Saros 8

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 8

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 8

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 8 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 8
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 -2494-Aug-0800:00:30 59204 6060 -55577 N t- 1.5367 0.0820-1.0045 89.0 - -
2-33 -2476-Aug-1807:08:33 58710 5966 -55354 N t- 1.4929 0.1644-0.9260125.3 - -
3-32 -2458-Aug-2914:27:12 58218 5872 -55131 N t- 1.4571 0.2319-0.8622148.0 - -
4-31 -2440-Sep-0821:54:47 57728 5779 -54908 N t- 1.4279 0.2871-0.8103164.0 - -
5-30 -2422-Sep-2005:31:28 57240 5687 -54685 N t- 1.4057 0.3294-0.7709175.1 - -
6-29 -2404-Sep-3013:16:03 56754 5596 -54462 N t- 1.3892 0.3608-0.7417182.7 - -
7-28 -2386-Oct-1121:08:28 56270 5506 -54239 N t- 1.3785 0.3812-0.7229187.4 - -
8-27 -2368-Oct-2205:05:04 55788 5416 -54016 N t- 1.3709 0.3956-0.7092190.6 - -
9-26 -2350-Nov-0213:06:43 55309 5326 -53793 N t- 1.3668 0.4030-0.7017192.1 - -
10-25 -2332-Nov-1221:09:11 54831 5238 -53570 N t- 1.3629 0.4096-0.6942193.3 - -
11-24 -2314-Nov-2405:12:57 54355 5150 -53347 N t- 1.3595 0.4151-0.6870194.2 - -
12-23 -2296-Dec-0413:12:47 53882 5063 -53124 N t- 1.3524 0.4267-0.6727196.3 - -
13-22 -2278-Dec-1521:11:10 53411 4976 -52901 N t- 1.3436 0.4411-0.6549198.8 - -
14-21 -2260-Dec-2605:03:01 52941 4890 -52678 N t- 1.3296 0.4647-0.6272203.1 - -
15-20 -2241-Jan-0612:49:00 52474 4805 -52455 N t- 1.3100 0.4983-0.5888209.1 - -
16-19 -2223-Jan-1620:26:17 52009 4720 -52232 N t- 1.2829 0.5454-0.5365217.0 - -
17-18 -2205-Jan-2803:56:37 51546 4637 -52009 N t- 1.2495 0.6038-0.4724226.3 - -
18-17 -2187-Feb-0711:18:11 51085 4553 -51786 N t- 1.2084 0.6761-0.3941236.9 - -
19-16 -2169-Feb-1818:31:10 50626 4471 -51563 N t- 1.1597 0.7625-0.3017248.5 - -
20-15 -2151-Mar-0101:36:19 50169 4389 -51340 N t- 1.1039 0.8618-0.1963260.5 - -
21-14 -2133-Mar-1208:34:33 49714 4308 -51117 N t- 1.0412 0.9738-0.0783272.6 - -
22-13 -2115-Mar-2215:26:18 49261 4228 -50894 P t- 0.9723 1.0974 0.0510284.4 54.0 -
23-12 -2097-Apr-0222:12:54 48811 4148 -50671 P t- 0.8980 1.2310 0.1901295.6101.9 -
24-11 -2079-Apr-1304:56:02 48362 4069 -50448 P t- 0.8195 1.3723 0.3366305.8132.3 -
25-10 -2061-Apr-2411:37:20 47916 3991 -50225 P t- 0.7383 1.5189 0.4879314.9155.2 -
26 -9 -2043-May-0418:17:05 47471 3913 -50002 P t- 0.6544 1.6707 0.6440322.8173.3 -
27 -8 -2025-May-1600:58:30 47029 3836 -49779 P t- 0.5706 1.8226 0.7996329.3187.5 -
28 -7 -2007-May-2607:41:53 46588 3760 -49556 P t- 0.4869 1.9746 0.9548334.6198.6 -
29 -6 -1989-Jun-0614:30:21 46150 3684 -49333 T h- 0.4063 2.1211 1.1040338.5207.0 49.8
30 -5 -1971-Jun-1621:22:15 45714 3609 -49110 T a- 0.3273 2.2650 1.2499341.4213.2 73.4
31 -4 -1953-Jun-2804:22:20 45280 3535 -48887 T+ p- 0.2539 2.3988 1.3854343.1217.5 86.5
32 -3 -1935-Jul-0811:28:54 44848 3461 -48664 T+ p- 0.1846 2.5254 1.5133343.9220.1 94.5
33 -2 -1917-Jul-1918:45:00 44418 3388 -48441 T+ pp 0.1223 2.6393 1.6280344.0221.5 99.1
34 -1 -1899-Jul-3002:09:33 43990 3316 -48218 T+ pp 0.0660 2.7424 1.7315343.5221.9101.3
