Saros 14

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 14

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 14

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 14 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 14
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 -2230-Jun-0109:33:37 52180 4751 -52314 Nb t- 1.5220 0.1002-0.9687 97.8 - -
2-33 -2212-Jun-1115:53:27 51716 4667 -52091 N t- 1.4401 0.2512-0.8193152.9 - -
3-32 -2194-Jun-2222:16:01 51254 4584 -51868 N t- 1.3596 0.3999-0.6726190.4 - -
4-31 -2176-Jul-0304:46:03 50794 4501 -51645 N t- 1.2846 0.5387-0.5360218.2 - -
5-30 -2158-Jul-1411:21:19 50337 4419 -51422 N t- 1.2131 0.6712-0.4061240.5 - -
6-29 -2140-Jul-2418:07:11 49881 4338 -51199 N t- 1.1492 0.7896-0.2902257.8 - -
7-28 -2122-Aug-0501:01:10 49428 4257 -50976 N t- 1.0912 0.8975-0.1850271.9 - -
8-27 -2104-Aug-1508:05:47 48976 4177 -50753 N t- 1.0409 0.9910-0.0941282.9 - -
9-26 -2086-Aug-2615:20:12 48527 4098 -50530 Nx t- 0.9980 1.0711-0.0165291.5 - -
10-25 -2068-Sep-0522:46:22 48080 4019 -50307 P t- 0.9640 1.1345 0.0448297.8 51.8 -
11-24 -2050-Sep-1706:21:58 47634 3941 -50084 P t- 0.9367 1.1856 0.0939302.5 74.4 -
12-23 -2032-Sep-2714:06:25 47191 3864 -49861 P t- 0.9158 1.2244 0.1315305.8 87.4 -
13-22 -2014-Oct-0821:59:21 46750 3788 -49638 P t- 0.9012 1.2517 0.1579307.8 95.3 -
14-21 -1996-Oct-1905:59:25 46311 3712 -49415 P t- 0.8919 1.2688 0.1750308.8 99.9 -
15-20 -1978-Oct-3014:04:08 45874 3637 -49192 P t- 0.8857 1.2799 0.1867309.2102.9 -
16-19 -1960-Nov-0922:12:17 45439 3562 -48969 P t- 0.8819 1.2861 0.1945309.0104.7 -
17-18 -1942-Nov-2106:21:54 45006 3488 -48746 P h- 0.8785 1.2912 0.2018308.6106.3 -
18-17 -1924-Dec-0114:31:30 44576 3415 -48523 P h- 0.8745 1.2969 0.2107308.2108.2 -
19-16 -1906-Dec-1222:37:45 44147 3343 -48300 P h- 0.8673 1.3082 0.2259308.2111.5 -
20-15 -1888-Dec-2306:41:09 43720 3271 -48077 P h- 0.8571 1.3246 0.2469308.4116.0 -
21-14 -1869-Jan-0314:38:48 43296 3200 -47854 P h- 0.8419 1.3499 0.2774309.3122.1 -
22-13 -1851-Jan-1322:30:03 42874 3130 -47631 P h- 0.8204 1.3864 0.3196310.9129.9 -
23-12 -1833-Jan-2506:13:41 42453 3060 -47408 P h- 0.7918 1.4357 0.3750313.2139.1 -
24-11 -1815-Feb-0413:50:25 42035 2991 -47185 P h- 0.7568 1.4967 0.4425316.1149.2 -
25-10 -1797-Feb-1521:19:31 41619 2923 -46962 P h- 0.7148 1.5706 0.5229319.5159.7 -
26 -9 -1779-Feb-2604:40:10 41204 2855 -46739 P h- 0.6647 1.6591 0.6181323.3170.4 -
27 -8 -1761-Mar-0911:54:31 40792 2789 -46516 P h- 0.6084 1.7590 0.7246327.2180.7 -
28 -7 -1743-Mar-1919:02:06 40382 2722 -46293 P h- 0.5453 1.8716 0.8436331.0190.5 -
29 -6 -1725-Mar-3102:05:15 39974 2657 -46070 P a- 0.4775 1.9929 0.9709334.5199.1 -
30 -5 -1707-Apr-1009:02:51 39568 2592 -45847 T a- 0.4042 2.1246 1.1083337.5206.6 50.6
31 -4 -1689-Apr-2115:59:04 39165 2528 -45624 T a- 0.3284 2.2609 1.2498339.8212.6 73.2
32 -3 -1671-May-0122:52:27 38763 2465 -45401 T+ p- 0.2492 2.4039 1.3976341.4217.3 87.3
33 -2 -1653-May-1305:46:12 38363 2402 -45178 T+ pp 0.1691 2.5487 1.5466342.1220.4 96.1
34 -1 -1635-May-2312:40:37 37966 2340 -44955 T+ pp 0.0887 2.6944 1.6960342.0222.0101.1
35 0 -1617-Jun-0319:38:38 37570 2279 -44732 T+ pp 0.0100 2.8373 1.8419341.0222.1102.7
36 1 -1599-Jun-1402:40:47 37177 2218 -44509 T- pp -0.0662 2.7329 1.7399339.2220.9101.4
37 2 -1581-Jun-2509:48:02 36785 2159 -44286 T- pp -0.1394 2.5977 1.6066336.8218.6 97.6
38 3 -1563-Jul-0517:02:40 36396 2099 -44063 T- pp -0.2074 2.4723 1.4826333.8215.3 91.5
39 4 -1545-Jul-1700:24:46 36009 2041 -43840 T- -p -0.2704 2.3562 1.3674330.5211.4 83.2
40 5 -1527-Jul-2707:55:35 35623 1983 -43617 T -p -0.3268 2.2524 1.2641327.0206.9 72.9
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 14
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 -1509-Aug-0715:35:18 35240 1926 -43394 T -p -0.3769 2.1605 1.1723323.5202.3 60.5
42 7 -1491-Aug-1723:25:10 34859 1870 -43171 T -p -0.4195 2.0823 1.0939320.1197.8 45.7
43 8 -1473-Aug-2907:25:00 34480 1815 -42948 T -p -0.4549 2.0177 1.0290317.0193.7 25.8
44 9 -1455-Sep-0815:33:40 34103 1760 -42725 P -a -0.4836 1.9651 0.9761314.2189.9 -
