Saros 0

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 0

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 0

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 0 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 0
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-38 -2653-Mar-0118:53:34 63664 6920 -57549 Nb a- 1.5443 0.0053-0.9569 19.8 - -
2-37 -2635-Mar-1202:31:42 63151 6820 -57326 N a- 1.4866 0.1088-0.8487 88.4 - -
3-36 -2617-Mar-2310:05:41 62641 6721 -57103 N a- 1.4252 0.2193-0.7339124.0 - -
4-35 -2599-Apr-0217:32:52 62132 6622 -56880 N a- 1.3577 0.3413-0.6082152.5 - -
5-34 -2581-Apr-1400:58:32 61626 6525 -56657 N a- 1.2884 0.4669-0.4795175.9 - -
6-33 -2563-Apr-2408:20:12 61122 6427 -56434 N a- 1.2153 0.6000-0.3441196.4 - -
7-32 -2545-May-0515:41:36 60620 6331 -56211 N a- 1.1414 0.7345-0.2078214.0 - -
8-31 -2527-May-1523:02:12 60120 6235 -55988 N a- 1.0664 0.8717-0.0696229.6 - -
9-30 -2509-May-2706:25:11 59622 6139 -55765 P a- 0.9930 1.0063 0.0653242.9 55.3 -
10-29 -2491-Jun-0613:49:58 59126 6045 -55542 P a- 0.9209 1.1388 0.1973254.6 94.3 -
11-28 -2473-Jun-1721:18:18 58632 5951 -55319 P a- 0.8516 1.2664 0.3239264.5118.6 -
12-27 -2455-Jun-2804:51:47 58140 5858 -55096 P a- 0.7864 1.3868 0.4426273.0136.1 -
13-26 -2437-Jul-0912:31:12 57651 5765 -54873 P a- 0.7259 1.4990 0.5526280.2149.5 -
14-25 -2419-Jul-1920:17:13 57163 5673 -54650 P a- 0.6711 1.6010 0.6519286.2159.9 -
15-24 -2401-Jul-3104:10:42 56678 5582 -54427 P a- 0.6225 1.6917 0.7394291.2167.8 -
16-23 -2383-Aug-1012:12:35 56194 5491 -54204 P a- 0.5810 1.7696 0.8139295.2173.9 -
17-22 -2365-Aug-2120:22:44 55713 5402 -53981 P a- 0.5464 1.8350 0.8756298.5178.6 -
18-21 -2347-Sep-0104:40:11 55233 5312 -53758 P a- 0.5179 1.8892 0.9261301.2182.1 -
19-20 -2329-Sep-1213:06:21 54756 5224 -53535 P a- 0.4967 1.9298 0.9630303.3184.6 -
20-19 -2311-Sep-2221:39:39 54281 5136 -53312 P a- 0.4820 1.9587 0.9883304.9186.3 -
21-18 -2293-Oct-0406:19:50 53808 5049 -53089 T a- 0.4729 1.9771 1.0034306.2187.3 8.7
22-17 -2275-Oct-1415:04:22 53337 4962 -52866 T p- 0.4677 1.9880 1.0113307.2188.0 15.8
23-16 -2257-Oct-2523:53:35 52868 4877 -52643 T p- 0.4668 1.9909 1.0117307.9188.2 16.1
24-15 -2239-Nov-0508:44:49 52401 4792 -52420 T p- 0.4679 1.9900 1.0086308.5188.3 13.9
25-14 -2221-Nov-1617:36:22 51936 4707 -52197 T p- 0.4699 1.9872 1.0043309.0188.3 9.8
26-13 -2203-Nov-2702:26:42 51473 4623 -51974 T p- 0.4713 1.9851 1.0011309.5188.4 4.9
27-12 -2185-Dec-0811:13:58 51013 4540 -51751 T p- 0.4708 1.9864 1.0017310.2188.8 6.2
28-11 -2167-Dec-1819:56:52 50554 4458 -51528 T p- 0.4672 1.9931 1.0081311.1189.6 13.5
29-10 -2149-Dec-3004:32:51 50097 4376 -51305 T p- 0.4586 2.0088 1.0240312.3190.9 23.2
