Saros 64

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 64

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 64

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 64 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 64
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-48 -0783-Aug-2006:56:03 21533 539 -34414 N a- 1.5168 0.0659-0.9161 70.6 - -
2-47 -0765-Aug-3114:54:22 21235 532 -34191 N a- 1.4741 0.1444-0.8379103.5 - -
3-46 -0747-Sep-1023:02:20 20939 526 -33968 N a- 1.4385 0.2100-0.7729123.8 - -
4-45 -0729-Sep-2207:18:46 20646 519 -33745 N a- 1.4092 0.2640-0.7193137.8 - -
5-44 -0711-Oct-0215:44:49 20354 512 -33522 N a- 1.3871 0.3048-0.6790147.2 - -
6-43 -0693-Oct-1400:18:01 20065 505 -33299 N a- 1.3703 0.3358-0.6483153.7 - -
7-42 -0675-Oct-2408:58:02 19778 498 -33076 N a- 1.3588 0.3567-0.6273157.8 - -
8-41 -0657-Nov-0417:43:01 19492 490 -32853 N a- 1.3511 0.3707-0.6129160.3 - -
9-40 -0639-Nov-1502:32:22 19209 483 -32630 N a- 1.3468 0.3782-0.6046161.5 - -
10-39 -0621-Nov-2611:23:16 18928 476 -32407 N a- 1.3436 0.3833-0.5981162.2 - -
11-38 -0603-Dec-0620:14:24 18649 469 -32184 N a- 1.3406 0.3880-0.5917162.8 - -
12-37 -0585-Dec-1805:04:19 18372 462 -31961 N a- 1.3366 0.3941-0.5833163.7 - -
13-36 -0567-Dec-2813:51:59 18097 455 -31738 N a- 1.3312 0.4026-0.5721165.0 - -
14-35 -0548-Jan-0822:34:11 17824 449 -31515 N a- 1.3213 0.4194-0.5523167.9 - -
15-34 -0530-Jan-1907:11:17 17553 442 -31292 N a- 1.3073 0.4433-0.5251171.9 - -
16-33 -0512-Jan-3015:41:13 17285 435 -31069 N a- 1.2877 0.4776-0.4873177.6 - -
17-32 -0494-Feb-1000:05:11 16999 428 -30846 N a- 1.2633 0.5205-0.4407184.3 - -
18-31 -0476-Feb-2108:19:32 16682 422 -30623 N a- 1.2312 0.5776-0.3800192.8 - -
19-30 -0458-Mar-0316:27:48 16374 415 -30400 N a- 1.1942 0.6438-0.3104202.0 - -
20-29 -0440-Mar-1400:26:39 16075 409 -30177 N a- 1.1492 0.7247-0.2263212.4 - -
21-28 -0422-Mar-2508:19:39 15784 402 -29954 N a- 1.0996 0.8142-0.1339222.9 - -
22-27 -0404-Apr-0416:03:50 15501 396 -29731 N a- 1.0427 0.9174-0.0283234.0 - -
23-26 -0386-Apr-1523:43:52 15225 389 -29508 P a- 0.9824 1.0271 0.0833244.7 62.2 -
24-25 -0368-Apr-2607:17:25 14955 383 -29285 P a- 0.9167 1.1470 0.2046255.2 95.9 -
25-24 -0350-May-0714:47:19 14692 377 -29062 P a- 0.8480 1.2726 0.3309265.2119.8 -
26-23 -0332-May-1722:13:37 14435 370 -28839 P a- 0.7763 1.4041 0.4625274.5139.0 -
27-22 -0314-May-2905:38:31 14183 364 -28616 P a- 0.7036 1.5378 0.5957283.0154.7 -
28-21 -0296-Jun-0813:02:25 13938 358 -28393 P a- 0.6303 1.6729 0.7295290.7167.7 -
29-20 -0278-Jun-1920:26:26 13697 352 -28170 P a- 0.5574 1.8076 0.8622297.6178.5 -
30-19 -0260-Jun-3003:52:40 13462 346 -27947 P a- 0.4866 1.9389 0.9909303.5187.3 -
31-18 -0242-Jul-1111:22:03 13231 340 -27724 T a- 0.4184 2.0656 1.1144308.7194.5 49.2
32-17 -0224-Jul-2118:55:17 13006 334 -27501 T p- 0.3540 2.1856 1.2307313.0200.1 67.4
33-16 -0206-Aug-0202:33:53 12784 328 -27278 T p- 0.2944 2.2971 1.3379316.6204.5 78.7
34-15 -0188-Aug-1210:18:43 12567 322 -27055 T+ p- 0.2405 2.3984 1.4346319.7207.8 86.2
