Saros 110

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 110

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 110

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 110 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 110
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-37 0747-May-2821:51:41 3373 92 -15493 Nb a- 1.5243 0.0319-0.9102 47.6 - -
2-36 0765-Jun-0805:18:37 3220 89 -15270 N a- 1.4529 0.1625-0.7785106.1 - -
3-35 0783-Jun-1912:44:44 3070 86 -15047 N a- 1.3804 0.2952-0.6454141.1 - -
4-34 0801-Jun-2920:12:15 2922 83 -14824 N a- 1.3089 0.4266-0.5142167.5 - -
5-33 0819-Jul-1103:42:22 2779 80 -14601 N a- 1.2392 0.5549-0.3869188.7 - -
6-32 0837-Jul-2111:16:23 2639 77 -14378 N a- 1.1724 0.6781-0.2651206.1 - -
7-31 0855-Aug-0118:54:54 2502 74 -14155 N a- 1.1095 0.7947-0.1507220.6 - -
8-30 0873-Aug-1202:38:44 2369 72 -13932 N a- 1.0509 0.9035-0.0444232.8 - -
9-29 0891-Aug-2310:29:31 2241 69 -13709 P a- 0.9979 1.0022 0.0512242.9 49.0 -
10-28 0909-Sep-0218:27:32 2116 66 -13486 P a- 0.9508 1.0904 0.1360251.2 78.9 -
11-27 0927-Sep-1402:32:23 1996 64 -13263 P a- 0.9096 1.1677 0.2097258.2 97.1 -
12-26 0945-Sep-2410:45:36 1881 61 -13040 P a- 0.8755 1.2323 0.2705263.8109.4 -
13-25 0963-Oct-0519:06:21 1769 59 -12817 P a- 0.8481 1.2846 0.3189268.2118.1 -
14-24 0981-Oct-1603:34:37 1663 56 -12594 P a- 0.8269 1.3253 0.3559271.7124.1 -
15-23 0999-Oct-2712:08:08 1561 54 -12371 P a- 0.8104 1.3573 0.3844274.5128.6 -
16-22 1017-Nov-0620:48:19 1463 51 -12148 P a- 0.7999 1.3783 0.4020276.5131.3 -
17-21 1035-Nov-1805:32:34 1370 49 -11925 P a- 0.7935 1.3916 0.4123278.0133.0 -
18-20 1053-Nov-2814:20:14 1282 47 -11702 P a- 0.7902 1.3990 0.4171279.1133.9 -
19-19 1071-Dec-0923:08:57 1199 45 -11479 P a- 0.7884 1.4034 0.4194280.0134.4 -
20-18 1089-Dec-2007:58:13 1119 43 -11256 P a- 0.7875 1.4059 0.4202280.8134.7 -
21-17 1107-Dec-3116:45:51 1045 41 -11033 P a- 0.7858 1.4096 0.4226281.7135.3 -
22-16 1126-Jan-1101:29:51 974 39 -10810 P a- 0.7819 1.4171 0.4295282.8136.6 -
23-15 1144-Jan-2210:09:42 908 37 -10587 P a- 0.7751 1.4298 0.4417284.3138.5 -
24-14 1162-Feb-0118:43:27 846 35 -10364 P a- 0.7639 1.4503 0.4622286.3141.6 -
25-13 1180-Feb-1303:10:05 787 33 -10141 P a- 0.7475 1.4804 0.4924288.9145.8 -
26-12 1198-Feb-2311:28:21 733 31 -9918 P a- 0.7246 1.5222 0.5345292.2151.3 -
27-11 1216-Mar-0519:38:17 682 29 -9695 P a- 0.6957 1.5752 0.5878296.1157.7 -
28-10 1234-Mar-1703:39:26 634 27 -9472 P a- 0.6602 1.6402 0.6530300.6165.0 -
29 -9 1252-Mar-2711:30:31 589 26 -9249 P a- 0.6170 1.7193 0.7322305.6172.9 -
30 -8 1270-Apr-0719:13:10 548 24 -9026 P a- 0.5675 1.8102 0.8230310.9181.1 -
31 -7 1288-Apr-1802:46:53 509 23 -8803 P a- 0.5113 1.9137 0.9259316.4189.2 -
32 -6 1306-Apr-2910:13:29 473 21 -8580 T a- 0.4499 2.0267 1.0381321.8196.9 29.9
33 -5 1324-May-0917:31:30 439 20 -8357 T p- 0.3824 2.1514 1.1613327.1204.1 59.4
34 -4 1342-May-2100:44:42 407 20 -8134 T p- 0.3115 2.2824 1.2905331.9210.4 76.6
35 -3 1360-May-3107:51:54 377 20 -7911 T+ pp 0.2362 2.4217 1.4273336.3215.6 88.6
36 -2 1378-Jun-1114:55:50 349 20 -7688 T+ pp 0.1592 2.5646 1.5673339.9219.6 96.7
37 -1 1396-Jun-2121:56:39 322 20 -7465 T+ pp 0.0803 2.7111 1.7102342.8222.3101.4
38 0 1414-Jul-0304:57:13 297 20 -7242 T+ pp 0.0020 2.8567 1.8518344.9223.7103.1
39 1 1432-Jul-1311:58:15 273 20 -7019 T- pp -0.0751 2.7250 1.7155346.2223.7101.9
40 2 1450-Jul-2419:00:09 250 20 -6796 T- pp -0.1507 2.5888 1.5743346.7222.4 97.8
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 110
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 3 1468-Aug-0402:06:02 229 20 -6573 T- -p -0.2221 2.4606 1.4405346.5220.0 90.8
42 4 1486-Aug-1509:15:14 209 20 -6350 T -p -0.2900 2.3390 1.3131345.8216.5 80.5
43 5 1504-Aug-2516:30:39 190 20 -6127 T -a -0.3517 2.2287 1.1967344.6212.3 66.6