30 -9 -2130-Jan-0913:02:18 49643 4295 -51082 T p- 0.4452 2.0333 1.0488313.8192.8 32.9
31 -8 -2112-Jan-2021:23:08 49191 4215 -50859 T p- 0.4255 2.0691 1.0851315.8195.2 43.1
32 -7 -2094-Jan-3105:34:44 48740 4135 -50636 T p- 0.3987 2.1180 1.1347318.1198.3 53.6
33 -6 -2076-Feb-1113:36:44 48292 4057 -50413 T p- 0.3645 2.1806 1.1977320.7201.8 63.8
34 -5 -2058-Feb-2121:29:25 47846 3978 -50190 T p- 0.3233 2.2560 1.2734323.6205.5 73.4
35 -4 -2040-Mar-0405:13:12 47402 3901 -49967 T p- 0.2754 2.3438 1.3613326.6209.3 82.0
36 -3 -2022-Mar-1512:46:43 46959 3824 -49744 T+ p- 0.2199 2.4458 1.4631329.5212.9 89.6
37 -2 -2004-Mar-2520:12:35 46519 3748 -49521 T+ pp 0.1587 2.5584 1.5750332.3216.1 95.6
38 -1 -1986-Apr-0603:30:09 46082 3672 -49298 T+ pp 0.0913 2.6826 1.6980334.7218.5 99.9
39 0 -1968-Apr-1610:41:36 45646 3597 -49075 T+ pp 0.0198 2.8147 1.8283336.6220.1102.0
40 1 -1950-Apr-2717:46:25 45212 3523 -48852 T- pp -0.0560 2.7494 1.7608337.8220.5101.6
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 0
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 2 -1932-May-0800:47:55 44780 3450 -48629 T- pp -0.1337 2.6083 1.6168338.2219.6 98.3
42 3 -1914-May-1907:46:03 44351 3377 -48406 T- -p -0.2133 2.4642 1.4691337.9217.2 91.5
43 4 -1896-May-2914:42:29 43923 3305 -48183 T -a -0.2931 2.3197 1.3205336.6213.4 80.2
44 5 -1878-Jun-0921:38:58 43498 3234 -47960 T -a -0.3719 2.1776 1.1737334.5207.9 62.3
45 6 -1860-Jun-2004:36:43 43074 3163 -47737 T -a -0.4485 2.0395 1.0305331.7200.9 27.4
46 7 -1842-Jul-0111:37:49 42653 3093 -47514 P -a -0.5213 1.9089 0.8941328.1192.5 -
47 8 -1824-Jul-1118:41:38 42233 3024 -47291 P -a -0.5908 1.7844 0.7637324.0182.6 -
48 9 -1806-Jul-2301:52:15 41816 2955 -47068 P -a -0.6538 1.6722 0.6450319.7171.7 -
49 10 -1788-Aug-0209:07:59 41401 2887 -46845 P -a -0.7117 1.5691 0.5353315.2159.7 -
50 11 -1770-Aug-1316:32:03 40988 2820 -46622 P -a -0.7618 1.4807 0.4402310.9147.5 -
51 12 -1752-Aug-2400:02:23 40577 2754 -46399 P -a -0.8058 1.4033 0.3562306.9134.8 -
52 13 -1734-Sep-0407:42:03 40168 2688 -46176 P -a -0.8413 1.3415 0.2878303.6122.8 -
53 14 -1716-Sep-1415:28:04 39761 2623 -45953 P -h -0.8708 1.2905 0.2304300.9111.1 -
54 15 -1698-Sep-2523:21:36 39356 2558 -45730 P -h -0.8934 1.2520 0.1861298.9100.8 -
55 16 -1680-Oct-0607:20:59 38954 2495 -45507 P -h -0.9104 1.2235 0.1521297.6 91.8 -
56 17 -1662-Oct-1715:26:47 38553 2432 -45284 P -h -0.9210 1.2065 0.1303297.2 85.4 -
57 18 -1644-Oct-2723:35:28 38154 2370 -45061 P -h -0.9289 1.1941 0.1137297.1 80.2 -
58 19 -1626-Nov-0807:46:55 37758 2308 -44838 P -h -0.9337 1.1870 0.1032297.4 76.7 -
59 20 -1608-Nov-1815:58:22 37363 2247 -44615 P -h -0.9378 1.1808 0.0944297.7 73.6 -
60 21 -1590-Nov-3000:09:43 36971 2187 -44392 P -t -0.9413 1.1754 0.0872297.9 71.0 -
