Saros 58

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 58

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 58

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 58 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 58
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-38 -0812-Mar-1616:31:09 22023 550 -34778 Nb a- 1.5331 0.0218-0.9322 39.6 - -
2-37 -0794-Mar-2800:16:17 21722 544 -34555 N a- 1.4785 0.1200-0.8301 91.9 - -
3-36 -0776-Apr-0707:56:10 21423 537 -34332 N a- 1.4194 0.2269-0.7200124.9 - -
4-35 -0758-Apr-1815:30:50 21126 530 -34109 N a- 1.3558 0.3422-0.6019151.6 - -
5-34 -0740-Apr-2823:00:29 20831 523 -33886 N a- 1.2877 0.4660-0.4759174.6 - -
6-33 -0722-May-1006:27:43 20538 516 -33663 N a- 1.2174 0.5943-0.3461194.5 - -
7-32 -0704-May-2013:52:50 20248 509 -33440 N a- 1.1448 0.7270-0.2125212.2 - -
8-31 -0686-May-3121:18:01 19959 502 -33217 N a- 1.0722 0.8601-0.0793227.7 - -
9-30 -0668-Jun-1104:42:40 19672 495 -32994 P a- 0.9990 0.9946 0.0547241.4 50.6 -
10-29 -0650-Jun-2212:10:29 19388 488 -32771 P a- 0.9283 1.1249 0.1838253.2 91.1 -
11-28 -0632-Jul-0219:40:57 19105 481 -32548 P a- 0.8596 1.2520 0.3090263.6116.1 -
12-27 -0614-Jul-1403:15:18 18825 474 -32325 P a- 0.7943 1.3730 0.4276272.5134.3 -
13-26 -0596-Jul-2410:54:42 18547 467 -32102 P a- 0.7334 1.4863 0.5379280.2148.2 -
14-25 -0578-Aug-0418:40:20 18271 460 -31879 P a- 0.6779 1.5898 0.6380286.6159.0 -
15-24 -0560-Aug-1502:33:13 17996 453 -31656 P a- 0.6287 1.6821 0.7264292.0167.3 -
16-23 -0542-Aug-2610:32:08 17724 446 -31433 P a- 0.5847 1.7649 0.8051296.7174.0 -
17-22 -0524-Sep-0518:39:58 17454 439 -31210 P a- 0.5485 1.8335 0.8693300.4179.0 -
18-21 -0506-Sep-1702:54:51 17186 433 -30987 P a- 0.5185 1.8908 0.9222303.6182.9 -
19-20 -0488-Sep-2711:18:06 16881 426 -30764 P a- 0.4958 1.9346 0.9616306.1185.7 -
20-19 -0470-Oct-0819:47:00 16568 419 -30541 P a- 0.4782 1.9691 0.9918308.2187.8 -
21-18 -0452-Oct-1904:23:30 16264 413 -30318 T p- 0.4671 1.9914 1.0101309.9189.2 15.1
22-17 -0434-Oct-3013:04:09 15968 406 -30095 T p- 0.4599 2.0066 1.0217311.3190.2 22.0
23-16 -0416-Nov-0921:49:09 15679 400 -29872 T p- 0.4568 2.0138 1.0256312.4190.8 23.9
24-15 -0398-Nov-2106:36:00 15399 393 -29649 T p- 0.4557 2.0173 1.0264313.4191.2 24.3
25-14 -0380-Dec-0115:24:29 15125 387 -29426 T p- 0.4567 2.0166 1.0233314.2191.4 22.9
26-13 -0362-Dec-1300:11:00 14857 381 -29203 T p- 0.4565 2.0179 1.0229315.1191.7 22.8
27-12 -0344-Dec-2308:55:03 14597 374 -28980 T p- 0.4548 2.0217 1.0254316.1192.3 24.0
28-11 -0325-Jan-0317:34:15 14342 368 -28757 T p- 0.4499 2.0310 1.0339317.3193.3 27.7
29-10 -0307-Jan-1402:08:42 14092 362 -28534 T p- 0.4421 2.0457 1.0480318.6194.6 32.9
30 -9 -0289-Jan-2510:34:13 13849 356 -28311 T p- 0.4274 2.0726 1.0748320.4196.6 40.9
31 -8 -0271-Feb-0418:52:48 13610 350 -28088 T p- 0.4079 2.1084 1.1106322.5199.0 49.3
32 -7 -0253-Feb-1603:01:04 13376 344 -27865 T p- 0.3805 2.1586 1.1609324.9202.1 58.7
33 -6 -0235-Feb-2611:01:37 13148 338 -27642 T p- 0.3475 2.2191 1.2215327.6205.4 67.7
34 -5 -0217-Mar-0918:50:10 12924 332 -27419 T p- 0.3055 2.2962 1.2986330.6209.2 76.8
35 -4 -0199-Mar-2002:31:12 12704 326 -27196 T+ p- 0.2580 2.3835 1.3856333.6212.8 84.9
36 -3 -0181-Mar-3110:01:20 12488 320 -26973 T+ pp 0.2021 2.4864 1.4880336.6216.4 92.0
37 -2 -0163-Apr-1017:24:16 12277 314 -26750 T+ pp 0.1411 2.5988 1.5995339.3219.4 97.6
38 -1 -0145-Apr-2200:37:43 12069 309 -26527 T+ pp 0.0729 2.7246 1.7240341.6221.7101.4
39 0 -0127-May-0207:46:01 11866 303 -26304 T+ pp 0.0013 2.8567 1.8544343.4223.0102.9
40 1 -0109-May-1314:47:22 11665 298 -26081 T- pp -0.0751 2.7225 1.7177344.5223.1101.8
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 58
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 2 -0091-May-2321:44:14 11468 292 -25858 T- pp -0.1543 2.5786 1.5711344.7221.8 97.5
42 3 -0073-Jun-0404:37:40 11275 287 -25635 T- -p -0.2354 2.4316 1.4207344.0218.9 89.3
43 4 -0055-Jun-1411:29:39 11084 281 -25412 T -a -0.3167 2.2843 1.2695342.4214.4 75.8
