Saros 89

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 89

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 89

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 89 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 89
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-37 0067-Jun-1520:57:11 9856 246 -23903 Nb a- -1.5191 0.0430-0.9021 55.4 - -
2-36 0085-Jun-2604:21:03 9682 241 -23680 N a- -1.4502 0.1705-0.7768109.3 - -
3-35 0103-Jul-0711:48:43 9509 236 -23457 N a- -1.3847 0.2923-0.6580141.9 - -
4-34 0121-Jul-1719:18:51 9336 231 -23234 N a- -1.3215 0.4098-0.5439166.6 - -
5-33 0139-Jul-2902:53:47 9165 226 -23011 N a- -1.2628 0.5197-0.4381186.1 - -
6-32 0157-Aug-0810:33:48 8994 221 -22788 N a- -1.2084 0.6217-0.3405202.1 - -
7-31 0175-Aug-1918:20:44 8823 216 -22565 N a- -1.1602 0.7125-0.2545215.1 - -
8-30 0193-Aug-3002:13:58 8652 212 -22342 N a- -1.1178 0.7930-0.1793225.8 - -
9-29 0211-Sep-1010:14:01 8481 207 -22119 N a- -1.0816 0.8621-0.1155234.6 - -
10-28 0229-Sep-2018:21:36 8310 202 -21896 N a- -1.0523 0.9186-0.0644241.6 - -
11-27 0247-Oct-0202:36:33 8138 198 -21673 N a- -1.0296 0.9629-0.0254247.1 - -
12-26 0265-Oct-1210:57:50 7966 193 -21450 P a- -1.0127 0.9966 0.0031251.4 12.5 -
13-25 0283-Oct-2319:25:48 7794 189 -21227 P a- -1.0018 1.0190 0.0206254.5 32.1 -
14-24 0301-Nov-0303:58:41 7620 184 -21004 P a- -0.9955 1.0329 0.0299256.8 38.8 -
15-23 0319-Nov-1412:36:05 7446 180 -20781 P a- -0.9936 1.0385 0.0314258.3 39.8 -
16-22 0337-Nov-2421:14:35 7270 176 -20558 P a- -0.9931 1.0412 0.0304259.4 39.3 -
17-21 0355-Dec-0605:55:40 7094 171 -20335 P a- -0.9953 1.0388 0.0249260.1 35.7 -
18-20 0373-Dec-1614:35:00 6917 167 -20112 P a- -0.9963 1.0382 0.0218260.9 33.5 -
19-19 0391-Dec-2723:12:51 6740 163 -19889 P a- -0.9970 1.0380 0.0197261.8 31.9 -
20-18 0410-Jan-0707:45:00 6562 159 -19666 P a- -0.9935 1.0451 0.0252263.3 36.2 -
21-17 0428-Jan-1816:13:03 6384 155 -19443 P a- -0.9875 1.0566 0.0357265.3 43.1 -
22-16 0446-Jan-2900:33:01 6205 151 -19220 P a- -0.9754 1.0792 0.0576268.3 54.8 -
23-15 0464-Feb-0908:45:01 6028 147 -18997 P a- -0.9577 1.1118 0.0899272.2 68.3 -
24-14 0482-Feb-1916:47:14 5851 143 -18774 P a- -0.9328 1.1577 0.1356277.3 83.6 -
25-13 0500-Mar-0200:40:16 5675 139 -18551 P h- -0.9013 1.2155 0.1933283.2 99.4 -
26-12 0518-Mar-1308:23:01 5498 136 -18328 P h- -0.8621 1.2874 0.2650290.1115.5 -
27-11 0536-Mar-2315:55:29 5322 132 -18105 P t- -0.8154 1.3733 0.3506297.7131.6 -
28-10 0554-Apr-0323:18:07 5147 128 -17882 P t- -0.7613 1.4727 0.4496305.9147.3 -
29 -9 0572-Apr-1406:31:56 4974 125 -17659 P t- -0.7010 1.5837 0.5599314.1162.1 -
30 -8 0590-Apr-2513:36:29 4802 121 -17436 P t- -0.6338 1.7077 0.6827322.5176.1 -
31 -7 0608-May-0520:34:26 4631 117 -17213 P t- -0.5618 1.8405 0.8140330.4188.6 -
32 -6 0626-May-1703:25:32 4462 114 -16990 P t- -0.4851 1.9822 0.9537337.9199.8 -
33 -5 0644-May-2710:13:08 4294 111 -16767 T t- -0.4061 2.1284 1.0975344.6209.3 48.9
34 -4 0662-Jun-0716:55:20 4128 107 -16544 T pp -0.3235 2.2814 1.2477350.6217.2 74.3
35 -3 0680-Jun-1723:37:04 3964 104 -16321 T- pp -0.2414 2.4338 1.3967355.5223.3 89.2
36 -2 0698-Jun-2906:16:51 3802 101 -16098 T- pp -0.1586 2.5876 1.5466359.5227.7 98.6
37 -1 0716-Jul-0912:58:51 3642 97 -15875 T- pp -0.0783 2.7371 1.6919362.4230.5103.7
38 0 0734-Jul-2019:41:33 3484 94 -15652 T+ pp 0.0005 2.8822 1.8323364.4231.7105.3
39 1 0752-Jul-3102:29:43 3329 91 -15429 T+ pp 0.0740 2.7499 1.6950365.5231.5103.9
40 2 0770-Aug-1109:21:57 3176 88 -15206 T+ pp 0.1431 2.6258 1.5656365.9230.1 99.9
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 89
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 3 0788-Aug-2116:20:37 3027 85 -14983 T+ pp 0.2061 2.5129 1.4474365.7227.9 93.6
42 4 0806-Sep-0123:25:56 2881 82 -14760 T+ -p 0.2630 2.4113 1.3403365.1224.9 85.3
43 5 0824-Sep-1206:39:30 2738 79 -14537 T -p 0.3125 2.3231 1.2468364.3221.6 75.2
