Saros 19

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 19

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 19

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 19 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 19
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-37 -2031-Mar-2413:26:43 47179 3862 -49855 Nb a- -1.5262 0.0411-0.9261 55.4 - -
2-36 -2013-Apr-0420:52:54 46738 3786 -49632 N a- -1.4675 0.1492-0.8187104.9 - -
3-35 -1995-Apr-1504:11:21 46299 3710 -49409 N a- -1.4031 0.2679-0.7012139.5 - -
4-34 -1977-Apr-2611:25:46 45862 3635 -49186 N a- -1.3361 0.3918-0.5791167.3 - -
5-33 -1959-May-0618:35:17 45428 3560 -48963 N a- -1.2660 0.5217-0.4516191.4 - -
6-32 -1941-May-1801:43:22 44995 3486 -48740 N h- -1.1950 0.6534-0.3230212.3 - -
7-31 -1923-May-2808:47:45 44564 3413 -48517 N h- -1.1220 0.7894-0.1908231.1 - -
8-30 -1905-Jun-0815:53:59 44136 3341 -48294 N h- -1.0511 0.9215-0.0630247.4 - -
9-29 -1887-Jun-1823:00:09 43709 3269 -48071 P h- -0.9812 1.0522 0.0628261.9 56.8 -
10-28 -1869-Jun-3006:10:14 43285 3198 -47848 P h- -0.9152 1.1761 0.1813274.5 95.2 -
11-27 -1851-Jul-1013:22:47 42862 3128 -47625 P h- -0.8520 1.2951 0.2943285.6119.8 -
12-26 -1833-Jul-2120:42:18 42442 3058 -47402 P t- -0.7952 1.4024 0.3955295.1137.2 -
13-25 -1815-Aug-0104:07:05 42024 2989 -47179 P t- -0.7438 1.5001 0.4866303.2150.6 -
14-24 -1797-Aug-1211:38:33 41607 2921 -46956 P t- -0.6987 1.5862 0.5660310.2160.9 -
15-23 -1779-Aug-2219:17:26 41193 2854 -46733 P t- -0.6605 1.6598 0.6327316.0168.8 -
16-22 -1761-Sep-0303:04:16 40781 2787 -46510 P t- -0.6296 1.7198 0.6861320.9174.8 -
17-21 -1743-Sep-1310:58:50 40371 2721 -46287 P t- -0.6059 1.7666 0.7263324.9179.1 -
18-20 -1725-Sep-2418:59:30 39963 2655 -46064 P t- -0.5880 1.8024 0.7560328.3182.4 -
19-19 -1707-Oct-0503:07:33 39558 2590 -45841 P t- -0.5772 1.8252 0.7730330.9184.4 -
20-18 -1689-Oct-1611:20:21 39154 2526 -45618 P t- -0.5710 1.8393 0.7818333.0185.7 -
21-17 -1671-Oct-2619:37:13 38752 2463 -45395 P t- -0.5689 1.8454 0.7833334.7186.3 -
22-16 -1653-Nov-0703:55:55 38352 2400 -45172 P t- -0.5691 1.8470 0.7811336.1186.6 -
23-15 -1635-Nov-1712:15:50 37955 2339 -44949 P t- -0.5709 1.8453 0.7762337.2186.7 -
24-14 -1617-Nov-2820:33:56 37559 2277 -44726 P t- -0.5721 1.8444 0.7728338.3186.9 -
25-13 -1599-Dec-0904:48:50 37166 2217 -44503 P t- -0.5712 1.8469 0.7735339.5187.4 -
26-12 -1581-Dec-2012:59:06 36775 2157 -44280 P t- -0.5671 1.8549 0.7805340.8188.5 -
27-11 -1563-Dec-3021:03:19 36385 2098 -44057 P t- -0.5585 1.8710 0.7962342.5190.3 -
28-10 -1544-Jan-1104:58:36 35998 2040 -43834 P t- -0.5432 1.8990 0.8244344.6193.2 -
29 -9 -1526-Jan-2112:45:23 35613 1982 -43611 P t- -0.5215 1.9385 0.8644347.2196.9 -
30 -8 -1508-Feb-0120:21:45 35230 1925 -43388 P t- -0.4917 1.9926 0.9195350.3201.5 -
31 -7 -1490-Feb-1203:49:06 34849 1869 -43165 P t- -0.4549 2.0596 0.9876353.6206.7 -
32 -6 -1472-Feb-2311:03:37 34470 1813 -42942 T t- -0.4082 2.1448 1.0740357.4212.5 43.6
33 -5 -1454-Mar-0518:09:36 34093 1758 -42719 T p- -0.3548 2.2420 1.1724361.1218.2 64.6
34 -4 -1436-Mar-1601:03:31 33718 1704 -42496 T pp -0.2924 2.3560 1.2876364.7223.7 80.3
35 -3 -1418-Mar-2707:49:56 33346 1651 -42273 T- pp -0.2241 2.4808 1.4135367.9228.5 91.9
36 -2 -1400-Apr-0614:25:43 32975 1598 -42050 T- pp -0.1475 2.6209 1.5544370.6232.3100.3
37 -1 -1382-Apr-1720:56:32 32607 1546 -41827 T- pp -0.0672 2.7680 1.7020372.4234.7105.2
38 0 -1364-Apr-2803:20:10 32240 1495 -41604 T+ pp 0.0184 2.8575 1.7916373.1235.5106.4
39 1 -1346-May-0909:40:25 31876 1445 -41381 T+ pp 0.1063 2.6962 1.6301372.7234.5103.6
40 2 -1328-May-1915:57:31 31513 1395 -41158 T+ pp 0.1964 2.5312 1.4645371.1231.4 96.0
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 19
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 3 -1310-May-3022:15:02 31153 1346 -40935 T pt 0.2857 2.3679 1.3003368.2226.2 82.4
42 4 -1292-Jun-1004:33:09 30795 1298 -40712 T -t 0.3745 2.2057 1.1367364.0218.8 58.9
43 5 -1274-Jun-2110:53:45 30439 1250 -40489 P -t 0.4609 2.0480 0.9773358.7209.3 -