44 5 -0037-Jun-2518:21:21 10896 276 -25189 T -h -0.3971 2.1391 1.1197339.8208.1 53.2
45 6 -0019-Jul-0601:13:23 10711 270 -24966 P -h -0.4761 1.9966 0.9724336.3200.0 -
46 7 -0001-Jul-1708:08:54 10528 265 -24743 P -h -0.5513 1.8614 0.8318332.2190.3 -
47 8 0017-Jul-2715:07:47 10347 260 -24520 P -h -0.6227 1.7332 0.6978327.3178.9 -
48 9 0035-Aug-0722:11:20 10168 255 -24297 P -h -0.6893 1.6142 0.5728322.0166.0 -
49 10 0053-Aug-1805:20:55 9991 250 -24074 P -h -0.7499 1.5060 0.4584316.5151.6 -
50 11 0071-Aug-2912:37:53 9816 245 -23851 P -h -0.8035 1.4108 0.3569311.2136.3 -
51 12 0089-Sep-0820:02:32 9641 240 -23628 P -h -0.8503 1.3282 0.2681306.1120.0 -
52 13 0107-Sep-2003:34:02 9468 235 -23405 P -h -0.8907 1.2571 0.1909301.4102.7 -
53 14 0125-Sep-3011:14:04 9296 230 -23182 P -h -0.9233 1.2002 0.1282297.6 85.1 -
54 15 0143-Oct-1119:01:36 9125 225 -22959 P -h -0.9490 1.1559 0.0784294.5 67.2 -
55 16 0161-Oct-2202:55:31 8954 220 -22736 P -t -0.9689 1.1217 0.0393292.2 47.9 -
56 17 0179-Nov-0210:54:47 8783 215 -22513 P -t -0.9838 1.0967 0.0098290.6 24.0 -
57 18 0197-Nov-1218:58:24 8612 210 -22290 Nx -t -0.9946 1.0787-0.0119289.6 - -
58 19 0215-Nov-2403:05:13 8441 206 -22067 Nx -t -1.0022 1.0664-0.0272289.1 - -
59 20 0233-Dec-0411:11:49 8270 201 -21844 Nx -t -1.0090 1.0549-0.0408288.5 - -
60 21 0251-Dec-1519:19:01 8098 197 -21621 Nx -t -1.0149 1.0449-0.0522288.0 - -
61 22 0269-Dec-2603:22:33 7926 192 -21398 Nx -t -1.0228 1.0305-0.0671286.9 - -
62 23 0288-Jan-0611:22:51 7753 188 -21175 Nx -t -1.0331 1.0115-0.0859285.2 - -
63 24 0306-Jan-1619:15:34 7579 183 -20952 N -t -1.0490 0.9819-0.1146282.1 - -
64 25 0324-Jan-2803:03:00 7405 179 -20729 N -t -1.0686 0.9452-0.1499278.1 - -
65 26 0342-Feb-0710:41:05 7229 175 -20506 N -t -1.0950 0.8958-0.1973272.2 - -
66 27 0360-Feb-1818:10:35 7053 170 -20283 N -t -1.1281 0.8339-0.2568264.3 - -
67 28 0378-Mar-0101:29:50 6876 166 -20060 N -t -1.1690 0.7576-0.3305253.9 - -
68 29 0396-Mar-1108:40:21 6698 162 -19837 N -t -1.2165 0.6688-0.4164240.6 - -
69 30 0414-Mar-2215:41:05 6520 158 -19614 N -t -1.2714 0.5666-0.5157223.6 - -
70 31 0432-Apr-0122:32:46 6342 154 -19391 N -t -1.3330 0.4522-0.6271201.8 - -
71 32 0450-Apr-1305:16:17 6164 150 -19168 N -t -1.4006 0.3267-0.7498173.4 - -
72 33 0468-Apr-2311:53:03 5986 146 -18945 N -t -1.4732 0.1921-0.8817134.5 - -
73 34 0486-May-0418:23:22 5810 142 -18722 Ne -t -1.5503 0.0495-1.0220 69.1 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 58

Lunar eclipses of Saros 58 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -0812 Mar 16. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0486 May 04. The total duration of Saros series 58 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 58
First Eclipse -0812 Mar 16
Last Eclipse 0486 May 04
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 8N 12P 24T 12P 17N

Saros 58 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 58
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 25 34.2%
PartialP 24 32.9%
TotalT 24 32.9%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 58 occur in the order of 8N 12P 24T 12P 17N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 58
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 12
Total T 24
Partial P 12
Penumbral N 17

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 58 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 58
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0127 May 0201h42m54s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0452 Oct 1900h15m05s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0019 Jul 0603h20m02s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0179 Nov 0200h24m02s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0197 Nov 1204h49m37s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0812 Mar 1600h39m34s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0470 Oct 08 - 0.99185
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0179 Nov 02 - 0.00976

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.