Saros 67

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 67

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 67

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 67 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 67
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-37 -0660-Jul-1119:39:52 19545 492 -32894 Nb a- -1.5133 0.0678-0.9053 71.6 - -
2-36 -0642-Jul-2303:09:23 19261 485 -32671 N a- -1.4478 0.1877-0.7849117.5 - -
3-35 -0624-Aug-0210:46:38 18979 478 -32448 N a- -1.3881 0.2972-0.6753145.9 - -
4-34 -0606-Aug-1318:31:45 18700 471 -32225 N a- -1.3342 0.3962-0.5765166.5 - -
5-33 -0588-Aug-2402:26:09 18423 464 -32002 N a- -1.2873 0.4826-0.4908181.8 - -
6-32 -0570-Sep-0410:29:52 18147 457 -31779 N a- -1.2475 0.5559-0.4182193.4 - -
7-31 -0552-Sep-1418:42:50 17874 450 -31556 N a- -1.2151 0.6159-0.3591201.9 - -
8-30 -0534-Sep-2603:03:48 17603 443 -31333 N a- -1.1888 0.6646-0.3113208.4 - -
9-29 -0516-Oct-0611:33:17 17334 436 -31110 N a- -1.1694 0.7007-0.2760212.8 - -
10-28 -0498-Oct-1720:10:12 17058 430 -30887 N a- -1.1556 0.7262-0.2512215.8 - -
11-27 -0480-Oct-2804:52:49 16740 423 -30664 N a- -1.1463 0.7435-0.2341217.6 - -
12-26 -0462-Nov-0813:40:45 16430 416 -30441 N a- -1.1411 0.7530-0.2246218.5 - -
13-25 -0444-Nov-1822:31:30 16130 410 -30218 N a- -1.1378 0.7587-0.2183218.9 - -
14-24 -0426-Nov-3007:24:54 15837 403 -29995 N a- -1.1368 0.7601-0.2160218.8 - -
15-23 -0408-Dec-1016:16:39 15553 397 -29772 N a- -1.1342 0.7642-0.2104219.0 - -
16-22 -0390-Dec-2201:08:21 15275 390 -29549 N a- -1.1315 0.7682-0.2046219.2 - -
17-21 -0371-Jan-0109:55:40 15004 384 -29326 N a- -1.1249 0.7792-0.1914220.2 - -
18-20 -0353-Jan-1218:39:03 14740 378 -29103 N a- -1.1153 0.7954-0.1726221.9 - -
19-19 -0335-Jan-2303:15:06 14482 371 -28880 N a- -1.0998 0.8225-0.1427224.8 - -
20-18 -0317-Feb-0311:45:37 14229 365 -28657 N a- -1.0799 0.8574-0.1047228.4 - -
21-17 -0299-Feb-1320:07:52 13982 359 -28434 N a- -1.0532 0.9049-0.0541233.3 - -
22-16 -0281-Feb-2504:22:09 13741 353 -28211 P a- -1.0201 0.9641 0.0081239.2 19.6 -
23-15 -0263-Mar-0712:27:53 13505 347 -27988 P a- -0.9801 1.0361 0.0829245.9 62.0 -
24-14 -0245-Mar-1820:26:21 13273 341 -27765 P a- -0.9342 1.1190 0.1684253.2 87.3 -
25-13 -0227-Mar-2904:16:45 13047 335 -27542 P a- -0.8818 1.2140 0.2656261.0108.3 -
26-12 -0209-Apr-0912:00:19 12825 329 -27319 P a- -0.8236 1.3198 0.3732268.9126.4 -
27-11 -0191-Apr-1919:37:47 12607 323 -27096 P a- -0.7605 1.4350 0.4897276.8142.5 -
28-10 -0173-May-0103:10:34 12393 318 -26873 P a- -0.6937 1.5572 0.6126284.4156.5 -
29 -9 -0155-May-1110:37:55 12183 312 -26650 P a- -0.6225 1.6878 0.7432291.7169.0 -
30 -8 -0137-May-2218:03:16 11978 306 -26427 P a- -0.5498 1.8216 0.8764298.3179.6 -
31 -7 -0119-Jun-0201:25:54 11775 301 -26204 T a- -0.4753 1.9588 1.0124304.3188.7 16.7
32 -6 -0101-Jun-1308:49:26 11577 295 -25981 T a- -0.4017 2.0949 1.1465309.5196.2 55.2
33 -5 -0083-Jun-2316:11:27 11381 290 -25758 T p- -0.3274 2.2325 1.2815314.1202.4 73.3
34 -4 -0065-Jul-0423:37:32 11189 284 -25535 T- p- -0.2572 2.3629 1.4088317.9207.0 84.5
35 -3 -0047-Jul-1507:04:59 10999 279 -25312 T- p- -0.1888 2.4903 1.5323321.0210.5 92.1
36 -2 -0029-Jul-2614:37:50 10813 273 -25089 T- pp -0.1255 2.6086 1.6463323.5212.9 96.7
37 -1 -0011-Aug-0522:14:02 10628 268 -24866 T- pp -0.0657 2.7208 1.7536325.5214.4 99.3
38 0 0007-Aug-1705:58:00 10446 263 -24643 T- pp -0.0131 2.8200 1.8477327.0215.2100.2
39 1 0025-Aug-2713:47:33 10266 258 -24420 T+ pp 0.0340 2.7843 1.8065328.3215.4100.0
40 2 0043-Sep-0721:44:27 10089 252 -24197 T+ pp 0.0743 2.7132 1.7298329.4215.4 99.0
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 67
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 3 0061-Sep-1805:48:37 9912 247 -23974 T+ -p 0.1080 2.6544 1.6652330.4215.1 97.5
42 4 0079-Sep-2914:00:55 9737 242 -23751 T+ -p 0.1345 2.6086 1.6138331.4214.8 96.0
43 5 0097-Oct-0922:19:47 9564 237 -23528 T+ -p 0.1547 2.5743 1.5741332.4214.6 94.6
44 6 0115-Oct-2106:44:25 9391 232 -23305 T+ -p 0.1696 2.5496 1.5441333.5214.5 93.4
