Saros 35

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 35

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 35

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 35 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 35
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 -1532-May-2503:38:30 35734 2000 -43681 N t- -1.5077 0.1188-0.9352104.6 - -
2-33 -1514-Jun-0510:04:03 35350 1943 -43458 N t- -1.4273 0.2679-0.7890155.3 - -
3-32 -1496-Jun-1516:29:05 34968 1886 -43235 N t- -1.3463 0.4182-0.6421192.0 - -
4-31 -1478-Jun-2622:58:41 34589 1830 -43012 N t- -1.2689 0.5620-0.5019220.1 - -
5-30 -1460-Jul-0705:31:45 34211 1775 -42789 N t- -1.1945 0.7007-0.3674243.1 - -
6-29 -1442-Jul-1812:10:24 33836 1721 -42566 N t- -1.1245 0.8311-0.2411262.0 - -
7-28 -1424-Jul-2818:56:08 33463 1668 -42343 N t- -1.0604 0.9511-0.1257277.5 - -
8-27 -1406-Aug-0901:49:59 33091 1615 -42120 Nx t- -1.0030 1.0586-0.0226290.2 - -
9-26 -1388-Aug-1908:52:54 32722 1563 -41897 P t- -0.9528 1.1530 0.0674300.4 63.6 -
10-25 -1370-Aug-3016:03:49 32355 1511 -41674 P t- -0.9092 1.2352 0.1453308.7 92.4 -
11-24 -1352-Sep-0923:25:06 31990 1460 -41451 P t- -0.8740 1.3017 0.2078315.1109.5 -
12-23 -1334-Sep-2106:54:48 31627 1410 -41228 P t- -0.8457 1.3554 0.2578320.0121.2 -
13-22 -1316-Oct-0114:33:11 31266 1361 -41005 P t- -0.8244 1.3962 0.2954323.6129.0 -
14-21 -1298-Oct-1222:18:57 30907 1313 -40782 P t- -0.8089 1.4259 0.3226326.2134.2 -
15-20 -1280-Oct-2306:12:10 30550 1265 -40559 P t- -0.7990 1.4451 0.3398327.7137.4 -
16-19 -1262-Nov-0314:09:53 30195 1218 -40336 P t- -0.7927 1.4571 0.3508328.6139.3 -
17-18 -1244-Nov-1322:10:33 29843 1172 -40113 P t- -0.7885 1.4649 0.3583329.1140.6 -
18-17 -1226-Nov-2506:12:48 29492 1126 -39890 P t- -0.7853 1.4706 0.3646329.3141.6 -
19-16 -1208-Dec-0514:15:22 29144 1081 -39667 P t- -0.7816 1.4766 0.3720329.4142.8 -
20-15 -1190-Dec-1622:14:24 28797 1037 -39444 P t- -0.7748 1.4878 0.3856329.7144.9 -
21-14 -1172-Dec-2706:10:06 28453 994 -39221 P t- -0.7649 1.5045 0.4052330.3147.9 -
22-13 -1153-Jan-0713:59:26 28110 952 -38998 P t- -0.7493 1.5313 0.4358331.4152.5 -
23-12 -1135-Jan-1721:43:30 27770 910 -38775 P t- -0.7289 1.5666 0.4754333.0158.1 -
24-11 -1117-Jan-2905:17:36 27432 869 -38552 P t- -0.6998 1.6175 0.5313335.4165.4 -
25-10 -1099-Feb-0812:45:36 27096 829 -38329 P t- -0.6650 1.6788 0.5977338.1173.3 -
26 -9 -1081-Feb-1920:03:08 26762 789 -38106 P t- -0.6211 1.7566 0.6810341.5182.1 -
27 -8 -1063-Mar-0203:14:05 26430 751 -37883 P t- -0.5710 1.8456 0.7756344.9190.8 -
28 -7 -1045-Mar-1310:15:13 26100 713 -37660 P t- -0.5120 1.9510 0.8866348.5199.6 -
29 -6 -1027-Mar-2317:11:22 25772 676 -37437 T t- -0.4480 2.0656 1.0068351.8207.6 13.4
30 -5 -1009-Apr-0323:59:53 25447 639 -37214 T t- -0.3769 2.1934 1.1400354.8214.8 58.5
31 -4 -0991-Apr-1406:43:55 25123 618 -36991 T t- -0.3009 2.3302 1.2819357.1220.8 78.9
32 -3 -0973-Apr-2513:23:40 24801 612 -36768 T- pp -0.2206 2.4751 1.4316358.7225.3 92.1
33 -2 -0955-May-0520:02:11 24482 605 -36545 T- pp -0.1384 2.6238 1.5847359.3228.2100.2
34 -1 -0937-May-1702:39:44 24164 598 -36322 T- pp -0.0541 2.7765 1.7412358.9229.5104.2
35 0 -0919-May-2709:17:57 23849 591 -36099 T+ pp 0.0305 2.8180 1.7862357.6229.1104.6
36 1 -0901-Jun-0715:59:05 23536 584 -35876 T+ pp 0.1136 2.6640 1.6351355.2227.1101.3
37 2 -0883-Jun-1722:44:09 23224 577 -35653 T+ pp 0.1941 2.5151 1.4886351.9223.6 94.6
38 3 -0865-Jun-2905:34:00 22915 571 -35430 T+ pp 0.2716 2.3719 1.3474347.9218.7 84.1
39 4 -0847-Jul-0912:30:32 22608 564 -35207 T -p 0.3445 2.2375 1.2144343.2212.7 69.0
40 5 -0829-Jul-2019:35:08 22303 557 -34984 T -t 0.4116 2.1138 1.0918338.2206.0 46.9
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 35
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 -0811-Jul-3102:49:03 22000 550 -34761 P -t 0.4716 2.0035 0.9822333.0198.7 -
42 7 -0793-Aug-1110:11:15 21699 543 -34538 P -t 0.5256 1.9041 0.8832327.8191.2 -
43 8 -0775-Aug-2117:44:55 21400 536 -34315 P -h 0.5710 1.8207 0.8001322.9184.1 -
