Saros 65

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 65

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 65

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 65 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 65
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-38 -0736-Aug-1105:48:22 20761 521 -33833 Nb a- -1.5396 0.0258-0.9599 44.6 - -
2-37 -0718-Aug-2213:33:36 20469 515 -33610 N a- -1.5001 0.1013-0.8903 88.3 - -
3-36 -0700-Sep-0121:25:44 20179 508 -33387 N a- -1.4666 0.1660-0.8319112.8 - -
4-35 -0682-Sep-1305:26:01 19891 501 -33164 N a- -1.4401 0.2178-0.7863129.2 - -
5-34 -0664-Sep-2313:33:44 19605 493 -32941 N a- -1.4204 0.2569-0.7532140.4 - -
6-33 -0646-Oct-0421:47:16 19321 486 -32718 N a- -1.4061 0.2861-0.7299148.4 - -
7-32 -0628-Oct-1506:07:49 19039 479 -32495 N a- -1.3982 0.3035-0.7181153.2 - -
8-31 -0610-Oct-2614:32:58 18759 472 -32272 N a- -1.3945 0.3128-0.7139156.1 - -
9-30 -0592-Nov-0523:02:26 18481 465 -32049 N a- -1.3951 0.3140-0.7172157.0 - -
10-29 -0574-Nov-1707:33:04 18205 458 -31826 N a- -1.3973 0.3120-0.7232157.1 - -
11-28 -0556-Nov-2716:05:20 17932 451 -31603 N a- -1.4016 0.3058-0.7328156.2 - -
12-27 -0538-Dec-0900:35:45 17660 444 -31380 N a- -1.4051 0.3008-0.7405155.6 - -
13-26 -0520-Dec-1909:03:29 17390 438 -31157 N h- -1.4072 0.2979-0.7455155.4 - -
14-25 -0502-Dec-3017:26:12 17123 431 -30934 N h- -1.4059 0.3011-0.7438156.7 - -
15-24 -0483-Jan-1001:43:18 16806 424 -30711 N h- -1.4007 0.3110-0.7349159.6 - -
16-23 -0465-Jan-2109:51:54 16495 418 -30488 N h- -1.3896 0.3317-0.7147165.1 - -
17-22 -0447-Jan-3117:52:07 16192 411 -30265 N t- -1.3723 0.3635-0.6832172.8 - -
18-21 -0429-Feb-1201:42:23 15898 405 -30042 N t- -1.3479 0.4084-0.6382183.0 - -
19-20 -0411-Feb-2209:23:27 15612 398 -29819 N t- -1.3165 0.4660-0.5805195.0 - -
20-19 -0393-Mar-0516:52:09 15333 392 -29596 N t- -1.2760 0.5401-0.5061209.1 - -
21-18 -0375-Mar-1600:11:51 15061 385 -29373 N t- -1.2289 0.6265-0.4197224.0 - -
22-17 -0357-Mar-2707:20:05 14795 379 -29150 N t- -1.1734 0.7283-0.3179239.8 - -
23-16 -0339-Apr-0614:20:54 14535 373 -28927 N t- -1.1122 0.8407-0.2057255.5 - -
24-15 -0321-Apr-1721:10:22 14282 367 -28704 N t- -1.0426 0.9687-0.0783271.5 - -
25-14 -0303-Apr-2803:54:57 14034 360 -28481 P t- -0.9695 1.1033 0.0554286.5 56.5 -
26-13 -0285-May-0910:31:14 13791 354 -28258 P t- -0.8905 1.2489 0.1996300.9105.4 -
27-12 -0267-May-1917:04:21 13554 348 -28035 P t- -0.8093 1.3987 0.3477314.0136.4 -
28-11 -0249-May-3023:32:12 13322 342 -27812 P t- -0.7241 1.5561 0.5030326.2160.6 -
29-10 -0231-Jun-1006:00:22 13094 336 -27589 P t- -0.6397 1.7124 0.6567336.7179.4 -
30 -9 -0213-Jun-2112:27:33 12871 330 -27366 P t- -0.5549 1.8695 0.8108346.0194.5 -
31 -8 -0195-Jul-0118:56:38 12652 325 -27143 P t- -0.4719 2.0234 0.9613353.8206.5 -
32 -7 -0177-Jul-1301:28:47 12438 319 -26920 T t- -0.3919 2.1721 1.1062360.2215.8 52.1
33 -6 -0159-Jul-2308:06:24 12227 313 -26697 T tp -0.3168 2.3118 1.2420365.3222.8 75.2
34 -5 -0141-Aug-0314:49:54 12021 307 -26474 T- pp -0.2466 2.4429 1.3689369.4227.8 88.5
