Saros 6

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 6

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 6

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 6 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 6
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-50 -2624-Aug-0409:59:28 62828 6758 -57185 N a- 1.5280 0.0536-0.9449 65.0 - -
2-49 -2606-Aug-1517:51:18 62319 6659 -56962 N a- 1.4856 0.1313-0.8672100.7 - -
3-48 -2588-Aug-2601:54:04 61812 6560 -56739 N a- 1.4512 0.1947-0.8041121.6 - -
4-47 -2570-Sep-0610:06:11 61307 6463 -56516 N a- 1.4237 0.2452-0.7536135.4 - -
5-46 -2552-Sep-1618:28:15 60804 6366 -56293 N a- 1.4033 0.2826-0.7162144.5 - -
6-45 -2534-Sep-2802:56:51 60304 6270 -56070 N a- 1.3875 0.3114-0.6871150.8 - -
7-44 -2516-Oct-0811:33:57 59805 6174 -55847 N a- 1.3781 0.3284-0.6695154.2 - -
8-43 -2498-Oct-1920:15:29 59308 6079 -55624 N a- 1.3719 0.3391-0.6577156.1 - -
9-42 -2480-Oct-3005:01:50 58814 5985 -55401 N a- 1.3693 0.3432-0.6521156.6 - -
10-41 -2462-Nov-1013:48:55 58321 5892 -55178 N a- 1.3671 0.3461-0.6471156.8 - -
11-40 -2444-Nov-2022:37:25 57831 5799 -54955 N a- 1.3656 0.3475-0.6431156.7 - -
12-39 -2426-Dec-0207:23:35 57342 5707 -54732 N a- 1.3621 0.3524-0.6351157.3 - -
13-38 -2408-Dec-1216:07:00 56856 5615 -54509 N a- 1.3563 0.3613-0.6226158.7 - -
14-37 -2390-Dec-2400:45:29 56372 5525 -54286 N a- 1.3463 0.3776-0.6024161.5 - -
15-36 -2371-Jan-0309:18:59 55890 5434 -54063 N a- 1.3323 0.4012-0.5746165.7 - -
16-35 -2353-Jan-1417:44:41 55409 5345 -53840 N a- 1.3117 0.4367-0.5346171.8 - -
17-34 -2335-Jan-2502:03:25 54931 5256 -53617 N a- 1.2852 0.4832-0.4836179.5 - -
18-33 -2317-Feb-0510:13:56 54455 5168 -53394 N a- 1.2519 0.5419-0.4203188.6 - -
19-32 -2299-Feb-1518:17:47 53982 5081 -53171 N a- 1.2130 0.6110-0.3468198.5 - -
20-31 -2281-Feb-2702:12:02 53510 4994 -52948 N a- 1.1662 0.6948-0.2589209.4 - -
21-30 -2263-Mar-0910:00:34 53040 4908 -52725 N a- 1.1144 0.7879-0.1620220.5 - -
22-29 -2245-Mar-2017:41:10 52572 4823 -52502 N a- 1.0559 0.8937-0.0529232.0 - -
23-28 -2227-Mar-3101:17:39 52107 4738 -52279 P a- 0.9938 1.0061 0.0623242.9 54.0 -
24-27 -2209-Apr-1108:46:51 51643 4654 -52056 P a- 0.9258 1.1299 0.1883253.7 92.2 -
25-26 -2191-Apr-2116:14:26 51182 4571 -51833 P a- 0.8562 1.2567 0.3167263.6117.3 -
26-25 -2173-May-0223:37:39 50722 4488 -51610 P a- 0.7828 1.3910 0.4518273.0137.4 -
27-24 -2155-May-1307:00:46 50265 4406 -51387 P a- 0.7093 1.5257 0.5867281.4153.4 -
28-23 -2137-May-2414:22:33 49810 4325 -51164 P a- 0.6347 1.6629 0.7234288.9166.6 -
29-22 -2119-Jun-0321:46:57 49357 4245 -50941 P a- 0.5622 1.7965 0.8558295.5177.3 -
30-21 -2101-Jun-1505:13:25 48906 4165 -50718 P a- 0.4915 1.9272 0.9845301.1186.0 -
31-20 -2083-Jun-2512:43:23 48457 4085 -50495 T a- 0.4238 2.0527 1.1075305.9193.0 47.5
32-19 -2065-Jul-0620:18:25 48010 4007 -50272 T p- 0.3605 2.1705 1.2221310.0198.5 65.9
33-18 -2047-Jul-1703:59:09 47565 3929 -50049 T p- 0.3019 2.2798 1.3277313.3202.7 77.3
34-17 -2029-Jul-2811:46:51 47122 3852 -49826 T+ p- 0.2496 2.3778 1.4217316.1205.9 84.8
