Saros 45

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 45

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 45

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 45 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 45
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-40 -1351-Aug-2923:35:32 31970 1458 -41439 N t- -1.5498 0.0502-1.0210 68.3 - -
2-39 -1333-Sep-1007:07:28 31607 1408 -41216 N t- -1.5134 0.1175-0.9546103.7 - -
3-38 -1315-Sep-2014:49:33 31246 1359 -40993 N t- -1.4841 0.1717-0.9011124.5 - -
4-37 -1297-Oct-0122:41:58 30888 1310 -40770 N h- -1.4622 0.2120-0.8611137.5 - -
5-36 -1279-Oct-1206:42:10 30531 1262 -40547 N h- -1.4456 0.2424-0.8306146.2 - -
6-35 -1261-Oct-2314:50:36 30176 1215 -40324 N h- -1.4348 0.2617-0.8104151.3 - -
7-34 -1243-Nov-0223:04:44 29824 1169 -40101 N h- -1.4276 0.2743-0.7966154.2 - -
8-33 -1225-Nov-1407:22:41 29473 1124 -39878 N a- -1.4227 0.2823-0.7864155.9 - -
9-32 -1207-Nov-2415:43:10 29125 1079 -39655 N a- -1.4188 0.2879-0.7780156.8 - -
10-31 -1189-Dec-0600:03:53 28779 1035 -39432 N a- -1.4142 0.2946-0.7678157.9 - -
11-30 -1171-Dec-1608:23:36 28434 992 -39209 N a- -1.4082 0.3036-0.7546159.6 - -
12-29 -1153-Dec-2716:39:03 28092 949 -38986 N a- -1.3977 0.3203-0.7330163.0 - -
13-28 -1134-Jan-0700:51:12 27752 908 -38763 N a- -1.3838 0.3431-0.7047167.6 - -
14-27 -1116-Jan-1808:56:57 27414 867 -38540 N a- -1.3637 0.3770-0.6649174.4 - -
15-26 -1098-Jan-2816:56:05 27078 826 -38317 N a- -1.3374 0.4220-0.6136182.9 - -
16-25 -1080-Feb-0900:47:28 26744 787 -38094 N a- -1.3041 0.4799-0.5492193.1 - -
17-24 -1062-Feb-1908:32:05 26412 748 -37871 N a- -1.2642 0.5497-0.4727204.3 - -
18-23 -1044-Mar-0116:09:38 26082 711 -37648 N a- -1.2174 0.6322-0.3835216.3 - -
19-22 -1026-Mar-1223:39:17 25755 674 -37425 N a- -1.1631 0.7285-0.2806228.9 - -
20-21 -1008-Mar-2307:03:21 25429 637 -37202 N a- -1.1031 0.8353-0.1675241.2 - -
21-20 -0990-Apr-0314:21:33 25106 618 -36979 N a- -1.0373 0.9532-0.0436253.3 - -
22-19 -0972-Apr-1321:35:40 24784 611 -36756 P a- -0.9669 1.0795 0.0883264.8 67.1 -
23-18 -0954-Apr-2504:45:57 24465 604 -36533 P a- -0.8920 1.2143 0.2282275.4105.5 -
24-17 -0936-May-0511:54:53 24147 598 -36310 P a- -0.8148 1.3535 0.3721284.9131.4 -
25-16 -0918-May-1619:03:12 23832 591 -36087 P a- -0.7363 1.4957 0.5181293.3151.2 -
26-15 -0900-May-2702:11:31 23519 584 -35864 P a- -0.6567 1.6401 0.6659300.6166.9 -
27-14 -0882-Jun-0709:22:15 23208 577 -35641 P a- -0.5781 1.7828 0.8113306.7179.3 -
28-13 -0864-Jun-1716:35:41 22899 570 -35418 P a- -0.5012 1.9229 0.9536311.6189.0 -
29-12 -0846-Jun-2823:54:35 22592 563 -35195 T a- -0.4279 2.0567 1.0888315.4196.5 44.3
30-11 -0828-Jul-0907:17:36 22287 556 -34972 T a- -0.3574 2.1856 1.2186318.4202.2 66.6
31-10 -0810-Jul-2014:48:57 21984 550 -34749 T p- -0.2933 2.3029 1.3363320.4206.2 79.1
32 -9 -0792-Jul-3022:26:38 21683 543 -34526 T- p- -0.2341 2.4116 1.4449321.7209.0 87.2
33 -8 -0774-Aug-1106:13:54 21384 536 -34303 T- p- -0.1823 2.5069 1.5397322.5210.7 92.3
34 -7 -0756-Aug-2114:08:24 21088 529 -34080 T- p- -0.1361 2.5922 1.6241322.9211.8 95.5