35 -4 -0123-Aug-1321:40:09 11818 302 -26251 T- pp -0.1823 2.5631 1.4847372.4231.4 96.7
36 -3 -0105-Aug-2504:38:51 11618 296 -26028 T- pp -0.1252 2.6700 1.5872374.6233.6101.6
37 -2 -0087-Sep-0411:46:21 11422 291 -25805 T- pp -0.0757 2.7630 1.6759376.2234.8104.2
38 -1 -0069-Sep-1519:02:11 11229 285 -25582 T- pp -0.0333 2.8429 1.7517377.3235.4105.3
39 0 -0051-Sep-2602:27:29 11039 280 -25359 T+ pp 0.0013 2.9035 1.8085378.0235.5105.5
40 1 -0033-Oct-0710:01:37 10852 274 -25136 T+ pp 0.0287 2.8550 1.7565378.4235.4105.1
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 65
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 2 -0015-Oct-1717:44:18 10667 269 -24913 T+ pp 0.0488 2.8196 1.7183378.7235.2104.6
42 3 0003-Oct-2901:32:23 10485 264 -24690 T+ pp 0.0644 2.7921 1.6885378.9234.9103.9
43 4 0021-Nov-0809:27:30 10304 259 -24467 T+ pp 0.0743 2.7746 1.6694378.9234.6103.5
44 5 0039-Nov-1917:26:21 10126 253 -24244 T+ pp 0.0816 2.7617 1.6557378.8234.4103.1
45 6 0057-Nov-3001:28:10 9949 248 -24021 T+ pp 0.0866 2.7526 1.6466378.5234.1102.8
46 7 0075-Dec-1109:29:47 9774 243 -23798 T+ pp 0.0919 2.7424 1.6372378.1233.9102.5
47 8 0093-Dec-2117:31:22 9600 238 -23575 T+ pp 0.0977 2.7308 1.6274377.5233.7102.2
48 9 0112-Jan-0201:30:03 9427 233 -23352 T+ pp 0.1063 2.7139 1.6128376.8233.3101.8
49 10 0130-Jan-1209:23:57 9255 228 -23129 T+ pp 0.1192 2.6885 1.5907375.8232.8101.0
50 11 0148-Jan-2317:12:26 9084 224 -22906 T+ pp 0.1371 2.6539 1.5598374.5232.1 99.8
51 12 0166-Feb-0300:53:58 8913 219 -22683 T+ pp 0.1610 2.6077 1.5181372.9231.0 97.9
52 13 0184-Feb-1408:27:47 8742 214 -22460 T+ pp 0.1917 2.5490 1.4642371.0229.5 94.8
53 14 0202-Feb-2415:53:00 8572 209 -22237 T+ pp 0.2300 2.4761 1.3966368.5227.3 90.1
54 15 0220-Mar-0623:10:37 8401 205 -22014 T pp 0.2750 2.3909 1.3167365.5224.3 83.0
55 16 0238-Mar-1806:19:56 8229 200 -21791 T -p 0.3273 2.2922 1.2235361.7220.1 72.1
56 17 0256-Mar-2813:20:50 8057 196 -21568 T -t 0.3870 2.1798 1.1166357.0214.5 53.9
57 18 0274-Apr-0820:15:28 7885 191 -21345 P -t 0.4522 2.0575 0.9996351.3207.1 -
58 19 0292-Apr-1903:04:03 7712 187 -21122 P -t 0.5229 1.9251 0.8724344.5197.6 -
59 20 0310-Apr-3009:49:08 7538 182 -20899 P -t 0.5973 1.7862 0.7383336.4185.6 -
60 21 0328-May-1016:29:29 7363 178 -20676 P -t 0.6761 1.6393 0.5960326.9170.3 -
61 22 0346-May-2123:09:59 7188 174 -20453 P -t 0.7554 1.4917 0.4525316.1151.4 -
62 23 0364-Jun-0105:49:06 7011 169 -20230 P -t 0.8361 1.3417 0.3061303.8126.9 -
63 24 0382-Jun-1212:30:18 6834 165 -20007 P -t 0.9160 1.1937 0.1613290.2 93.8 -
64 25 0400-Jun-2219:13:32 6656 161 -19784 P -t 0.9948 1.0476 0.0179275.1 31.8 -
65 26 0418-Jul-0402:02:05 6478 157 -19561 N -t 1.0700 0.9085-0.1189259.0 - -
66 27 0436-Jul-1408:56:20 6300 153 -19338 N -t 1.1410 0.7775-0.2482241.9 - -
67 28 0454-Jul-2515:56:42 6122 149 -19115 N -t 1.2076 0.6545-0.3698223.9 - -
68 29 0472-Aug-0423:05:54 5944 145 -18892 N -t 1.2677 0.5438-0.4796205.5 - -
69 30 0490-Aug-1606:23:19 5768 141 -18669 N -t 1.3217 0.4444-0.5783186.9 - -
