Saros 41

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 41

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 41

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 41 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 41
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 -1268-Mar-1814:53:25 30326 1235 -40418 Nb t- -1.5569 0.0335-1.0301 56.0 - -
2-33 -1250-Mar-2921:40:37 29972 1189 -40195 N t- -1.4929 0.1506-0.9124117.8 - -
3-32 -1232-Apr-0904:19:58 29621 1143 -39972 N t- -1.4228 0.2789-0.7837158.8 - -
4-31 -1214-Apr-2010:51:52 29272 1098 -39749 N t- -1.3470 0.4180-0.6445192.3 - -
5-30 -1196-Apr-3017:18:57 28924 1053 -39526 N t- -1.2670 0.5650-0.4978220.9 - -
6-29 -1178-May-1123:40:08 28579 1010 -39303 N t- -1.1823 0.7207-0.3429246.1 - -
7-28 -1160-May-2206:00:21 28236 967 -39080 N t- -1.0969 0.8780-0.1866267.8 - -
8-27 -1142-Jun-0212:18:34 27895 925 -38857 Nx t- -1.0100 1.0382-0.0279286.8 - -
9-26 -1124-Jun-1218:38:45 27556 884 -38634 P t- -0.9244 1.1961 0.1282303.1 86.9 -
10-25 -1106-Jun-2401:00:18 27219 843 -38411 P t- -0.8398 1.3524 0.2823317.2126.2 -
11-24 -1088-Jul-0407:27:17 26885 804 -38188 P t- -0.7594 1.5013 0.4287328.9152.2 -
12-23 -1070-Jul-1513:59:23 26552 765 -37965 P t- -0.6832 1.6424 0.5669338.7171.2 -
13-22 -1052-Jul-2520:38:02 26221 726 -37742 P t- -0.6122 1.7742 0.6958346.7185.7 -
14-21 -1034-Aug-0603:25:20 25893 689 -37519 P t- -0.5480 1.8936 0.8120353.1196.6 -
15-20 -1016-Aug-1610:21:39 25566 653 -37296 P t- -0.4910 1.9998 0.9151358.1204.8 -
16-19 -0998-Aug-2717:28:32 25242 621 -37073 T t- -0.4423 2.0907 1.0029361.9210.7 9.0
17-18 -0980-Sep-0700:44:08 24919 614 -36850 T t- -0.4004 2.1691 1.0784364.8215.2 45.2
18-17 -0962-Sep-1808:11:06 24599 607 -36627 T t- -0.3675 2.2307 1.1374366.8218.3 58.6
19-16 -0944-Sep-2815:46:29 24281 600 -36404 T p- -0.3412 2.2801 1.1846368.1220.4 66.8
20-15 -0926-Oct-0923:31:19 23965 594 -36181 T p- -0.3222 2.3158 1.2186368.9221.7 71.7
21-14 -0908-Oct-2007:22:48 23650 587 -35958 T p- -0.3083 2.3418 1.2435369.3222.5 74.9
22-13 -0890-Oct-3115:21:47 23338 580 -35735 T p- -0.3000 2.3573 1.2586369.3222.9 76.7
23-12 -0872-Nov-1023:24:27 23029 573 -35512 T p- -0.2945 2.3673 1.2689369.0223.0 77.8
24-11 -0854-Nov-2207:30:12 22721 566 -35289 T p- -0.2909 2.3731 1.2760368.4222.9 78.5
25-10 -0836-Dec-0215:36:51 22415 559 -35066 T p- -0.2876 2.3783 1.2831367.7222.9 79.2
26 -9 -0818-Dec-1323:43:39 22111 552 -34843 T p- -0.2837 2.3841 1.2917366.9222.9 80.0
27 -8 -0800-Dec-2407:46:27 21809 546 -34620 T p- -0.2760 2.3964 1.3076366.1223.1 81.6
28 -7 -0781-Jan-0415:45:56 21510 539 -34397 T- p- -0.2650 2.4144 1.3299365.3223.5 83.7
29 -6 -0763-Jan-1423:39:11 21212 532 -34174 T- p- -0.2480 2.4431 1.3635364.6224.3 86.7
30 -5 -0745-Jan-2607:27:39 20917 525 -33951 T- p- -0.2261 2.4805 1.4063363.9225.2 90.0
31 -4 -0727-Feb-0515:06:28 20623 518 -33728 T- p- -0.1955 2.5336 1.4653363.3226.3 93.9
32 -3 -0709-Feb-1622:39:42 20332 511 -33505 T- pp -0.1595 2.5967 1.5344362.6227.5 97.6
33 -2 -0691-Feb-2706:03:11 20043 504 -33282 T- pp -0.1146 2.6759 1.6200361.7228.5100.9
34 -1 -0673-Mar-1013:21:09 19756 497 -33059 T- pp -0.0642 2.7651 1.7155360.7229.1103.3
35 0 -0655-Mar-2020:29:47 19471 490 -32836 T- pp -0.0051 2.8705 1.8272359.2229.0104.3
36 1 -0637-Apr-0103:34:30 19188 483 -32613 T+ pp 0.0583 2.7697 1.7325357.1228.1103.4
37 2 -0619-Apr-1110:32:10 18907 476 -32390 T+ pp 0.1282 2.6385 1.6071354.4226.1100.1
38 3 -0601-Apr-2217:27:00 18628 469 -32167 T+ pp 0.2015 2.5013 1.4755350.8222.7 93.6
39 4 -0583-May-0300:17:39 18351 462 -31944 T pp 0.2790 2.3567 1.3358346.4217.8 82.9
40 5 -0565-May-1407:08:06 18076 455 -31721 T -p 0.3574 2.2104 1.1942341.0211.4 66.1
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 41
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 -0547-May-2413:58:06 17803 448 -31498 T -t 0.4372 2.0619 1.0497334.7203.2 34.9
42 7 -0529-Jun-0420:49:29 17533 441 -31275 P -t 0.5167 1.9142 0.9056327.4193.1 -
43 8 -0511-Jun-1503:44:15 17264 435 -31052 P -t 0.5941 1.7708 0.7650319.4181.2 -
