1816:41:15 49120 4203 -50824 T -p -0.4047 2.1577 1.0738356.2210.6 43.1
51 14 -2092-Nov-2900:52:51 48670 4123 -50601 T -p -0.4058 2.1539 1.0734354.9210.1 42.9
52 15 -2074-Dec-1009:03:00 48222 4044 -50378 T -p -0.4089 2.1462 1.0697353.4209.4 41.8
53 16 -2056-Dec-2017:08:45 47776 3966 -50155 T -p -0.4161 2.1307 1.0589351.5208.3 38.5
54 17 -2037-Jan-0101:10:29 47332 3889 -49932 T -p -0.4275 2.1071 1.0406349.2206.7 32.1
55 18 -2019-Jan-1109:05:29 46890 3812 -49709 T -t -0.4451 2.0718 1.0113346.4204.4 17.0
56 19 -2001-Jan-2216:53:31 46451 3736 -49486 P -t -0.4690 2.0247 0.9705343.0201.3 -
57 20 -1983-Feb-0200:34:00 46013 3660 -49263 P -t -0.4999 1.9647 0.9170338.9197.0 -
58 21 -1965-Feb-1308:07:15 45578 3586 -49040 P -t -0.5373 1.8928 0.8518334.1191.6 -
59 22 -1947-Feb-2315:31:49 45144 3512 -48817 P -t -0.5826 1.8062 0.7720328.4184.4 -
60 23 -1929-Mar-0622:50:04 44713 3438 -48594 P -t -0.6339 1.7088 0.6812321.7175.3 -
61 24 -1911-Mar-1706:01:18 44283 3366 -48371 P -t -0.6917 1.5994 0.5783313.8163.8 -
62 25 -1893-Mar-2813:08:19 43856 3294 -48148 P -t -0.7537 1.4827 0.4677304.9149.4 -
63 26 -1875-Apr-0720:08:46 43431 3223 -47925 P -t -0.8219 1.3546 0.3454294.3130.3 -
64 27 -1857-Apr-1903:08:13 43008 3152 -47702 P -t -0.8916 1.2240 0.2200282.5105.6 -
65 28 -1839-Apr-2910:04:27 42587 3082 -47479 P -t -0.9651 1.0867 0.0876269.0 67.6 -
66 29 -1821-May-1017:02:18 42168 3013 -47256 N -t -1.0379 0.9511-0.0438254.1 - -
67 30 -1803-May-2023:59:19 41751 2945 -47033 N -t -1.1122 0.8129-0.1783237.3 - -
68 31 -1785-Jun-0107:01:28 41336 2877 -46810 N -h -1.1832 0.6811-0.3071219.2 - -
69 32 -1767-Jun-1114:06:02 40923 2810 -46587 N -h -1.2532 0.5514-0.4344198.9 - -
70 33 -1749-Jun-2221:16:51 40513 2743 -46364 N -h -1.3189 0.4299-0.5541177.0 - -
71 34 -1731-Jul-0304:32:55 40104 2678 -46141 N -a -1.3811 0.3152-0.6676152.7 - -
72 35 -1713-Jul-1411:57:54 39697 2613 -45918 N -a -1.4370 0.2123-0.7696126.1 - -
73 36 -1695-Jul-2419:30:28 39293 2548 -45695 N -a -1.4875 0.1194-0.8623 95.0 - -
74 37 -1677-Aug-0503:11:58 38891 2485 -45472 Ne -a -1.5318 0.0382-0.9435 54.0 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros -8

Lunar eclipses of Saros -8 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -2993 Jun 07. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1677 Aug 05. The total duration of Saros series -8 is 1316.20 years.

Summary of Saros -8
First Eclipse -2993 Jun 07
Last Eclipse -1677 Aug 05
Series Duration 1316.20 Years
No. of Eclipses 74
Sequence 24N 7P 24T 10P 9N

Saros -8 is composed of 74 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros -8
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 74100.0%
PenumbralN 33 44.6%
PartialP 17 23.0%
TotalT 24 32.4%

The 74 lunar eclipses of Saros -8 occur in the order of 24N 7P 24T 10P 9N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros -8
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 24
Partial P 7
Total T 24
Partial P 10
Penumbral N 9

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros -8 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros -8
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -2344 Jun 3001h46m22s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -2019 Jan 1100h17m02s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2452 Apr 2703h24m14s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1839 Apr 2901h07m36s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2578 Feb 1104h48m27s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1677 Aug 0500h53m58s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2001 Jan 22 - 0.97046
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2560 Feb 22 - 0.08308

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.