35-16 -2011-Aug-0719:41:10 46681 3776 -49603 T+ p- 0.2032 2.4653 1.5047318.4208.2 89.9
36-15 -1993-Aug-1903:44:03 46242 3700 -49380 T+ p- 0.1641 2.5393 1.5741320.3209.9 93.2
37-14 -1975-Aug-2911:54:24 45806 3625 -49157 T+ p- 0.1316 2.6015 1.6314321.9211.0 95.3
38-13 -1957-Sep-0920:12:32 45371 3550 -48934 T+ pp 0.1060 2.6507 1.6759323.3211.9 96.6
39-12 -1939-Sep-2004:37:44 44939 3477 -48711 T+ pp 0.0868 2.6883 1.7088324.7212.5 97.4
40-11 -1921-Oct-0113:10:06 44508 3404 -48488 T+ pp 0.0743 2.7136 1.7296325.9213.0 97.9
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 6
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41-10 -1903-Oct-1121:47:43 44080 3331 -48265 T+ pp 0.0663 2.7303 1.7421327.0213.4 98.1
42 -9 -1885-Oct-2306:29:22 43654 3260 -48042 T+ pp 0.0622 2.7397 1.7478328.1213.8 98.3
43 -8 -1867-Nov-0215:14:07 43230 3189 -47819 T+ pp 0.0613 2.7431 1.7480329.2214.2 98.4
44 -7 -1849-Nov-1400:00:49 42807 3119 -47596 T+ pp 0.0626 2.7420 1.7441330.2214.6 98.5
45 -6 -1831-Nov-2408:46:25 42387 3049 -47373 T+ pp 0.0634 2.7416 1.7415331.2215.0 98.6
46 -5 -1813-Dec-0517:30:24 41969 2980 -47150 T+ pp 0.0635 2.7423 1.7405332.2215.5 98.7
47 -4 -1795-Dec-1602:09:41 41553 2912 -46927 T+ pp 0.0603 2.7489 1.7459333.2216.1 99.0
48 -3 -1777-Dec-2710:44:55 41140 2845 -46704 T+ pp 0.0542 2.7604 1.7566334.2216.7 99.4
49 -2 -1758-Jan-0619:11:23 40728 2778 -46481 T+ pp 0.0418 2.7833 1.7792335.3217.5100.0
50 -1 -1740-Jan-1803:31:33 40318 2712 -46258 T+ pp 0.0248 2.8146 1.8103336.4218.2100.5
51 0 -1722-Jan-2811:41:06 39910 2647 -46035 T- pp -0.0000 2.8601 1.8558337.5219.0101.0
52 1 -1704-Feb-0819:42:11 39505 2582 -45812 T- pp -0.0312 2.8028 1.7986338.5219.5101.1
53 2 -1686-Feb-1903:31:18 39101 2518 -45589 T- pp -0.0715 2.7289 1.7247339.3219.8100.4
54 3 -1668-Mar-0111:12:01 38700 2455 -45366 T- -p -0.1177 2.6443 1.6399339.8219.6 98.7
55 4 -1650-Mar-1218:41:39 38301 2392 -45143 T- -p -0.1720 2.5449 1.5401339.9218.6 95.1
56 5 -1632-Mar-2302:02:11 37903 2331 -44920 T- -p -0.2328 2.4336 1.4280339.4216.6 88.9
57 6 -1614-Apr-0309:13:23 37508 2269 -44697 T -a -0.3005 2.3101 1.3033338.1213.2 78.6
58 7 -1596-Apr-1316:17:50 37115 2209 -44474 T -a -0.3728 2.1782 1.1698336.0208.3 61.8
59 8 -1578-Apr-2423:15:20 36724 2149 -44251 T -h -0.4497 2.0382 1.0277332.7201.3 26.2
60 9 -1560-May-0506:06:58 36335 2090 -44028 P -h -0.5302 1.8918 0.8786328.3191.9 -
61 10 -1542-May-1612:55:10 35948 2032 -43805 P -h -0.6125 1.7423 0.7260322.5179.7 -
62 11 -1524-May-2619:41:04 35563 1974 -43582 P -t -0.6958 1.5914 0.5713315.4164.1 -
63 12 -1506-Jun-0702:25:35 35180 1918 -43359 P -t -0.7790 1.4410 0.4166307.0144.0 -
64 13 -1488-Jun-1709:11:03 34800 1861 -43136 P -t -0.8603 1.2942 0.2651297.2117.9 -
65 14 -1470-Jun-2815:58:38 34421 1806 -42913 P -t -0.9386 1.1531 0.1189286.2 80.9 -
66 15 -1452-Jul-0822:50:35 34044 1751 -42690 Nx -t -1.0123 1.0207-0.0192274.4 - -
67 16 -1434-Jul-2005:45:20 33670 1697 -42467 N -t -1.0825 0.8948-0.1509261.5 - -
68 17 -1416-Jul-3012:47:31 33297 1644 -42244 N -t -1.1456 0.7821-0.2698248.4 - -
69 18 -1398-Aug-1019:55:16 32927 1591 -42021 N -t -1.2033 0.6795-0.3786234.9 - -
