Saros 75

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 75

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 75

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 75 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 75
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-35 -0266-May-0818:08:51 13542 348 -28023 Nb t- -1.5753 0.0025-1.0669 15.7 - -
2-34 -0248-May-1900:30:03 13309 342 -27800 N t- -1.4901 0.1581-0.9098122.1 - -
3-33 -0230-May-3006:49:07 13082 336 -27577 N t- -1.4024 0.3184-0.7483170.6 - -
4-32 -0212-Jun-0913:09:38 12859 330 -27354 N t- -1.3150 0.4783-0.5875205.8 - -
5-31 -0194-Jun-2019:31:57 12641 324 -27131 N t- -1.2284 0.6371-0.4283233.6 - -
6-30 -0176-Jul-0101:58:26 12426 319 -26908 N t- -1.1440 0.7920-0.2734256.1 - -
7-29 -0158-Jul-1208:30:01 12216 313 -26685 N t- -1.0627 0.9413-0.1244274.6 - -
8-28 -0140-Jul-2215:08:47 12010 307 -26462 P t- -0.9861 1.0821 0.0158289.7 30.8 -
9-27 -0122-Aug-0221:55:57 11807 302 -26239 P t- -0.9157 1.2117 0.1446301.8 91.3 -
10-26 -0104-Aug-1304:50:51 11608 296 -26016 P t- -0.8508 1.3313 0.2632311.6120.8 -
11-25 -0086-Aug-2411:56:42 11412 290 -25793 P t- -0.7939 1.4362 0.3669319.3140.1 -
12-24 -0068-Sep-0319:12:01 11219 285 -25570 P t- -0.7441 1.5282 0.4578325.2154.0 -
13-23 -0050-Sep-1502:39:07 11029 280 -25347 P t- -0.7031 1.6039 0.5326329.5163.8 -
14-22 -0032-Sep-2510:14:46 10842 274 -25124 P t- -0.6684 1.6680 0.5958332.8171.1 -
15-21 -0014-Oct-0618:01:57 10657 269 -24901 P t- -0.6425 1.7158 0.6431334.8175.9 -
16-20 0004-Oct-1701:56:45 10475 264 -24678 P h- -0.6221 1.7533 0.6804336.0179.4 -
17-19 0022-Oct-2810:00:33 10295 258 -24455 P h- -0.6082 1.7785 0.7061336.5181.5 -
18-18 0040-Nov-0718:09:52 10116 253 -24232 P a- -0.5982 1.7965 0.7249336.5182.8 -
19-17 0058-Nov-1902:25:43 9940 248 -24009 P a- -0.5924 1.8063 0.7363336.0183.4 -
20-16 0076-Nov-2910:43:57 9765 243 -23786 P a- -0.5881 1.8131 0.7454335.2183.8 -
21-15 0094-Dec-1019:04:13 9591 238 -23563 P a- -0.5844 1.8184 0.7537334.3184.1 -
22-14 0112-Dec-2103:24:07 9418 233 -23340 P a- -0.5795 1.8254 0.7645333.4184.5 -
23-13 0131-Jan-0111:43:12 9246 228 -23117 P a- -0.5728 1.8355 0.7789332.6185.3 -
24-12 0149-Jan-1119:57:24 9075 223 -22894 P a- -0.5615 1.8538 0.8022332.0186.8 -
25-11 0167-Jan-2304:07:39 8904 219 -22671 P a- -0.5460 1.8794 0.8333331.8188.8 -
26-10 0185-Feb-0212:11:16 8733 214 -22448 P a- -0.5241 1.9165 0.8764331.9191.6 -
27 -9 0203-Feb-1320:09:47 8562 209 -22225 P a- -0.4971 1.9630 0.9291332.3194.9 -
28 -8 0221-Feb-2403:58:57 8391 204 -22002 P a- -0.4614 2.0251 0.9977333.0198.8 -
29 -7 0239-Mar-0711:42:38 8220 200 -21779 T a- -0.4204 2.0971 1.0762333.9202.9 42.4
30 -6 0257-Mar-1719:17:31 8048 195 -21556 T a- -0.3714 2.1839 1.1695335.0207.1 61.3
31 -5 0275-Mar-2902:47:21 7876 191 -21333 T a- -0.3171 2.2801 1.2722335.9211.0 74.9
32 -4 0293-Apr-0810:09:17 7703 186 -21110 T- p- -0.2552 2.3907 1.3888336.7214.5 85.7
33 -3 0311-Apr-1917:28:13 7529 182 -20887 T- p- -0.1898 2.5078 1.5117337.0217.2 93.5
34 -2 0329-Apr-3000:41:50 7354 178 -20664 T- pp -0.1191 2.6347 1.6439336.9219.0 98.8
35 -1 0347-May-1107:53:27 7178 173 -20441 T- pp -0.0457 2.7669 1.7810336.1219.7101.5
36 0 0365-May-2115:02:40 7002 169 -20218 T+ pp 0.0305 2.7927 1.8111334.6219.3101.7
37 1 0383-Jun-0122:12:27 6824 165 -19995 T+ pp 0.1072 2.6501 1.6724332.4217.5 99.1
38 2 0401-Jun-1205:23:19 6647 161 -19772 T+ pp 0.1839 2.5078 1.5331329.5214.6 93.6
39 3 0419-Jun-2312:35:59 6468 157 -19549 T+ -p 0.2599 2.3671 1.3949325.9210.4 84.8
40 4 0437-Jul-0319:53:06 6290 153 -19326 T -p 0.3327 2.2325 1.2622321.7205.1 72.2
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 75
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 5 0455-Jul-1503:14:41 6112 149 -19103 T -p 0.4024 2.1040 1.1351317.1198.9 53.9
42 6 0473-Jul-2510:42:30 5935 145 -18880 T -a 0.4675 1.9842 1.0160312.1191.9 19.2
43 7 0491-Aug-0518:16:24 5758 141 -18657 P -a 0.5281 1.8729 0.9050306.9184.3 -