44 6 1522-Sep-0523:50:38 173 20 -5904 T -a -0.4089 2.1270 1.0888343.2207.4 46.4
45 7 1540-Sep-1607:18:54 157 20 -5681 P -a -0.4584 2.0394 0.9948341.7202.4 -
46 8 1558-Sep-2714:53:06 143 20 -5458 P -a -0.5022 1.9622 0.9113340.2197.2 -
47 9 1576-Oct-0722:35:10 130 20 -5235 P -a -0.5385 1.8988 0.8417339.0192.4 -
48 10 1594-Oct-2906:23:43 121 20 -5012 P -a -0.5687 1.8463 0.7834338.0188.0 -
49 11 1612-Nov-0814:19:55 103 18 -4789 P -h -0.5915 1.8071 0.7388337.4184.5 -
50 12 1630-Nov-1922:20:55 78 15 -4566 P -h -0.6100 1.7757 0.7024337.1181.4 -
51 13 1648-Nov-3006:26:41 50 13 -4343 P -h -0.6238 1.7525 0.6748337.0179.1 -
52 14 1666-Dec-1114:35:35 26 10 -4120 P -h -0.6344 1.7351 0.6536337.2177.3 -
53 15 1684-Dec-2122:47:24 11 7 -3897 P -h -0.6415 1.7235 0.6390337.5176.1 -
54 16 1703-Jan-0306:58:06 8 5 -3674 P -h -0.6493 1.7103 0.6236337.7174.7 -
55 17 1721-Jan-1315:08:18 10 4 -3451 P -t -0.6569 1.6973 0.6090337.7173.4 -
56 18 1739-Jan-2423:14:13 11 3 -3228 P -t -0.6674 1.6783 0.5892337.3171.5 -
57 19 1757-Feb-0407:16:53 14 3 -3005 P -t -0.6801 1.6551 0.5659336.6169.0 -
58 20 1775-Feb-1515:10:58 16 2 -2782 P -t -0.6990 1.6202 0.5314334.9165.0 -
59 21 1793-Feb-2522:59:33 16 1 -2559 P -t -0.7219 1.5777 0.4899332.6159.7 -
60 22 1811-Mar-1006:37:39 12 1 -2336 P -t -0.7527 1.5205 0.4341329.1151.9 -
61 23 1829-Mar-2014:08:13 8 1 -2113 P -t -0.7892 1.4527 0.3681324.5141.5 -
62 24 1847-Mar-3121:27:02 6 1 -1890 P -t -0.8346 1.3684 0.2857318.3126.4 -
63 25 1865-Apr-1104:38:10 6 0 -1667 P -t -0.8857 1.2736 0.1930310.5105.4 -
64 26 1883-Apr-2211:38:29 -6 0 -1444 P -t -0.9449 1.1640 0.0854300.6 71.3 -
65 27 1901-May-0318:30:37 -1 0 -1221 Nx -t -1.0101 1.0431-0.0334288.3 - -
66 28 1919-May-1501:14:00 21 0 -998 N -t -1.0820 0.9103-0.1644273.2 - -
67 29 1937-May-2507:51:34 24 0 -775 N -t -1.1582 0.7697-0.3033254.8 - -
68 30 1955-Jun-0514:23:23 31 0 -552 N -t -1.2384 0.6218-0.4498232.4 - -
69 31 1973-Jun-1520:50:41 44 0 -329 N -t -1.3217 0.4685-0.6020204.7 - -
70 32 1991-Jun-2703:15:42 58 0 -106 N -t -1.4064 0.3127-0.7571169.6 - -
71 33 2009-Jul-0709:39:44 66 0 117 N -t -1.4916 0.1562-0.9132121.5 - -
72 34 2027-Jul-1816:04:11 73 1 340 Ne -t -1.5759 0.0015-1.0679 12.1 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 110

Lunar eclipses of Saros 110 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 0747 May 28. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 2027 Jul 18. The total duration of Saros series 110 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 110
First Eclipse 0747 May 28
Last Eclipse 2027 Jul 18
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8N 23P 13T 20P 8N

Saros 110 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 110
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 16 22.2%
PartialP 43 59.7%
TotalT 13 18.1%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 110 occur in the order of 8N 23P 13T 20P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 110
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 23
Total T 13
Partial P 20
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 110 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 110
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1414 Jul 0301h43m08s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1306 Apr 2900h29m53s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1540 Sep 1603h22m24s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0891 Aug 2300h48m59s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1901 May 0304h48m20s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2027 Jul 1800h12m07s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1540 Sep 16 - 0.99479
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 0891 Aug 23 - 0.05124

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.