Saros 5

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 5

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 5

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 5 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 5
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-38 -2455-Dec-2212:42:55 58127 5855 -55090 N t- -1.5786 0.0112-1.0872 33.0 - -
2-37 -2436-Jan-0220:25:48 57638 5763 -54867 N t- -1.5598 0.0436-1.0506 64.9 - -
3-36 -2418-Jan-1304:02:22 57150 5671 -54644 N t- -1.5354 0.0859-1.0037 90.6 - -
4-35 -2400-Jan-2411:29:22 56665 5579 -54421 N t- -1.5027 0.1435-0.9410116.2 - -
5-34 -2382-Feb-0318:49:26 56181 5489 -54198 N t- -1.4636 0.2124-0.8667140.1 - -
6-33 -2364-Feb-1501:58:24 55700 5399 -53975 N t- -1.4147 0.2994-0.7742164.5 - -
7-32 -2346-Feb-2509:01:27 55221 5310 -53752 N t- -1.3600 0.3969-0.6710187.0 - -
8-31 -2328-Mar-0715:54:49 54743 5221 -53529 N t- -1.2965 0.5106-0.5517209.1 - -
9-30 -2310-Mar-1822:43:21 54268 5134 -53306 N t- -1.2280 0.6335-0.4233229.4 - -
10-29 -2292-Mar-2905:24:20 53795 5047 -53083 N t- -1.1520 0.7703-0.2813248.6 - -
11-28 -2274-Apr-0912:03:21 53324 4960 -52860 N t- -1.0732 0.9124-0.1344265.6 - -
12-27 -2256-Apr-1918:38:01 52855 4874 -52637 P t- -0.9896 1.0635 0.0212281.1 35.0 -
13-26 -2238-May-0101:11:50 52388 4789 -52414 P t- -0.9040 1.2186 0.1803294.7 99.5 -
14-25 -2220-May-1107:45:33 51924 4705 -52191 P t- -0.8172 1.3761 0.3414306.4133.4 -
15-24 -2202-May-2214:21:42 51461 4621 -51968 P t- -0.7313 1.5321 0.5005316.2157.1 -
16-23 -2184-Jun-0121:01:25 51000 4538 -51745 P t- -0.6469 1.6857 0.6567324.3174.9 -
17-22 -2166-Jun-1303:45:31 50542 4456 -51522 P t- -0.5649 1.8350 0.8080330.8188.5 -
18-21 -2148-Jun-2310:36:56 50085 4374 -51299 P t- -0.4879 1.9755 0.9501335.7198.6 -
19-20 -2130-Jul-0417:35:44 49631 4293 -51076 T h- -0.4161 2.1067 1.0825339.3206.1 44.7
20-19 -2112-Jul-1500:43:03 49178 4213 -50853 T a- -0.3502 2.2273 1.2039341.7211.5 67.3
21-18 -2094-Jul-2607:59:48 48728 4133 -50630 T p- -0.2909 2.3357 1.3128343.3215.2 80.0
22-17 -2076-Aug-0515:27:26 48280 4054 -50407 T- p- -0.2396 2.4298 1.4071344.1217.6 87.8
23-16 -2058-Aug-1623:05:45 47834 3976 -50184 T- p- -0.1964 2.5090 1.4864344.2219.0 92.7
24-15 -2040-Aug-2706:54:07 47390 3899 -49961 T- p- -0.1605 2.5749 1.5523344.0219.7 95.7
25-14 -2022-Sep-0714:53:28 46948 3822 -49738 T- p- -0.1329 2.6255 1.6031343.4219.9 97.4
26-13 -2004-Sep-1723:02:53 46508 3746 -49515 T- p- -0.1127 2.6624 1.6402342.7219.8 98.3
27-12 -1986-Sep-2907:21:08 46070 3670 -49292 T- p- -0.0991 2.6870 1.6655341.7219.4 98.8
28-11 -1968-Oct-0915:46:43 45634 3595 -49069 T- p- -0.0908 2.7018 1.6811340.7218.9 98.9
29-10 -1950-Oct-2100:18:51 45200 3521 -48846 T- p- -0.0873 2.7075 1.6882339.6218.4 98.8
30 -9 -1932-Oct-3108:56:02 44769 3448 -48623 T- p- -0.0873 2.7066 1.6891338.4217.8 98.6
