Saros 29

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 29

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 29

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 29 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 29
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 -1814-Jul-2110:03:51 42001 2986 -47167 Nb t- -1.5405 0.0629-0.9994 76.4 - -
2-33 -1796-Jul-3117:00:21 41585 2917 -46944 N t- -1.4853 0.1669-0.9010123.8 - -
3-32 -1778-Aug-1200:04:30 41171 2850 -46721 N t- -1.4362 0.2600-0.8135153.7 - -
4-31 -1760-Aug-2207:16:56 40759 2783 -46498 N t- -1.3938 0.3404-0.7386175.2 - -
5-30 -1742-Sep-0214:38:30 40349 2717 -46275 N t- -1.3589 0.4072-0.6772191.0 - -
6-29 -1724-Sep-1222:08:47 39941 2652 -46052 N t- -1.3313 0.4604-0.6290202.7 - -
7-28 -1706-Sep-2405:46:29 39536 2587 -45829 N t- -1.3098 0.5021-0.5919211.3 - -
8-27 -1688-Oct-0413:32:20 39132 2523 -45606 N t- -1.2950 0.5314-0.5667217.3 - -
9-26 -1670-Oct-1521:24:19 38731 2460 -45383 N t- -1.2851 0.5513-0.5502221.3 - -
10-25 -1652-Oct-2605:21:28 38331 2397 -45160 N t- -1.2796 0.5626-0.5415223.7 - -
11-24 -1634-Nov-0613:20:51 37934 2335 -44937 N t- -1.2760 0.5701-0.5358225.3 - -
12-23 -1616-Nov-1621:22:41 37538 2274 -44714 N t- -1.2744 0.5735-0.5333226.1 - -
13-22 -1598-Nov-2805:24:10 37145 2214 -44491 N t- -1.2723 0.5774-0.5296226.8 - -
14-21 -1580-Dec-0813:23:09 36754 2154 -44268 N t- -1.2682 0.5847-0.5215228.1 - -
15-20 -1562-Dec-1921:18:20 36365 2095 -44045 N t- -1.2608 0.5974-0.5073230.3 - -
16-19 -1544-Dec-3005:07:55 35977 2036 -43822 N t- -1.2486 0.6186-0.4838233.7 - -
17-18 -1525-Jan-1012:51:09 35592 1979 -43599 N t- -1.2311 0.6492-0.4502238.5 - -
18-17 -1507-Jan-2020:25:28 35209 1922 -43376 N t- -1.2060 0.6935-0.4024245.1 - -
19-16 -1489-Feb-0103:52:11 34829 1866 -43153 N t- -1.1743 0.7497-0.3422253.1 - -
20-15 -1471-Feb-1111:09:08 34450 1810 -42930 N t- -1.1342 0.8211-0.2666262.5 - -
21-14 -1453-Feb-2218:16:58 34073 1755 -42707 N t- -1.0864 0.9066-0.1765272.9 - -
22-13 -1435-Mar-0501:15:22 33698 1701 -42484 Nx t- -1.0303 1.0071-0.0715284.1 - -
23-12 -1417-Mar-1608:05:56 33326 1648 -42261 P t- -0.9673 1.1204 0.0464295.3 52.7 -
24-11 -1399-Mar-2614:49:17 32955 1595 -42038 P t- -0.8976 1.2461 0.1766306.4100.8 -
25-10 -1381-Apr-0621:25:11 32587 1544 -41815 P t- -0.8211 1.3843 0.3190317.2132.5 -
26 -9 -1363-Apr-1703:57:02 32220 1492 -41592 P t- -0.7406 1.5300 0.4686326.9156.7 -
27 -8 -1345-Apr-2810:24:50 31856 1442 -41369 P t- -0.6561 1.6832 0.6255335.6176.2 -
28 -7 -1327-May-0816:51:40 31494 1392 -41146 P t- -0.5698 1.8400 0.7856343.1191.7 -
29 -6 -1309-May-1923:17:04 31134 1343 -40923 P t- -0.4812 2.0010 0.9494349.3204.2 -
30 -5 -1291-May-3005:44:58 30776 1295 -40700 T t- -0.3937 2.1605 1.1113354.0213.8 52.8
31 -4 -1273-Jun-1012:15:41 30419 1248 -40477 T t- -0.3077 2.3172 1.2699357.4220.8 77.7
32 -3 -1255-Jun-2018:50:49 30066 1201 -40254 T- pp -0.2244 2.4693 1.4236359.6225.5 91.6
33 -2 -1237-Jul-0201:32:21 29714 1155 -40031 T- pp -0.1453 2.6140 1.5692360.6228.3 99.6