35 -6 -0738-Sep-0122:13:33 20793 522 -33857 T- p- -0.0981 2.6624 1.6933322.9212.2 97.3
36 -5 -0720-Sep-1206:26:34 20500 515 -33634 T- p- -0.0665 2.7209 1.7506322.8212.3 98.2
37 -4 -0702-Sep-2314:48:42 20210 508 -33411 T- p- -0.0421 2.7664 1.7948322.5212.2 98.5
38 -3 -0684-Oct-0323:18:29 19922 501 -33188 T- pp -0.0237 2.8007 1.8281322.2211.9 98.6
39 -2 -0666-Oct-1507:56:34 19635 494 -32965 T- pp -0.0116 2.8234 1.8498321.8211.7 98.5
40 -1 -0648-Oct-2516:40:10 19351 487 -32742 T- pp -0.0040 2.8376 1.8634321.5211.4 98.4
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 45
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 0 -0630-Nov-0601:28:46 19069 480 -32519 T- pp -0.0003 2.8446 1.8701321.2211.1 98.3
42 1 -0612-Nov-1610:20:10 18789 473 -32296 T+ pp 0.0012 2.8427 1.8684320.8210.9 98.2
43 2 -0594-Nov-2719:14:14 18511 466 -32073 T+ pp 0.0010 2.8430 1.8692320.5210.8 98.1
44 3 -0576-Dec-0804:06:54 18235 459 -31850 T+ pp 0.0019 2.8407 1.8679320.2210.7 98.1
45 4 -0558-Dec-1912:58:59 17961 452 -31627 T+ pp 0.0036 2.8369 1.8656319.9210.6 98.1
46 5 -0540-Dec-2921:46:39 17689 445 -31404 T+ pp 0.0092 2.8257 1.8563319.6210.6 98.1
47 6 -0521-Jan-1006:31:00 17419 438 -31181 T+ pp 0.0174 2.8095 1.8423319.3210.6 98.2
48 7 -0503-Jan-2015:07:30 17152 432 -30958 T+ pp 0.0325 2.7805 1.8157319.0210.6 98.1
49 8 -0485-Jan-3123:39:01 16840 425 -30735 T+ pp 0.0519 2.7436 1.7815318.7210.5 97.9
50 9 -0467-Feb-1108:01:40 16528 418 -30512 T+ -p 0.0790 2.6925 1.7331318.2210.3 97.2
51 10 -0449-Feb-2216:17:06 16225 412 -30289 T+ -p 0.1121 2.6305 1.6738317.7209.8 96.0
52 11 -0431-Mar-0500:23:15 15930 405 -30066 T+ -p 0.1530 2.5541 1.5998316.9208.9 93.8
53 12 -0413-Mar-1608:22:35 15642 399 -29843 T+ -p 0.1996 2.4675 1.5155315.8207.4 90.1
54 13 -0395-Mar-2616:13:48 15363 392 -29620 T+ -p 0.2532 2.3682 1.4181314.3205.2 84.4
55 14 -0377-Apr-0623:57:11 15090 386 -29397 T -p 0.3131 2.2577 1.3090312.2201.9 75.5
56 15 -0359-Apr-1707:34:24 14823 380 -29174 T -a 0.3779 2.1383 1.1905309.4197.4 61.8
57 16 -0341-Apr-2815:06:07 14563 373 -28951 T -a 0.4469 2.0114 1.0640305.8191.4 37.3
58 17 -0323-May-0822:33:17 14309 367 -28728 P -a 0.5194 1.8786 0.9309301.4183.7 -
59 18 -0305-May-2005:56:35 14060 361 -28505 P -a 0.5947 1.7408 0.7922295.9173.8 -
60 19 -0287-May-3013:18:13 13817 355 -28282 P -a 0.6709 1.6019 0.6517289.5161.6 -
61 20 -0269-Jun-1020:39:04 13579 349 -28059 P -a 0.7468 1.4637 0.5113282.2146.7 -
62 21 -0251-Jun-2103:59:23 13347 343 -27836 P -a 0.8226 1.3261 0.3708273.7127.8 -
63 22 -0233-Jul-0211:21:46 13118 337 -27613 P -a 0.8961 1.1931 0.2343264.4103.9 -
64 23 -0215-Jul-1218:46:47 12895 331 -27390 P -a 0.9665 1.0660 0.1031254.3 70.3 -
65 24 -0197-Jul-2402:16:27 12676 325 -27167 N -a 1.0324 0.9474-0.0202243.7 - -
66 25 -0179-Aug-0309:50:01 12461 319 -26944 N -a 1.0943 0.8363-0.1363232.5 - -
67 26 -0161-Aug-1417:30:43 12250 314 -26721 N -a 1.1495 0.7378-0.2403221.4 - -
68 27 -0143-Aug-2501:17:33 12043 308 -26498 N -a 1.1990 0.6499-0.3340210.5 - -
