Saros 24

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 24

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 24

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 24 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 24
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-48 -2031-Sep-1617:38:47 47167 3860 -49849 N a- 1.5583 0.0201-1.0221 41.5 - -
2-47 -2013-Sep-2801:46:52 46726 3783 -49626 N a- 1.5376 0.0578-0.9838 70.1 - -
3-46 -1995-Oct-0810:04:19 46288 3708 -49403 N a- 1.5234 0.0833-0.9575 83.6 - -
4-45 -1977-Oct-1918:27:50 45851 3633 -49180 N a- 1.5136 0.1006-0.9387 91.5 - -
5-44 -1959-Oct-3002:57:38 45416 3558 -48957 N a- 1.5079 0.1101-0.9273 95.3 - -
6-43 -1941-Nov-1011:29:03 44983 3484 -48734 N a- 1.5027 0.1182-0.9165 98.3 - -
7-42 -1923-Nov-2020:03:43 44553 3411 -48511 N a- 1.4996 0.1224-0.9091 99.6 - -
8-41 -1905-Dec-0204:37:12 44124 3339 -48288 N a- 1.4952 0.1285-0.8992101.6 - -
9-40 -1887-Dec-1213:09:14 43698 3267 -48065 N a- 1.4889 0.1378-0.8854104.8 - -
10-39 -1869-Dec-2321:36:41 43273 3196 -47842 N a- 1.4785 0.1545-0.8638110.3 - -
11-38 -1850-Jan-0306:00:08 42851 3126 -47619 N a- 1.4641 0.1781-0.8347117.7 - -
12-37 -1832-Jan-1414:17:23 42431 3056 -47396 N a- 1.4442 0.2117-0.7953127.4 - -
13-36 -1814-Jan-2422:27:35 42012 2987 -47173 N a- 1.4180 0.2566-0.7443139.1 - -
14-35 -1796-Feb-0506:30:40 41596 2919 -46950 N a- 1.3855 0.3133-0.6816152.2 - -
15-34 -1778-Feb-1514:26:33 41182 2852 -46727 N a- 1.3464 0.3819-0.6068166.3 - -
16-33 -1760-Feb-2622:14:41 40770 2785 -46504 N a- 1.3003 0.4634-0.5192181.0 - -
17-32 -1742-Mar-0905:55:59 40360 2719 -46281 N a- 1.2479 0.5567-0.4201195.8 - -
18-31 -1724-Mar-1913:31:04 39952 2653 -46058 N a- 1.1896 0.6608-0.3105210.3 - -
19-30 -1706-Mar-3021:01:14 39547 2589 -45835 N a- 1.1267 0.7737-0.1925224.1 - -
20-29 -1688-Apr-1004:25:24 39143 2525 -45612 N a- 1.0579 0.8976-0.0641237.5 - -
21-28 -1670-Apr-2111:47:06 38741 2461 -45389 P a- 0.9864 1.0267 0.0690249.7 57.7 -
22-27 -1652-May-0119:05:41 38342 2399 -45166 P a- 0.9115 1.1626 0.2082261.0 98.1 -
23-26 -1634-May-1302:24:30 37944 2337 -44943 P a- 0.8363 1.2992 0.3476270.9123.9 -
24-25 -1616-May-2309:41:51 37549 2276 -44720 P a- 0.7591 1.4397 0.4900279.8143.7 -
25-24 -1598-Jun-0317:02:45 37156 2215 -44497 P a- 0.6843 1.5763 0.6280287.4159.0 -
26-23 -1580-Jun-1400:25:33 36764 2155 -44274 P a- 0.6102 1.7120 0.7643293.9171.2 -
27-22 -1562-Jun-2507:53:10 36375 2096 -44051 P a- 0.5398 1.8412 0.8935299.3180.8 -
28-21 -1544-Jul-0515:25:11 35988 2038 -43828 T a- 0.4726 1.9648 1.0165303.8188.4 19.2
29-20 -1526-Jul-1623:04:22 35603 1980 -43605 T a- 0.4110 2.0784 1.1289307.3194.2 51.7
30-19 -1508-Jul-2706:50:36 35220 1923 -43382 T p- 0.3549 2.1822 1.2310310.1198.6 66.9
31-18 -1490-Aug-0714:43:55 34839 1867 -43159 T p- 0.3043 2.2759 1.3228312.3201.9 76.6
32-17 -1472-Aug-1722:46:15 34460 1812 -42936 T+ p- 0.2611 2.3564 1.4008314.0204.2 82.9
33-16 -1454-Aug-2906:56:39 34083 1757 -42713 T+ p- 0.2246 2.4247 1.4666315.3205.9 87.2
34-15 -1436-Sep-0815:16:08 33708 1703 -42490 T+ p- 0.1956 2.4793 1.5185316.2207.0 89.9