61 22 -1572-Dec-1008:16:16 36581 2127 -44169 P -t -0.9479 1.1638 0.0746297.5 65.9 -
62 23 -1554-Dec-2116:19:25 36192 2069 -43946 P -t -0.9566 1.1480 0.0585296.6 58.6 -
63 24 -1535-Jan-0100:14:34 35806 2011 -43723 P -t -0.9711 1.1211 0.0319294.5 43.5 -
64 25 -1517-Jan-1208:03:46 35422 1953 -43500 Nx -t -0.9900 1.0861-0.0022291.4 - -
65 26 -1499-Jan-2215:41:38 35040 1897 -43277 Nx -t -1.0172 1.0354-0.0514286.4 - -
66 27 -1481-Feb-0223:12:00 34660 1841 -43054 N -t -1.0500 0.9744-0.1106279.9 - -
67 28 -1463-Feb-1306:30:14 34282 1786 -42831 N -t -1.0915 0.8971-0.1858271.0 - -
68 29 -1445-Feb-2413:39:18 33906 1731 -42608 N -t -1.1400 0.8071-0.2737259.5 - -
69 30 -1427-Mar-0620:36:44 33533 1678 -42385 N -t -1.1970 0.7013-0.3772244.6 - -
70 31 -1409-Mar-1803:26:03 33161 1625 -42162 N -t -1.2598 0.5848-0.4914226.0 - -
71 32 -1391-Mar-2810:06:03 32791 1572 -41939 N -t -1.3293 0.4565-0.6177202.2 - -
72 33 -1373-Apr-0816:38:02 32424 1521 -41716 N -t -1.4043 0.3179-0.7545170.9 - -
73 34 -1355-Apr-1823:03:29 32058 1470 -41493 N -t -1.4837 0.1714-0.8994127.2 - -
74 35 -1337-Apr-3005:24:29 31695 1420 -41270 Ne -t -1.5661 0.0195-1.0500 43.5 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 0

Lunar eclipses of Saros 0 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -2653 Mar 01. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1337 Apr 30. The total duration of Saros series 0 is 1316.20 years.

Summary of Saros 0
First Eclipse -2653 Mar 01
Last Eclipse -1337 Apr 30
Series Duration 1316.20 Years
No. of Eclipses 74
Sequence 8N 12P 25T 18P 11N

Saros 0 is composed of 74 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 0
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 74100.0%
PenumbralN 19 25.7%
PartialP 30 40.5%
TotalT 25 33.8%

The 74 lunar eclipses of Saros 0 occur in the order of 8N 12P 25T 18P 11N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 0
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 12
Total T 25
Partial P 18
Penumbral N 11

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 0 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 0
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1968 Apr 1601h41m59s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -2203 Nov 2700h04m52s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1842 Jul 0103h12m28s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1535 Jan 0100h43m33s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1517 Jan 1204h51m22s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2653 Mar 0100h19m47s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2311 Sep 22 - 0.98832
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1535 Jan 01 - 0.03195

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.