Saros 126

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 126

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 126

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 126 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 126
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-35 1228-Jul-1818:28:39 649 28 -9542 N h- 1.4997 0.0982-0.8858 87.2 - -
2-34 1246-Jul-3001:46:38 603 26 -9319 N h- 1.4377 0.2145-0.7745128.1 - -
3-33 1264-Aug-0909:08:40 561 25 -9096 N h- 1.3793 0.3244-0.6701156.6 - -
4-32 1282-Aug-2016:34:21 521 23 -8873 N h- 1.3245 0.4280-0.5724178.9 - -
5-31 1300-Aug-3100:06:29 484 22 -8650 N h- 1.2754 0.5212-0.4854196.6 - -
6-30 1318-Sep-1107:44:42 449 20 -8427 N h- 1.2321 0.6037-0.4091210.9 - -
7-29 1336-Sep-2115:30:29 416 20 -8204 N h- 1.1953 0.6745-0.3447222.4 - -
8-28 1354-Oct-0223:21:53 386 20 -7981 N h- 1.1638 0.7356-0.2900231.9 - -
9-27 1372-Oct-1307:21:35 357 20 -7758 N h- 1.1396 0.7830-0.2487239.2 - -
10-26 1390-Oct-2415:27:16 330 20 -7535 N h- 1.1211 0.8200-0.2176245.0 - -
11-25 1408-Nov-0323:39:07 304 20 -7312 N h- 1.1081 0.8465-0.1966249.3 - -
12-24 1426-Nov-1507:55:19 280 20 -7089 N h- 1.0993 0.8652-0.1830252.6 - -
13-23 1444-Nov-2516:15:48 257 20 -6866 N h- 1.0946 0.8761-0.1764254.9 - -
14-22 1462-Dec-0700:38:19 236 20 -6643 N h- 1.0921 0.8826-0.1738256.6 - -
15-21 1480-Dec-1709:00:47 215 20 -6420 N h- 1.0904 0.8873-0.1723258.1 - -
16-20 1498-Dec-2817:22:55 196 20 -6197 N t- 1.0891 0.8910-0.1711259.4 - -
17-19 1517-Jan-0801:41:56 178 20 -5974 N t- 1.0863 0.8971-0.1668260.9 - -
18-18 1535-Jan-1909:56:16 162 20 -5751 N t- 1.0801 0.9091-0.1561263.1 - -
19-17 1553-Jan-2918:03:49 147 20 -5528 N t- 1.0691 0.9295-0.1363266.3 - -
20-16 1571-Feb-1002:04:37 134 20 -5305 N t- 1.0536 0.9581-0.1079270.3 - -
21-15 1589-Mar-0209:56:49 123 20 -5082 N t- 1.0320 0.9977-0.0682275.3 - -
22-14 1607-Mar-1317:38:52 110 19 -4859 Nx t- 1.0028 1.0510-0.0145281.7 - -
23-13 1625-Mar-2401:11:27 86 16 -4636 P t- 0.9666 1.1171 0.0523289.1 55.0 -
24-12 1643-Apr-0408:33:33 59 14 -4413 P t- 0.9222 1.1981 0.1341297.4 87.2 -
25-11 1661-Apr-1415:46:18 33 11 -4190 P t- 0.8709 1.2919 0.2286306.3112.5 -
26-10 1679-Apr-2522:48:28 15 8 -3967 P t- 0.8116 1.4005 0.3378315.7134.9 -
27 -9 1697-May-0605:42:53 8 5 -3744 P t- 0.7461 1.5203 0.4581325.0154.6 -
28 -8 1715-May-1812:28:52 9 4 -3521 P t- 0.6740 1.6526 0.5905334.2172.2 -
29 -7 1733-May-2819:08:09 11 4 -3298 P t- 0.5967 1.7945 0.7324342.9187.6 -
30 -6 1751-Jun-0901:41:58 13 3 -3075 P t- 0.5151 1.9445 0.8819350.8200.9 -
31 -5 1769-Jun-1908:11:39 16 2 -2852 T t- 0.4302 2.1005 1.0372357.8212.0 31.5
32 -4 1787-Jun-3014:39:31 16 2 -2629 T t- 0.3441 2.2592 1.1947363.6220.8 68.6
33 -3 1805-Jul-1121:04:52 12 1 -2406 T+ pp 0.2561 2.4214 1.3553368.3227.6 87.6
34 -2 1823-Jul-2303:32:23 10 1 -2183 T+ pp 0.1699 2.5805 1.5124371.7232.3 98.6
35 -1 1841-Aug-0210:00:51 5 1 -1960 T+ pp 0.0847 2.7381 1.6678373.9235.1104.6
36 0 1859-Aug-1316:34:25 7 0 -1737 T+ pp 0.0038 2.8877 1.8148375.0236.0106.5
37 1 1877-Aug-2323:11:35 -4 0 -1514 T- pp -0.0738 2.7606 1.6850375.1235.4104.9
38 2 1895-Sep-0405:56:52 -6 0 -1291 T- pp -0.1449 2.6318 1.5530374.5233.5100.5
39 3 1913-Sep-1512:48:19 15 0 -1068 T- pp -0.2109 2.5123 1.4304373.1230.6 93.5
40 4 1931-Sep-2619:48:29 24 0 -845 T- pp -0.2698 2.4059 1.3208371.3226.9 84.2
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 126
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 5 1949-Oct-0702:56:55 29 0 -622 T -p -0.3219 2.3118 1.2236369.3222.9 72.8
42 6 1967-Oct-1810:15:48 38 0 -399 T -t -0.3653 2.2337 1.1426367.2218.9 59.8