35-14 -1418-Sep-1923:42:23 33336 1649 -42267 T+ p- 0.1723 2.5234 1.5599317.0207.7 91.8
36-13 -1400-Sep-3008:17:07 32965 1597 -42044 T+ p- 0.1559 2.5548 1.5887317.6208.2 92.9
37-12 -1382-Oct-1116:57:35 32597 1545 -41821 T+ p- 0.1444 2.5771 1.6087318.1208.5 93.6
38-11 -1364-Oct-2201:43:48 32230 1494 -41598 T+ p- 0.1379 2.5901 1.6196318.5208.6 93.9
39-10 -1346-Nov-0210:33:39 31866 1443 -41375 T+ p- 0.1345 2.5971 1.6250318.8208.8 94.1
40 -9 -1328-Nov-1219:26:52 31504 1394 -41152 T+ p- 0.1342 2.5983 1.6249319.1208.9 94.1
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 24
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 -8 -1310-Nov-2404:20:19 31143 1345 -40929 T+ p- 0.1342 2.5987 1.6246319.4209.0 94.1
42 -7 -1292-Dec-0413:13:07 30785 1296 -40706 T+ p- 0.1337 2.5999 1.6254319.7209.2 94.2
43 -6 -1274-Dec-1522:03:13 30429 1249 -40483 T+ p- 0.1312 2.6042 1.6299320.1209.4 94.5
44 -5 -1256-Dec-2606:50:26 30075 1202 -40260 T+ p- 0.1268 2.6120 1.6382320.5209.8 94.9
45 -4 -1237-Jan-0615:30:36 29723 1156 -40037 T+ p- 0.1168 2.6301 1.6571321.0210.4 95.6
46 -3 -1219-Jan-1700:05:14 29373 1111 -39814 T+ p- 0.1023 2.6560 1.6841321.6211.0 96.5
47 -2 -1201-Jan-2808:30:53 29025 1066 -39591 T+ pp 0.0808 2.6949 1.7242322.2211.8 97.6
48 -1 -1183-Feb-0716:50:02 28680 1023 -39368 T+ pp 0.0543 2.7430 1.7735322.9212.6 98.6
49 0 -1165-Feb-1900:57:44 28336 980 -39145 T+ pp 0.0189 2.8073 1.8391323.6213.3 99.4
50 1 -1147-Mar-0108:58:36 27994 937 -38922 T- pp -0.0218 2.8015 1.8342324.2213.8 99.6
51 2 -1129-Mar-1216:48:35 27655 896 -38699 T- pp -0.0710 2.7108 1.7442324.6213.8 98.9
52 3 -1111-Mar-2300:31:45 27317 855 -38476 T- -p -0.1253 2.6110 1.6448324.6213.3 96.7
53 4 -1093-Apr-0308:04:55 26982 815 -38253 T- -p -0.1873 2.4972 1.5309324.1211.8 92.4
54 5 -1075-Apr-1315:33:04 26649 776 -38030 T- -p -0.2528 2.3773 1.4105323.1209.3 85.4
55 6 -1057-Apr-2422:53:34 26317 738 -37807 T -a -0.3241 2.2472 1.2792321.2205.4 74.0
56 7 -1039-May-0506:09:27 25988 700 -37584 T -a -0.3984 2.1118 1.1420318.6200.0 55.3
57 8 -1021-May-1613:20:48 25661 663 -37361 P -a -0.4758 1.9710 0.9988315.0192.7 -
58 9 -1003-May-2620:30:31 25336 627 -37138 P -a -0.5538 1.8293 0.8541310.4183.3 -
59 10 -0985-Jun-0703:38:43 25013 616 -36915 P -a -0.6321 1.6874 0.7086304.8171.7 -
60 11 -0967-Jun-1710:46:41 24692 609 -36692 P -a -0.7097 1.5472 0.5641298.2157.3 -
61 12 -0949-Jun-2817:56:46 24373 602 -36469 P -a -0.7847 1.4121 0.4242290.8139.8 -
62 13 -0931-Jul-0901:09:36 24057 596 -36246 P -a -0.8566 1.2828 0.2895282.7118.3 -
63 14 -0913-Jul-2008:25:51 23742 589 -36023 P -a -0.9245 1.1611 0.1621273.9 90.4 -
64 15 -0895-Jul-3015:47:08 23429 582 -35800 P -a -0.9874 1.0490 0.0437264.8 47.9 -
65 16 -0877-Aug-1023:14:34 23119 575 -35577 N -a -1.0440 0.9484-0.0633255.7 - -
66 17 -0859-Aug-2106:49:05 22810 568 -35354 N -a -1.0940 0.8599-0.1584247.0 - -
67 18 -0841-Sep-0114:29:27 22504 561 -35131 N -a -1.1383 0.7820-0.2430238.5 - -
68 19 -0823-Sep-1122:18:23 22199 554 -34908 N -a -1.1747 0.7185-0.3130231.2 - -
