Saros 2

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 2

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 2

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 2 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 2
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-35 -2523-Mar-0323:36:53 60015 6214 -55941 Nb t- 1.5459 0.0572-1.0134 73.6 - -
2-34 -2505-Mar-1506:20:39 59517 6119 -55718 N t- 1.4782 0.1789-0.8867128.5 - -
3-33 -2487-Mar-2512:58:55 59022 6025 -55495 N t- 1.4051 0.3106-0.7502166.7 - -
4-32 -2469-Apr-0519:31:39 58528 5931 -55272 N t- 1.3264 0.4528-0.6036198.0 - -
5-31 -2451-Apr-1602:02:16 58037 5838 -55049 N t- 1.2450 0.6000-0.4523224.0 - -
6-30 -2433-Apr-2708:29:01 57548 5746 -54826 N t- 1.1591 0.7557-0.2929246.7 - -
7-29 -2415-May-0714:57:26 57061 5654 -54603 N t- 1.0734 0.9113-0.1340265.7 - -
8-28 -2397-May-1821:25:37 56576 5563 -54380 P t- 0.9859 1.0705 0.0280282.2 40.3 -
9-27 -2379-May-2903:58:38 56093 5472 -54157 P t- 0.9011 1.2248 0.1846295.8100.8 -
10-26 -2361-Jun-0910:34:13 55612 5383 -53934 P t- 0.8171 1.3780 0.3397307.3133.3 -
11-25 -2343-Jun-1917:18:15 55133 5294 -53711 P t- 0.7386 1.5214 0.4845316.4155.2 -
12-24 -2325-Jul-0100:08:18 54656 5205 -53488 P t- 0.6634 1.6588 0.6229323.9171.5 -
13-23 -2307-Jul-1107:08:05 54181 5118 -53265 P t- 0.5951 1.7838 0.7486329.5183.5 -
14-22 -2289-Jul-2214:16:32 53708 5031 -53042 P h- 0.5327 1.8981 0.8633333.9192.5 -
15-21 -2271-Aug-0121:36:28 53238 4944 -52819 P h- 0.4787 1.9972 0.9625336.9199.0 -
16-20 -2253-Aug-1305:06:31 52769 4859 -52596 T a- 0.4318 2.0833 1.0485339.0203.8 34.5
17-19 -2235-Aug-2312:47:01 52303 4774 -52373 T a- 0.3924 2.1556 1.1208340.3207.1 53.1
18-18 -2217-Sep-0320:38:31 51838 4689 -52150 T a- 0.3611 2.2129 1.1782340.9209.2 63.1
19-17 -2199-Sep-1404:40:04 51376 4606 -51927 T a- 0.3373 2.2565 1.2220341.0210.5 69.1
20-16 -2181-Sep-2512:51:10 50916 4523 -51704 T p- 0.3205 2.2871 1.2531340.7211.2 72.8
21-15 -2163-Oct-0521:09:55 50458 4441 -51481 T p- 0.3093 2.3071 1.2740340.0211.4 75.0
22-14 -2145-Oct-1705:36:11 50001 4359 -51258 T p- 0.3033 2.3175 1.2857339.1211.2 76.0
23-13 -2127-Oct-2714:07:26 49548 4278 -51035 T p- 0.3006 2.3214 1.2915338.0210.8 76.4
24-12 -2109-Nov-0722:42:03 49096 4198 -50812 T p- 0.3000 2.3213 1.2939336.8210.3 76.5
25-11 -2091-Nov-1807:18:38 48646 4119 -50589 T p- 0.3003 2.3193 1.2950335.4209.8 76.4
26-10 -2073-Nov-2915:55:29 48198 4040 -50366 T p- 0.3002 2.3175 1.2969334.1209.3 76.5
27 -9 -2055-Dec-1000:30:14 47752 3962 -50143 T p- 0.2976 2.3202 1.3039332.8209.0 77.0
28 -8 -2037-Dec-2109:01:16 47308 3884 -49920 T p- 0.2910 2.3299 1.3184331.6209.0 78.3
29 -7 -2019-Dec-3117:27:56 46867 3808 -49697 T p- 0.2802 2.3470 1.3408330.6209.3 80.2
30 -6 -2000-Jan-1201:49:07 46427 3732 -49474 T+ p- 0.2644 2.3732 1.3725329.7209.8 82.8
31 -5 -1982-Jan-2210:02:23 45990 3656 -49251 T+ p- 0.2412 2.4127 1.4180329.0210.7 86.1
32 -4 -1964-Feb-0218:09:02 45554 3582 -49028 T+ p- 0.2120 2.4633 1.4745328.4211.8 89.6
33 -3 -1946-Feb-1302:07:20 45121 3508 -48805 T+ p- 0.1752 2.5279 1.5451327.9212.9 93.2
34 -2 -1928-Feb-2409:59:26 44689 3434 -48582 T+ p- 0.1326 2.6031 1.6261327.4213.9 96.3
35 -1 -1910-Mar-0617:42:27 44260 3362 -48359 T+ pp 0.0819 2.6933 1.7219326.7214.7 98.8
36 0 -1892-Mar-1701:20:37 43833 3290 -48136 T+ pp 0.0265 2.7923 1.8261325.8214.9100.2
37 1 -1874-Mar-2808:51:35 43408 3219 -47913 T- pp -0.0357 2.7729 1.8116324.5214.5100.0
38 2 -1856-Apr-0716:18:51 42985 3148 -47690 T- pp -0.1016 2.6500 1.6929322.7213.2 98.0
39 3 -1838-Apr-1823:41:21 42564 3078 -47467 T- pp -0.1720 2.5188 1.5654320.4210.9 93.5
40 4 -1820-Apr-2907:02:41 42145 3009 -47244 T- -p -0.2442 2.3848 1.4346317.4207.5 86.3
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 2
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 5 -1802-May-1014:22:28 41729 2941 -47021 T -p -0.3182 2.2478 1.3000313.7202.8 75.1
42 6 -1784-May-2021:42:22 41314 2873 -46798 T -a -0.3927 2.1103 1.1642309.3196.8 58.0
43 7 -1766-Jun-0105:03:42 40901 2806 -46575 T -a -0.4665 1.9744 1.0293304.3189.5 25.5