31 -8 -1914-Nov-1117:35:19 44339 3375 -48400 T- p- -0.0883 2.7035 1.6886337.2217.3 98.4
32 -7 -1896-Nov-2202:16:40 43912 3303 -48177 T- p- -0.0903 2.6983 1.6863335.9216.7 98.2
33 -6 -1878-Dec-0310:56:49 43486 3232 -47954 T- p- -0.0904 2.6963 1.6879334.7216.2 98.1
34 -5 -1860-Dec-1319:35:24 43063 3161 -47731 T- p- -0.0889 2.6971 1.6928333.4215.8 98.1
35 -4 -1842-Dec-2504:08:40 42641 3091 -47508 T- p- -0.0820 2.7074 1.7078332.1215.5 98.3
36 -3 -1823-Jan-0412:38:29 42222 3022 -47285 T- p- -0.0715 2.7240 1.7294330.9215.3 98.7
37 -2 -1805-Jan-1521:01:17 41805 2953 -47062 T- pp -0.0542 2.7532 1.7639329.7215.2 99.2
38 -1 -1787-Jan-2605:17:30 41390 2886 -46839 T- pp -0.0307 2.7934 1.8096328.5215.0 99.6
39 0 -1769-Feb-0613:25:32 40977 2818 -46616 T+ pp 0.0002 2.8466 1.8683327.2214.8 99.8
40 1 -1751-Feb-1621:26:57 40566 2752 -46393 T+ pp 0.0374 2.7756 1.8028325.8214.3 99.5
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 5
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 2 -1733-Feb-2805:20:26 40157 2686 -46170 T+ pp 0.0820 2.6910 1.7235324.2213.4 98.4
42 3 -1715-Mar-1013:06:32 39750 2621 -45947 T+ pp 0.1335 2.5941 1.6317322.3212.0 95.9
43 4 -1697-Mar-2120:46:18 39345 2557 -45724 T+ -p 0.1909 2.4864 1.5287320.0209.8 91.6
44 5 -1679-Apr-0104:20:24 38943 2493 -45501 T+ -p 0.2534 2.3696 1.4160317.1206.7 84.8
45 6 -1661-Apr-1211:49:33 38542 2430 -45278 T -p 0.3205 2.2445 1.2946313.5202.4 74.5
46 7 -1643-Apr-2219:14:57 38144 2368 -45055 T -p 0.3914 2.1131 1.1662309.3196.7 58.3
47 8 -1625-May-0402:38:02 37747 2306 -44832 T -a 0.4644 1.9778 1.0333304.2189.6 27.1
48 9 -1607-May-1410:00:09 37353 2245 -44609 P -a 0.5386 1.8409 0.8981298.4180.9 -
49 10 -1589-May-2517:21:15 36960 2185 -44386 P -a 0.6139 1.7021 0.7604291.7170.2 -
50 11 -1571-Jun-0500:44:56 36570 2126 -44163 P -a 0.6873 1.5674 0.6260284.4157.7 -
51 12 -1553-Jun-1608:10:18 36182 2067 -43940 P -a 0.7592 1.4357 0.4939276.3142.8 -
52 13 -1535-Jun-2615:41:00 35796 2009 -43717 P -a 0.8269 1.3118 0.3690267.9125.7 -
53 14 -1517-Jul-0723:14:58 35412 1952 -43494 P -a 0.8921 1.1932 0.2487259.0105.0 -
54 15 -1499-Jul-1806:56:50 35030 1895 -43271 P -a 0.9506 1.0869 0.1403250.1 80.0 -
55 16 -1481-Jul-2914:43:58 34650 1839 -43048 P -a 1.0047 0.9889 0.0396241.3 43.1 -
56 17 -1463-Aug-0822:39:29 34272 1784 -42825 N -a 1.0519 0.9039-0.0485232.9 - -
57 18 -1445-Aug-2006:41:42 33896 1730 -42602 N -a 1.0936 0.8290-0.1267225.1 - -
58 19 -1427-Aug-3014:53:27 33523 1676 -42379 N -a 1.1275 0.7686-0.1906218.3 - -
59 20 -1409-Sep-1023:12:15 33151 1623 -42156 N -a 1.1553 0.7194-0.2435212.6 - -
60 21 -1391-Sep-2107:39:00 32781 1571 -41933 N -a 1.1767 0.6821-0.2844208.1 - -
61 22 -1373-Oct-0216:12:38 32414 1519 -41710 N -a 1.1923 0.6551-0.3148204.8 - -
62 23 -1355-Oct-1300:53:10 32049 1469 -41487 N -a 1.2025 0.6380-0.3350202.8 - -