69 20 -0805-Sep-2306:14:15 21897 548 -34685 N -a -1.2044 0.6674-0.3706225.0 - -
70 21 -0787-Oct-0314:17:29 21597 541 -34462 N -a -1.2274 0.6281-0.4160220.1 - -
71 22 -0769-Oct-1422:25:55 21299 534 -34239 N -a -1.2454 0.5979-0.4519216.3 - -
72 23 -0751-Oct-2506:40:19 21003 527 -34016 N -a -1.2580 0.5774-0.4775213.9 - -
73 24 -0733-Nov-0514:58:22 20709 520 -33793 N -a -1.2669 0.5634-0.4961212.4 - -
74 25 -0715-Nov-1523:18:24 20417 513 -33570 N -a -1.2733 0.5536-0.5098211.5 - -
75 26 -0697-Nov-2707:39:34 20127 506 -33347 N -a -1.2782 0.5463-0.5203211.0 - -
76 27 -0679-Dec-0715:59:15 19839 499 -33124 N -a -1.2833 0.5381-0.5308210.3 - -
77 28 -0661-Dec-1900:16:15 19553 492 -32901 N -h -1.2901 0.5266-0.5441208.9 - -
78 29 -0643-Dec-2908:27:17 19270 485 -32678 N -h -1.3008 0.5074-0.5644206.0 - -
79 30 -0624-Jan-0916:33:02 18988 478 -32455 N -h -1.3149 0.4818-0.5905201.8 - -
80 31 -0606-Jan-2000:30:27 18709 471 -32232 N -t -1.3345 0.4459-0.6264195.3 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 24
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 32 -0588-Jan-3108:18:37 18431 464 -32009 N -t -1.3608 0.3974-0.6744185.6 - -
82 33 -0570-Feb-1015:56:39 18156 457 -31786 N -t -1.3943 0.3356-0.7355171.9 - -
83 34 -0552-Feb-2123:24:29 17883 450 -31563 N -t -1.4350 0.2603-0.8097152.8 - -
84 35 -0534-Mar-0406:42:08 17611 443 -31340 N -t -1.4828 0.1720-0.8969125.4 - -
85 36 -0516-Mar-1413:48:20 17342 436 -31117 Ne -t -1.5386 0.0692-0.9987 80.4 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 24

Lunar eclipses of Saros 24 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -2031 Sep 16. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -0516 Mar 14. The total duration of Saros series 24 is 1514.53 years.

Summary of Saros 24
First Eclipse -2031 Sep 16
Last Eclipse -0516 Mar 14
Series Duration 1514.53 Years
No. of Eclipses 85
Sequence 20N 7P 29T 8P 21N

Saros 24 is composed of 85 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 24
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 85100.0%
PenumbralN 41 48.2%
PartialP 15 17.6%
TotalT 29 34.1%

The 85 lunar eclipses of Saros 24 occur in the order of 20N 7P 29T 8P 21N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 24
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 20
Partial P 7
Total T 29
Partial P 8
Penumbral N 21

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 24 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 24
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1147 Mar 0101h39m38s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1544 Jul 0500h19m09s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1021 May 1603h12m39s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0895 Jul 3000h47m54s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0877 Aug 1004h15m43s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -2031 Sep 1600h41m33s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1021 May 16 - 0.99880
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0895 Jul 30 - 0.04374

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.