Saros 3

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 3

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 3

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 3 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 3
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-41 -2567-Dec-3013:46:08 61215 6445 -56475 N a- -1.5469 0.0117-0.9726 29.6 - -
2-40 -2548-Jan-1022:11:56 60712 6348 -56252 N a- -1.5279 0.0441-0.9352 57.1 - -
3-39 -2530-Jan-2106:28:47 60212 6252 -56029 N a- -1.5012 0.0905-0.8837 81.3 - -
4-38 -2512-Feb-0114:39:42 59713 6157 -55806 N a- -1.4695 0.1461-0.8230102.4 - -
5-37 -2494-Feb-1122:41:47 59217 6062 -55583 N a- -1.4301 0.2160-0.7482123.4 - -
6-36 -2476-Feb-2306:36:08 58723 5968 -55360 N a- -1.3841 0.2979-0.6615143.4 - -
7-35 -2458-Mar-0514:22:48 58231 5875 -55137 N a- -1.3316 0.3920-0.5629162.7 - -
8-34 -2440-Mar-1522:03:18 57741 5782 -54914 N a- -1.2737 0.4962-0.4547180.8 - -
9-33 -2422-Mar-2705:37:41 57253 5690 -54691 N a- -1.2104 0.6105-0.3369197.9 - -
10-32 -2404-Apr-0613:07:03 56767 5599 -54468 N a- -1.1426 0.7335-0.2109213.9 - -
11-31 -2386-Apr-1720:32:59 56283 5508 -54245 N a- -1.0715 0.8628-0.0793228.6 - -
12-30 -2368-Apr-2803:56:52 55801 5418 -54022 P a- -0.9984 0.9961 0.0556241.9 51.1 -
13-29 -2350-May-0911:18:24 55321 5329 -53799 P a- -0.9231 1.1337 0.1942254.0 93.6 -
14-28 -2332-May-1918:40:48 54844 5240 -53576 P a- -0.8481 1.2711 0.3319264.7119.9 -
15-27 -2314-May-3102:03:56 54368 5152 -53353 P a- -0.7739 1.4077 0.4679274.1139.5 -
16-26 -2296-Jun-1009:30:48 53895 5065 -53130 P a- -0.7024 1.5394 0.5985282.2154.6 -
17-25 -2278-Jun-2116:59:47 53423 4978 -52907 P a- -0.6328 1.6680 0.7253289.3166.7 -
18-24 -2260-Jul-0200:35:19 52954 4892 -52684 P a- -0.5688 1.7866 0.8415295.2176.2 -
19-23 -2242-Jul-1308:15:40 52487 4807 -52461 P a- -0.5093 1.8973 0.9492300.2183.7 -
20-22 -2224-Jul-2316:03:38 52021 4723 -52238 T a- -0.4562 1.9964 1.0449304.3189.5 31.2
21-21 -2206-Aug-0323:57:28 51558 4639 -52015 T p- -0.4085 2.0859 1.1306307.8194.1 51.9
22-20 -2188-Aug-1408:00:29 51097 4556 -51792 T p- -0.3688 2.1608 1.2015310.6197.5 63.1
23-19 -2170-Aug-2516:10:37 50638 4473 -51569 T p- -0.3356 2.2239 1.2602313.0200.1 70.3
24-18 -2152-Sep-0500:28:44 50181 4391 -51346 T p- -0.3095 2.2738 1.3059314.9202.0 75.1
25-17 -2134-Sep-1608:54:29 49726 4310 -51123 T p- -0.2902 2.3115 1.3393316.6203.3 78.2
26-16 -2116-Sep-2617:27:46 49274 4230 -50900 T p- -0.2773 2.3371 1.3610317.9204.3 80.1
27-15 -2098-Oct-0802:07:08 48823 4150 -50677 T- p- -0.2701 2.3522 1.3723319.0204.9 81.0
28-14 -2080-Oct-1810:50:29 48374 4071 -50454 T- p- -0.2666 2.3604 1.3771320.0205.3 81.5
29-13 -2062-Oct-2919:38:03 47928 3993 -50231 T- p- -0.2671 2.3610 1.3747320.9205.5 81.4
30-12 -2044-Nov-0904:27:21 47483 3915 -50008 T- p- -0.2691 2.3585 1.3698321.7205.7 81.1