35 0 -1881-Aug-1009:45:18 43564 3245 -47995 T+ pp 0.0179 2.8304 1.8198342.6221.6101.9
36 1 -1863-Aug-2017:31:14 43140 3174 -47772 T- pp -0.0227 2.8217 1.8111341.4220.9101.6
37 2 -1845-Sep-0101:26:49 42719 3104 -47549 T- pp -0.0564 2.7598 1.7493340.1219.9100.6
38 3 -1827-Sep-1109:32:54 42299 3035 -47326 T- pp -0.0822 2.7124 1.7018338.8218.8 99.4
39 4 -1809-Sep-2217:48:21 41882 2966 -47103 T- pp -0.1011 2.6777 1.6675337.5217.8 98.3
40 5 -1791-Oct-0302:12:51 41466 2898 -46880 T- pp -0.1134 2.6548 1.6450336.3216.8 97.4
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 8
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 -1773-Oct-1410:43:32 41053 2831 -46657 T- pp -0.1214 2.6397 1.6307335.1216.0 96.7
42 7 -1755-Oct-2419:21:17 40641 2764 -46434 T- pp -0.1244 2.6336 1.6259334.0215.4 96.4
43 8 -1737-Nov-0504:02:51 40232 2698 -46211 T- pp -0.1249 2.6317 1.6259332.9214.9 96.2
44 9 -1719-Nov-1512:47:20 39825 2633 -45988 T- pp -0.1236 2.6331 1.6295331.8214.4 96.1
45 10 -1701-Nov-2621:31:51 39420 2569 -45765 T- -p -0.1227 2.6332 1.6325330.7214.0 96.0
46 11 -1683-Dec-0706:16:02 39017 2505 -45542 T- -p -0.1226 2.6316 1.6343329.6213.6 96.0
47 12 -1665-Dec-1814:56:49 38616 2442 -45319 T- -p -0.1259 2.6237 1.6303328.4213.1 95.7
48 13 -1647-Dec-2823:33:24 38217 2379 -45096 T- -p -0.1331 2.6082 1.6191327.1212.6 95.3
49 14 -1628-Jan-0908:04:28 37820 2318 -44873 T- -p -0.1453 2.5834 1.5990325.7211.9 94.5
50 15 -1610-Jan-1916:29:52 37425 2257 -44650 T- -p -0.1625 2.5495 1.5700324.2211.1 93.3
51 16 -1592-Jan-3100:46:34 37032 2196 -44427 T- -p -0.1875 2.5010 1.5265322.4209.9 91.3
52 17 -1574-Feb-1008:56:44 36642 2137 -44204 T- -p -0.2185 2.4416 1.4721320.5208.3 88.3
53 18 -1556-Feb-2116:58:19 36253 2078 -43981 T- -p -0.2572 2.3681 1.4037318.2206.2 83.8
54 19 -1538-Mar-0400:54:10 35867 2020 -43758 T -p -0.3011 2.2853 1.3255315.5203.4 77.3
55 20 -1520-Mar-1408:40:38 35482 1962 -43535 T -p -0.3532 2.1873 1.2320312.2199.6 67.3
56 21 -1502-Mar-2516:22:55 35100 1906 -43312 T -a -0.4094 2.0823 1.1310308.4194.8 52.2
57 22 -1484-Apr-0423:57:51 34720 1850 -43089 T -a -0.4724 1.9649 1.0172303.8188.5 19.5
58 23 -1466-Apr-1607:29:37 34341 1794 -42866 P -a -0.5381 1.8428 0.8979298.5180.7 -
59 24 -1448-Apr-2614:55:41 33965 1740 -42643 P -a -0.6090 1.7116 0.7691292.1170.8 -
60 25 -1430-May-0722:21:25 33591 1686 -42420 P -a -0.6802 1.5800 0.6392284.9158.9 -
61 26 -1412-May-1805:44:21 33219 1633 -42197 P -a -0.7541 1.4439 0.5040276.7144.1 -
62 27 -1394-May-2913:08:13 32849 1580 -41974 P -a -0.8273 1.3095 0.3699267.5125.9 -
63 28 -1376-Jun-0820:32:28 32481 1529 -41751 P -a -0.9002 1.1759 0.2359257.3102.4 -
64 29 -1358-Jun-2004:00:23 32116 1478 -41528 P -a -0.9702 1.0481 0.1070246.4 70.2 -
65 30 -1340-Jun-3011:31:21 31752 1428 -41305 N -a -1.0375 0.9256-0.0173234.7 - -
66 31 -1322-Jul-1119:06:53 31390 1378 -41082 N -a -1.1009 0.8103-0.1349222.5 - -
67 32 -1304-Jul-2202:48:35 31031 1329 -40859 N -a -1.1594 0.7046-0.2435209.9 - -
68 33 -1286-Aug-0210:37:00 30673 1281 -40636 N -a -1.2126 0.6086-0.3428197.2 - -
69 34 -1268-Aug-1218:32:39 30318 1234 -40413 N -a -1.2596 0.5242-0.4309184.8 - -
