Saros 44

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 44

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 44

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 44 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 44
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-35 -1199-Jan-0603:55:08 28988 1062 -39567 N t- 1.5727 0.0118-1.0662 33.2 - -
2-34 -1181-Jan-1711:46:46 28642 1018 -39344 N t- 1.5579 0.0387-1.0390 60.1 - -
3-33 -1163-Jan-2719:29:31 28299 975 -39121 N t- 1.5368 0.0769-0.9999 84.6 - -
4-32 -1145-Feb-0803:01:39 27958 933 -38898 N t- 1.5078 0.1296-0.9461109.5 - -
5-31 -1127-Feb-1810:24:04 27618 891 -38675 N t- 1.4716 0.1953-0.8791133.9 - -
6-30 -1109-Mar-0117:34:41 27281 851 -38452 N t- 1.4268 0.2769-0.7961158.5 - -
7-29 -1091-Mar-1200:36:03 26946 811 -38229 N t- 1.3748 0.3715-0.7000182.3 - -
8-28 -1073-Mar-2307:27:01 26613 772 -38006 N t- 1.3149 0.4807-0.5895205.6 - -
9-27 -1055-Apr-0214:08:56 26282 733 -37783 N t- 1.2478 0.6032-0.4658227.9 - -
10-26 -1037-Apr-1320:42:58 25953 696 -37560 N t- 1.1744 0.7375-0.3306248.9 - -
11-25 -1019-Apr-2403:10:47 25626 659 -37337 N t- 1.0959 0.8812-0.1862268.5 - -
12-24 -1001-May-0509:34:15 25301 623 -37114 Nx t- 1.0138 1.0318-0.0354286.3 - -
13-23 -0983-May-1515:53:02 24978 615 -36891 P t- 0.9276 1.1899 0.1227302.6 85.1 -
14-22 -0965-May-2622:11:26 24658 609 -36668 P t- 0.8407 1.3496 0.2819316.8126.1 -
15-21 -0947-Jun-0604:29:01 24339 602 -36445 P t- 0.7526 1.5117 0.4431329.3154.4 -
16-20 -0929-Jun-1710:49:14 24023 595 -36222 P t- 0.6664 1.6704 0.6005339.9175.3 -
17-19 -0911-Jun-2717:11:04 23708 588 -35999 P t- 0.5814 1.8273 0.7559348.8191.6 -
18-18 -0893-Jul-0823:39:46 23396 581 -35776 P t- 0.5013 1.9751 0.9017355.9203.8 -
19-17 -0875-Jul-1906:13:33 23085 574 -35553 T t- 0.4250 2.1162 1.0407361.6213.3 33.1
20-16 -0857-Jul-3012:55:30 22777 567 -35330 T t- 0.3550 2.2458 1.1680365.9220.2 64.4
21-15 -0839-Aug-0919:45:24 22471 561 -35107 T t- 0.2912 2.3642 1.2839369.1225.2 80.3
22-14 -0821-Aug-2102:46:10 22167 554 -34884 T+ pp 0.2360 2.4666 1.3839371.3228.5 89.7
23-13 -0803-Aug-3109:56:17 21865 547 -34661 T+ pp 0.1879 2.5562 1.4711372.7230.7 95.7
24-12 -0785-Sep-1117:16:15 21565 540 -34438 T+ pp 0.1473 2.6318 1.5444373.6232.0 99.4
25-11 -0767-Sep-2200:46:22 21267 533 -34215 T+ pp 0.1145 2.6929 1.6036374.0232.7101.5
26-10 -0749-Oct-0308:26:36 20971 526 -33992 T+ pp 0.0896 2.7395 1.6486374.0232.9102.7
27 -9 -0731-Oct-1316:14:52 20677 519 -33769 T+ pp 0.0707 2.7746 1.6828373.8232.9103.3
28 -8 -0713-Oct-2500:11:17 20386 513 -33546 T+ pp 0.0580 2.7981 1.7058373.3232.7103.6
29 -7 -0695-Nov-0408:13:34 20096 506 -33323 T+ pp 0.0494 2.8138 1.7218372.7232.4103.6
30 -6 -0677-Nov-1516:21:20 19808 498 -33100 T+ pp 0.0447 2.8218 1.7308371.9232.0103.6
