Saros 59

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 59

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 59

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 59 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 59
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 -0711-Apr-0910:11:27 20362 512 -33528 N t- -1.5044 0.1107-0.9151 97.1 - -
2-33 -0693-Apr-2017:09:01 20073 505 -33305 N t- -1.4390 0.2313-0.7959139.4 - -
3-32 -0675-Apr-3023:58:47 19785 498 -33082 N t- -1.3682 0.3622-0.6668172.9 - -
4-31 -0657-May-1206:43:24 19500 491 -32859 N t- -1.2937 0.5001-0.5312201.3 - -
5-30 -0639-May-2213:23:18 19217 484 -32636 N t- -1.2157 0.6445-0.3896226.3 - -
6-29 -0621-Jun-0220:01:14 18935 477 -32413 N t- -1.1370 0.7905-0.2467248.0 - -
7-28 -0603-Jun-1302:38:05 18656 469 -32190 N t- -1.0577 0.9380-0.1030267.1 - -
8-27 -0585-Jun-2409:14:45 18379 463 -31967 P t- -0.9789 1.0847 0.0396283.9 47.8 -
9-26 -0567-Jul-0415:53:53 18104 456 -31744 P t- -0.9027 1.2268 0.1771298.5 99.4 -
10-25 -0549-Jul-1522:36:04 17831 449 -31521 P t- -0.8297 1.3632 0.3086311.1129.1 -
11-24 -0531-Jul-2605:23:19 17561 442 -31298 P t- -0.7611 1.4916 0.4319321.8150.2 -
12-23 -0513-Aug-0612:16:07 17292 435 -31075 P t- -0.6976 1.6109 0.5458331.0166.2 -
13-22 -0495-Aug-1619:16:36 17007 428 -30852 P t- -0.6407 1.7180 0.6475338.6178.4 -
14-21 -0477-Aug-2802:25:10 16690 422 -30629 P t- -0.5910 1.8120 0.7360344.9187.7 -
15-20 -0459-Sep-0709:41:10 16383 415 -30406 P t- -0.5477 1.8940 0.8127350.1195.0 -
16-19 -0441-Sep-1817:06:40 16083 409 -30183 P t- -0.5125 1.9613 0.8748354.2200.3 -
17-18 -0423-Sep-2900:39:58 15792 402 -29960 P t- -0.4837 2.0164 0.9252357.5204.4 -
18-17 -0405-Oct-1008:22:09 15508 396 -29737 P t- -0.4626 2.0573 0.9618360.1207.2 -
19-16 -0387-Oct-2016:09:25 15232 389 -29514 P t- -0.4459 2.0898 0.9906362.1209.3 -
20-15 -0369-Nov-0100:04:15 14962 383 -29291 T t- -0.4357 2.1102 1.0079363.5210.6 14.7
21-14 -0351-Nov-1108:02:21 14699 377 -29068 T t- -0.4280 2.1253 1.0208364.6211.6 23.7
22-13 -0333-Nov-2216:04:07 14442 371 -28845 T t- -0.4236 2.1342 1.0283365.3212.2 27.5
23-12 -0315-Dec-0300:05:37 14190 364 -28622 T t- -0.4190 2.1430 1.0364365.9212.8 31.2
24-11 -0297-Dec-1408:07:27 13944 358 -28399 T t- -0.4146 2.1508 1.0445366.3213.3 34.4
25-10 -0279-Dec-2416:05:34 13704 352 -28176 T t- -0.4073 2.1637 1.0583366.7214.2 39.2
26 -9 -0260-Jan-0423:59:39 13468 346 -27953 T t- -0.3966 2.1825 1.0789367.1215.4 45.3
27 -8 -0242-Jan-1507:47:31 13237 340 -27730 T t- -0.3806 2.2107 1.1096367.8217.2 52.9
28 -7 -0224-Jan-2615:29:11 13012 334 -27507 T p- -0.3592 2.2483 1.1503368.5219.3 61.1
29 -6 -0206-Feb-0523:01:24 12790 328 -27284 T p- -0.3299 2.3002 1.2059369.5221.9 70.2
30 -5 -0188-Feb-1706:25:54 12573 323 -27061 T p- -0.2940 2.3640 1.2737370.5224.8 79.0
31 -4 -0170-Feb-2713:40:42 12360 317 -26838 T- pp -0.2498 2.4430 1.3570371.5227.8 87.4
32 -3 -0152-Mar-0920:48:14 12151 311 -26615 T- pp -0.1991 2.5339 1.4523372.4230.5 94.7
33 -2 -0134-Mar-2103:45:03 11946 305 -26392 T- pp -0.1391 2.6416 1.5645372.9232.9100.7
34 -1 -0116-Mar-3110:36:01 11744 300 -26169 T- pp -0.0741 2.7587 1.6861373.0234.4104.6
35 0 -0098-Apr-1117:18:35 11546 294 -25946 T- pp -0.0018 2.8892 1.8208372.3234.8106.1
36 1 -0080-Apr-2123:57:19 11351 289 -25723 T+ pp 0.0742 2.7542 1.6900370.8233.9104.6
37 2 -0062-May-0306:29:17 11159 283 -25500 T+ pp 0.1563 2.6017 1.5413368.2231.3 99.5
38 3 -0044-May-1313:00:27 10970 278 -25277 T+ pp 0.2396 2.4471 1.3901364.6227.0 89.9
39 4 -0026-May-2419:28:35 10783 272 -25054 T pt 0.3255 2.2879 1.2339359.8220.6 73.7
40 5 -0008-Jun-0401:58:00 10600 267 -24831 T -t 0.4110 2.1297 1.0785353.8212.3 44.8
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 59
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 0010-Jun-1508:28:09 10418 262 -24608 P -t 0.4964 1.9720 0.9229346.7201.7 -
42 7 0028-Jun-2515:03:03 10238 257 -24385 P -t 0.5783 1.8207 0.7734338.6189.1 -