44 8 -1748-Jun-1112:27:50 40491 2740 -46352 P -a -0.5385 1.8420 0.8973298.7180.9 -
45 9 -1730-Jun-2219:55:53 40082 2674 -46129 P -a -0.6074 1.7158 0.7708292.7171.1 -
46 10 -1712-Jul-0303:28:24 39676 2609 -45906 P -a -0.6728 1.5962 0.6503286.3160.1 -
47 11 -1694-Jul-1411:07:26 39271 2545 -45683 P -a -0.7331 1.4863 0.5388279.9148.2 -
48 12 -1676-Jul-2418:53:15 38869 2481 -45460 P -a -0.7882 1.3863 0.4368273.5135.4 -
49 13 -1658-Aug-0502:46:17 38469 2419 -45237 P -a -0.8373 1.2974 0.3456267.3122.0 -
50 14 -1640-Aug-1510:47:23 38071 2356 -45014 P -a -0.8799 1.2207 0.2661261.6108.3 -
51 15 -1622-Aug-2618:56:41 37675 2295 -44791 P -a -0.9157 1.1563 0.1989256.6 94.5 -
52 16 -1604-Sep-0603:14:47 37280 2234 -44568 P -a -0.9446 1.1049 0.1444252.4 81.1 -
53 17 -1586-Sep-1711:39:33 36889 2174 -44345 P -a -0.9683 1.0629 0.0993248.9 67.7 -
54 18 -1568-Sep-2720:13:08 36499 2115 -44122 P -a -0.9849 1.0340 0.0675246.5 56.1 -
55 19 -1550-Oct-0904:52:35 36111 2056 -43899 P -a -0.9967 1.0137 0.0444244.9 45.6 -
56 20 -1532-Oct-1913:38:44 35725 1999 -43676 P -a -1.0033 1.0028 0.0311244.1 38.3 -
57 21 -1514-Oct-3022:27:45 35341 1941 -43453 P -a -1.0076 0.9959 0.0221243.8 32.3 -
58 22 -1496-Nov-1007:20:40 34960 1885 -43230 P -a -1.0089 0.9943 0.0190243.9 30.0 -
59 23 -1478-Nov-2116:13:51 34580 1829 -43007 P -a -1.0101 0.9928 0.0162244.1 27.8 -
60 24 -1460-Dec-0201:06:37 34203 1774 -42784 P -a -1.0113 0.9908 0.0136244.2 25.5 -
61 25 -1442-Dec-1309:56:30 33827 1720 -42561 P -a -1.0149 0.9844 0.0070243.9 18.3 -
62 26 -1424-Dec-2318:42:56 33454 1666 -42338 N -a -1.0209 0.9734-0.0039243.2 - -
63 27 -1405-Jan-0403:23:05 33083 1614 -42115 N -a -1.0319 0.9528-0.0239241.5 - -
64 28 -1387-Jan-1411:56:26 32714 1561 -41892 N -a -1.0483 0.9225-0.0535238.7 - -
65 29 -1369-Jan-2520:21:47 32347 1510 -41669 N -a -1.0707 0.8808-0.0942234.7 - -
66 30 -1351-Feb-0504:39:19 31982 1459 -41446 N -a -1.0990 0.8285-0.1456229.3 - -
67 31 -1333-Feb-1612:46:23 31619 1409 -41223 N -a -1.1355 0.7611-0.2121221.7 - -
68 32 -1315-Feb-2620:45:18 31258 1360 -41000 N -a -1.1782 0.6824-0.2901212.1 - -
69 33 -1297-Mar-1004:34:20 30899 1312 -40777 N -a -1.2285 0.5897-0.3822199.5 - -
70 34 -1279-Mar-2012:16:12 30542 1264 -40554 N -a -1.2840 0.4878-0.4840183.7 - -
71 35 -1261-Mar-3119:47:31 30187 1217 -40331 N -a -1.3473 0.3718-0.6003162.6 - -
72 36 -1243-Apr-1103:13:33 29835 1171 -40108 N -a -1.4142 0.2495-0.7234135.2 - -
73 37 -1225-Apr-2210:31:37 29484 1125 -39885 Ne -a -1.4869 0.1168-0.8574 93.9 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 2

Lunar eclipses of Saros 2 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -2523 Mar 03. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1225 Apr 22. The total duration of Saros series 2 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 2
First Eclipse -2523 Mar 03
Last Eclipse -1225 Apr 22
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 7N 8P 28T 18P 12N

Saros 2 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 2
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 19 26.0%
PartialP 26 35.6%
TotalT 28 38.4%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 2 occur in the order of 7N 8P 28T 18P 12N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 2
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 7
Partial P 8
Total T 28
Partial P 18
Penumbral N 12

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 2 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 2
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1892 Mar 1701h40m10s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1766 Jun 0100h25m29s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2271 Aug 0103h19m03s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1442 Dec 1300h18m16s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2415 May 0704h25m43s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2523 Mar 0301h13m39s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2271 Aug 01 - 0.96249
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1442 Dec 13 - 0.00697

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.