44 8 0509-Aug-1601:58:34 5582 137 -18434 P -a 0.5823 1.7734 0.8053301.8176.4 -
45 9 0527-Aug-2709:48:44 5405 134 -18211 P -a 0.6302 1.6858 0.7172296.9168.5 -
46 10 0545-Sep-0617:47:01 5230 130 -17988 P -a 0.6718 1.6098 0.6404292.3160.9 -
47 11 0563-Sep-1801:54:21 5056 126 -17765 P -a 0.7065 1.5468 0.5763288.2153.9 -
48 12 0581-Sep-2810:10:43 4884 123 -17542 P -a 0.7344 1.4962 0.5246284.7147.7 -
49 13 0599-Oct-0918:35:35 4712 119 -17319 P -a 0.7556 1.4578 0.4852281.9142.7 -
50 14 0617-Oct-2003:07:39 4542 116 -17096 P -a 0.7714 1.4292 0.4557279.7138.7 -
51 15 0635-Oct-3111:46:45 4374 112 -16873 P -a 0.7819 1.4103 0.4361278.1135.9 -
52 16 0653-Nov-1020:31:53 4207 109 -16650 P -a 0.7881 1.3992 0.4245277.0134.1 -
53 17 0671-Nov-2205:20:40 4042 105 -16427 P -a 0.7918 1.3924 0.4177276.3133.0 -
54 18 0689-Dec-0214:12:49 3879 102 -16204 P -a 0.7932 1.3897 0.4153275.8132.6 -
55 19 0707-Dec-1323:05:26 3717 99 -15981 P -a 0.7947 1.3864 0.4129275.3132.1 -
56 20 0725-Dec-2407:58:33 3559 96 -15758 P -a 0.7960 1.3835 0.4111274.8131.8 -
57 21 0744-Jan-0416:47:47 3402 93 -15535 P -a 0.8009 1.3736 0.4030273.9130.6 -
58 22 0762-Jan-1501:35:04 3248 90 -15312 P -a 0.8077 1.3602 0.3916272.7128.9 -
59 23 0780-Jan-2610:16:08 3098 87 -15089 P -a 0.8200 1.3364 0.3701270.9125.7 -
60 24 0798-Feb-0518:51:54 2950 84 -14866 P -a 0.8367 1.3044 0.3407268.4121.1 -
61 25 0816-Feb-1703:19:18 2806 81 -14643 P -a 0.8605 1.2594 0.2984264.9114.0 -
62 26 0834-Feb-2711:40:41 2665 78 -14420 P -a 0.8894 1.2050 0.2467260.6104.5 -
63 27 0852-Mar-0919:53:26 2527 75 -14197 P -a 0.9258 1.1370 0.1813255.0 90.5 -
64 28 0870-Mar-2103:58:18 2394 72 -13974 P -a 0.9686 1.0570 0.1039248.0 69.2 -
65 29 0888-Mar-3111:55:05 2265 69 -13751 P -a 1.0182 0.9651 0.0141239.3 25.8 -
66 30 0906-Apr-1119:45:20 2140 67 -13528 N -a 1.0731 0.8635-0.0857228.9 - -
67 31 0924-Apr-2203:28:20 2019 64 -13305 N -a 1.1338 0.7513-0.1965216.2 - -
68 32 0942-May-0311:05:32 1902 62 -13082 N -a 1.1993 0.6307-0.3163200.7 - -
69 33 0960-May-1318:37:46 1790 59 -12859 N -a 1.2685 0.5036-0.4431181.8 - -
70 34 0978-May-2502:06:38 1683 57 -12636 N -a 1.3400 0.3727-0.5744158.6 - -
71 35 0996-Jun-0409:31:19 1580 54 -12413 N -a 1.4143 0.2368-0.7112128.3 - -
72 36 1014-Jun-1516:55:13 1481 52 -12190 Ne -a 1.4888 0.1010-0.8487 85.0 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 75

Lunar eclipses of Saros 75 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on -0266 May 08. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1014 Jun 15. The total duration of Saros series 75 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 75
First Eclipse -0266 May 08
Last Eclipse 1014 Jun 15
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 7N 21P 14T 23P 7N

Saros 75 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 75
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 14 19.4%
PartialP 44 61.1%
TotalT 14 19.4%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 75 occur in the order of 7N 21P 14T 23P 7N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 75
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 7
Partial P 21
Total T 14
Partial P 23
Penumbral N 7

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 75 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 75
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 0365 May 2101h41m39s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 0473 Jul 2500h19m11s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0221 Feb 2403h18m51s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0888 Mar 3100h25m49s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0158 Jul 1204h34m37s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse -0266 May 0800h15m43s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0221 Feb 24 - 0.99769
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0888 Mar 31 - 0.01408

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.