Saros 53

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 53

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 53

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 53 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 53
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 -0993-Jun-0515:41:00 25156 619 -37014 Nb t- -1.5154 0.0866-0.9315 85.7 - -
2-33 -0975-Jun-1522:27:30 24834 612 -36791 N t- -1.4419 0.2238-0.7988136.7 - -
3-32 -0957-Jun-2705:16:56 24515 605 -36568 N t- -1.3711 0.3561-0.6714171.1 - -
4-31 -0939-Jul-0712:07:46 24197 599 -36345 N t- -1.3022 0.4853-0.5477198.2 - -
5-30 -0921-Jul-1819:03:22 23881 592 -36122 N t- -1.2376 0.6067-0.4319220.1 - -
6-29 -0903-Jul-2902:03:03 23568 585 -35899 N t- -1.1768 0.7214-0.3233238.4 - -
7-28 -0885-Aug-0909:10:19 23256 578 -35676 N t- -1.1225 0.8239-0.2269253.3 - -
8-27 -0867-Aug-1916:24:13 22947 571 -35453 N t- -1.0745 0.9153-0.1419265.6 - -
9-26 -0849-Aug-3023:44:49 22640 564 -35230 N t- -1.0325 0.9954-0.0679275.8 - -
10-25 -0831-Sep-1007:13:56 22334 558 -35007 Nx t- -0.9980 1.0618-0.0077284.1 - -
11-24 -0813-Sep-2114:50:41 22031 551 -34784 P t- -0.9703 1.1157 0.0404290.6 48.5 -
12-23 -0795-Oct-0122:35:37 21730 544 -34561 P t- -0.9496 1.1563 0.0755295.6 66.2 -
13-22 -0777-Oct-1306:26:07 21431 537 -34338 P t- -0.9340 1.1875 0.1019299.6 76.7 -
14-21 -0759-Oct-2314:23:57 21134 530 -34115 P t- -0.9247 1.2067 0.1167302.3 82.1 -
15-20 -0741-Nov-0322:25:34 20839 523 -33892 P t- -0.9187 1.2194 0.1259304.3 85.3 -
16-19 -0723-Nov-1406:30:31 20546 516 -33669 P t- -0.9158 1.2262 0.1298305.7 86.7 -
17-18 -0705-Nov-2514:36:10 20255 510 -33446 P t- -0.9137 1.2312 0.1328306.8 87.8 -
18-17 -0687-Dec-0522:42:15 19967 502 -33223 P t- -0.9119 1.2350 0.1354307.6 88.8 -
19-16 -0669-Dec-1706:45:02 19680 495 -33000 P t- -0.9078 1.2427 0.1427308.8 91.2 -
20-15 -0651-Dec-2714:43:51 19396 488 -32777 P t- -0.9006 1.2557 0.1560310.3 95.3 -
21-14 -0632-Jan-0722:36:43 19113 481 -32554 P t- -0.8887 1.2770 0.1784312.4101.7 -
22-13 -0614-Jan-1806:23:12 18833 474 -32331 P t- -0.8716 1.3075 0.2106315.2110.0 -
23-12 -0596-Jan-2913:59:33 18554 467 -32108 P t- -0.8466 1.3524 0.2578319.0121.0 -
24-11 -0578-Feb-0821:28:01 18278 460 -31885 P t- -0.8152 1.4086 0.3166323.5133.0 -
25-10 -0560-Feb-2004:45:34 18004 453 -31662 P t- -0.7750 1.4809 0.3919328.8146.3 -
26 -9 -0542-Mar-0211:55:29 17732 446 -31439 P t- -0.7283 1.5649 0.4791334.6159.6 -
27 -8 -0524-Mar-1218:53:03 17462 439 -31216 P t- -0.6716 1.6673 0.5848340.9173.4 -
28 -7 -0506-Mar-2401:44:21 17194 433 -30993 P t- -0.6095 1.7795 0.7003347.0186.1 -
29 -6 -0488-Apr-0308:25:02 16890 426 -30770 P t- -0.5388 1.9078 0.8317353.1198.2 -
30 -5 -0470-Apr-1415:00:50 16576 419 -30547 P t- -0.4636 2.0443 0.9712358.6208.8 -
31 -4 -0452-Apr-2421:28:39 16272 413 -30324 T t- -0.3813 2.1938 1.1235363.5217.9 56.1
32 -3 -0434-May-0603:54:32 15975 406 -30101 T tp -0.2970 2.3474 1.2795367.3225.1 80.0
33 -2 -0416-May-1610:16:12 15687 400 -29878 T- pp -0.2089 2.5078 1.4419370.1230.4 94.4
34 -1 -0398-May-2716:37:39 15406 393 -29655 T- pp -0.1202 2.6698 1.6057371.6233.7102.7
35 0 -0380-Jun-0622:59:01 15132 387 -29432 T- pp -0.0310 2.8328 1.7699371.9235.1106.2
36 1 -0362-Jun-1805:23:33 14865 381 -29209 T+ pp 0.0559 2.7866 1.7247371.1234.5105.5
37 2 -0344-Jun-2811:51:30 14604 374 -28986 T+ pp 0.1407 2.6308 1.5694369.1232.1100.9
38 3 -0326-Jul-0918:24:35 14348 368 -28763 T+ pp 0.2216 2.4822 1.4210366.2228.1 92.3
39 4 -0308-Jul-2001:04:53 14099 362 -28540 T pp 0.2970 2.3441 1.2826362.5222.9 79.6
40 5 -0290-Jul-3107:53:07 13855 356 -28317 T -t 0.3661 2.2175 1.1556358.3216.7 61.6
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 53
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 -0272-Aug-1014:50:18 13616 350 -28094 T -t 0.4285 2.1033 1.0408353.8209.8 32.6
42 7 -0254-Aug-2121:57:16 13383 344 -27871 P -t 0.4834 2.0029 0.9397349.1202.7 -
43 8 -0236-Sep-0105:15:10 13154 338 -27648 P -t 0.5302 1.9175 0.8535344.7195.7 -