31-11 -2026-Nov-2013:16:48 47041 3838 -49785 T- p- -0.2718 2.3545 1.3638322.4205.9 80.8
32-10 -2008-Nov-3022:04:15 46600 3762 -49562 T p- -0.2732 2.3528 1.3607323.2206.3 80.6
33 -9 -1990-Dec-1206:48:35 46162 3686 -49339 T- p- -0.2725 2.3546 1.3615324.1206.7 80.9
34 -8 -1972-Dec-2215:27:46 45726 3611 -49116 T- p- -0.2680 2.3629 1.3693325.0207.5 81.7
35 -7 -1953-Jan-0223:59:58 45292 3537 -48893 T- p- -0.2585 2.3806 1.3868326.2208.5 83.3
36 -6 -1935-Jan-1308:24:38 44859 3463 -48670 T- p- -0.2431 2.4088 1.4150327.6209.9 85.6
37 -5 -1917-Jan-2416:40:38 44429 3390 -48447 T- p- -0.2211 2.4490 1.4555329.2211.6 88.5
38 -4 -1899-Feb-0400:46:37 44001 3318 -48224 T- p- -0.1915 2.5031 1.5099331.0213.6 91.9
39 -3 -1881-Feb-1508:42:51 43576 3247 -48001 T- pp -0.1545 2.5709 1.5778332.9215.6 95.3
40 -2 -1863-Feb-2516:29:06 43152 3176 -47778 T- pp -0.1101 2.6525 1.6595334.8217.5 98.4
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 3
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 -1 -1845-Mar-0900:06:26 42730 3106 -47555 T- pp -0.0586 2.7470 1.7537336.5219.2100.8
42 0 -1827-Mar-1907:32:41 42310 3037 -47332 T+ pp 0.0011 2.8528 1.8590337.9220.3101.9
43 1 -1809-Mar-3014:51:58 41893 2968 -47109 T+ pp 0.0659 2.7345 1.7396338.9220.5101.2
44 2 -1791-Apr-0922:02:21 41477 2900 -46886 T+ pp 0.1371 2.6046 1.6083339.2219.7 98.0
45 3 -1773-Apr-2105:07:47 41064 2832 -46663 T+ -p 0.2116 2.4688 1.4705338.8217.5 91.7
46 4 -1755-May-0112:05:43 40652 2766 -46440 T -a 0.2914 2.3237 1.3229337.4213.7 80.6
47 5 -1737-May-1219:01:43 40243 2700 -46217 T -a 0.3718 2.1778 1.1739335.1208.2 62.4
48 6 -1719-May-2301:53:26 39836 2635 -45994 T -a 0.4543 2.0282 1.0206331.6200.6 22.6
49 7 -1701-Jun-0308:44:32 39431 2570 -45771 P -h 0.5362 1.8801 0.8682327.2190.9 -
50 8 -1683-Jun-1315:34:50 39027 2506 -45548 P -h 0.6176 1.7331 0.7164321.6178.6 -
51 9 -1665-Jun-2422:27:57 38626 2443 -45325 P -h 0.6953 1.5933 0.5714315.2163.9 -
52 10 -1647-Jul-0505:23:28 38227 2381 -45102 P -h 0.7697 1.4596 0.4320308.1146.1 -
53 11 -1629-Jul-1612:23:17 37831 2319 -44879 P -h 0.8393 1.3350 0.3013300.3124.9 -
54 12 -1611-Jul-2619:28:44 37436 2258 -44656 P -h 0.9029 1.2214 0.1815292.3 98.9 -
55 13 -1593-Aug-0702:41:05 37043 2198 -44433 P -h 0.9596 1.1207 0.0742284.5 64.4 -
56 14 -1575-Aug-1710:00:12 36652 2138 -44210 Nx -h 1.0099 1.0317-0.0212276.8 - -
57 15 -1557-Aug-2817:27:13 36264 2080 -43987 N -h 1.0527 0.9565-0.1030269.8 - -
58 16 -1539-Sep-0801:02:18 35877 2021 -43764 N -h 1.0880 0.8949-0.1708263.8 - -
59 17 -1521-Sep-1908:45:37 35493 1964 -43541 N -h 1.1156 0.8472-0.2245259.0 - -
60 18 -1503-Sep-2916:35:02 35110 1907 -43318 N -h 1.1375 0.8099-0.2673255.1 - -
61 19 -1485-Oct-1100:32:20 34730 1851 -43095 N -h 1.1524 0.7851-0.2971252.7 - -
62 20 -1467-Oct-2108:34:16 34352 1796 -42872 N -h 1.1630 0.7678-0.3187251.1 - -