34 -1 -1219-Jul-1208:21:28 29364 1110 -39808 T- pp -0.0715 2.7489 1.7049360.6229.5103.5
35 0 -1201-Jul-2315:20:02 29016 1065 -39585 T- pp -0.0047 2.8714 1.8278359.9229.5104.5
36 1 -1183-Aug-0222:26:46 28670 1021 -39362 T+ pp 0.0563 2.7765 1.7330358.5228.4103.4
37 2 -1165-Aug-1405:44:49 28327 978 -39139 T+ pp 0.1087 2.6804 1.6369356.8226.7100.9
38 3 -1147-Aug-2413:12:20 27985 936 -38916 T+ pp 0.1540 2.5974 1.5538354.8224.6 97.4
39 4 -1129-Sep-0420:51:37 27646 895 -38693 T+ pp 0.1905 2.5305 1.4867352.8222.5 93.8
40 5 -1111-Sep-1504:39:53 27308 854 -38470 T+ pp 0.2203 2.4759 1.4321350.9220.4 90.1
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 29
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 -1093-Sep-2612:39:45 26973 814 -38247 T+ -p 0.2414 2.4371 1.3935349.0218.6 87.0
42 7 -1075-Oct-0620:47:41 26640 775 -38024 T+ -p 0.2564 2.4092 1.3661347.4217.0 84.6
43 8 -1057-Oct-1805:04:19 26308 737 -37801 T+ -p 0.2652 2.3926 1.3504345.9215.9 83.0
44 9 -1039-Oct-2813:26:54 25979 699 -37578 T+ -p 0.2699 2.3833 1.3425344.5215.0 82.1
45 10 -1021-Nov-0821:55:49 25652 662 -37355 T+ -p 0.2705 2.3812 1.3423343.2214.4 81.9
46 11 -1003-Nov-1906:27:00 25327 626 -37132 T+ -p 0.2698 2.3812 1.3449341.9213.9 81.9
47 12 -0985-Nov-3015:00:14 25004 616 -36909 T+ -p 0.2684 2.3821 1.3490340.6213.4 82.1
48 13 -0967-Dec-1023:32:47 24684 609 -36686 T+ -p 0.2684 2.3801 1.3510339.2212.9 82.1
49 14 -0949-Dec-2208:04:52 24365 602 -36463 T+ -p 0.2700 2.3750 1.3503337.7212.3 81.8
50 15 -0930-Jan-0116:31:34 24048 595 -36240 T -p 0.2767 2.3602 1.3404335.9211.5 80.8
51 16 -0912-Jan-1300:54:45 23733 589 -36017 T -p 0.2872 2.3383 1.3239333.9210.4 79.2
52 17 -0894-Jan-2309:10:34 23421 582 -35794 T -p 0.3046 2.3035 1.2948331.6208.8 76.2
53 18 -0876-Feb-0317:21:24 23110 575 -35571 T -p 0.3268 2.2596 1.2570329.1206.8 72.0
54 19 -0858-Feb-1401:22:44 22802 568 -35348 T -p 0.3579 2.1995 1.2030326.0204.0 65.1
55 20 -0840-Feb-2509:18:56 22496 561 -35125 T -p 0.3941 2.1301 1.1397322.5200.6 55.0
56 21 -0822-Mar-0717:06:03 22191 554 -34902 T -a 0.4384 2.0457 1.0613318.3196.0 37.3
57 22 -0804-Mar-1800:47:29 21889 547 -34679 P -a 0.4882 1.9514 0.9729313.5190.2 -
58 23 -0786-Mar-2908:21:04 21589 541 -34456 P -a 0.5453 1.8439 0.8708307.8182.8 -
59 24 -0768-Apr-0815:50:56 21291 534 -34233 P -a 0.6062 1.7296 0.7616301.3173.8 -
60 25 -0750-Apr-1923:15:40 20995 527 -34010 P -a 0.6722 1.6062 0.6428293.8162.4 -
61 26 -0732-Apr-3006:37:09 20701 520 -33787 P -a 0.7415 1.4769 0.5175285.1148.2 -
62 27 -0714-May-1113:56:42 20409 513 -33564 P -a 0.8129 1.3442 0.3882275.4130.6 -
63 28 -0696-May-2121:15:51 20119 506 -33341 P -a 0.8852 1.2103 0.2570264.6108.1 -
64 29 -0678-Jun-0204:35:26 19831 499 -33118 P -a 0.9576 1.0763 0.1250252.6 76.6 -
65 30 -0660-Jun-1211:56:10 19546 492 -32895 N -a 1.0296 0.9435-0.0063239.3 - -
66 31 -0642-Jun-2319:20:28 19262 485 -32672 N -a 1.0990 0.8158-0.1333225.1 - -
67 32 -0624-Jul-0402:48:58 18981 478 -32449 N -a 1.1650 0.6946-0.2544209.9 - -