70 31 0508-Aug-2613:50:59 5591 138 -18446 N -h 1.3683 0.3588-0.6637168.7 - -
71 32 0526-Sep-0621:27:02 5415 134 -18223 N -h 1.4087 0.2845-0.7377150.8 - -
72 33 0544-Sep-1705:14:41 5239 130 -18000 N -h 1.4406 0.2259-0.7962134.6 - -
73 34 0562-Sep-2813:11:05 5066 126 -17777 N -a 1.4663 0.1787-0.8432119.9 - -
74 35 0580-Oct-0821:17:49 4893 123 -17554 N -a 1.4847 0.1448-0.8769107.9 - -
75 36 0598-Oct-2005:32:33 4721 119 -17331 N -a 1.4976 0.1208-0.9003 98.5 - -
76 37 0616-Oct-3013:56:32 4551 116 -17108 N -a 1.5043 0.1081-0.9122 93.0 - -
77 38 0634-Nov-1022:26:03 4383 112 -16885 N -a 1.5072 0.1022-0.9169 90.1 - -
78 39 0652-Nov-2107:00:55 4216 109 -16662 N -a 1.5069 0.1019-0.9156 89.7 - -
79 40 0670-Dec-0215:39:04 4051 106 -16439 N -a 1.5049 0.1045-0.9108 90.5 - -
80 41 0688-Dec-1300:20:04 3887 102 -16216 N -a 1.5018 0.1088-0.9037 92.0 - -
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 65
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
81 42 0706-Dec-2408:59:49 3726 99 -15993 N -a 1.5003 0.1099-0.8993 92.2 - -
82 43 0725-Jan-0317:38:37 3567 96 -15770 N -a 1.5002 0.1081-0.8973 91.1 - -
83 44 0743-Jan-1502:13:29 3410 93 -15547 N -a 1.5040 0.0988-0.9022 86.9 - -
84 45 0761-Jan-2510:45:19 3257 90 -15324 N -a 1.5110 0.0837-0.9127 79.8 - -
85 46 0779-Feb-0519:09:24 3106 87 -15101 N -a 1.5248 0.0558-0.9355 65.1 - -
86 47 0797-Feb-1603:28:58 2958 84 -14878 Ne -a 1.5430 0.0199-0.9662 38.9 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 65

Lunar eclipses of Saros 65 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -0736 Aug 11. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0797 Feb 16. The total duration of Saros series 65 is 1532.56 years.

Summary of Saros 65
First Eclipse -0736 Aug 11
Last Eclipse 0797 Feb 16
Series Duration 1532.56 Years
No. of Eclipses 86
Sequence 24N 7P 25T 8P 22N

Saros 65 is composed of 86 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 65
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 86100.0%
PenumbralN 46 53.5%
PartialP 15 17.4%
TotalT 25 29.1%

The 86 lunar eclipses of Saros 65 occur in the order of 24N 7P 25T 8P 22N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 65
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 24
Partial P 7
Total T 25
Partial P 8
Penumbral N 22

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 65 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 65
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse -0051 Sep 2601h45m28s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0177 Jul 1300h52m06s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0274 Apr 0803h27m06s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0400 Jun 2200h31m46s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0321 Apr 1704h31m29s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0797 Feb 1600h38m52s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0274 Apr 08 - 0.99960
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0400 Jun 22 - 0.01789

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.