Saros 96

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 96

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 96

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 96 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 96
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-33 0432-May-0114:00:38 6341 154 -19390 Nb t- 1.5388 0.0669-0.9974 79.5 - -
2-32 0450-May-1220:31:41 6163 150 -19167 N t- 1.4618 0.2083-0.8560138.7 - -
3-31 0468-May-2302:58:41 5985 146 -18944 N t- 1.3812 0.3564-0.7084179.3 - -
4-30 0486-Jun-0309:21:36 5809 142 -18721 N t- 1.2972 0.5108-0.5547211.9 - -
5-29 0504-Jun-1315:44:04 5633 138 -18498 N t- 1.2126 0.6667-0.4001238.8 - -
6-28 0522-Jun-2422:06:00 5456 135 -18275 N t- 1.1272 0.8241-0.2441261.7 - -
7-27 0540-Jul-0504:31:05 5280 131 -18052 N t- 1.0440 0.9778-0.0924280.9 - -
8-26 0558-Jul-1610:57:44 5106 127 -17829 P t- 0.9617 1.1299 0.0575297.4 58.9 -
9-25 0576-Jul-2617:31:21 4933 124 -17606 P t- 0.8846 1.2727 0.1978311.1107.1 -
10-24 0594-Aug-0700:09:53 4761 120 -17383 P t- 0.8109 1.4093 0.3316322.6135.9 -
11-23 0612-Aug-1706:57:43 4591 117 -17160 P t- 0.7444 1.5326 0.4522331.9155.8 -
12-22 0630-Aug-2813:52:33 4422 113 -16937 P t- 0.6833 1.6464 0.5629339.5170.7 -
13-21 0648-Sep-0720:58:33 4255 110 -16714 P t- 0.6306 1.7445 0.6581345.5181.6 -
14-20 0666-Sep-1904:12:54 4089 106 -16491 P t- 0.5843 1.8309 0.7417350.2189.9 -
15-19 0684-Sep-2911:37:10 3925 103 -16268 P t- 0.5457 1.9030 0.8113353.7196.0 -
16-18 0702-Oct-1019:10:32 3763 100 -16045 P t- 0.5141 1.9621 0.8682356.4200.5 -
17-17 0720-Oct-2102:53:19 3604 97 -15822 P t- 0.4901 2.0069 0.9112358.1203.6 -
18-16 0738-Nov-0110:43:41 3447 94 -15599 P t- 0.4717 2.0414 0.9445359.3205.8 -
19-15 0756-Nov-1118:39:58 3292 90 -15376 P t- 0.4578 2.0672 0.9698359.9207.3 -
20-14 0774-Nov-2302:42:01 3141 87 -15153 P t- 0.4482 2.0846 0.9873360.0208.1 -
21-13 0792-Dec-0310:47:33 2992 84 -14930 T t- 0.4415 2.0966 1.0002359.8208.7 2.3
22-12 0810-Dec-1418:54:21 2847 81 -14707 T t- 0.4351 2.1073 1.0127359.5209.2 18.4
23-11 0828-Dec-2503:01:07 2705 79 -14484 T t- 0.4285 2.1182 1.0260359.0209.6 26.2
24-10 0847-Jan-0511:06:07 2566 76 -14261 T t- 0.4198 2.1325 1.0435358.5210.4 33.6
25 -9 0865-Jan-1519:08:19 2432 73 -14038 T t- 0.4084 2.1516 1.0665358.1211.3 41.2
26 -8 0883-Jan-2703:04:45 2301 70 -13815 T t- 0.3917 2.1799 1.0994357.8212.8 49.8
27 -7 0901-Feb-0610:56:27 2175 68 -13592 T t- 0.3705 2.2162 1.1409357.6214.6 58.4
28 -6 0919-Feb-1718:40:49 2053 65 -13369 T t- 0.3426 2.2646 1.1947357.6216.7 67.3
29 -5 0937-Feb-2802:18:01 1935 62 -13146 T p- 0.3080 2.3250 1.2611357.8219.2 76.1
30 -4 0955-Mar-1109:47:17 1822 60 -12923 T+ p- 0.2661 2.3989 1.3411357.9221.7 84.3
31 -3 0973-Mar-2117:09:40 1713 57 -12700 T+ p- 0.2177 2.4846 1.4329357.9224.1 91.5
32 -2 0991-Apr-0200:25:21 1609 55 -12477 T+ pp 0.1630 2.5818 1.5362357.7226.1 97.4
33 -1 1009-Apr-1207:33:25 1509 53 -12254 T+ pp 0.1011 2.6923 1.6528357.2227.5101.7
34 0 1027-Apr-2314:36:54 1414 50 -12031 T+ pp 0.0345 2.8116 1.7778356.1227.9103.9
35 1 1045-May-0321:35:01 1324 48 -11808 T- pp -0.0375 2.8034 1.7751354.3227.4103.8
36 2 1063-May-1504:30:56 1238 46 -11585 T- pp -0.1122 2.6638 1.6406351.8225.5100.9
37 3 1081-May-2511:23:28 1157 44 -11362 T- pp -0.1905 2.5178 1.4993348.3222.2 94.7
38 4 1099-Jun-0518:17:09 1080 42 -11139 T- pp -0.2690 2.3717 1.3573344.1217.5 84.5
39 5 1117-Jun-1601:10:55 1007 39 -10916 T -p -0.3484 2.2240 1.2134338.9211.1 68.5
40 6 1135-Jun-2708:07:41 939 37 -10693 T -t -0.4264 2.0794 1.0718333.0203.3 41.5
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 96
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 7 1153-Jul-0715:07:30 875 36 -10470 P -t -0.5027 1.9382 0.9332326.3194.0 -
42 8 1171-Jul-1822:13:12 815 34 -10247 P -t -0.5751 1.8043 0.8014319.1183.4 -