35-14 -0170-Aug-2318:10:35 12354 317 -26832 T+ p- 0.1927 2.4886 1.5198322.2210.2 91.2
36-13 -0152-Sep-0302:08:31 12145 311 -26609 T+ p- 0.1504 2.5688 1.5948324.4212.0 94.6
37-12 -0134-Sep-1410:14:59 11940 305 -26386 T+ pp 0.1157 2.6352 1.6559326.3213.3 96.7
38-11 -0116-Sep-2418:28:19 11739 300 -26163 T+ pp 0.0875 2.6897 1.7051328.0214.2 98.0
39-10 -0098-Oct-0602:49:41 11540 294 -25940 T+ pp 0.0662 2.7314 1.7416329.5214.9 98.8
40 -9 -0080-Oct-1611:16:07 11346 289 -25717 T+ pp 0.0498 2.7639 1.7691330.9215.4 99.2
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 64
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 -8 -0062-Oct-2719:49:30 11154 283 -25494 T+ pp 0.0398 2.7847 1.7853332.2215.9 99.4
42 -7 -0044-Nov-0704:26:11 10965 278 -25271 T+ pp 0.0331 2.7991 1.7955333.5216.4 99.6
43 -6 -0026-Nov-1813:06:19 10778 272 -25048 T+ pp 0.0301 2.8065 1.7992334.8216.9 99.7
44 -5 -0008-Nov-2821:47:16 10595 267 -24825 T+ pp 0.0284 2.8112 1.8006336.0217.4 99.9
45 -4 0010-Dec-1006:28:36 10413 262 -24602 T+ pp 0.0278 2.8137 1.8005337.2217.9100.0
46 -3 0028-Dec-2015:07:23 10234 257 -24379 T+ pp 0.0256 2.8186 1.8033338.3218.4100.3
47 -2 0046-Dec-3123:42:28 10056 251 -24156 T+ pp 0.0211 2.8277 1.8108339.5219.0100.5
48 -1 0065-Jan-1108:12:26 9880 246 -23933 T+ pp 0.0131 2.8430 1.8250340.6219.6100.8
49 0 0083-Jan-2216:36:08 9705 241 -23710 T+ pp 0.0009 2.8657 1.8470341.7220.3101.1
50 1 0101-Feb-0200:51:09 9532 236 -23487 T- pp -0.0180 2.8347 1.8155342.8220.9101.3
51 2 0119-Feb-1308:57:40 9359 231 -23264 T- pp -0.0432 2.7885 1.7691343.8221.4101.3
52 3 0137-Feb-2316:54:24 9188 227 -23041 T- pp -0.0756 2.7290 1.7095344.6221.7100.7
53 4 0155-Mar-0700:42:16 9016 222 -22818 T- pp -0.1146 2.6575 1.6379345.2221.6 99.2
54 5 0173-Mar-1708:18:21 8846 217 -22595 T- -p -0.1623 2.5701 1.5503345.5220.9 96.2
55 6 0191-Mar-2815:45:52 8675 212 -22372 T- -p -0.2163 2.4713 1.4511345.2219.3 91.1
56 7 0209-Apr-0723:02:38 8504 208 -22149 T -p -0.2783 2.3578 1.3369344.2216.5 82.5
57 8 0227-Apr-1906:11:59 8333 203 -21926 T -h -0.3454 2.2353 1.2134342.4212.3 68.8
58 9 0245-Apr-2913:11:45 8162 198 -21703 T -h -0.4192 2.1005 1.0771339.6206.1 43.4
59 10 0263-May-1020:06:22 7990 194 -21480 P -t -0.4963 1.9600 0.9348335.6197.9 -
60 11 0281-May-2102:54:41 7817 189 -21257 P -t -0.5776 1.8120 0.7844330.2186.7 -
61 12 0299-Jun-0109:39:05 7643 185 -21034 P -t -0.6610 1.6604 0.6300323.4172.3 -
62 13 0317-Jun-1116:20:37 7469 181 -20811 P -t -0.7457 1.5067 0.4729315.1153.5 -
63 14 0335-Jun-2223:01:14 7294 176 -20588 P -t -0.8302 1.3536 0.3161305.3129.0 -
64 15 0353-Jul-0305:42:51 7118 172 -20365 P -t -0.9127 1.2043 0.1626294.0 94.9 -
65 16 0371-Jul-1412:25:20 6941 168 -20142 P -t -0.9935 1.0585 0.0121281.1 26.5 -
66 17 0389-Jul-2419:12:27 6764 164 -19919 N -t -1.0696 0.9215-0.1300267.2 - -
67 18 0407-Aug-0502:03:35 6586 160 -19696 N -t -1.1416 0.7919-0.2647251.9 - -
68 19 0425-Aug-1509:01:25 6408 156 -19473 N -t -1.2070 0.6747-0.3875236.1 - -
