Saros 60

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 60

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 60

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 60 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 60
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-36 -0700-Mar-0809:55:15 20187 508 -33393 Nb t- 1.5727 0.0056-1.0603 22.8 - -
2-35 -0682-Mar-1916:57:43 19898 501 -33170 N t- 1.5138 0.1107-0.9495100.6 - -
3-34 -0664-Mar-2923:53:11 19612 494 -32947 N t- 1.4482 0.2283-0.8263142.4 - -
4-33 -0646-Apr-1006:43:44 19328 486 -32724 N t- 1.3776 0.3552-0.6940174.9 - -
5-32 -0628-Apr-2013:28:00 19046 479 -32501 N t- 1.3006 0.4937-0.5503202.7 - -
6-31 -0610-May-0120:10:41 18766 472 -32278 N t- 1.2211 0.6372-0.4021226.2 - -
7-30 -0592-May-1202:50:24 18488 465 -32055 N t- 1.1377 0.7881-0.2469246.8 - -
8-29 -0574-May-2309:31:05 18213 458 -31832 N t- 1.0539 0.9400-0.0911264.3 - -
9-28 -0556-Jun-0216:11:31 17939 451 -31609 P t- 0.9686 1.0949 0.0670279.5 61.0 -
10-27 -0538-Jun-1322:56:49 17667 445 -31386 P t- 0.8857 1.2454 0.2205292.0107.9 -
11-26 -0520-Jun-2405:45:12 17398 438 -31163 P t- 0.8041 1.3940 0.3714302.6136.5 -
12-25 -0502-Jul-0512:39:38 17130 431 -30940 P h- 0.7260 1.5364 0.5156311.2156.8 -
13-24 -0484-Jul-1519:40:30 16814 424 -30717 P h- 0.6521 1.6713 0.6519318.1171.9 -
14-23 -0466-Jul-2702:50:15 16503 418 -30494 P a- 0.5841 1.7956 0.7772323.4183.2 -
15-22 -0448-Aug-0610:08:46 16201 411 -30271 P a- 0.5222 1.9087 0.8910327.4191.6 -
16-21 -0430-Aug-1717:36:44 15906 405 -30048 P a- 0.4669 2.0099 0.9926330.4197.9 -
17-20 -0412-Aug-2801:15:14 15620 398 -29825 T a- 0.4193 2.0972 1.0801332.3202.4 43.3
18-19 -0394-Sep-0809:04:08 15340 392 -29602 T a- 0.3792 2.1708 1.1537333.6205.5 58.5
19-18 -0376-Sep-1817:02:29 15068 386 -29379 T a- 0.3462 2.2312 1.2143334.2207.7 67.4
20-17 -0358-Sep-3001:10:52 14802 379 -29156 T p- 0.3207 2.2780 1.2612334.4209.0 73.0
21-16 -0340-Oct-1009:27:51 14542 373 -28933 T p- 0.3015 2.3130 1.2967334.2209.7 76.7
22-15 -0322-Oct-2117:53:27 14289 367 -28710 T p- 0.2887 2.3361 1.3205333.6210.0 78.8
23-14 -0304-Nov-0102:24:03 14041 361 -28487 T p- 0.2794 2.3525 1.3381332.9210.0 80.2
24-13 -0286-Nov-1211:01:22 13798 355 -28264 T p- 0.2751 2.3596 1.3468332.0209.7 80.7
25-12 -0268-Nov-2219:41:19 13560 348 -28041 T p- 0.2729 2.3627 1.3520331.0209.4 81.0
26-11 -0250-Dec-0404:23:56 13328 342 -27818 T+ p- 0.2719 2.3632 1.3552329.9209.0 81.1
27-10 -0232-Dec-1413:04:57 13100 337 -27595 T+ p- 0.2690 2.3668 1.3619328.8208.7 81.5
28 -9 -0214-Dec-2521:45:59 12877 331 -27372 T+ p- 0.2657 2.3710 1.3699327.7208.5 82.1
29 -8 -0195-Jan-0506:23:07 12658 325 -27149 T+ p- 0.2586 2.3818 1.3849326.7208.5 83.1
30 -7 -0177-Jan-1614:56:07 12444 319 -26926 T+ p- 0.2476 2.3997 1.4074325.9208.8 84.7
31 -6 -0159-Jan-2623:22:55 12233 313 -26703 T+ p- 0.2311 2.4277 1.4402325.2209.3 86.8
32 -5 -0141-Feb-0707:43:56 12026 308 -26480 T+ p- 0.2089 2.4658 1.4835324.6210.0 89.4
33 -4 -0123-Feb-1715:57:21 11823 302 -26257 T+ p- 0.1800 2.5161 1.5391324.1210.9 92.2
34 -3 -0105-Mar-0100:03:26 11624 296 -26034 T+ p- 0.1445 2.5786 1.6067323.7211.9 95.0
35 -2 -0087-Mar-1108:02:09 11427 291 -25811 T+ p- 0.1024 2.6533 1.6866323.3212.7 97.4
36 -1 -0069-Mar-2215:54:18 11234 285 -25588 T+ pp 0.0543 2.7390 1.7771322.7213.2 99.1
37 0 -0051-Apr-0123:38:36 11044 280 -25365 T- pp -0.0008 2.8350 1.8776321.9213.2 99.7
38 1 -0033-Apr-1307:17:54 10857 275 -25142 T- pp -0.0606 2.7232 1.7698320.7212.6 99.0
39 2 -0015-Apr-2314:51:21 10672 269 -24919 T- pp -0.1258 2.6017 1.6519319.0211.1 96.3
40 3 0003-May-0422:21:46 10489 264 -24696 T- -p -0.1939 2.4754 1.5286316.8208.7 91.3
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 60
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 4 0021-May-1505:47:27 10309 259 -24473 T- -p -0.2663 2.3413 1.3969313.9205.1 83.2
42 5 0039-May-2613:13:09 10131 254 -24250 T -p -0.3391 2.2069 1.2643310.4200.3 71.0
43 6 0057-Jun-0520:37:11 9954 249 -24027 T -a -0.4139 2.0691 1.1275306.1194.1 51.5
