Saros 47

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 47

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 47

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 47 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 47
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-35 -1275-Jul-3121:54:38 30456 1252 -40500 Nb t- -1.5595 0.0098-1.0164 29.0 - -
2-34 -1257-Aug-1205:15:48 30102 1206 -40277 N t- -1.5138 0.0970-0.9359 90.9 - -
3-33 -1239-Aug-2212:43:43 29750 1160 -40054 N t- -1.4742 0.1731-0.8665121.2 - -
4-32 -1221-Sep-0220:19:39 29400 1114 -39831 N t- -1.4416 0.2363-0.8100141.5 - -
5-31 -1203-Sep-1304:03:13 29052 1070 -39608 N t- -1.4157 0.2870-0.7657155.9 - -
6-30 -1185-Sep-2411:54:32 28706 1026 -39385 N t- -1.3964 0.3255-0.7334166.2 - -
7-29 -1167-Oct-0419:52:00 28362 983 -39162 N t- -1.3828 0.3534-0.7112173.4 - -
8-28 -1149-Oct-1603:56:05 28020 940 -38939 N t- -1.3751 0.3703-0.6997177.9 - -
9-27 -1131-Oct-2612:04:22 27681 899 -38716 N t- -1.3713 0.3794-0.6951180.6 - -
10-26 -1113-Nov-0620:15:42 27343 858 -38493 N t- -1.3707 0.3826-0.6959182.0 - -
11-25 -1095-Nov-1704:28:46 27007 818 -38270 N t- -1.3719 0.3820-0.6997182.4 - -
12-24 -1077-Nov-2812:42:05 26674 779 -38047 N t- -1.3736 0.3801-0.7040182.5 - -
13-23 -1059-Dec-0820:52:49 26343 740 -37824 N t- -1.3739 0.3804-0.7053183.1 - -
14-22 -1041-Dec-2004:59:38 26013 703 -37601 N t- -1.3715 0.3852-0.7014184.6 - -
15-21 -1023-Dec-3013:01:05 25686 666 -37378 N t- -1.3652 0.3968-0.6900187.5 - -
16-20 -1004-Jan-1020:56:11 25361 630 -37155 N t- -1.3539 0.4173-0.6691192.3 - -
17-19 -0986-Jan-2104:41:39 25038 617 -36932 N t- -1.3354 0.4508-0.6346199.5 - -
18-18 -0968-Feb-0112:18:46 24716 610 -36709 N t- -1.3105 0.4959-0.5882208.7 - -
19-17 -0950-Feb-1119:45:00 24398 603 -36486 N t- -1.2771 0.5563-0.5261220.1 - -
20-16 -0932-Feb-2303:02:25 24081 596 -36263 N t- -1.2367 0.6294-0.4511232.7 - -
21-15 -0914-Mar-0510:07:27 23766 589 -36040 N t- -1.1866 0.7203-0.3581246.9 - -
22-14 -0896-Mar-1517:04:24 23453 582 -35817 N t- -1.1300 0.8232-0.2532261.5 - -
23-13 -0878-Mar-2623:50:21 23142 576 -35594 N t- -1.0648 0.9419-0.1326276.5 - -
24-12 -0860-Apr-0606:29:11 22834 569 -35371 Nx t- -0.9937 1.0714-0.0014291.0 - -
25-11 -0842-Apr-1712:59:22 22527 562 -35148 P t- -0.9156 1.2140 0.1428305.2 91.6 -
26-10 -0824-Apr-2719:25:13 22223 555 -34925 P t- -0.8339 1.3633 0.2933318.2128.5 -
27 -9 -0806-May-0901:46:14 21920 548 -34702 P t- -0.7480 1.5204 0.4513330.0155.6 -
28 -8 -0788-May-1908:04:15 21620 541 -34479 P t- -0.6594 1.6827 0.6141340.5176.9 -
29 -7 -0770-May-3014:21:18 21321 534 -34256 P t- -0.5699 1.8468 0.7784349.5193.7 -
30 -6 -0752-Jun-0920:39:24 21025 528 -34033 P t- -0.4811 2.0100 0.9412356.9206.8 -
31 -5 -0734-Jun-2103:00:09 20731 521 -33810 T t- -0.3937 2.1705 1.1012362.8216.8 51.2
32 -4 -0716-Jul-0109:24:37 20439 514 -33587 T t- -0.3091 2.3262 1.2559367.2224.2 77.2
33 -3 -0698-Jul-1215:55:26 20149 507 -33364 T- pp -0.2293 2.4734 1.4018370.3229.3 91.4
34 -2 -0680-Jul-2222:33:37 19861 500 -33141 T- pp -0.1553 2.6098 1.5367372.3232.5 99.6