69 20 0443-Aug-2616:05:00 6229 152 -19250 N -t -1.2670 0.5675-0.5002219.6 - -
70 21 0461-Sep-0523:17:21 6052 148 -19027 N -t -1.3190 0.4749-0.5984203.4 - -
71 22 0479-Sep-1706:36:49 5874 144 -18804 N -t -1.3646 0.3939-0.6848187.3 - -
72 23 0497-Sep-2714:04:20 5699 140 -18581 N -t -1.4030 0.3260-0.7579171.9 - -
73 24 0515-Oct-0821:39:31 5521 136 -18358 N -t -1.4347 0.2704-0.8184157.8 - -
74 25 0533-Oct-1905:23:05 5345 132 -18135 N -t -1.4586 0.2287-0.8646146.1 - -
75 26 0551-Oct-3013:12:44 5171 129 -17912 N -t -1.4776 0.1958-0.9012135.9 - -
76 27 0569-Nov-0921:07:56 4997 125 -17689 N -t -1.4916 0.1718-0.9285127.8 - -
77 28 0587-Nov-2105:07:03 4825 121 -17466 N -t -1.5020 0.1538-0.9489121.3 - -
78 29 0605-Dec-0113:09:39 4654 118 -17243 N -t -1.5094 0.1412-0.9632116.5 - -
79 30 0623-Dec-1221:11:42 4485 114 -17020 N -t -1.5166 0.1283-0.9769111.3 - -
80 31 0641-Dec-2305:14:08 4317 111 -16797 N -t -1.5232 0.1162-0.9891106.1 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 64
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 32 0660-Jan-0313:12:36 4150 108 -16574 N -t -1.5327 0.0985-1.0060 97.8 - -
82 33 0678-Jan-1321:08:14 3986 104 -16351 N -t -1.5442 0.0766-1.0264 86.4 - -
83 34 0696-Jan-2504:55:53 3823 101 -16128 N -t -1.5616 0.0435-1.0572 65.3 - -
84 35 0714-Feb-0412:38:35 3663 98 -15905 Ne -t -1.5827 0.0034-1.0945 18.4 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 64

Lunar eclipses of Saros 64 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on -0783 Aug 20. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0714 Feb 04. The total duration of Saros series 64 is 1496.50 years.

Summary of Saros 64
First Eclipse -0783 Aug 20
Last Eclipse 0714 Feb 04
Series Duration 1496.50 Years
No. of Eclipses 84
Sequence 22N 8P 28T 7P 19N

Saros 64 is composed of 84 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 64
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 84100.0%
PenumbralN 41 48.8%
PartialP 15 17.9%
TotalT 28 33.3%

The 84 lunar eclipses of Saros 64 occur in the order of 22N 8P 28T 7P 19N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 64
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 22
Partial P 8
Total T 28
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 19

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 64 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 64
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 0101 Feb 0201h41m21s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 0245 Apr 2900h43m21s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0263 May 1003h17m51s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0371 Jul 1400h26m31s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0389 Jul 2404h27m10s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0714 Feb 0400h18m24s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0260 Jun 30 - 0.99091
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0371 Jul 14 - 0.01211

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.