Saros 49

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 49

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 49

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 49 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 49
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-38 -1217-Jun-2108:07:38 29326 1105 -39784 Nb a- -1.5094 0.0612-0.8849 66.0 - -
2-37 -1199-Jul-0115:37:04 28979 1060 -39561 N a- -1.4407 0.1876-0.7589114.1 - -
3-36 -1181-Jul-1223:12:48 28633 1017 -39338 N a- -1.3767 0.3055-0.6420143.9 - -
4-35 -1163-Jul-2306:54:07 28290 974 -39115 N a- -1.3173 0.4152-0.5337166.0 - -
5-34 -1145-Aug-0314:43:30 27949 932 -38892 N a- -1.2642 0.5136-0.4373182.8 - -
6-33 -1127-Aug-1322:39:15 27609 890 -38669 N a- -1.2164 0.6024-0.3508196.2 - -
7-32 -1109-Aug-2506:44:22 27272 850 -38446 N a- -1.1765 0.6770-0.2789206.5 - -
8-31 -1091-Sep-0414:57:06 26937 810 -38223 N a- -1.1430 0.7399-0.2188214.6 - -
9-30 -1073-Sep-1523:18:25 26604 771 -38000 N a- -1.1166 0.7897-0.1717220.7 - -
10-29 -1055-Sep-2607:47:11 26273 732 -37777 N a- -1.0965 0.8280-0.1363225.2 - -
11-28 -1037-Oct-0716:23:29 25944 695 -37554 N a- -1.0826 0.8548-0.1121228.4 - -
12-27 -1019-Oct-1801:06:04 25617 658 -37331 N a- -1.0744 0.8712-0.0982230.4 - -
13-26 -1001-Oct-2909:52:49 25292 622 -37108 N a- -1.0697 0.8810-0.0905231.6 - -
14-25 -0983-Nov-0818:44:15 24970 615 -36885 N a- -1.0690 0.8831-0.0902232.1 - -
15-24 -0965-Nov-2003:37:19 24649 608 -36662 N a- -1.0695 0.8827-0.0918232.3 - -
16-23 -0947-Nov-3012:31:21 24331 601 -36439 N a- -1.0714 0.8797-0.0957232.2 - -
17-22 -0929-Dec-1121:22:52 24014 595 -36216 N a- -1.0715 0.8797-0.0960232.5 - -
18-21 -0911-Dec-2206:12:17 23700 588 -35993 N a- -1.0704 0.8817-0.0939233.0 - -
19-20 -0892-Jan-0214:56:45 23387 581 -35770 N a- -1.0654 0.8906-0.0845234.2 - -
20-19 -0874-Jan-1223:35:12 23077 574 -35547 N a- -1.0561 0.9072-0.0671236.3 - -
21-18 -0856-Jan-2408:06:15 22769 567 -35324 N a- -1.0411 0.9342-0.0392239.5 - -
22-17 -0838-Feb-0316:29:37 22463 560 -35101 N a- -1.0205 0.9716-0.0008243.6 - -
23-16 -0820-Feb-1500:43:57 22159 554 -34878 P a- -0.9931 1.0213 0.0501248.9 49.0 -
24-15 -0802-Feb-2508:49:11 21857 547 -34655 P a- -0.9587 1.0840 0.1137255.2 73.4 -
25-14 -0784-Mar-0716:45:22 21557 540 -34432 P a- -0.9174 1.1593 0.1899262.3 94.1 -
26-13 -0766-Mar-1900:33:21 21259 533 -34209 P a- -0.8698 1.2464 0.2774270.0112.6 -
27-12 -0748-Mar-2908:11:46 20963 526 -33986 P a- -0.8149 1.3471 0.3783278.1129.9 -
28-11 -0730-Apr-0915:43:28 20669 519 -33763 P a- -0.7550 1.4572 0.4880286.4145.5 -
29-10 -0712-Apr-1923:07:35 20378 512 -33540 P a- -0.6895 1.5777 0.6076294.6159.8 -
30 -9 -0694-May-0106:27:16 20088 505 -33317 P a- -0.6207 1.7047 0.7332302.5172.5 -
31 -8 -0676-May-1113:39:42 19801 498 -33094 P a- -0.5467 1.8415 0.8680310.1184.0 -
32 -7 -0658-May-2220:50:51 19515 491 -32871 T a- -0.4723 1.9794 1.0031316.9193.7 8.6
33 -6 -0640-Jun-0203:57:58 19232 484 -32648 T p- -0.3955 2.1219 1.1423323.1201.9 55.9
34 -5 -0622-Jun-1311:05:51 18951 477 -32425 T p- -0.3202 2.2621 1.2787328.4208.6 75.0
35 -4 -0604-Jun-2318:12:08 18671 470 -32202 T- pp -0.2444 2.4035 1.4156333.0213.9 87.3
36 -3 -0586-Jul-0501:22:24 18394 463 -31979 T- pp -0.1728 2.5373 1.5444336.8217.7 95.1
37 -2 -0568-Jul-1508:34:23 18119 456 -31756 T- pp -0.1039 2.6666 1.6681339.8220.4 99.8
38 -1 -0550-Jul-2615:50:51 17846 449 -31533 T- pp -0.0397 2.7874 1.7830342.3222.0102.1
39 0 -0532-Aug-0523:12:01 17575 442 -31310 T+ pp 0.0196 2.8273 1.8167344.2222.7102.4
40 1 -0514-Aug-1706:40:14 17306 436 -31087 T+ pp 0.0720 2.7345 1.7173345.7222.7101.3
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 49
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 2 -0496-Aug-2714:14:56 17025 429 -30864 T+ pp 0.1182 2.6531 1.6293346.9222.2 99.1
42 3 -0478-Sep-0721:56:43 16707 422 -30641 T+ -p 0.1575 2.5843 1.5539348.0221.5 96.4
43 4 -0460-Sep-1805:46:11 16399 416 -30418 T+ -p 0.1895 2.5290 1.4920349.0220.8 93.4
44 5 -0442-Sep-2913:43:21 16099 409 -30195 T+ -p 0.2144 2.4864 1.4432350.0220.1 90.6