45 10 -1437-Sep-1923:52:27 33729 1706 -42502 P -a -0.5047 1.9266 0.9372312.0186.9 -
46 11 -1419-Sep-3008:19:09 33356 1652 -42279 P -a -0.5196 1.8993 0.9098310.1184.6 -
47 12 -1401-Oct-1116:54:06 32985 1600 -42056 P -a -0.5286 1.8827 0.8933308.7183.0 -
48 13 -1383-Oct-2201:33:34 32616 1548 -41833 P -a -0.5345 1.8717 0.8827307.5181.9 -
49 14 -1365-Nov-0210:19:24 32250 1497 -41610 P -a -0.5356 1.8692 0.8810306.7181.4 -
50 15 -1347-Nov-1219:07:28 31885 1446 -41387 P -a -0.5353 1.8693 0.8824306.0181.2 -
51 16 -1329-Nov-2403:57:54 31523 1396 -41164 P -a -0.5335 1.8715 0.8864305.4181.1 -
52 17 -1311-Dec-0412:46:53 31163 1347 -40941 P -a -0.5333 1.8708 0.8880304.7180.9 -
53 18 -1293-Dec-1521:35:12 30804 1299 -40718 P -a -0.5343 1.8676 0.8876303.8180.7 -
54 19 -1275-Dec-2606:19:21 30448 1251 -40495 P -a -0.5390 1.8573 0.8805302.7179.9 -
55 20 -1256-Jan-0614:59:00 30094 1205 -40272 P -a -0.5479 1.8393 0.8660301.3178.7 -
56 21 -1238-Jan-1623:32:24 29742 1159 -40049 P -a -0.5622 1.8110 0.8415299.4176.7 -
57 22 -1220-Jan-2807:59:39 29392 1113 -39826 P -a -0.5819 1.7729 0.8072297.1173.9 -
58 23 -1202-Feb-0716:18:19 29044 1069 -39603 P -a -0.6092 1.7209 0.7593294.0169.9 -
59 24 -1184-Feb-1900:29:44 28698 1025 -39380 P -a -0.6428 1.6571 0.6994290.3164.6 -
60 25 -1166-Mar-0108:32:39 28354 982 -39157 P -a -0.6836 1.5804 0.6265285.8157.5 -
61 26 -1148-Mar-1116:28:59 28013 940 -38934 P -a -0.7300 1.4935 0.5431280.4148.5 -
62 27 -1130-Mar-2300:16:06 27673 898 -38711 P -a -0.7842 1.3926 0.4452273.7136.5 -
63 28 -1112-Apr-0207:58:16 27335 857 -38488 P -a -0.8426 1.2841 0.3393265.9121.0 -
64 29 -1094-Apr-1315:33:21 27000 817 -38265 P -a -0.9071 1.1647 0.2220256.5 99.6 -
65 30 -1076-Apr-2323:05:21 26666 778 -38042 P -a -0.9740 1.0412 0.1001245.8 68.0 -
66 31 -1058-May-0506:31:34 26335 740 -37819 N -a -1.0455 0.9095-0.0308233.0 - -
67 32 -1040-May-1513:57:27 26006 702 -37596 N -a -1.1173 0.7777-0.1624218.6 - -
68 33 -1022-May-2621:20:26 25679 665 -37373 N -a -1.1915 0.6418-0.2988201.5 - -
69 34 -1004-Jun-0604:44:39 25353 629 -37150 N -a -1.2644 0.5086-0.4332181.9 - -
70 35 -0986-Jun-1712:09:05 25030 616 -36927 N -a -1.3370 0.3765-0.5673158.7 - -
71 36 -0968-Jun-2719:37:19 24709 610 -36704 N -a -1.4062 0.2508-0.6955131.3 - -
72 37 -0950-Jul-0903:08:53 24390 603 -36481 N -a -1.4724 0.1308-0.8186 96.1 - -
73 38 -0932-Jul-1910:45:01 24073 596 -36258 Ne -a -1.5347 0.0184-0.9347 36.5 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 14

Lunar eclipses of Saros 14 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -2230 Jun 01. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -0932 Jul 19. The total duration of Saros series 14 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 14
First Eclipse -2230 Jun 01
Last Eclipse -0932 Jul 19
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 9N 20P 14T 22P 8N

Saros 14 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 14
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 17 23.3%
PartialP 42 57.5%
TotalT 14 19.2%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 14 occur in the order of 9N 20P 14T 22P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 14
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 9
Partial P 20
Total T 14
Partial P 22
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 14 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 14
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1617 Jun 0301h42m41s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1473 Aug 2900h25m47s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1725 Mar 3103h19m04s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2068 Sep 0500h51m47s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2086 Aug 2604h51m31s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0932 Jul 1900h36m30s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1455 Sep 08 - 0.97609
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -2068 Sep 05 - 0.04476

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.