35 -1 -0662-Aug-0305:19:18 19575 493 -32918 T- pp -0.0871 2.7359 1.6611373.3234.2104.0
36 0 -0644-Aug-1312:14:31 19291 485 -32695 T- pp -0.0262 2.8486 1.7720373.5234.6105.6
37 1 -0626-Aug-2419:19:31 19010 478 -32472 T+ pp 0.0272 2.8476 1.7691373.2234.2105.3
38 2 -0608-Sep-0402:35:40 18730 471 -32249 T+ pp 0.0717 2.7669 1.6866372.5233.3103.9
39 3 -0590-Sep-1510:00:26 18452 464 -32026 T+ pp 0.1095 2.6983 1.6164371.5232.0101.8
40 4 -0572-Sep-2517:36:50 18177 457 -31803 T+ pp 0.1382 2.6463 1.5631370.4230.7 99.5
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 47
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 5 -0554-Oct-0701:21:50 17903 451 -31580 T+ pp 0.1605 2.6060 1.5219369.3229.4 97.4
42 6 -0536-Oct-1709:16:35 17632 444 -31357 T+ pp 0.1753 2.5790 1.4945368.3228.3 95.8
43 7 -0518-Oct-2817:16:58 17363 437 -31134 T+ pp 0.1859 2.5593 1.4750367.2227.4 94.5
44 8 -0500-Nov-0801:24:50 17093 430 -30911 T+ pp 0.1912 2.5492 1.4658366.1226.7 93.8
45 9 -0482-Nov-1909:35:55 16773 424 -30688 T+ pp 0.1945 2.5424 1.4605365.0226.1 93.3
46 10 -0464-Nov-2917:50:00 16463 417 -30465 T+ pp 0.1962 2.5382 1.4586363.8225.5 93.0
47 11 -0446-Dec-1102:04:14 16162 410 -30242 T+ pp 0.1985 2.5324 1.4558362.5225.0 92.7
48 12 -0428-Dec-2110:18:20 15868 404 -30019 T+ pp 0.2019 2.5241 1.4514361.1224.3 92.3
49 13 -0409-Jan-0118:28:31 15583 397 -29796 T+ pp 0.2092 2.5086 1.4404359.4223.5 91.4
50 14 -0391-Jan-1202:34:44 15304 391 -29573 T+ pp 0.2206 2.4851 1.4220357.5222.5 90.1
51 15 -0373-Jan-2310:35:17 15033 385 -29350 T+ pp 0.2375 2.4512 1.3938355.3221.2 87.9
52 16 -0355-Feb-0218:30:17 14768 378 -29127 T+ -p 0.2600 2.4068 1.3554352.7219.4 84.6
53 17 -0337-Feb-1402:16:32 14509 372 -28904 T -p 0.2905 2.3475 1.3026349.7217.0 79.5
54 18 -0319-Feb-2409:56:32 14256 366 -28681 T -p 0.3269 2.2776 1.2392346.3213.9 72.2
55 19 -0301-Mar-0717:28:08 14009 360 -28458 T -p 0.3710 2.1933 1.1615342.2209.7 60.8
56 20 -0283-Mar-1800:54:00 13767 354 -28235 T -t 0.4207 2.0988 1.0735337.4204.5 42.1
57 21 -0265-Mar-2908:11:18 13530 348 -28012 P -t 0.4784 1.9896 0.9708331.7197.7 -
58 22 -0247-Apr-0815:25:02 13298 342 -27789 P -t 0.5400 1.8735 0.8608325.2189.3 -
59 23 -0229-Apr-1922:32:35 13071 336 -27566 P -t 0.6073 1.7471 0.7401317.6178.6 -
60 24 -0211-Apr-3005:37:58 12848 330 -27343 P -t 0.6774 1.6159 0.6143308.9165.6 -
61 25 -0193-May-1112:39:59 12630 324 -27120 P -t 0.7511 1.4782 0.4814299.0149.2 -
62 26 -0175-May-2119:42:44 12416 318 -26897 P -t 0.8250 1.3403 0.3479288.0129.0 -
63 27 -0157-Jun-0202:45:30 12206 313 -26674 P -h 0.8997 1.2015 0.2127275.8102.5 -
64 28 -0139-Jun-1209:49:59 12000 307 -26451 P -h 0.9738 1.0639 0.0783262.3 63.2 -
65 29 -0121-Jun-2316:58:05 11797 301 -26228 N -h 1.0455 0.9312-0.0519247.9 - -
66 30 -0103-Jul-0400:10:42 11598 296 -26005 N -a 1.1140 0.8045-0.1766232.6 - -
67 31 -0085-Jul-1507:29:30 11402 290 -25782 N -a 1.1782 0.6859-0.2938216.6 - -
68 32 -0067-Jul-2514:54:14 11209 285 -25559 N -a 1.2381 0.5755-0.4033199.9 - -
69 33 -0049-Aug-0522:27:46 11020 279 -25336 N -a 1.2915 0.4774-0.5011183.3 - -
