Saros 94

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 94

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 94

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 94 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 94
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-35 0320-May-0902:05:56 7441 180 -20775 N a- 1.4858 0.1344-0.8707104.4 - -
2-34 0338-May-2009:07:42 7266 176 -20552 N a- 1.4080 0.2748-0.7257146.8 - -
3-33 0356-May-3016:07:30 7090 171 -20329 N a- 1.3269 0.4215-0.5749178.5 - -
4-32 0374-Jun-1023:10:08 6913 167 -20106 N a- 1.2469 0.5664-0.4264203.2 - -
5-31 0392-Jun-2106:13:37 6735 163 -19883 N a- 1.1663 0.7129-0.2769223.8 - -
6-30 0410-Jul-0213:23:04 6557 159 -19660 N a- 1.0892 0.8531-0.1343240.4 - -
7-29 0428-Jul-1220:36:19 6379 155 -19437 P a- 1.0140 0.9903 0.0046254.3 15.4 -
8-28 0446-Jul-2403:56:02 6201 151 -19214 P a- 0.9430 1.1199 0.1356265.8 81.9 -
9-27 0464-Aug-0311:22:33 6023 147 -18991 P a- 0.8766 1.2412 0.2576275.1110.7 -
10-26 0482-Aug-1418:57:33 5846 143 -18768 P a- 0.8165 1.3514 0.3683282.6129.8 -
11-25 0500-Aug-2502:41:00 5670 139 -18545 P a- 0.7625 1.4504 0.4673288.6143.6 -
12-24 0518-Sep-0510:33:10 5493 135 -18322 P a- 0.7151 1.5375 0.5542293.3153.9 -
13-23 0536-Sep-1518:35:02 5317 132 -18099 P a- 0.6750 1.6112 0.6275296.8161.4 -
14-22 0554-Sep-2702:45:53 5143 128 -17876 P a- 0.6418 1.6724 0.6883299.4166.9 -
15-21 0572-Oct-0711:05:01 4969 124 -17653 P a- 0.6150 1.7218 0.7372301.2170.9 -
16-20 0590-Oct-1819:32:39 4797 121 -17430 P a- 0.5948 1.7590 0.7742302.3173.7 -
17-19 0608-Oct-2904:07:30 4627 117 -17207 P a- 0.5801 1.7860 0.8010303.0175.5 -
18-18 0626-Nov-0912:48:50 4458 114 -16984 P a- 0.5704 1.8036 0.8189303.1176.6 -
19-17 0644-Nov-1921:33:53 4290 110 -16761 P a- 0.5633 1.8164 0.8323303.1177.3 -
20-16 0662-Dec-0106:23:19 4124 107 -16538 P a- 0.5596 1.8226 0.8396302.8177.5 -
21-15 0680-Dec-1115:13:56 3960 104 -16315 P a- 0.5569 1.8269 0.8453302.3177.7 -
22-14 0698-Dec-2300:04:38 3797 101 -16092 P a- 0.5538 1.8315 0.8520301.9177.9 -
23-13 0717-Jan-0208:52:50 3637 97 -15869 P a- 0.5485 1.8400 0.8629301.7178.5 -
24-12 0735-Jan-1317:38:19 3480 94 -15646 P a- 0.5410 1.8524 0.8782301.7179.4 -
25-11 0753-Jan-2402:19:13 3325 91 -15423 P a- 0.5295 1.8720 0.9008301.9180.8 -
26-10 0771-Feb-0410:53:43 3172 88 -15200 P a- 0.5128 1.9008 0.9331302.5182.8 -
27 -9 0789-Feb-1419:21:53 3023 85 -14977 P a- 0.4907 1.9395 0.9753303.4185.4 -
28 -8 0807-Feb-2603:42:32 2877 82 -14754 T a- 0.4622 1.9900 1.0294304.8188.5 25.4
29 -7 0825-Mar-0811:55:46 2734 79 -14531 T a- 0.4275 2.0518 1.0948306.4192.0 44.6
30 -6 0843-Mar-1920:00:43 2595 76 -14308 T p- 0.3859 2.1264 1.1729308.3195.7 58.9
31 -5 0861-Mar-3003:58:51 2460 74 -14085 T p- 0.3384 2.2120 1.2616310.2199.5 70.4
32 -4 0879-Apr-1011:50:01 2329 71 -13862 T p- 0.2849 2.3087 1.3611312.2203.0 79.9
33 -3 0897-Apr-2019:34:14 2201 68 -13639 T+ p- 0.2254 2.4167 1.4714314.0206.2 87.7
34 -2 0915-May-0203:13:16 2078 65 -13416 T+ p- 0.1614 2.5333 1.5899315.6208.9 93.6
35 -1 0933-May-1210:47:22 1960 63 -13193 T+ pp 0.0930 2.6582 1.7160316.7210.7 97.6
36 0 0951-May-2318:18:22 1845 60 -12970 T+ pp 0.0221 2.7878 1.8463317.4211.7 99.4
37 1 0969-Jun-0301:45:30 1735 58 -12747 T- pp -0.0519 2.7331 1.7916317.4211.6 99.0
38 2 0987-Jun-1409:12:33 1630 55 -12524 T- -p -0.1260 2.5976 1.6554316.9210.4 96.2
39 3 1005-Jun-2416:38:36 1530 53 -12301 T- -p -0.2010 2.4606 1.5171315.7208.1 90.6
40 4 1023-Jul-0600:06:19 1434 51 -12078 T -p -0.2741 2.3275 1.3821313.8204.7 82.0
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 94
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 5 1041-Jul-1607:35:20 1342 48 -11855 T -p -0.3458 2.1973 1.2492311.5200.2 69.4
42 6 1059-Jul-2715:08:40 1256 46 -11632 T -a -0.4135 2.0747 1.1235308.7194.7 50.9
43 7 1077-Aug-0622:45:56 1173 44 -11409 T -a -0.4775 1.9591 1.0042305.5188.5 9.7