44 6 -1256-Jul-0117:19:05 30084 1203 -40266 P -t 0.5431 1.8983 0.8254352.4197.8 -
45 7 -1238-Jul-1223:50:34 29733 1157 -40043 P -t 0.6199 1.7585 0.6834345.4184.4 -
46 8 -1220-Jul-2306:29:04 29383 1112 -39820 P -t 0.6909 1.6294 0.5517337.9169.3 -
47 9 -1202-Aug-0313:16:00 29035 1068 -39597 P -t 0.7551 1.5131 0.4327330.2152.7 -
48 10 -1184-Aug-1320:12:45 28689 1024 -39374 P -t 0.8113 1.4113 0.3282322.7135.1 -
49 11 -1166-Aug-2503:19:33 28345 981 -39151 P -t 0.8591 1.3249 0.2391315.7116.7 -
50 12 -1148-Sep-0410:35:04 28003 938 -38928 P -t 0.8999 1.2513 0.1631309.2 97.4 -
51 13 -1130-Sep-1518:01:46 27664 897 -38705 P -t 0.9318 1.1939 0.1035303.8 78.2 -
52 14 -1112-Sep-2601:37:31 27326 856 -38482 P -t 0.9566 1.1494 0.0571299.3 58.3 -
53 15 -1094-Oct-0709:23:14 26991 816 -38259 P -t 0.9735 1.1190 0.0254295.9 39.0 -
54 16 -1076-Oct-1717:15:01 26658 777 -38036 P -t 0.9858 1.0969 0.0024293.3 12.1 -
55 17 -1058-Oct-2901:15:15 26326 739 -37813 Nx -t 0.9916 1.0862-0.0084291.8 - -
56 18 -1040-Nov-0809:19:26 25997 701 -37590 Nx -t 0.9948 1.0800-0.0139290.6 - -
57 19 -1022-Nov-1917:27:26 25670 664 -37367 Nx -t 0.9955 1.0781-0.0143289.7 - -
58 20 -1004-Nov-3001:36:02 25345 628 -37144 Nx -t 0.9961 1.0758-0.0145288.8 - -
59 21 -0986-Dec-1109:45:08 25022 616 -36921 Nx -t 0.9972 1.0723-0.0149287.6 - -
60 22 -0968-Dec-2117:51:25 24701 609 -36698 Nx -t 1.0010 1.0635-0.0200285.8 - -
61 23 -0949-Jan-0201:53:52 24382 603 -36475 Nx -t 1.0087 1.0471-0.0319283.1 - -
62 24 -0931-Jan-1209:51:18 24065 596 -36252 Nx -t 1.0211 1.0218-0.0521279.4 - -
63 25 -0913-Jan-2317:42:42 23750 589 -36029 N -t 1.0392 0.9857-0.0825274.4 - -
64 26 -0895-Feb-0301:25:57 23438 582 -35806 N -t 1.0644 0.9364-0.1257267.7 - -
65 27 -0877-Feb-1409:01:59 23127 575 -35583 N -t 1.0959 0.8753-0.1805259.3 - -
66 28 -0859-Feb-2416:30:01 22818 568 -35360 N -t 1.1347 0.8010-0.2484248.8 - -
67 29 -0841-Mar-0723:51:36 22512 561 -35137 N -t 1.1794 0.7156-0.3273236.1 - -
68 30 -0823-Mar-1807:04:21 22208 555 -34914 N -t 1.2318 0.6162-0.4202220.2 - -
69 31 -0805-Mar-2914:12:27 21905 548 -34691 N -t 1.2885 0.5091-0.5211201.3 - -
70 32 -0787-Apr-0821:13:44 21605 541 -34468 N -t 1.3511 0.3912-0.6330177.6 - -
71 33 -0769-Apr-2004:12:21 21307 534 -34245 N -t 1.4165 0.2683-0.7503148.0 - -
72 34 -0751-Apr-3011:06:31 21011 527 -34022 N -t 1.4862 0.1379-0.8756106.9 - -
73 35 -0733-May-1118:01:00 20717 520 -33799 Ne -t 1.5563 0.0068-1.0019 24.0 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 19

Lunar eclipses of Saros 19 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -2031 Mar 24. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -0733 May 11. The total duration of Saros series 19 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 19
First Eclipse -2031 Mar 24
Last Eclipse -0733 May 11
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 8N 23P 11T 12P 19N

Saros 19 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 19
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 27 37.0%
PartialP 35 47.9%
TotalT 11 15.1%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 19 occur in the order of 8N 23P 11T 12P 19N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 19
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 23
Total T 11
Partial P 12
Penumbral N 19

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 19 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 19
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1364 Apr 2801h46m25s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1472 Feb 2300h43m36s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1274 Jun 2103h29m19s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1076 Oct 1700h12m06s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1058 Oct 2904h51m45s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0733 May 1100h23m58s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1490 Feb 12 - 0.98759
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1076 Oct 17 - 0.00243

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.