63 21 -1449-Nov-0116:40:50 33975 1741 -42649 N -t 1.1690 0.7585-0.3316250.6 - -
64 22 -1431-Nov-1200:47:40 33601 1687 -42426 N -t 1.1741 0.7506-0.3424250.1 - -
65 23 -1413-Nov-2308:56:31 33229 1634 -42203 N -t 1.1770 0.7462-0.3488250.1 - -
66 24 -1395-Dec-0317:02:48 32859 1582 -41980 N -t 1.1817 0.7383-0.3579249.5 - -
67 25 -1377-Dec-1501:06:12 32491 1530 -41757 N -t 1.1880 0.7269-0.3696248.2 - -
68 26 -1359-Dec-2509:03:31 32125 1479 -41534 N -t 1.1987 0.7071-0.3892245.6 - -
69 27 -1340-Jan-0516:54:57 31762 1429 -41311 N -t 1.2137 0.6790-0.4162241.6 - -
70 28 -1322-Jan-1600:37:54 31400 1379 -41088 N -t 1.2350 0.6391-0.4545235.5 - -
71 29 -1304-Jan-2708:11:53 31040 1331 -40865 N -t 1.2632 0.5863-0.5052226.9 - -
72 30 -1286-Feb-0615:36:13 30683 1283 -40642 N -t 1.2988 0.5198-0.5693215.0 - -
73 31 -1268-Feb-1722:50:53 30327 1235 -40419 N -t 1.3417 0.4398-0.6466199.3 - -
74 32 -1250-Feb-2805:55:02 29974 1189 -40196 N -t 1.3925 0.3451-0.7385178.1 - -
75 33 -1232-Mar-1012:49:52 29622 1143 -39973 N -t 1.4503 0.2376-0.8430149.2 - -
76 34 -1214-Mar-2119:35:25 29273 1098 -39750 N -t 1.5149 0.1177-0.9601106.1 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 3

Lunar eclipses of Saros 3 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -2567 Dec 30. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -1214 Mar 21. The total duration of Saros series 3 is 1352.26 years.

Summary of Saros 3
First Eclipse -2567 Dec 30
Last Eclipse -1214 Mar 21
Series Duration 1352.26 Years
No. of Eclipses 76
Sequence 11N 8P 29T 7P 21N

Saros 3 is composed of 76 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 3
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 76100.0%
PenumbralN 32 42.1%
PartialP 15 19.7%
TotalT 29 38.2%

The 76 lunar eclipses of Saros 3 occur in the order of 11N 8P 29T 7P 21N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 3
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 11
Partial P 8
Total T 29
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 21

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 3 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 3
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1827 Mar 1901h41m54s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1719 May 2300h22m34s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1701 Jun 0303h10m52s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2368 Apr 2800h51m03s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1575 Aug 1704h36m49s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2567 Dec 3000h29m38s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2242 Jul 13 - 0.94920
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2368 Apr 28 - 0.05562

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.