Saros 88

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 88

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 88

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 88 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 88
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-36 0038-Jul-0507:09:22 10139 254 -24261 Nb h- 1.5080 0.0950-0.9127 88.3 - -
2-35 0056-Jul-1514:15:00 9963 249 -24038 N a- 1.4327 0.2322-0.7737135.9 - -
3-34 0074-Jul-2621:28:16 9787 244 -23815 N a- 1.3624 0.3606-0.6441166.7 - -
4-33 0092-Aug-0604:49:54 9613 239 -23592 N a- 1.2974 0.4795-0.5243189.4 - -
5-32 0110-Aug-1712:20:50 9441 234 -23369 N a- 1.2389 0.5864-0.4169206.6 - -
6-31 0128-Aug-2720:00:50 9269 229 -23146 N a- 1.1868 0.6820-0.3211220.0 - -
7-30 0146-Sep-0803:51:02 9097 224 -22923 N a- 1.1419 0.7642-0.2388230.2 - -
8-29 0164-Sep-1811:51:10 8926 219 -22700 N a- 1.1043 0.8334-0.1697238.0 - -
9-28 0182-Sep-2919:59:53 8755 214 -22477 N a- 1.0730 0.8908-0.1122243.9 - -
10-27 0200-Oct-1004:18:23 8585 210 -22254 N a- 1.0490 0.9346-0.0683247.9 - -
11-26 0218-Oct-2112:44:18 8414 205 -22031 N a- 1.0309 0.9677-0.0348250.7 - -
12-25 0236-Oct-3121:18:16 8242 201 -21808 N a- 1.0187 0.9898-0.0120252.2 - -
13-24 0254-Nov-1205:55:58 8071 196 -21585 P a- 1.0090 1.0070 0.0063253.2 17.7 -
14-23 0272-Nov-2214:39:24 7898 191 -21362 P a- 1.0037 1.0160 0.0168253.4 28.9 -
15-22 0290-Dec-0323:24:13 7725 187 -21139 P a- 0.9994 1.0228 0.0257253.4 35.6 -
16-21 0308-Dec-1408:10:45 7551 183 -20916 P a- 0.9959 1.0279 0.0333253.1 40.4 -
17-20 0326-Dec-2516:55:03 7377 178 -20693 P a- 0.9906 1.0362 0.0447253.2 46.6 -
18-19 0345-Jan-0501:38:14 7201 174 -20470 P a- 0.9837 1.0471 0.0590253.5 53.4 -
19-18 0363-Jan-1610:16:52 7025 170 -20247 P a- 0.9729 1.0649 0.0807254.4 62.2 -
20-17 0381-Jan-2618:50:40 6847 166 -20024 P a- 0.9579 1.0903 0.1104256.0 72.3 -
21-16 0399-Feb-0703:18:03 6670 162 -19801 P a- 0.9373 1.1257 0.1503258.4 83.7 -
22-15 0417-Feb-1711:39:14 6492 157 -19578 P a- 0.9114 1.1711 0.2002261.5 95.8 -
23-14 0435-Feb-2819:52:15 6313 153 -19355 P a- 0.8784 1.2292 0.2629265.4108.6 -
24-13 0453-Mar-1103:58:14 6135 149 -19132 P a- 0.8393 1.2987 0.3369270.0121.5 -
25-12 0471-Mar-2211:56:26 5958 146 -18909 P a- 0.7936 1.3804 0.4230275.1134.2 -
26-11 0489-Apr-0119:48:45 5781 142 -18686 P a- 0.7427 1.4718 0.5184280.4146.3 -
27-10 0507-Apr-1303:32:25 5605 138 -18463 P a- 0.6843 1.5771 0.6273286.0158.0 -
28 -9 0525-Apr-2311:12:04 5428 134 -18240 P a- 0.6222 1.6894 0.7427291.4168.6 -
29 -8 0543-May-0418:45:34 5253 130 -18017 P a- 0.5546 1.8121 0.8681296.7178.4 -
30 -7 0561-May-1502:16:57 5079 127 -17794 P a- 0.4851 1.9386 0.9966301.4186.7 -
31 -6 0579-May-2609:43:42 4906 123 -17571 T a- 0.4115 2.0730 1.1323305.7194.0 52.3
32 -5 0597-Jun-0517:11:13 4735 120 -17348 T p- 0.3382 2.2070 1.2671309.3199.9 71.2
33 -4 0615-Jun-1700:37:23 4564 116 -17125 T+ p- 0.2634 2.3444 1.4045312.3204.6 83.5
34 -3 0633-Jun-2708:05:20 4396 113 -16902 T+ p- 0.1900 2.4793 1.5388314.6207.9 91.5
35 -2 0651-Jul-0815:34:31 4229 109 -16679 T+ pp 0.1176 2.6129 1.6710316.3210.2 96.4
36 -1 0669-Jul-1823:08:23 4063 106 -16456 T+ pp 0.0491 2.7395 1.7958317.3211.3 98.9
37 0 0687-Jul-3006:46:14 3900 103 -16233 T- pp -0.0160 2.8014 1.8552317.9211.6 99.3
38 1 0705-Aug-0914:29:13 3738 99 -16010 T- pp -0.0768 2.6914 1.7422318.0211.1 98.0
39 2 0723-Aug-2022:18:50 3579 96 -15787 T- -p -0.1318 2.5922 1.6395317.8210.0 95.4
40 3 0741-Aug-3106:15:15 3422 93 -15564 T- -p -0.1809 2.5040 1.5477317.4208.5 91.8
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 88
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 4 0759-Sep-1114:19:12 3268 90 -15341 T- -p -0.2233 2.4282 1.4678317.0206.8 87.6
42 5 0777-Sep-2122:29:39 3117 87 -15118 T- -p -0.2600 2.3630 1.3984316.6205.1 83.0
43 6 0795-Oct-0306:48:32 2969 84 -14895 T -p -0.2895 2.3111 1.3423316.3203.5 78.5
44 7 0813-Oct-1315:13:53 2824 81 -14672 T -p -0.3132 2.2696 1.2966316.1202.1 74.3
