Saros 95

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 95

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 95

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 95 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 95
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-37 0349-Apr-1915:55:30 7159 173 -20417 N a- -1.4958 0.0884-0.8620 79.3 - -
2-36 0367-Apr-3023:28:46 6983 169 -20194 N a- -1.4342 0.2012-0.7488118.6 - -
3-35 0385-May-1106:58:16 6805 165 -19971 N a- -1.3697 0.3198-0.6306148.2 - -
4-34 0403-May-2214:22:05 6627 161 -19748 N a- -1.3010 0.4463-0.5049173.3 - -
5-33 0421-Jun-0121:44:51 6449 156 -19525 N a- -1.2318 0.5741-0.3787194.6 - -
6-32 0439-Jun-1305:04:46 6271 152 -19302 N a- -1.1608 0.7053-0.2496213.5 - -
7-31 0457-Jun-2312:26:09 6093 149 -19079 N a- -1.0913 0.8344-0.1234229.8 - -
8-30 0475-Jul-0419:46:00 5916 145 -18856 P a- -1.0212 0.9648 0.0035244.6 13.2 -
9-29 0493-Jul-1503:10:12 5739 141 -18633 P a- -0.9552 1.0879 0.1226257.2 76.7 -
10-28 0511-Jul-2610:35:59 5563 137 -18410 P a- -0.8913 1.2073 0.2374268.4105.3 -
11-27 0529-Aug-0518:07:18 5386 133 -18187 P a- -0.8327 1.3174 0.3425278.0124.9 -
12-26 0547-Aug-1701:42:40 5211 130 -17964 P a- -0.7781 1.4204 0.4400286.4139.9 -
13-25 0565-Aug-2709:25:49 5038 126 -17741 P a- -0.7304 1.5108 0.5246293.4151.2 -
14-24 0583-Sep-0717:15:09 4865 122 -17518 P a- -0.6888 1.5902 0.5981299.5160.0 -
15-23 0601-Sep-1801:11:23 4694 119 -17295 P a- -0.6535 1.6580 0.6599304.6166.8 -
16-22 0619-Sep-2909:14:52 4524 115 -17072 P a- -0.6249 1.7134 0.7093308.9172.0 -
17-21 0637-Oct-0917:25:51 4356 112 -16849 P a- -0.6030 1.7566 0.7466312.5175.9 -
18-20 0655-Oct-2101:43:07 4189 108 -16626 P a- -0.5870 1.7889 0.7733315.4178.7 -
19-19 0673-Oct-3110:05:57 4024 105 -16403 P a- -0.5761 1.8115 0.7906317.8180.6 -
20-18 0691-Nov-1118:33:30 3861 102 -16180 P a- -0.5698 1.8254 0.7997319.8181.8 -
21-17 0709-Nov-2203:04:42 3700 99 -15957 P a- -0.5671 1.8326 0.8027321.4182.6 -
22-16 0727-Dec-0311:36:45 3542 95 -15734 P a- -0.5658 1.8368 0.8031322.9183.1 -
23-15 0745-Dec-1320:09:36 3385 92 -15511 P a- -0.5657 1.8385 0.8018324.1183.5 -
24-14 0763-Dec-2504:40:09 3232 89 -15288 P a- -0.5644 1.8422 0.8029325.5184.1 -
25-13 0782-Jan-0413:07:42 3082 86 -15065 P a- -0.5614 1.8486 0.8075326.9185.0 -
26-12 0800-Jan-1521:29:01 2934 83 -14842 P a- -0.5540 1.8629 0.8203328.7186.6 -
27-11 0818-Jan-2605:44:55 2790 80 -14619 P a- -0.5429 1.8838 0.8404330.7188.8 -
28-10 0836-Feb-0613:52:35 2650 77 -14396 P h- -0.5255 1.9160 0.8721333.2191.8 -
29 -9 0854-Feb-1621:51:07 2513 75 -14173 P t- -0.5014 1.9603 0.9162336.1195.7 -
30 -8 0872-Feb-2805:40:02 2380 72 -13950 P t- -0.4701 2.0176 0.9735339.4200.2 -
31 -7 0890-Mar-1013:19:01 2251 69 -13727 T t- -0.4314 2.0885 1.0446343.1205.2 33.4
32 -6 0908-Mar-2020:48:29 2126 67 -13504 T p- -0.3854 2.1729 1.1290346.9210.5 55.4
33 -5 0926-Apr-0104:06:47 2006 64 -13281 T p- -0.3310 2.2728 1.2290350.9216.0 71.6
34 -4 0944-Apr-1111:16:31 1890 61 -13058 T- pp -0.2701 2.3845 1.3404354.7221.0 84.2
35 -3 0962-Apr-2218:16:46 1778 59 -12835 T- pp -0.2025 2.5088 1.4643358.1225.4 93.9
36 -2 0980-May-0301:09:15 1671 56 -12612 T- pp -0.1292 2.6437 1.5984361.0228.9100.7
37 -1 0998-May-1407:54:04 1569 54 -12389 T- pp -0.0502 2.7893 1.7428363.2231.1104.7
38 0 1016-May-2414:33:56 1471 52 -12166 T+ pp 0.0319 2.8236 1.7756364.5231.9105.2
39 1 1034-Jun-0421:09:28 1378 49 -11943 T+ pp 0.1167 2.6690 1.6190364.7230.9102.1
40 2 1052-Jun-1503:41:38 1289 47 -11720 T+ pp 0.2034 2.5112 1.4588363.8228.1 94.6
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 95
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 3 1070-Jun-2610:13:08 1205 45 -11497 T -t 0.2897 2.3543 1.2991361.8223.4 81.4
42 4 1088-Jul-0616:45:02 1126 43 -11274 T -t 0.3746 2.2001 1.1417358.6216.7 59.3