44 9 -0493-Jun-2610:43:26 16974 428 -30829 P -t 0.6685 1.6330 0.6297310.7167.6 -
45 10 -0475-Jul-0617:48:38 16658 421 -30606 P -t 0.7390 1.5028 0.5014301.6152.1 -
46 11 -0457-Jul-1801:00:16 16351 415 -30383 P -h 0.8049 1.3811 0.3811292.1134.6 -
47 12 -0439-Jul-2808:20:24 16053 408 -30160 P -h 0.8649 1.2706 0.2716282.7115.1 -
48 13 -0421-Aug-0815:49:17 15763 402 -29937 P -a 0.9182 1.1725 0.1740273.6 93.1 -
49 14 -0403-Aug-1823:26:51 15480 395 -29714 P -a 0.9652 1.0861 0.0879265.0 66.7 -
50 15 -0385-Aug-3007:14:36 15204 389 -29491 P -a 1.0047 1.0136 0.0154257.1 28.1 -
51 16 -0367-Sep-0915:12:14 14935 382 -29268 N -a 1.0371 0.9543-0.0440250.3 - -
52 17 -0349-Sep-2023:19:58 14672 376 -29045 N -a 1.0618 0.9090-0.0893244.8 - -
53 18 -0331-Oct-0107:36:00 14415 370 -28822 N -a 1.0805 0.8746-0.1238240.3 - -
54 19 -0313-Oct-1216:00:56 14165 364 -28599 N -a 1.0927 0.8522-0.1460237.1 - -
55 20 -0295-Oct-2300:33:09 13919 358 -28376 N -a 1.0997 0.8391-0.1587234.9 - -
56 21 -0277-Nov-0309:11:15 13679 351 -28153 N -a 1.1027 0.8331-0.1638233.6 - -
57 22 -0259-Nov-1317:54:07 13444 345 -27930 N -a 1.1026 0.8329-0.1629232.9 - -
58 23 -0241-Nov-2502:39:53 13214 340 -27707 N -a 1.1009 0.8350-0.1591232.6 - -
59 24 -0223-Dec-0511:27:41 12989 334 -27484 N -a 1.0982 0.8390-0.1529232.4 - -
60 25 -0205-Dec-1620:13:56 12768 328 -27261 N -a 1.0975 0.8387-0.1504231.8 - -
61 26 -0187-Dec-2704:59:37 12551 322 -27038 N -a 1.0980 0.8362-0.1498230.8 - -
62 27 -0168-Jan-0713:41:02 12338 316 -26815 N -a 1.1029 0.8254-0.1570229.0 - -
63 28 -0150-Jan-1722:18:11 12130 310 -26592 N -a 1.1118 0.8072-0.1712226.3 - -
64 29 -0132-Jan-2906:48:25 11925 305 -26369 N -a 1.1269 0.7773-0.1969222.1 - -
65 30 -0114-Feb-0815:13:00 11723 299 -26146 N -a 1.1472 0.7379-0.2319216.8 - -
66 31 -0096-Feb-1923:30:03 11526 294 -25923 N -a 1.1743 0.6858-0.2795209.6 - -
67 32 -0078-Mar-0207:38:57 11331 288 -25700 N -a 1.2084 0.6210-0.3399200.3 - -
68 33 -0060-Mar-1215:40:18 11139 283 -25477 N -a 1.2491 0.5444-0.4124188.5 - -
69 34 -0042-Mar-2323:34:26 10951 277 -25254 N -a 1.2958 0.4566-0.4962173.8 - -
70 35 -0024-Apr-0307:21:41 10764 272 -25031 N -a 1.3484 0.3583-0.5910155.1 - -
71 36 -0006-Apr-1415:02:18 10581 267 -24808 N -a 1.4067 0.2497-0.6965130.6 - -
72 37 0012-Apr-2422:38:09 10399 261 -24585 N -a 1.4691 0.1339-0.8097 96.6 - -
73 38 0030-May-0606:09:48 10220 256 -24362 Ne -a 1.5347 0.0126-0.9291 29.9 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 41

Lunar eclipses of Saros 41 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1268 Mar 18. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0030 May 06. The total duration of Saros series 41 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 41
First Eclipse -1268 Mar 18
Last Eclipse 0030 May 06
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 8N 7P 26T 9P 23N

Saros 41 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 41
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 31 42.5%
PartialP 16 21.9%
TotalT 26 35.6%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 41 occur in the order of 8N 7P 26T 9P 23N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 41
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 7
Total T 26
Partial P 9
Penumbral N 23

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 41 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 41
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0655 Mar 2001h44m18s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0998 Aug 2700h08m59s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1016 Aug 1603h24m45s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0385 Aug 3000h28m08s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1142 Jun 0204h46m49s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0030 May 0600h29m55s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -1016 Aug 16 - 0.91506
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0385 Aug 30 - 0.01540

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.