31 -5 -0659-Nov-2600:30:02 19523 491 -32877 T+ pp 0.0403 2.8289 1.7398371.0231.7103.6
32 -4 -0641-Dec-0708:41:28 19239 484 -32654 T+ pp 0.0376 2.8327 1.7461369.9231.3103.6
33 -3 -0623-Dec-1716:50:37 18958 477 -32431 T+ pp 0.0329 2.8396 1.7564368.7230.9103.6
34 -2 -0605-Dec-2900:58:09 18679 470 -32208 T+ pp 0.0259 2.8503 1.7711367.4230.5103.6
35 -1 -0586-Jan-0808:59:35 18402 463 -31985 T+ pp 0.0135 2.8708 1.7963366.0230.2103.7
36 0 -0568-Jan-1916:57:31 18126 456 -31762 T- pp -0.0025 2.8882 1.8192364.5229.8103.8
37 1 -0550-Jan-3000:47:45 17853 449 -31539 T- pp -0.0251 2.8438 1.7805362.8229.3103.6
38 2 -0532-Feb-1008:31:05 17582 442 -31316 T- pp -0.0543 2.7871 1.7300360.9228.5103.0
39 3 -0514-Feb-2016:06:18 17314 436 -31093 T- pp -0.0907 2.7170 1.6663358.8227.5101.7
40 4 -0496-Mar-0223:34:38 17033 429 -30870 T- pp -0.1339 2.6345 1.5903356.3225.9 99.2
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 44
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 5 -0478-Mar-1406:55:28 16716 422 -30647 T- pp -0.1840 2.5394 1.5017353.3223.5 95.0
42 6 -0460-Mar-2414:09:34 16407 416 -30424 T- pp -0.2405 2.4325 1.4012349.7220.3 88.4
43 7 -0442-Apr-0421:17:59 16107 409 -30201 T -p -0.3027 2.3153 1.2902345.4215.8 78.2
44 8 -0424-Apr-1504:21:43 15815 403 -29978 T -p -0.3698 2.1892 1.1700340.2209.9 62.2
45 9 -0406-Apr-2611:20:58 15531 396 -29755 T -t -0.4415 2.0549 1.0411334.2202.4 31.8
46 10 -0388-May-0618:18:28 15254 390 -29532 P -t -0.5155 1.9165 0.9077327.2193.0 -
47 11 -0370-May-1801:14:32 14984 384 -29309 P -t -0.5918 1.7743 0.7701319.1181.5 -
48 12 -0352-May-2808:12:02 14720 377 -29086 P -t -0.6676 1.6332 0.6328310.2167.8 -
49 13 -0334-Jun-0815:09:49 14462 371 -28863 P -t -0.7442 1.4910 0.4941300.1151.0 -
50 14 -0316-Jun-1822:12:19 14210 365 -28640 P -h -0.8176 1.3548 0.3607289.5131.2 -
51 15 -0298-Jun-3005:17:56 13964 359 -28417 P -h -0.8895 1.2217 0.2298277.9106.4 -
52 16 -0280-Jul-1012:30:23 13723 353 -28194 P -h -0.9564 1.0982 0.1081266.1 74.0 -
53 17 -0262-Jul-2119:48:05 13487 347 -27971 N -a -1.0197 0.9815-0.0076253.8 - -
54 18 -0244-Aug-0103:15:18 13256 341 -27748 N -a -1.0762 0.8774-0.1109241.8 - -
55 19 -0226-Aug-1210:50:04 13030 335 -27525 N -a -1.1275 0.7831-0.2048229.9 - -
56 20 -0208-Aug-2218:34:23 12808 329 -27302 N -a -1.1719 0.7017-0.2862218.7 - -
57 21 -0190-Sep-0302:27:59 12590 323 -27079 N -a -1.2095 0.6327-0.3554208.5 - -
58 22 -0172-Sep-1310:31:40 12377 317 -26856 N -a -1.2397 0.5775-0.4109199.8 - -
59 23 -0154-Sep-2418:44:41 12168 311 -26633 N -a -1.2634 0.5343-0.4545192.5 - -
60 24 -0136-Oct-0503:05:35 11962 306 -26410 N -a -1.2816 0.5009-0.4881186.5 - -
61 25 -0118-Oct-1611:35:27 11760 300 -26187 N -a -1.2933 0.4794-0.5096182.4 - -
62 26 -0100-Oct-2620:11:52 11562 295 -25964 N -a -1.3004 0.4663-0.5226179.7 - -