44 6 0842-Sep-2314:01:17 2599 76 -14314 T -t 0.3545 2.2487 1.1670363.4218.3 63.7
45 7 0860-Oct-0321:30:13 2464 74 -14091 T -t 0.3902 2.1857 1.0991362.6215.0 50.2
46 8 0878-Oct-1505:08:08 2332 71 -13868 T -t 0.4180 2.1370 1.0458361.9212.2 34.7
47 9 0896-Oct-2512:52:48 2205 68 -13645 T -t 0.4401 2.0985 1.0032361.4209.8 9.2
48 10 0914-Nov-0520:44:36 2082 66 -13422 P -t 0.4561 2.0710 0.9721361.1208.0 -
49 11 0932-Nov-1604:40:43 1963 63 -13199 P -t 0.4684 2.0499 0.9482361.0206.5 -
50 12 0950-Nov-2712:41:39 1848 60 -12976 P -t 0.4765 2.0360 0.9322360.9205.5 -
51 13 0968-Dec-0720:43:44 1738 58 -12753 P -t 0.4835 2.0238 0.9187360.8204.7 -
52 14 0986-Dec-1904:46:20 1633 56 -12530 P -t 0.4900 2.0122 0.9065360.6203.9 -
53 15 1004-Dec-2912:47:06 1532 53 -12307 P -t 0.4980 1.9974 0.8921360.1202.9 -
54 16 1023-Jan-0920:45:30 1436 51 -12084 P -t 0.5078 1.9788 0.8746359.2201.6 -
55 17 1041-Jan-2004:37:43 1345 49 -11861 P -t 0.5225 1.9508 0.8485357.9199.6 -
56 18 1059-Jan-3112:24:25 1258 46 -11638 P -t 0.5417 1.9145 0.8146355.9196.7 -
57 19 1077-Feb-1020:03:08 1175 44 -11415 P -t 0.5673 1.8659 0.7691353.2192.7 -
58 20 1095-Feb-2203:35:05 1098 42 -11192 P -t 0.5987 1.8066 0.7132349.7187.3 -
59 21 1113-Mar-0410:56:11 1024 40 -10969 P -t 0.6388 1.7310 0.6415345.0179.8 -
60 22 1131-Mar-1518:10:27 955 38 -10746 P -t 0.6845 1.6451 0.5596339.3170.1 -
61 23 1149-Mar-2601:14:19 890 36 -10523 P -t 0.7387 1.5436 0.4623332.0156.9 -
62 24 1167-Apr-0608:12:19 829 34 -10300 P -t 0.7979 1.4329 0.3558323.3139.8 -
63 25 1185-Apr-1615:00:10 771 32 -10077 P -t 0.8654 1.3068 0.2339312.5115.3 -
64 26 1203-Apr-2721:44:10 718 30 -9854 P -t 0.9364 1.1747 0.1057299.9 78.9 -
65 27 1221-May-0804:20:52 668 29 -9631 Nx -t 1.0129 1.0324-0.0329284.8 - -
66 28 1239-May-1910:55:07 621 27 -9408 N -t 1.0917 0.8861-0.1757267.2 - -
67 29 1257-May-2917:25:25 577 25 -9185 N -t 1.1737 0.7341-0.3246246.3 - -
68 30 1275-Jun-0923:56:21 536 24 -8962 N -t 1.2550 0.5834-0.4725222.2 - -
69 31 1293-Jun-2006:27:22 498 22 -8739 N -t 1.3364 0.4330-0.6207193.7 - -
70 32 1311-Jul-0113:00:32 463 21 -8516 N -t 1.4161 0.2857-0.7661159.0 - -
71 33 1329-Jul-1119:37:12 429 20 -8293 N -t 1.4930 0.1440-0.9064114.0 - -
72 34 1347-Jul-2302:19:25 398 20 -8070 Ne -t 1.5654 0.0106-1.0387 31.2 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 89

Lunar eclipses of Saros 89 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0067 Jun 15. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1347 Jul 23. The total duration of Saros series 89 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 89
First Eclipse 0067 Jun 15
Last Eclipse 1347 Jul 23
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 11N 21P 15T 17P 8N

Saros 89 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 89
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 19 26.4%
PartialP 38 52.8%
TotalT 15 20.8%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 89 occur in the order of 11N 21P 15T 17P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 89
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 11
Partial P 21
Total T 15
Partial P 17
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 89 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 89
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 0734 Jul 2001h45m17s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 0896 Oct 2500h09m15s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0914 Nov 0503h27m58s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0265 Oct 1200h12m28s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1221 May 0804h44m47s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1347 Jul 2300h31m11s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0914 Nov 05 - 0.97209
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0265 Oct 12 - 0.00311

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.