63 24 -1337-Oct-2409:38:12 31685 1418 -41264 N -a 1.2088 0.6279-0.3480201.8 - -
64 25 -1319-Nov-0318:26:58 31324 1369 -41041 N -a 1.2121 0.6231-0.3554201.4 - -
65 26 -1301-Nov-1503:17:47 30965 1321 -40818 N -a 1.2137 0.6212-0.3592201.5 - -
66 27 -1283-Nov-2512:09:53 30608 1273 -40595 N -a 1.2144 0.6207-0.3612201.8 - -
67 28 -1265-Dec-0620:59:49 30253 1226 -40372 N -a 1.2167 0.6169-0.3661201.7 - -
68 29 -1247-Dec-1705:47:51 29900 1179 -40149 N -a 1.2207 0.6099-0.3737201.1 - -
69 30 -1229-Dec-2814:30:33 29549 1133 -39926 N -a 1.2289 0.5949-0.3889199.3 - -
70 31 -1210-Jan-0723:08:12 29200 1089 -39703 N -a 1.2410 0.5727-0.4110196.3 - -
71 32 -1192-Jan-1907:37:16 28853 1044 -39480 N -a 1.2600 0.5377-0.4456191.3 - -
72 33 -1174-Jan-2915:59:28 28508 1001 -39257 N -a 1.2842 0.4930-0.4897184.4 - -
73 34 -1156-Feb-1000:12:02 28166 958 -39034 N -a 1.3160 0.4343-0.5479174.4 - -
74 35 -1138-Feb-2008:15:21 27825 917 -38811 N -a 1.3548 0.3628-0.6187160.9 - -
75 36 -1120-Mar-0216:08:27 27487 875 -38588 N -a 1.4012 0.2776-0.7037142.3 - -
76 37 -1102-Mar-1323:52:52 27150 835 -38365 N -a 1.4539 0.1807-0.8004116.1 - -
77 38 -1084-Mar-2407:28:14 26816 795 -38142 Ne -a 1.5134 0.0718-0.9096 74.2 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 5

Lunar eclipses of Saros 5 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -2455 Dec 22. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -1084 Mar 24. The total duration of Saros series 5 is 1370.29 years.

Summary of Saros 5
First Eclipse -2455 Dec 22
Last Eclipse -1084 Mar 24
Series Duration 1370.29 Years
No. of Eclipses 77
Sequence 11N 7P 29T 8P 22N

Saros 5 is composed of 77 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 5
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 77100.0%
PenumbralN 33 42.9%
PartialP 15 19.5%
TotalT 29 37.7%

The 77 lunar eclipses of Saros 5 occur in the order of 11N 7P 29T 8P 22N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 5
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 11
Partial P 7
Total T 29
Partial P 8
Penumbral N 22

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 5 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 5
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1769 Feb 0601h39m50s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1625 May 0400h27m07s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2148 Jun 2303h18m35s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2256 Apr 1900h34m59s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2274 Apr 0904h25m36s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2455 Dec 2200h33m02s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2148 Jun 23 - 0.95012
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2256 Apr 19 - 0.02118

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.