45 7 0133-Oct-3115:14:45 9219 227 -23082 T+ -p 0.1790 2.5348 1.5245334.7214.6 92.6
46 8 0151-Nov-1123:49:22 9048 223 -22859 T+ -p 0.1846 2.5267 1.5120335.9214.8 92.1
47 9 0169-Nov-2208:26:13 8877 218 -22636 T+ -p 0.1876 2.5231 1.5046337.2215.1 91.9
48 10 0187-Dec-0317:04:17 8706 213 -22413 T+ -p 0.1892 2.5218 1.5001338.4215.6 91.8
49 11 0205-Dec-1401:41:26 8535 208 -22190 T+ -p 0.1908 2.5202 1.4957339.6216.0 91.8
50 12 0223-Dec-2510:16:22 8364 204 -21967 T+ -p 0.1936 2.5162 1.4896340.8216.5 91.7
51 13 0242-Jan-0418:46:09 8193 199 -21744 T+ -p 0.2000 2.5053 1.4771341.8216.8 91.2
52 14 0260-Jan-1603:10:58 8021 195 -21521 T+ -p 0.2099 2.4877 1.4584342.6217.0 90.3
53 15 0278-Jan-2611:28:20 7849 190 -21298 T+ -p 0.2254 2.4596 1.4296343.3216.8 88.7
54 16 0296-Feb-0619:37:10 7675 186 -21075 T+ -p 0.2471 2.4199 1.3895343.6216.3 86.0
55 17 0314-Feb-1703:36:34 7501 181 -20852 T -p 0.2759 2.3671 1.3364343.7215.3 81.8
56 18 0332-Feb-2811:26:22 7326 177 -20629 T -a 0.3120 2.3011 1.2704343.2213.5 75.4
57 19 0350-Mar-1019:06:34 7150 173 -20406 T -a 0.3553 2.2215 1.1907342.2210.8 65.3
58 20 0368-Mar-2102:35:26 6974 169 -20183 T -a 0.4072 2.1264 1.0955340.4206.6 47.8
59 21 0386-Apr-0109:55:26 6797 164 -19960 P -h 0.4655 2.0197 0.9884337.8200.9 -
60 22 0404-Apr-1117:05:30 6619 160 -19737 P -t 0.5309 1.8999 0.8680334.0193.1 -
61 23 0422-Apr-2300:07:59 6440 156 -19514 P -t 0.6017 1.7705 0.7377328.9182.7 -
62 24 0440-May-0307:01:29 6262 152 -19291 P -t 0.6789 1.6295 0.5953322.2168.6 -
63 25 0458-May-1413:49:55 6084 148 -19068 P -t 0.7591 1.4833 0.4474314.0150.0 -
64 26 0476-May-2420:32:07 5907 144 -18845 P -t 0.8430 1.3304 0.2924303.7124.6 -
65 27 0494-Jun-0503:10:52 5731 141 -18622 P -t 0.9285 1.1749 0.1342291.5 86.6 -
66 28 0512-Jun-1509:46:51 5554 137 -18399 Nx -t 1.0150 1.0177-0.0262276.9 - -
67 29 0530-Jun-2616:22:51 5378 133 -18176 N -t 1.1001 0.8634-0.1840260.1 - -
68 30 0548-Jul-0622:59:49 5203 129 -17953 N -t 1.1833 0.7128-0.3386240.8 - -
69 31 0566-Jul-1805:38:35 5029 126 -17730 N -t 1.2637 0.5675-0.4882218.7 - -
70 32 0584-Jul-2812:22:03 4857 122 -17507 N -t 1.3390 0.4315-0.6288193.8 - -
71 33 0602-Aug-0819:10:19 4686 119 -17284 N -t 1.4094 0.3050-0.7603165.4 - -
72 34 0620-Aug-1902:05:08 4516 115 -17061 N -t 1.4736 0.1895-0.8807132.2 - -
73 35 0638-Aug-3009:06:59 4348 112 -16838 N -t 1.5314 0.0861-0.9893 90.2 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 67

Lunar eclipses of Saros 67 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -0660 Jul 11. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0638 Aug 30. The total duration of Saros series 67 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 67
First Eclipse -0660 Jul 11
Last Eclipse 0638 Aug 30
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 21N 9P 28T 7P 8N

Saros 67 is composed of 73 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 67
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PenumbralN 29 39.7%
PartialP 16 21.9%
TotalT 28 38.4%

The 73 lunar eclipses of Saros 67 occur in the order of 21N 9P 28T 7P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 67
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 21
Partial P 9
Total T 28
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 67 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 67
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 0007 Aug 1701h40m11s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse -0119 Jun 0200h16m40s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0386 Apr 0103h20m57s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0281 Feb 2500h19m36s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0512 Jun 1504h36m53s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0660 Jul 1101h11m36s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0386 Apr 01 - 0.98839
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse -0281 Feb 25 - 0.00812

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.