70 35 -1250-Aug-2402:36:06 29964 1188 -40190 N -a -1.3004 0.4514-0.5077173.0 - -
71 36 -1232-Sep-0310:48:01 29613 1142 -39967 N -a -1.3343 0.3913-0.5719162.3 - -
72 37 -1214-Sep-1419:07:55 29264 1097 -39744 N -a -1.3618 0.3429-0.6244153.0 - -
73 38 -1196-Sep-2503:34:20 28917 1052 -39521 N -a -1.3841 0.3041-0.6673144.9 - -
74 39 -1178-Oct-0612:08:24 28571 1009 -39298 N -a -1.4002 0.2765-0.6988138.8 - -
75 40 -1160-Oct-1620:48:07 28228 966 -39075 N -a -1.4113 0.2579-0.7210134.6 - -
76 41 -1142-Oct-2805:32:55 27887 924 -38852 N -a -1.4186 0.2462-0.7360132.0 - -
77 42 -1124-Nov-0714:19:56 27549 883 -38629 N -a -1.4237 0.2381-0.7469130.2 - -
78 43 -1106-Nov-1823:09:28 27212 842 -38406 N -a -1.4267 0.2338-0.7536129.4 - -
79 44 -1088-Nov-2907:58:53 26877 803 -38183 N -a -1.4296 0.2296-0.7597128.5 - -
80 45 -1070-Dec-1016:46:19 26544 764 -37960 N -a -1.4336 0.2228-0.7678127.0 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 8
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 46 -1052-Dec-2101:30:25 26214 726 -37737 N -a -1.4400 0.2116-0.7800124.2 - -
82 47 -1033-Jan-0110:09:28 25885 688 -37514 N -a -1.4502 0.1931-0.7989119.1 - -
83 48 -1015-Jan-1118:42:33 25559 652 -37291 N -a -1.4648 0.1665-0.8257111.2 - -
84 49 -0997-Jan-2303:07:12 25234 621 -37068 N -a -1.4857 0.1280-0.8641 98.1 - -
85 50 -0979-Feb-0211:24:15 24912 614 -36845 N -a -1.5122 0.0792-0.9126 77.7 - -
86 51 -0961-Feb-1319:31:48 24592 607 -36622 Ne -a -1.5457 0.0177-0.9739 37.0 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 8

Lunar eclipses of Saros 8 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -2494 Aug 08. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -0961 Feb 13. The total duration of Saros series 8 is 1532.56 years.

Summary of Saros 8
First Eclipse -2494 Aug 08
Last Eclipse -0961 Feb 13
Series Duration 1532.56 Years
No. of Eclipses 86
Sequence 21N 7P 29T 7P 22N

Saros 8 is composed of 86 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 8
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 86100.0%
PenumbralN 43 50.0%
PartialP 14 16.3%
TotalT 29 33.7%

The 86 lunar eclipses of Saros 8 occur in the order of 21N 7P 29T 7P 22N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 8
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 21
Partial P 7
Total T 29
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 22

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 8 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 8
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1881 Aug 1001h41m56s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1484 Apr 0400h19m32s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2007 May 2603h18m38s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2115 Mar 2200h54m00s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2133 Mar 1204h32m36s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0961 Feb 1300h37m02s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2007 May 26 - 0.95482
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2115 Mar 22 - 0.05102

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.