44 8 1095-Aug-1806:27:59 1096 42 -11186 P -a -0.5372 1.8517 0.8926302.1181.5 -
45 9 1113-Aug-2814:16:46 1022 40 -10963 P -a -0.5908 1.7556 0.7920298.7174.2 -
46 10 1131-Sep-0822:12:01 953 38 -10740 P -a -0.6385 1.6705 0.7021295.4166.8 -
47 11 1149-Sep-1906:15:19 888 36 -10517 P -a -0.6793 1.5982 0.6248292.5159.6 -
48 12 1167-Sep-3014:24:42 827 34 -10294 P -a -0.7146 1.5359 0.5575289.9152.7 -
49 13 1185-Oct-1022:42:41 770 32 -10071 P -a -0.7424 1.4874 0.5039287.9146.7 -
50 14 1203-Oct-2207:06:20 716 30 -9848 P -a -0.7653 1.4480 0.4596286.4141.4 -
51 15 1221-Nov-0115:36:47 666 29 -9625 P -a -0.7819 1.4197 0.4267285.5137.2 -
52 16 1239-Nov-1300:11:29 620 27 -9402 P -a -0.7947 1.3984 0.4011285.0133.8 -
53 17 1257-Nov-2308:51:07 576 25 -9179 P -a -0.8029 1.3854 0.3843285.0131.6 -
54 18 1275-Dec-0417:32:16 535 24 -8956 P -a -0.8093 1.3753 0.3707285.3129.9 -
55 19 1293-Dec-1502:14:36 497 22 -8733 P -a -0.8143 1.3677 0.3603285.7128.5 -
56 20 1311-Dec-2610:55:52 462 21 -8510 P -a -0.8194 1.3594 0.3496286.0127.1 -
57 21 1330-Jan-0519:35:29 428 20 -8287 P -a -0.8250 1.3500 0.3384286.2125.6 -
58 22 1348-Jan-1704:09:47 397 20 -8064 P -a -0.8347 1.3331 0.3201285.8122.9 -
59 23 1366-Jan-2712:39:15 368 20 -7841 P -a -0.8476 1.3098 0.2959284.9118.9 -
60 24 1384-Feb-0721:01:01 340 20 -7618 P -a -0.8661 1.2761 0.2616283.2112.7 -
61 25 1402-Feb-1805:16:27 314 20 -7395 P -a -0.8892 1.2340 0.2191280.6104.0 -
62 26 1420-Feb-2913:20:53 289 20 -7172 P -a -0.9205 1.1766 0.1615276.7 90.4 -
63 27 1438-Mar-1121:17:53 266 20 -6949 P -a -0.9573 1.1093 0.0940271.5 69.8 -
64 28 1456-Mar-2205:03:29 244 20 -6726 P -a -1.0028 1.0258 0.0104264.3 23.6 -
65 29 1474-Apr-0212:41:23 223 20 -6503 N -a -1.0536 0.9327-0.0830255.3 - -
66 30 1492-Apr-1220:07:42 203 20 -6280 N -a -1.1130 0.8240-0.1923243.5 - -
67 31 1510-Apr-2403:27:15 185 20 -6057 N -h -1.1769 0.7071-0.3099229.1 - -
68 32 1528-May-0410:37:12 168 20 -5834 N -h -1.2477 0.5778-0.4405210.5 - -
69 33 1546-May-1517:40:50 152 20 -5611 N -h -1.3224 0.4417-0.5782187.2 - -
70 34 1564-May-2600:37:04 139 20 -5388 N -h -1.4019 0.2969-0.7251156.1 - -
71 35 1582-Jun-0607:29:31 127 20 -5165 N -t -1.4831 0.1492-0.8753112.6 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 94

Lunar eclipses of Saros 94 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0320 May 09. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 1582 Jun 06. The total duration of Saros series 94 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 94
First Eclipse 0320 May 09
Last Eclipse 1582 Jun 06
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 6N 21P 16T 21P 7N

Saros 94 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 94
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 13 18.3%
PartialP 42 59.2%
TotalT 16 22.5%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 94 occur in the order of 6N 21P 16T 21P 7N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 94
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 6
Partial P 21
Total T 16
Partial P 21
Penumbral N 7

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 94 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 94
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 0951 May 2301h39m25s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1077 Aug 0600h09m43s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0789 Feb 1403h05m22s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0428 Jul 1200h15m23s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1474 Apr 0204h15m19s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0320 May 0901h44m27s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0789 Feb 14 - 0.97534
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0428 Jul 12 - 0.00458

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.