Saros 107

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 107

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 107

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 107 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 107
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-37 0606-Jun-2600:10:52 4649 118 -17236 Nb a- -1.5280 0.0254-0.9171 42.5 - -
2-36 0624-Jul-0607:40:20 4479 114 -17013 N a- -1.4583 0.1533-0.7894103.2 - -
3-35 0642-Jul-1715:12:21 4312 111 -16790 N a- -1.3905 0.2782-0.6655137.3 - -
4-34 0660-Jul-2722:50:33 4145 108 -16567 N a- -1.3275 0.3946-0.5505161.7 - -
5-33 0678-Aug-0806:33:02 3981 104 -16344 N a- -1.2678 0.5050-0.4420181.1 - -
6-32 0696-Aug-1814:23:46 3818 101 -16121 N a- -1.2149 0.6033-0.3462196.1 - -
7-31 0714-Aug-2922:20:17 3658 98 -15898 N a- -1.1669 0.6928-0.2595208.4 - -
8-30 0732-Sep-0906:24:52 3500 95 -15675 N a- -1.1258 0.7698-0.1855218.1 - -
9-29 0750-Sep-2014:36:30 3345 91 -15452 N a- -1.0905 0.8362-0.1225226.0 - -
10-28 0768-Sep-3022:56:53 3192 88 -15229 N a- -1.0626 0.8891-0.0729232.1 - -
11-27 0786-Oct-1207:24:02 3042 85 -15006 N a- -1.0407 0.9309-0.0344236.7 - -
12-26 0804-Oct-2215:57:58 2896 82 -14783 N a- -1.0246 0.9621-0.0064240.2 - -
13-25 0822-Nov-0300:37:56 2753 80 -14560 P a- -1.0138 0.9833 0.0119242.7 23.8 -
14-24 0840-Nov-1309:23:11 2613 77 -14337 P a- -1.0075 0.9963 0.0222244.3 32.5 -
15-23 0858-Nov-2418:11:25 2477 74 -14114 P a- -1.0040 1.0039 0.0276245.4 36.2 -
16-22 0876-Dec-0503:02:12 2345 71 -13891 P a- -1.0028 1.0070 0.0289246.1 37.1 -
17-21 0894-Dec-1611:53:06 2218 68 -13668 P a- -1.0020 1.0092 0.0297246.8 37.6 -
18-20 0912-Dec-2620:43:47 2094 66 -13445 P a- -1.0013 1.0108 0.0304247.3 38.1 -
19-19 0931-Jan-0705:30:28 1975 63 -13222 P a- -0.9977 1.0177 0.0368248.4 42.0 -
20-18 0949-Jan-1714:14:17 1860 61 -12999 P a- -0.9922 1.0279 0.0469249.8 47.4 -
21-17 0967-Jan-2822:51:25 1749 58 -12776 P a- -0.9815 1.0474 0.0665252.1 56.5 -
22-16 0985-Feb-0807:22:29 1644 56 -12553 P a- -0.9666 1.0746 0.0942255.1 67.1 -
23-15 1003-Feb-1915:44:29 1542 53 -12330 P a- -0.9447 1.1145 0.1347259.2 79.9 -
24-14 1021-Mar-0123:59:18 1446 51 -12107 P a- -0.9176 1.1639 0.1847264.1 93.1 -
25-13 1039-Mar-1308:04:43 1354 49 -11884 P a- -0.8832 1.2267 0.2481269.8107.2 -
26-12 1057-Mar-2316:00:54 1267 47 -11661 P a- -0.8420 1.3021 0.3239276.3121.5 -
27-11 1075-Apr-0323:48:04 1184 44 -11438 P a- -0.7941 1.3899 0.4118283.4135.6 -
28-10 1093-Apr-1407:26:54 1105 42 -11215 P a- -0.7401 1.4891 0.5108290.8149.2 -
29 -9 1111-Apr-2514:58:13 1031 40 -10992 P a- -0.6803 1.5990 0.6201298.3162.0 -
30 -8 1129-May-0522:21:35 962 38 -10769 P a- -0.6147 1.7199 0.7400305.8174.1 -
31 -7 1147-May-1705:39:46 896 36 -10546 P a- -0.5454 1.8479 0.8663312.9184.9 -
32 -6 1165-May-2712:52:48 835 34 -10323 P a- -0.4728 1.9822 0.9985319.6194.5 -
33 -5 1183-Jun-0720:01:55 777 32 -10100 T p- -0.3976 2.1215 1.1351325.7202.8 54.8
34 -4 1201-Jun-1803:08:24 723 31 -9877 T p- -0.3209 2.2641 1.2743331.1209.6 74.8
35 -3 1219-Jun-2910:13:43 673 29 -9654 T- pp -0.2441 2.4069 1.4132335.7215.1 87.6
36 -2 1237-Jul-0917:19:41 626 27 -9431 T- pp -0.1687 2.5475 1.5494339.6219.1 95.8
37 -1 1255-Jul-2100:25:56 582 25 -9208 T- pp -0.0945 2.6861 1.6830342.6221.9100.7
38 0 1273-Jul-3107:35:48 541 24 -8985 T- pp -0.0244 2.8174 1.8090345.0223.4102.8
39 1 1291-Aug-1114:49:02 502 22 -8762 T+ pp 0.0418 2.7884 1.7742346.7223.8102.6
40 2 1309-Aug-2122:07:58 466 21 -8539 T+ pp 0.1025 2.6801 1.6599347.8223.4100.5
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 107
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 3 1327-Sep-0205:31:39 433 20 -8316 T+ -p 0.1581 2.5812 1.5546348.6222.3 96.8
42 4 1345-Sep-1213:02:45 401 20 -8093 T+ -p 0.2067 2.4953 1.4623349.2220.8 92.0
43 5 1363-Sep-2320:40:20 371 20 -7870 T+ -p 0.2489 2.4211 1.3817349.6219.1 86.5