70 34 -0031-Aug-1606:09:06 10833 274 -25113 N -a 1.3391 0.3901-0.5883166.6 - -
71 35 -0013-Aug-2713:59:17 10648 269 -24890 N -a 1.3801 0.3150-0.6637150.3 - -
72 36 0005-Sep-0621:58:08 10466 263 -24667 N -a 1.4148 0.2516-0.7276134.8 - -
73 37 0023-Sep-1806:07:00 10286 258 -24444 N -a 1.4423 0.2014-0.7784120.9 - -
74 38 0041-Sep-2814:24:22 10108 253 -24221 N -a 1.4634 0.1629-0.8175108.9 - -
75 39 0059-Oct-0922:49:53 9931 248 -23998 N -a 1.4789 0.1348-0.8462 99.1 - -
76 40 0077-Oct-2007:23:11 9756 243 -23775 N -a 1.4889 0.1167-0.8646 92.2 - -
77 41 0095-Oct-3116:03:47 9582 238 -23552 N -a 1.4941 0.1073-0.8742 88.3 - -
78 42 0113-Nov-1100:48:57 9410 233 -23329 N -a 1.4962 0.1032-0.8779 86.5 - -
79 43 0131-Nov-2209:38:04 9238 228 -23106 N -a 1.4958 0.1035-0.8770 86.5 - -
80 44 0149-Dec-0218:28:56 9066 223 -22883 N -a 1.4948 0.1048-0.8745 86.8 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 47
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 45 0167-Dec-1403:21:16 8895 218 -22660 N -a 1.4932 0.1069-0.8709 87.5 - -
82 46 0185-Dec-2412:10:52 8725 214 -22437 N -a 1.4945 0.1035-0.8722 86.0 - -
83 47 0204-Jan-0420:59:07 8554 209 -22214 N -a 1.4974 0.0970-0.8762 83.2 - -
84 48 0222-Jan-1505:41:49 8383 204 -21991 N -a 1.5052 0.0813-0.8892 76.1 - -
85 49 0240-Jan-2614:20:09 8212 200 -21768 N -a 1.5168 0.0585-0.9088 64.6 - -
86 50 0258-Feb-0522:50:03 8040 195 -21545 Ne -a 1.5355 0.0224-0.9416 40.1 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 47

Lunar eclipses of Saros 47 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1275 Jul 31. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0258 Feb 05. The total duration of Saros series 47 is 1532.56 years.

Summary of Saros 47
First Eclipse -1275 Jul 31
Last Eclipse 0258 Feb 05
Series Duration 1532.56 Years
No. of Eclipses 86
Sequence 24N 6P 26T 8P 22N

Saros 47 is composed of 86 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 47
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 86100.0%
PenumbralN 46 53.5%
PartialP 14 16.3%
TotalT 26 30.2%

The 86 lunar eclipses of Saros 47 occur in the order of 24N 6P 26T 8P 22N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 47
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 24
Partial P 6
Total T 26
Partial P 8
Penumbral N 22

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 47 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 47
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0644 Aug 1301h45m34s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0283 Mar 1800h42m05s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0752 Jun 0903h26m46s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0139 Jun 1201h03m10s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0860 Apr 0604h51m03s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -1275 Jul 3100h29m02s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0265 Mar 29 - 0.97080
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0139 Jun 12 - 0.07835

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.