70 19 -1380-Aug-2103:11:56 32559 1540 -41798 N -t -1.2527 0.5919-0.4723222.0 - -
71 20 -1362-Sep-0110:34:46 32193 1489 -41575 N -t -1.2961 0.5154-0.5550209.5 - -
72 21 -1344-Sep-1118:07:36 31828 1438 -41352 N -t -1.3309 0.4545-0.6217198.6 - -
73 22 -1326-Sep-2301:47:08 31466 1389 -41129 N -t -1.3595 0.4047-0.6770189.0 - -
74 23 -1308-Oct-0309:34:29 31106 1340 -40906 N -t -1.3811 0.3676-0.7191181.3 - -
75 24 -1290-Oct-1417:27:43 30748 1291 -40683 N -t -1.3975 0.3398-0.7514175.3 - -
76 25 -1272-Oct-2501:27:14 30392 1244 -40460 N -t -1.4081 0.3223-0.7726171.4 - -
77 26 -1254-Nov-0509:29:51 30039 1197 -40237 N -t -1.4159 0.3094-0.7886168.5 - -
78 27 -1236-Nov-1517:34:19 29687 1151 -40014 N -t -1.4219 0.2996-0.8005166.3 - -
79 28 -1218-Nov-2701:39:21 29337 1106 -39791 N -t -1.4268 0.2912-0.8103164.4 - -
80 29 -1200-Dec-0709:43:16 28990 1062 -39568 N -t -1.4318 0.2823-0.8197162.2 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 6
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 30 -1182-Dec-1817:42:44 28644 1018 -39345 N -t -1.4401 0.2669-0.8348158.1 - -
82 31 -1164-Dec-2901:37:20 28301 975 -39122 N -t -1.4517 0.2452-0.8555151.9 - -
83 32 -1145-Jan-0909:24:39 27959 933 -38899 N -t -1.4686 0.2133-0.8856142.1 - -
84 33 -1127-Jan-1917:05:06 27620 892 -38676 N -t -1.4904 0.1721-0.9245128.2 - -
85 34 -1109-Jan-3100:35:00 27283 851 -38453 N -t -1.5198 0.1168-0.9771106.1 - -
86 35 -1091-Feb-1007:56:49 26947 811 -38230 Ne -t -1.5551 0.0504-1.0404 70.0 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 6

Lunar eclipses of Saros 6 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -2624 Aug 04. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1091 Feb 10. The total duration of Saros series 6 is 1532.56 years.

Summary of Saros 6
First Eclipse -2624 Aug 04
Last Eclipse -1091 Feb 10
Series Duration 1532.56 Years
No. of Eclipses 86
Sequence 22N 8P 29T 6P 21N

Saros 6 is composed of 86 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 6
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 86100.0%
PenumbralN 43 50.0%
PartialP 14 16.3%
TotalT 29 33.7%

The 86 lunar eclipses of Saros 6 occur in the order of 22N 8P 29T 6P 21N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 6
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 22
Partial P 8
Total T 29
Partial P 6
Penumbral N 21

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 6 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 6
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1704 Feb 0801h41m04s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1578 Apr 2400h26m10s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1560 May 0503h11m55s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2227 Mar 3100h53m58s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1452 Jul 0804h34m25s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2624 Aug 0401h05m01s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2101 Jun 15 - 0.98454
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2227 Mar 31 - 0.06232

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.