43 9 1189-Jul-2905:24:55 758 32 -10024 P -h -0.6434 1.6780 0.6767311.4171.5 -
44 10 1207-Aug-0912:43:39 706 30 -9801 P -h -0.7071 1.5607 0.5605303.6158.5 -
45 11 1225-Aug-1920:10:48 656 28 -9578 P -a -0.7646 1.4548 0.4553295.8144.8 -
46 12 1243-Aug-3103:46:48 610 27 -9355 P -a -0.8157 1.3607 0.3617288.2130.4 -
47 13 1261-Sep-1011:32:12 567 25 -9132 P -a -0.8598 1.2797 0.2809281.2116.0 -
48 14 1279-Sep-2119:26:47 527 23 -8909 P -a -0.8971 1.2113 0.2125274.8101.5 -
49 15 1297-Oct-0203:30:51 490 22 -8686 P -a -0.9276 1.1555 0.1566269.3 87.6 -
50 16 1315-Oct-1311:44:09 454 20 -8463 P -a -0.9511 1.1122 0.1133264.7 74.8 -
51 17 1333-Oct-2320:04:49 422 20 -8240 P -a -0.9693 1.0788 0.0801260.9 63.0 -
52 18 1351-Nov-0404:34:06 391 20 -8017 P -a -0.9812 1.0569 0.0585258.2 53.8 -
53 19 1369-Nov-1413:09:01 362 20 -7794 P -a -0.9887 1.0427 0.0450256.1 47.2 -
54 20 1387-Nov-2521:50:11 334 20 -7571 P -a -0.9921 1.0358 0.0393254.8 44.0 -
55 21 1405-Dec-0606:33:11 309 20 -7348 P -a -0.9947 1.0304 0.0354253.6 41.7 -
56 22 1423-Dec-1715:19:59 284 20 -7125 P -a -0.9947 1.0293 0.0363252.8 42.1 -
57 23 1441-Dec-2800:06:06 261 20 -6902 P -a -0.9956 1.0264 0.0359251.9 41.8 -
58 24 1460-Jan-0808:51:49 239 20 -6679 P -a -0.9977 1.0211 0.0336250.7 40.4 -
59 25 1478-Jan-1817:33:31 218 20 -6456 P -a -1.0033 1.0091 0.0249248.9 34.8 -
60 26 1496-Jan-3002:12:20 199 20 -6233 P -a -1.0121 0.9911 0.0108246.5 22.8 -
61 27 1514-Feb-0910:45:13 181 20 -6010 N -a -1.0259 0.9637-0.0126243.1 - -
62 28 1532-Feb-2019:11:55 164 20 -5787 N -a -1.0452 0.9260-0.0460238.6 - -
63 29 1550-Mar-0303:31:33 149 20 -5564 N -a -1.0707 0.8771-0.0906232.8 - -
64 30 1568-Mar-1311:44:26 136 20 -5341 N -a -1.1022 0.8172-0.1461225.6 - -
65 31 1586-Apr-0319:49:06 125 20 -5118 N -a -1.1406 0.7446-0.2145216.5 - -
66 32 1604-Apr-1403:47:04 114 19 -4895 N -a -1.1848 0.6614-0.2937205.3 - -
67 33 1622-Apr-2511:37:46 90 17 -4672 N -a -1.2353 0.5670-0.3845191.5 - -
68 34 1640-May-0519:23:34 63 14 -4449 N -a -1.2900 0.4649-0.4833174.9 - -
69 35 1658-May-1703:01:52 37 11 -4226 N -a -1.3511 0.3514-0.5940153.5 - -
70 36 1676-May-2710:37:27 17 9 -4003 N -a -1.4146 0.2337-0.7095126.4 - -
71 37 1694-Jun-0718:08:12 8 6 -3780 N -a -1.4824 0.1085-0.8330 87.0 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 96

Lunar eclipses of Saros 96 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0432 May 01. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 1694 Jun 07. The total duration of Saros series 96 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 96
First Eclipse 0432 May 01
Last Eclipse 1694 Jun 07
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 7N 13P 20T 20P 11N

Saros 96 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 96
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 18 25.4%
PartialP 33 46.5%
TotalT 20 28.2%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 96 occur in the order of 7N 13P 20T 20P 11N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 96
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 7
Partial P 13
Total T 20
Partial P 20
Penumbral N 11

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 96 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 96
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1027 Apr 2301h43m54s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 0792 Dec 0300h02m20s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0774 Nov 2303h28m09s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1496 Jan 3000h22m51s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0540 Jul 0504h40m53s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0432 May 0101h19m31s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0774 Nov 23 - 0.98733
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1496 Jan 30 - 0.01076

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.