68 33 -0606-Jul-1510:22:12 18701 471 -32226 N -a 1.2274 0.5804-0.3690193.8 - -
69 34 -0588-Jul-2518:01:53 18424 464 -32003 N -a 1.2848 0.4756-0.4749177.0 - -
70 35 -0570-Aug-0601:48:51 18149 457 -31780 N -a 1.3365 0.3815-0.5705159.9 - -
71 36 -0552-Aug-1609:43:49 17875 450 -31557 N -a 1.3818 0.2993-0.6546142.6 - -
72 37 -0534-Aug-2717:45:50 17604 443 -31334 N -a 1.4217 0.2272-0.7289125.0 - -
73 38 -0516-Sep-0701:56:52 17335 436 -31111 N -a 1.4545 0.1683-0.7902108.2 - -
74 39 -0498-Sep-1810:15:58 17059 430 -30888 N -a 1.4812 0.1206-0.8404 92.0 - -
75 40 -0480-Sep-2818:43:17 16741 423 -30665 N -a 1.5017 0.0842-0.8792 77.1 - -
76 41 -0462-Oct-1003:17:35 16432 416 -30442 N -a 1.5169 0.0575-0.9084 63.9 - -
77 42 -0444-Oct-2011:58:46 16131 410 -30219 N -a 1.5271 0.0399-0.9281 53.4 - -
78 43 -0426-Oct-3120:45:41 15839 403 -29996 N -a 1.5330 0.0301-0.9398 46.4 - -
79 44 -0408-Nov-1105:35:43 15554 397 -29773 N -a 1.5368 0.0238-0.9475 41.3 - -
80 45 -0390-Nov-2214:29:11 15276 390 -29550 N -a 1.5381 0.0219-0.9506 39.6 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 29
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 46 -0372-Dec-0223:22:53 15005 384 -29327 N -a 1.5398 0.0191-0.9540 37.0 - -
82 47 -0354-Dec-1408:16:24 14741 378 -29104 N -a 1.5416 0.0159-0.9574 33.9 - -
83 48 -0336-Dec-2417:05:57 14483 372 -28881 N -a 1.5468 0.0062-0.9668 21.1 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 29

Lunar eclipses of Saros 29 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1814 Jul 21. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -0336 Dec 24. The total duration of Saros series 29 is 1478.47 years.

Summary of Saros 29
First Eclipse -1814 Jul 21
Last Eclipse -0336 Dec 24
Series Duration 1478.47 Years
No. of Eclipses 83
Sequence 22N 7P 27T 8P 19N

Saros 29 is composed of 83 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 29
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 83100.0%
PenumbralN 41 49.4%
PartialP 15 18.1%
TotalT 27 32.5%

The 83 lunar eclipses of Saros 29 occur in the order of 22N 7P 27T 8P 19N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 29
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 22
Partial P 7
Total T 27
Partial P 8
Penumbral N 19

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 29 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 29
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -1201 Jul 2301h44m30s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0822 Mar 0700h37m15s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1309 May 1903h24m14s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1417 Mar 1600h52m44s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1435 Mar 0504h44m04s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0336 Dec 2400h21m08s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0804 Mar 18 - 0.97286
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1417 Mar 16 - 0.04639

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.