44 9 -0757-Sep-0201:28:07 21103 529 -34092 P -a 0.6094 1.7502 0.7297318.4177.3 -
45 10 -0739-Sep-1209:22:41 20809 523 -33869 P -a 0.6393 1.6952 0.6748314.5171.5 -
46 11 -0721-Sep-2317:25:36 20516 516 -33646 P -a 0.6633 1.6512 0.6310311.0166.5 -
47 12 -0703-Oct-0401:39:26 20226 509 -33423 P -a 0.6791 1.6220 0.6022308.4162.9 -
48 13 -0685-Oct-1510:00:38 19937 502 -33200 P -a 0.6897 1.6021 0.5829306.2160.3 -
49 14 -0667-Oct-2518:29:31 19651 494 -32977 P -a 0.6949 1.5920 0.5739304.7158.8 -
50 15 -0649-Nov-0603:03:37 19366 487 -32754 P -a 0.6967 1.5880 0.5713303.4158.1 -
51 16 -0631-Nov-1611:42:43 19084 480 -32531 P -a 0.6954 1.5895 0.5749302.5158.1 -
52 17 -0613-Nov-2720:23:32 18804 473 -32308 P -a 0.6930 1.5924 0.5804301.7158.3 -
53 18 -0595-Dec-0805:04:35 18526 466 -32085 P -a 0.6914 1.5939 0.5850300.7158.4 -
54 19 -0577-Dec-1913:44:53 18250 459 -31862 P -a 0.6910 1.5927 0.5874299.6158.2 -
55 20 -0559-Dec-2922:22:43 17976 452 -31639 P -a 0.6937 1.5857 0.5847298.1157.5 -
56 21 -0540-Jan-1006:55:35 17704 446 -31416 P -a 0.7010 1.5700 0.5736296.1155.9 -
57 22 -0522-Jan-2015:23:11 17434 439 -31193 P -a 0.7132 1.5451 0.5536293.5153.3 -
58 23 -0504-Jan-3123:44:19 17166 432 -30970 P -a 0.7316 1.5088 0.5225290.2149.4 -
59 24 -0486-Feb-1107:59:16 16857 425 -30747 P -a 0.7557 1.4617 0.4808286.2143.9 -
60 25 -0468-Feb-2216:05:25 16544 419 -30524 P -a 0.7880 1.3998 0.4243281.2136.1 -
61 26 -0450-Mar-0500:05:33 16241 412 -30301 P -a 0.8259 1.3276 0.3573275.2125.9 -
62 27 -0432-Mar-1507:57:27 15945 406 -30078 P -a 0.8712 1.2419 0.2768267.9111.8 -
63 28 -0414-Mar-2615:43:30 15658 399 -29855 P -a 0.9218 1.1466 0.1862259.3 92.8 -
64 29 -0396-Apr-0523:22:26 15377 393 -29632 P -a 0.9791 1.0393 0.0833249.1 62.8 -
65 30 -0378-Apr-1706:57:07 15104 386 -29409 N -a 1.0402 0.9252-0.0269237.3 - -
66 31 -0360-Apr-2714:26:56 14837 380 -29186 N -a 1.1057 0.8033-0.1455223.4 - -
67 32 -0342-May-0821:53:18 14577 374 -28963 N -a 1.1744 0.6758-0.2701207.1 - -
68 33 -0324-May-1905:17:51 14322 368 -28740 N -a 1.2447 0.5458-0.3981188.2 - -
69 34 -0306-May-3012:41:31 14074 361 -28517 N -a 1.3157 0.4148-0.5277165.9 - -
70 35 -0288-Jun-0920:06:09 13830 355 -28294 N -a 1.3863 0.2850-0.6567139.1 - -
71 36 -0270-Jun-2103:31:27 13592 349 -28071 N -a 1.4561 0.1568-0.7849104.3 - -
72 37 -0252-Jul-0111:00:52 13359 343 -27848 Ne -a 1.5227 0.0349-0.9074 49.7 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 35

Lunar eclipses of Saros 35 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1532 May 25. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -0252 Jul 01. The total duration of Saros series 35 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 35
First Eclipse -1532 May 25
Last Eclipse -0252 Jul 01
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8N 20P 12T 24P 8N

Saros 35 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 35
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 16 22.2%
PartialP 44 61.1%
TotalT 12 16.7%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 35 occur in the order of 8N 20P 12T 24P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 35
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 20
Total T 12
Partial P 24
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 35 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 35
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0919 May 2701h44m33s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -1027 Mar 2300h13m27s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1045 Mar 1303h19m38s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0396 Apr 0501h02m49s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1406 Aug 0904h50m09s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0252 Jul 0100h49m44s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0811 Jul 31 - 0.98218
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1388 Aug 19 - 0.06740

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.