69 28 -0125-Sep-0509:11:54 11839 302 -26275 N -a 1.2417 0.5745-0.4152200.2 - -
70 29 -0107-Sep-1517:12:53 11640 297 -26052 N -a 1.2783 0.5104-0.4854190.6 - -
71 30 -0089-Sep-2701:21:48 11443 291 -25829 N -a 1.3078 0.4592-0.5425182.5 - -
72 31 -0071-Oct-0709:37:28 11250 286 -25606 N -a 1.3310 0.4195-0.5879175.8 - -
73 32 -0053-Oct-1817:58:35 11059 280 -25383 N -a 1.3492 0.3888-0.6239170.4 - -
74 33 -0035-Oct-2902:25:52 10872 275 -25160 N -a 1.3618 0.3683-0.6495166.8 - -
75 34 -0017-Nov-0910:56:53 10687 270 -24937 N -a 1.3711 0.3536-0.6688164.3 - -
76 35 0001-Nov-1919:31:12 10504 264 -24714 N -a 1.3768 0.3451-0.6813163.1 - -
77 36 0019-Dec-0104:05:04 10324 259 -24491 N -a 1.3824 0.3366-0.6933161.8 - -
78 37 0037-Dec-1112:39:42 10145 254 -24268 N -a 1.3868 0.3300-0.7027160.9 - -
79 38 0055-Dec-2221:11:11 9968 249 -24045 N -a 1.3935 0.3189-0.7161158.9 - -
80 39 0074-Jan-0205:39:04 9793 244 -23822 N -a 1.4023 0.3034-0.7332155.7 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 45
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 40 0092-Jan-1314:00:29 9619 239 -23599 N -a 1.4160 0.2790-0.7588150.1 - -
82 41 0110-Jan-2322:15:37 9446 234 -23376 N -a 1.4340 0.2463-0.7922141.9 - -
83 42 0128-Feb-0406:21:56 9274 229 -23153 N -a 1.4584 0.2017-0.8372129.4 - -
84 43 0146-Feb-1414:19:06 9102 224 -22930 N -a 1.4896 0.1446-0.8944110.5 - -
85 44 0164-Feb-2522:06:06 8931 219 -22707 N -h 1.5280 0.0740-0.9650 79.8 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 45

Lunar eclipses of Saros 45 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1351 Aug 29. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0164 Feb 25. The total duration of Saros series 45 is 1514.53 years.

Summary of Saros 45
First Eclipse -1351 Aug 29
Last Eclipse 0164 Feb 25
Series Duration 1514.53 Years
No. of Eclipses 85
Sequence 21N 7P 29T 7P 21N

Saros 45 is composed of 85 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 45
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 85100.0%
PenumbralN 42 49.4%
PartialP 14 16.5%
TotalT 29 34.1%

The 85 lunar eclipses of Saros 45 occur in the order of 21N 7P 29T 7P 21N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 45
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 21
Partial P 7
Total T 29
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 21

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 45 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 45
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0684 Oct 0301h38m36s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0341 Apr 2800h37m16s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0864 Jun 1703h09m02s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0972 Apr 1301h07m07s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0990 Apr 0304h13m21s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1351 Aug 2901h08m19s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0864 Jun 17 - 0.95355
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0972 Apr 13 - 0.08829

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.