44 7 0075-Jun-1704:03:13 9779 243 -23804 P -a -0.4870 1.9346 0.9935301.2186.6 -
45 8 0093-Jun-2711:29:54 9605 238 -23581 P -a -0.5600 1.8010 0.8595295.7177.6 -
46 9 0111-Jul-0819:01:30 9432 234 -23358 P -a -0.6289 1.6749 0.7325289.7167.4 -
47 10 0129-Jul-1902:36:18 9260 229 -23135 P -a -0.6955 1.5536 0.6096283.2155.7 -
48 11 0147-Jul-3010:16:38 9089 224 -22912 P -a -0.7576 1.4407 0.4946276.6142.7 -
49 12 0165-Aug-0918:02:59 8918 219 -22689 P -a -0.8147 1.3372 0.3886269.9128.6 -
50 13 0183-Aug-2101:56:34 8747 214 -22466 P -a -0.8657 1.2452 0.2936263.4113.3 -
51 14 0201-Aug-3109:57:46 8576 210 -22243 P -a -0.9105 1.1647 0.2097257.4 97.0 -
52 15 0219-Sep-1118:05:48 8405 205 -22020 P -a -0.9495 1.0948 0.1364251.8 79.0 -
53 16 0237-Sep-2202:22:39 8234 200 -21797 P -a -0.9813 1.0383 0.0763247.1 59.6 -
54 17 0255-Oct-0310:46:13 8062 196 -21574 P -a -1.0075 0.9920 0.0263243.1 35.3 -
55 18 0273-Oct-1319:17:22 7890 191 -21351 N -a -1.0274 0.9574-0.0118240.2 - -
56 19 0291-Oct-2503:54:09 7717 187 -21128 N -a -1.0425 0.9313-0.0413237.9 - -
57 20 0309-Nov-0412:37:14 7543 182 -20905 N -a -1.0526 0.9144-0.0612236.6 - -
58 21 0327-Nov-1521:23:43 7368 178 -20682 N -a -1.0597 0.9027-0.0756235.9 - -
59 22 0345-Nov-2606:13:12 7192 174 -20459 N -a -1.0643 0.8953-0.0852235.5 - -
60 23 0363-Dec-0715:03:42 7016 170 -20236 N -a -1.0680 0.8895-0.0928235.4 - -
61 24 0381-Dec-1723:54:32 6839 165 -20013 N -a -1.0709 0.8848-0.0989235.3 - -
62 25 0399-Dec-2908:42:08 6661 161 -19790 N -a -1.0766 0.8748-0.1097234.7 - -
63 26 0418-Jan-0817:26:27 6483 157 -19567 N -a -1.0848 0.8600-0.1249233.5 - -
64 27 0436-Jan-2002:04:53 6305 153 -19344 N -a -1.0972 0.8372-0.1478231.4 - -
65 28 0454-Jan-3010:38:10 6126 149 -19121 N -a -1.1135 0.8072-0.1777228.4 - -
66 29 0472-Feb-1019:01:47 5949 145 -18898 N -a -1.1372 0.7636-0.2209223.7 - -
67 30 0490-Feb-2103:18:33 5772 141 -18675 N -a -1.1660 0.7106-0.2734217.4 - -
68 31 0508-Mar-0311:24:35 5596 138 -18452 N -a -1.2031 0.6422-0.3414208.6 - -
69 32 0526-Mar-1419:23:21 5419 134 -18229 N -a -1.2454 0.5644-0.4189197.6 - -
70 33 0544-Mar-2503:10:33 5244 130 -18006 N -a -1.2964 0.4708-0.5123182.7 - -
71 34 0562-Apr-0510:51:07 5070 127 -17783 N -a -1.3520 0.3688-0.6145163.7 - -
72 35 0580-Apr-1518:21:43 4897 123 -17560 N -a -1.4150 0.2535-0.7304137.7 - -
73 36 0598-Apr-2701:45:53 4726 119 -17337 N -a -1.4824 0.1305-0.8545100.2 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 60

Lunar eclipses of Saros 60 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -0700 Mar 08. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0598 Apr 27. The total duration of Saros series 60 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 60
First Eclipse -0700 Mar 08
Last Eclipse 0598 Apr 27
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 8N 8P 27T 11P 19N

Saros 60 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 60
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 27 37.0%
PartialP 19 26.0%
TotalT 27 37.0%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 60 occur in the order of 8N 8P 27T 11P 19N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 60
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 8
Total T 27
Partial P 11
Penumbral N 19

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 60 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 60
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0051 Apr 0101h39m45s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0412 Aug 2800h43m20s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0430 Aug 1703h17m54s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0255 Oct 0300h35m18s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0574 May 2304h24m19s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0700 Mar 0800h22m50s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0075 Jun 17 - 0.99347
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0255 Oct 03 - 0.02633

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.