63 27 -0082-Nov-0704:54:28 11366 289 -25741 N -a -1.3033 0.4608-0.5275178.3 - -
64 28 -0064-Nov-1713:40:23 11174 284 -25518 N -a -1.3039 0.4592-0.5281177.6 - -
65 29 -0046-Nov-2822:29:45 10985 278 -25295 N -a -1.3025 0.4610-0.5248177.6 - -
66 30 -0028-Dec-0907:19:20 10798 273 -25072 N -a -1.3013 0.4622-0.5218177.4 - -
67 31 -0010-Dec-2016:08:12 10614 268 -24849 N -a -1.3012 0.4613-0.5203176.8 - -
68 32 0008-Dec-3100:54:32 10433 262 -24626 N -a -1.3035 0.4555-0.5232175.5 - -
69 33 0027-Jan-1109:37:34 10253 257 -24403 N -a -1.3087 0.4444-0.5311173.1 - -
70 34 0045-Jan-2118:14:38 10075 252 -24180 N -a -1.3193 0.4231-0.5488168.9 - -
71 35 0063-Feb-0202:45:49 9899 247 -23957 N -a -1.3351 0.3922-0.5760162.8 - -
72 36 0081-Feb-1211:09:49 9724 242 -23734 N -a -1.3571 0.3499-0.6144154.1 - -
73 37 0099-Feb-2319:27:32 9551 237 -23511 N -a -1.3844 0.2978-0.6625142.6 - -
74 38 0117-Mar-0603:35:43 9378 232 -23288 N -a -1.4199 0.2309-0.7257126.1 - -
75 39 0135-Mar-1711:37:58 9206 227 -23065 N -a -1.4603 0.1548-0.7981103.8 - -
76 40 0153-Mar-2719:31:27 9035 222 -22842 Ne -a -1.5084 0.0650-0.8846 67.8 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 44

Lunar eclipses of Saros 44 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -1199 Jan 06. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0153 Mar 27. The total duration of Saros series 44 is 1352.26 years.

Summary of Saros 44
First Eclipse -1199 Jan 06
Last Eclipse 0153 Mar 27
Series Duration 1352.26 Years
No. of Eclipses 76
Sequence 12N 6P 27T 7P 24N

Saros 44 is composed of 76 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 44
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 76100.0%
PenumbralN 36 47.4%
PartialP 13 17.1%
TotalT 27 35.5%

The 76 lunar eclipses of Saros 44 occur in the order of 12N 6P 27T 7P 24N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 44
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 12
Partial P 6
Total T 27
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 24

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 44 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 44
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0568 Jan 1901h43m47s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0406 Apr 2600h31m46s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0893 Jul 0803h23m51s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0280 Jul 1001h13m57s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1001 May 0504h46m18s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1199 Jan 0600h33m12s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0388 May 06 - 0.90772
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0280 Jul 10 - 0.10805

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.