44 6 1381-Oct-0404:24:43 344 20 -7647 T -p 0.2846 2.3588 1.3130349.9217.3 80.5
45 7 1399-Oct-1512:16:33 317 20 -7424 T -p 0.3135 2.3089 1.2570350.4215.6 74.6
46 8 1417-Oct-2520:15:05 292 20 -7201 T -p 0.3364 2.2698 1.2123350.9214.3 68.9
47 9 1435-Nov-0604:20:14 269 20 -6978 T -a 0.3529 2.2422 1.1793351.6213.3 64.2
48 10 1453-Nov-1612:28:45 246 20 -6755 T -a 0.3661 2.2203 1.1527352.4212.5 59.9
49 11 1471-Nov-2720:42:20 225 20 -6532 T -a 0.3745 2.2071 1.1353353.3212.1 56.8
50 12 1489-Dec-0804:57:03 206 20 -6309 T -a 0.3817 2.1955 1.1203354.2211.8 53.9
51 13 1507-Dec-1913:12:59 187 20 -6086 T -a 0.3872 2.1869 1.1090355.0211.7 51.6
52 14 1525-Dec-2921:26:18 170 20 -5863 T -a 0.3944 2.1747 1.0947355.7211.4 48.4
53 15 1544-Jan-1005:37:49 154 20 -5640 T -h 0.4024 2.1606 1.0793356.1211.0 44.6
54 16 1562-Jan-2013:43:39 140 20 -5417 T -t 0.4147 2.1385 1.0565356.2210.1 38.0
55 17 1580-Jan-3121:43:38 128 20 -5194 T -t 0.4311 2.1084 1.0264355.9208.8 26.3
56 18 1598-Feb-2105:35:26 119 20 -4971 P -t 0.4537 2.0666 0.9851355.0206.6 -
57 19 1616-Mar-0313:19:27 99 18 -4748 P -t 0.4820 2.0142 0.9336353.6203.4 -
58 20 1634-Mar-1420:53:00 73 15 -4525 P -t 0.5184 1.9469 0.8675351.2198.9 -
59 21 1652-Mar-2504:17:29 46 12 -4302 P -t 0.5617 1.8668 0.7888348.0192.7 -
60 22 1670-Apr-0511:31:32 23 9 -4079 P -t 0.6128 1.7721 0.6956343.5184.2 -
61 23 1688-Apr-1518:37:20 9 7 -3856 P -t 0.6704 1.6657 0.5909337.8173.0 -
62 24 1706-Apr-2801:31:44 9 5 -3633 P -t 0.7365 1.5436 0.4703330.3157.6 -
63 25 1724-May-0808:19:43 10 4 -3410 P -t 0.8072 1.4132 0.3412321.1137.1 -
64 26 1742-May-1914:58:37 12 3 -3187 P -t 0.8846 1.2706 0.1998309.7107.3 -
65 27 1760-May-2921:33:40 14 3 -2964 P -t 0.9647 1.1232 0.0532296.1 56.6 -
66 28 1778-Jun-1004:01:09 17 2 -2741 N -t 1.0502 0.9661-0.1033279.4 - -
67 29 1796-Jun-2010:28:08 15 1 -2518 N -t 1.1355 0.8095-0.2597260.0 - -
68 30 1814-Jul-0216:51:30 12 1 -2295 N -t 1.2225 0.6498-0.4195236.8 - -
69 31 1832-Jul-1223:15:58 6 1 -2072 N -t 1.3082 0.4929-0.5769209.4 - -
70 32 1850-Jul-2405:40:15 7 1 -1849 N -t 1.3933 0.3371-0.7336175.8 - -
71 33 1868-Aug-0312:09:12 2 0 -1626 N -t 1.4741 0.1895-0.8824133.6 - -
72 34 1886-Aug-1418:42:03 -6 0 -1403 Ne -t 1.5512 0.0489-1.0246 68.7 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 107

Lunar eclipses of Saros 107 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 0606 Jun 26. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1886 Aug 14. The total duration of Saros series 107 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 107
First Eclipse 0606 Jun 26
Last Eclipse 1886 Aug 14
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 12N 20P 23T 10P 7N

Saros 107 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 107
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 19 26.4%
PartialP 30 41.7%
TotalT 23 31.9%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 107 occur in the order of 12N 20P 23T 10P 7N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 107
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 12
Partial P 20
Total T 23
Partial P 10
Penumbral N 7

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 107 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 107
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1273 Jul 3101h42m45s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1580 Jan 3100h26m18s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1598 Feb 2103h26m34s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0822 Nov 0300h23m47s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1778 Jun 1004h39m23s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 0606 Jun 2600h42m31s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1165 May 27 - 0.99848
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0822 Nov 03 - 0.01190

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.