43 5 1106-Jul-1723:19:28 1051 41 -11051 P -t 0.4570 2.0507 0.9888354.4208.1 -
44 6 1124-Jul-2805:56:10 980 39 -10828 P -t 0.5366 1.9065 0.8407349.3197.5 -
45 7 1142-Aug-0812:38:59 913 37 -10605 P -t 0.6106 1.7730 0.7030343.6185.3 -
46 8 1160-Aug-1819:27:25 851 35 -10382 P -t 0.6791 1.6494 0.5750337.3171.4 -
47 9 1178-Aug-3002:23:01 792 33 -10159 P -t 0.7413 1.5375 0.4588330.8156.2 -
48 10 1196-Sep-0909:26:39 737 31 -9936 P -t 0.7966 1.4383 0.3551324.4139.8 -
49 11 1214-Sep-2016:39:18 686 29 -9713 P -t 0.8443 1.3530 0.2655318.4122.6 -
50 12 1232-Oct-0100:01:16 638 28 -9490 P -t 0.8838 1.2825 0.1909313.0105.2 -
51 13 1250-Oct-1207:30:00 593 26 -9267 P -t 0.9176 1.2224 0.1270308.1 86.6 -
52 14 1268-Oct-2215:08:25 551 24 -9044 P -t 0.9433 1.1770 0.0782304.2 68.5 -
53 15 1286-Nov-0222:53:15 512 23 -8821 P -t 0.9638 1.1408 0.0392300.9 48.8 -
54 16 1304-Nov-1306:45:30 475 21 -8598 P -t 0.9781 1.1158 0.0119298.6 27.0 -
55 17 1322-Nov-2414:40:58 441 20 -8375 Nx -t 0.9897 1.0952-0.0101296.6 - -
56 18 1340-Dec-0422:41:43 409 20 -8152 Nx -t 0.9970 1.0821-0.0239295.2 - -
57 19 1358-Dec-1606:43:06 379 20 -7929 Nx -t 1.0040 1.0694-0.0366293.7 - -
58 20 1376-Dec-2614:45:04 351 20 -7706 Nx -t 1.0105 1.0570-0.0481292.2 - -
59 21 1395-Jan-0622:44:39 324 20 -7483 Nx -t 1.0191 1.0402-0.0632290.1 - -
60 22 1413-Jan-1706:41:55 299 20 -7260 Nx -t 1.0299 1.0193-0.0817287.4 - -
61 23 1431-Jan-2814:33:22 275 20 -7037 N -t 1.0455 0.9891-0.1088283.5 - -
62 24 1449-Feb-0722:19:14 252 20 -6814 N -t 1.0659 0.9498-0.1443278.4 - -
63 25 1467-Feb-1905:57:50 231 20 -6591 N -t 1.0924 0.8989-0.1910271.6 - -
64 26 1485-Mar-0113:29:43 211 20 -6368 N -t 1.1247 0.8373-0.2480263.1 - -
65 27 1503-Mar-1220:51:37 192 20 -6145 N -t 1.1652 0.7604-0.3198252.0 - -
66 28 1521-Mar-2304:07:01 174 20 -5922 N -t 1.2110 0.6739-0.4013238.6 - -
67 29 1539-Apr-0311:13:11 158 20 -5699 N -t 1.2644 0.5733-0.4966221.5 - -
68 30 1557-Apr-1318:14:10 144 20 -5476 N -t 1.3222 0.4646-0.6002200.8 - -
69 31 1575-Apr-2501:06:07 131 20 -5253 N -t 1.3873 0.3426-0.7172173.8 - -
70 32 1593-May-1507:55:14 121 20 -5030 N -t 1.4548 0.2164-0.8387139.3 - -
71 33 1611-May-2614:38:03 105 18 -4807 Ne -t 1.5270 0.0817-0.9689 86.3 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 95

Lunar eclipses of Saros 95 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0349 Apr 19. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1611 May 26. The total duration of Saros series 95 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 95
First Eclipse 0349 Apr 19
Last Eclipse 1611 May 26
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 7N 23P 12T 12P 17N

Saros 95 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 95
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 24 33.8%
PartialP 35 49.3%
TotalT 12 16.9%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 95 occur in the order of 7N 23P 12T 12P 17N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 95
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 7
Partial P 23
Total T 12
Partial P 12
Penumbral N 17

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 95 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 95
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1016 May 2401h45m15s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 0890 Mar 1000h33m22s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1106 Jul 1703h28m07s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0475 Jul 0400h13m10s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1322 Nov 2404h56m34s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0349 Apr 1901h19m18s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1106 Jul 17 - 0.98876
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0475 Jul 04 - 0.00351

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.