45 8 0831-Oct-2423:45:57 2683 78 -14449 T -p -0.3310 2.2391 1.2621316.2201.0 70.7
46 9 0849-Nov-0408:23:35 2545 75 -14226 T -p -0.3438 2.2174 1.2367316.5200.3 67.9
47 10 0867-Nov-1517:06:38 2411 73 -14003 T -p -0.3516 2.2048 1.2208317.0199.9 66.0
48 11 0885-Nov-2601:52:25 2281 70 -13780 T -p -0.3570 2.1963 1.2094317.6199.8 64.6
49 12 0903-Dec-0710:39:56 2156 67 -13557 T -p -0.3608 2.1907 1.2013318.3199.8 63.5
50 13 0921-Dec-1719:27:36 2034 65 -13334 T -p -0.3639 2.1860 1.1946319.0199.9 62.7
51 14 0939-Dec-2904:14:41 1917 62 -13111 T -p -0.3669 2.1813 1.1883319.7200.0 61.9
52 15 0958-Jan-0812:57:22 1804 59 -12888 T -p -0.3732 2.1701 1.1761320.2199.9 60.3
53 16 0976-Jan-1921:36:12 1696 57 -12665 T -a -0.3822 2.1540 1.1592320.5199.6 57.7
54 17 0994-Jan-3006:07:53 1593 55 -12442 T -a -0.3967 2.1276 1.1326320.6198.8 53.3
55 18 1012-Feb-1014:33:55 1494 52 -12219 T -a -0.4152 2.0936 1.0985320.3197.6 46.5
56 19 1030-Feb-2022:49:27 1400 50 -11996 T -a -0.4416 2.0452 1.0502319.6195.5 33.8
57 20 1048-Mar-0306:58:08 1310 48 -11773 P -a -0.4730 1.9874 0.9925318.4192.6 -
58 21 1066-Mar-1414:55:42 1225 45 -11550 P -a -0.5131 1.9139 0.9191316.5188.4 -
59 22 1084-Mar-2422:45:29 1144 43 -11327 P -a -0.5588 1.8302 0.8353313.8182.8 -
60 23 1102-Apr-0506:24:10 1068 41 -11104 P -a -0.6129 1.7309 0.7358310.1175.1 -
61 24 1120-Apr-1513:55:55 996 39 -10881 P -a -0.6720 1.6229 0.6271305.3165.1 -
62 25 1138-Apr-2621:18:21 929 37 -10658 P -a -0.7379 1.5023 0.5056299.1151.6 -
63 26 1156-May-0704:33:39 865 35 -10435 P -a -0.8089 1.3729 0.3748291.4133.6 -
64 27 1174-May-1811:42:14 806 33 -10212 P -a -0.8845 1.2352 0.2351281.9108.4 -
65 28 1192-May-2818:46:23 750 32 -9989 P -a -0.9629 1.0925 0.0899270.4 68.7 -
66 29 1210-Jun-0901:46:18 698 30 -9766 N -h -1.0436 0.9460-0.0595256.6 - -
67 30 1228-Jun-1908:43:23 649 28 -9543 N -h -1.1255 0.7975-0.2115240.3 - -
68 31 1246-Jun-3015:39:36 603 26 -9320 N -h -1.2069 0.6502-0.3629221.2 - -
69 32 1264-Jul-1022:36:08 561 25 -9097 N -h -1.2871 0.5054-0.5123198.7 - -
70 33 1282-Jul-2205:33:16 521 23 -8874 N -h -1.3653 0.3644-0.6583171.7 - -
71 34 1300-Aug-0112:33:37 484 22 -8651 N -h -1.4397 0.2305-0.7976138.9 - -
72 35 1318-Aug-1219:37:59 449 20 -8428 N -h -1.5095 0.1053-0.9286 95.4 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 88

Lunar eclipses of Saros 88 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0038 Jul 05. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 1318 Aug 12. The total duration of Saros series 88 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 88
First Eclipse 0038 Jul 05
Last Eclipse 1318 Aug 12
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 12N 18P 26T 9P 7N

Saros 88 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 88
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 19 26.4%
PartialP 27 37.5%
TotalT 26 36.1%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 88 occur in the order of 12N 18P 26T 9P 7N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 88
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 12
Partial P 18
Total T 26
Partial P 9
Penumbral N 7

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 88 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 88
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 0687 Jul 3001h39m16s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1030 Feb 2000h33m47s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1048 Mar 0303h12m37s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0254 Nov 1200h17m43s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1210 Jun 0904h16m38s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0038 Jul 0501h28m20s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0561 May 15 - 0.99658
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0254 Nov 12 - 0.00626

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.