44 9 -0218-Sep-1212:43:40 12930 332 -27425 P -t 0.5686 1.8474 0.7826340.6189.3 -
45 10 -0200-Sep-2220:21:37 12710 326 -27202 P -t 0.6001 1.7899 0.7245336.9183.5 -
46 11 -0182-Oct-0404:10:26 12494 320 -26979 P -t 0.6234 1.7472 0.6815333.7178.8 -
47 12 -0164-Oct-1412:08:23 12283 315 -26756 P -t 0.6403 1.7163 0.6506331.1175.1 -
48 13 -0146-Oct-2520:14:55 12075 309 -26533 P -t 0.6507 1.6968 0.6317329.1172.6 -
49 14 -0128-Nov-0504:27:28 11871 303 -26310 P -t 0.6571 1.6845 0.6205327.4171.0 -
50 15 -0110-Nov-1612:46:07 11671 298 -26087 P -t 0.6593 1.6797 0.6174326.1170.2 -
51 16 -0092-Nov-2621:08:18 11474 292 -25864 P -h 0.6595 1.6781 0.6182324.9169.8 -
52 17 -0074-Dec-0805:31:39 11280 287 -25641 P -h 0.6595 1.6767 0.6198323.6169.5 -
53 18 -0056-Dec-1813:55:20 11089 281 -25418 P -h 0.6599 1.6739 0.6207322.2169.1 -
54 19 -0038-Dec-2922:16:50 10901 276 -25195 P -h 0.6630 1.6660 0.6172320.5168.3 -
55 20 -0019-Jan-0906:35:30 10716 271 -24972 P -h 0.6691 1.6523 0.6085318.3166.8 -
56 21 -0001-Jan-2014:48:13 10533 265 -24749 P -h 0.6810 1.6278 0.5895315.5164.2 -
57 22 0017-Jan-3022:56:32 10352 260 -24526 P -h 0.6973 1.5948 0.5625312.1160.7 -
58 23 0035-Feb-1106:57:30 10173 255 -24303 P -h 0.7206 1.5490 0.5229307.8155.4 -
59 24 0053-Feb-2114:51:30 9996 250 -24080 P -h 0.7504 1.4911 0.4714302.6148.3 -
60 25 0071-Mar-0422:37:56 9820 245 -23857 P -h 0.7871 1.4204 0.4072296.4138.8 -
61 26 0089-Mar-1506:17:53 9646 240 -23634 P -h 0.8301 1.3382 0.3315289.0126.3 -
62 27 0107-Mar-2613:51:32 9473 235 -23411 P -h 0.8793 1.2448 0.2444280.4109.5 -
63 28 0125-Apr-0521:18:14 9301 230 -23188 P -h 0.9349 1.1397 0.1453270.2 85.3 -
64 29 0143-Apr-1704:40:39 9129 225 -22965 P -h 0.9948 1.0270 0.0383258.4 44.3 -
65 30 0161-Apr-2711:58:19 8958 220 -22742 N -h 1.0591 0.9063-0.0771244.8 - -
66 31 0179-May-0819:13:18 8787 215 -22519 N -h 1.1263 0.7806-0.1981229.1 - -
67 32 0197-May-1902:25:52 8617 211 -22296 N -a 1.1962 0.6503-0.3242211.0 - -
68 33 0215-May-3009:38:32 8446 206 -22073 N -a 1.2665 0.5194-0.4514190.3 - -
69 34 0233-Jun-0916:52:00 8275 201 -21850 N -a 1.3364 0.3897-0.5782166.3 - -
70 35 0251-Jun-2100:06:58 8103 197 -21627 N -a 1.4057 0.2614-0.7041137.4 - -
71 36 0269-Jul-0107:25:48 7931 192 -21404 N -a 1.4722 0.1385-0.8254100.8 - -
72 37 0287-Jul-1214:48:33 7758 188 -21181 Ne -a 1.5359 0.0210-0.9417 39.6 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 53

Lunar eclipses of Saros 53 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -0993 Jun 05. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0287 Jul 12. The total duration of Saros series 53 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 53
First Eclipse -0993 Jun 05
Last Eclipse 0287 Jul 12
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 10N 20P 11T 23P 8N

Saros 53 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 53
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 18 25.0%
PartialP 43 59.7%
TotalT 11 15.3%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 53 occur in the order of 10N 20P 11T 23P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 53
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 10
Partial P 20
Total T 11
Partial P 23
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 53 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 53
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0380 Jun 0601h46m11s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0272 Aug 1000h32m38s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0470 Apr 1403h28m46s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0143 Apr 1700h44m19s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0831 Sep 1004h44m04s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0287 Jul 1200h39m36s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0470 Apr 14 - 0.97119
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0143 Apr 17 - 0.03832

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.