43 8 0046-Jul-0621:42:48 10061 252 -24162 P -t 0.6570 1.6758 0.6298329.8174.4 -
44 9 0064-Jul-1704:28:31 9885 247 -23939 P -t 0.7314 1.5387 0.4937320.3157.4 -
45 10 0082-Jul-2811:22:16 9710 241 -23716 P -t 0.7997 1.4131 0.3687310.5138.2 -
46 11 0100-Aug-0718:24:27 9537 236 -23493 P -t 0.8617 1.2991 0.2550300.7116.6 -
47 12 0118-Aug-1901:36:41 9364 232 -23270 P -t 0.9164 1.1987 0.1547291.2 91.8 -
48 13 0136-Aug-2908:58:18 9192 227 -23047 P -t 0.9641 1.1112 0.0671282.2 61.1 -
49 14 0154-Sep-0916:31:24 9021 222 -22824 Nx -t 1.0034 1.0393-0.0049274.2 - -
50 15 0172-Sep-2000:14:34 8850 217 -22601 N -t 1.0350 0.9812-0.0631267.2 - -
51 16 0190-Oct-0108:07:45 8680 212 -22378 N -h 1.0594 0.9365-0.1078261.5 - -
52 17 0208-Oct-1116:10:09 8509 208 -22155 N -h 1.0771 0.9039-0.1401256.9 - -
53 18 0226-Oct-2300:21:43 8338 203 -21932 N -h 1.0883 0.8830-0.1604253.7 - -
54 19 0244-Nov-0208:40:12 8166 198 -21709 N -h 1.0945 0.8711-0.1712251.5 - -
55 20 0262-Nov-1317:04:19 7994 194 -21486 N -a 1.0970 0.8658-0.1749250.0 - -
56 21 0280-Nov-2401:32:52 7821 189 -21263 N -a 1.0967 0.8652-0.1733249.0 - -
57 22 0298-Dec-0510:04:59 7648 185 -21040 N -a 1.0946 0.8677-0.1681248.4 - -
58 23 0316-Dec-1518:36:55 7474 181 -20817 N -a 1.0934 0.8681-0.1642247.6 - -
59 24 0334-Dec-2703:08:53 7299 176 -20594 N -a 1.0929 0.8670-0.1614246.5 - -
60 25 0353-Jan-0611:37:36 7123 172 -20371 N -a 1.0961 0.8589-0.1650244.6 - -
61 26 0371-Jan-1720:03:57 6946 168 -20148 N -a 1.1019 0.8457-0.1732242.0 - -
62 27 0389-Jan-2804:23:20 6769 164 -19925 N -a 1.1144 0.8200-0.1933237.9 - -
63 28 0407-Feb-0812:38:44 6591 160 -19702 N -a 1.1310 0.7867-0.2209232.9 - -
64 29 0425-Feb-1820:45:58 6413 156 -19479 N -a 1.1549 0.7398-0.2619225.9 - -
65 30 0443-Mar-0204:47:02 6234 152 -19256 N -a 1.1845 0.6824-0.3132217.3 - -
66 31 0461-Mar-1212:39:24 6056 148 -19033 N -a 1.2218 0.6109-0.3787206.2 - -
67 32 0479-Mar-2320:26:20 5879 144 -18810 N -a 1.2642 0.5301-0.4535192.8 - -
68 33 0497-Apr-0304:05:52 5703 140 -18587 N -a 1.3133 0.4372-0.5408175.9 - -
69 34 0515-Apr-1411:39:36 5526 136 -18364 N -a 1.3676 0.3349-0.6378154.9 - -
70 35 0533-Apr-2419:08:04 5350 132 -18141 N -a 1.4265 0.2244-0.7435127.6 - -
71 36 0551-May-0602:33:15 5175 129 -17918 N -a 1.4884 0.1086-0.8549 89.4 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 59

Lunar eclipses of Saros 59 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -0711 Apr 09. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0551 May 06. The total duration of Saros series 59 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 59
First Eclipse -0711 Apr 09
Last Eclipse 0551 May 06
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 7N 12P 21T 8P 23N

Saros 59 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 59
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 30 42.3%
PartialP 20 28.2%
TotalT 21 29.6%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 59 occur in the order of 7N 12P 21T 8P 23N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 59
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 7
Partial P 12
Total T 21
Partial P 8
Penumbral N 23

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 59 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 59
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0098 Apr 1101h46m04s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0369 Nov 0100h14m40s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0387 Oct 2003h29m19s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0585 Jun 2400h47m47s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0154 Sep 0904h34m09s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0551 May 0601h29m23s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0387 Oct 20 - 0.99060
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0585 Jun 24 - 0.03957

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.