45 6 -0424-Oct-0921:46:29 15808 403 -29972 T+ -p 0.2335 2.4543 1.4052351.1219.6 88.1
46 7 -0406-Oct-2105:56:06 15524 396 -29749 T+ -p 0.2466 2.4330 1.3783352.3219.3 86.1
47 8 -0388-Oct-3114:10:10 15247 390 -29526 T+ -p 0.2554 2.4194 1.3598353.6219.3 84.7
48 9 -0370-Nov-1122:28:16 14977 383 -29303 T+ -p 0.2600 2.4131 1.3492354.9219.4 84.0
49 10 -0352-Nov-2206:46:36 14713 377 -29080 T+ -p 0.2637 2.4081 1.3406356.1219.7 83.4
50 11 -0334-Dec-0315:06:34 14455 371 -28857 T+ -p 0.2655 2.4064 1.3360357.3220.1 83.1
51 12 -0316-Dec-1323:23:51 14203 365 -28634 T+ -p 0.2689 2.4011 1.3285358.4220.4 82.6
52 13 -0298-Dec-2507:38:02 13957 359 -28411 T -p 0.2741 2.3923 1.3183359.2220.5 81.8
53 14 -0279-Jan-0415:45:41 13716 352 -28188 T -p 0.2840 2.3746 1.2998359.8220.4 80.1
54 15 -0261-Jan-1523:47:33 13481 346 -27965 T -p 0.2980 2.3490 1.2739360.1219.9 77.5
55 16 -0243-Jan-2607:40:56 13250 340 -27742 T -p 0.3186 2.3111 1.2363360.0218.9 73.1
56 17 -0225-Feb-0615:24:51 13024 335 -27519 T -t 0.3463 2.2600 1.1859359.4217.1 66.2
57 18 -0207-Feb-1622:58:56 12802 329 -27296 T -t 0.3815 2.1949 1.1218358.1214.4 54.9
58 19 -0189-Feb-2806:22:41 12585 323 -27073 T -t 0.4244 2.1155 1.0435356.1210.4 33.7
59 20 -0171-Mar-1013:36:12 12371 317 -26850 P -t 0.4752 2.0217 0.9509353.1204.9 -
60 21 -0153-Mar-2120:39:07 12162 311 -26627 P -t 0.5343 1.9127 0.8432349.0197.1 -
61 22 -0135-Apr-0103:33:01 11957 306 -26404 P -t 0.6001 1.7915 0.7231343.5186.8 -
62 23 -0117-Apr-1210:18:09 11755 300 -26181 P -t 0.6722 1.6587 0.5912336.5172.9 -
63 24 -0099-Apr-2216:55:02 11556 294 -25958 P -t 0.7504 1.5149 0.4481327.6154.3 -
64 25 -0081-May-0323:25:51 11361 289 -25735 P -t 0.8327 1.3637 0.2972316.7128.8 -
65 26 -0063-May-1405:51:26 11169 284 -25512 P -t 0.9182 1.2067 0.1403303.5 90.6 -
66 27 -0045-May-2512:14:15 10980 278 -25289 Nx -t 1.0056 1.0466-0.0201287.9 - -
67 28 -0027-Jun-0418:33:29 10793 273 -25066 N -t 1.0948 0.8832-0.1843269.2 - -
68 29 -0009-Jun-1600:54:07 10609 267 -24843 N -t 1.1821 0.7236-0.3450247.9 - -
69 30 0009-Jun-2607:15:09 10428 262 -24620 N -t 1.2680 0.5667-0.5034222.9 - -
70 31 0027-Jul-0713:40:22 10248 257 -24397 N -t 1.3501 0.4170-0.6548194.1 - -
71 32 0045-Jul-1720:09:15 10070 252 -24174 N -t 1.4287 0.2739-0.8000159.5 - -
72 33 0063-Jul-2902:45:50 9894 247 -23951 N -t 1.5007 0.1429-0.9334116.6 - -
73 34 0081-Aug-0809:29:22 9719 242 -23728 Ne -t 1.5666 0.0233-1.0556 47.6 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 49

Lunar eclipses of Saros 49 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -1217 Jun 21. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0081 Aug 08. The total duration of Saros series 49 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 49
First Eclipse -1217 Jun 21
Last Eclipse 0081 Aug 08
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 22N 9P 27T 7P 8N

Saros 49 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 49
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 30 41.1%
PartialP 16 21.9%
TotalT 27 37.0%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 49 occur in the order of 22N 9P 27T 7P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 49
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 22
Partial P 9
Total T 27
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 49 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 49
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0532 Aug 0501h42m24s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0658 May 2200h08m38s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0171 Mar 1003h24m52s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0820 Feb 1500h49m02s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0045 May 2504h47m52s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0081 Aug 0800h47m34s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0171 Mar 10 - 0.95089
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0820 Feb 15 - 0.05006

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.