43 7 1985-Oct-2817:43:17 55 0 -176 T -t -0.4022 2.1673 1.0736365.1215.0 43.9
44 8 2003-Nov-0901:19:38 64 0 47 T -t -0.4319 2.1139 1.0178363.3211.4 22.0
45 9 2021-Nov-1909:04:06 70 0 270 P -t -0.4552 2.0720 0.9742361.6208.4 -
46 10 2039-Nov-3016:56:28 79 3 493 P -t -0.4721 2.0418 0.9426360.2206.0 -
47 11 2057-Dec-1100:53:38 90 7 716 P -t -0.4853 2.0178 0.9181358.9204.0 -
48 12 2075-Dec-2208:55:55 104 12 939 P -t -0.4945 2.0008 0.9012357.8202.6 -
49 13 2094-Jan-0117:00:06 121 18 1162 P -t -0.5025 1.9858 0.8871356.6201.2 -
50 14 2112-Jan-1401:06:36 140 25 1385 P -t -0.5087 1.9735 0.8764355.4200.1 -
51 15 2130-Jan-2409:10:19 162 32 1608 P -t -0.5173 1.9565 0.8619353.8198.7 -
52 16 2148-Feb-0417:13:45 186 40 1831 P -t -0.5265 1.9380 0.8465352.1197.2 -
53 17 2166-Feb-1501:11:40 213 49 2054 P -t -0.5403 1.9109 0.8232349.9195.0 -
54 18 2184-Feb-2609:05:35 242 58 2277 P -t -0.5579 1.8762 0.7930347.2192.0 -
55 19 2202-Mar-0916:51:36 274 67 2500 P -t -0.5824 1.8288 0.7505343.7187.8 -
56 20 2220-Mar-2000:32:40 309 78 2723 P -t -0.6115 1.7728 0.6998339.5182.6 -
57 21 2238-Mar-3108:05:24 346 88 2946 P -t -0.6477 1.7035 0.6361334.4175.6 -
58 22 2256-Apr-1015:31:03 386 100 3169 P -t -0.6905 1.6221 0.5606328.2166.5 -
59 23 2274-Apr-2122:48:59 428 111 3392 P -t -0.7402 1.5280 0.4723320.8154.6 -
60 24 2292-May-0206:00:51 473 124 3615 P -t -0.7956 1.4233 0.3734312.1139.2 -
61 25 2310-May-1413:06:25 520 136 3838 P -t -0.8566 1.3085 0.2643301.9118.7 -
62 26 2328-May-2420:06:38 570 149 4061 P -t -0.9226 1.1847 0.1460290.0 89.5 -
63 27 2346-Jun-0503:03:17 623 163 4284 P -t -0.9922 1.0545 0.0209276.3 34.3 -
64 28 2364-Jun-1509:57:14 678 177 4507 N -t -1.0646 0.9191-0.1097260.5 - -
65 29 2382-Jun-2616:49:14 736 192 4730 N -t -1.1392 0.7801-0.2444242.4 - -
66 30 2400-Jul-0623:41:22 796 206 4953 N -t -1.2141 0.6408-0.3799221.8 - -
67 31 2418-Jul-1806:34:23 859 222 5176 N -t -1.2888 0.5020-0.5153198.2 - -
68 32 2436-Jul-2813:31:08 924 238 5399 N -t -1.3611 0.3678-0.6466171.1 - -
69 33 2454-Aug-0820:30:21 992 254 5622 N -t -1.4321 0.2364-0.7756138.3 - -
70 34 2472-Aug-1903:36:28 1063 270 5845 N -t -1.4982 0.1142-0.8959 96.8 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 126

Lunar eclipses of Saros 126 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1228 Jul 18. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 2472 Aug 19. The total duration of Saros series 126 is 1244.08 years.

Summary of Saros 126
First Eclipse 1228 Jul 18
Last Eclipse 2472 Aug 19
Series Duration 1244.08 Years
No. of Eclipses 70
Sequence 22N 8P 14T 19P 7N

Saros 126 is composed of 70 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 126
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 70100.0%
PenumbralN 29 41.4%
PartialP 27 38.6%
TotalT 14 20.0%

The 70 lunar eclipses of Saros 126 occur in the order of 22N 8P 14T 19P 7N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 126
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 22
Partial P 8
Total T 14
Partial P 19
Penumbral N 7

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 126 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 126
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 1859 Aug 1301h46m28s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 2003 Nov 0900h21m58s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2021 Nov 1903h28m24s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2346 Jun 0500h34m20s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1607 Mar 1304h41m42s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1228 Jul 1801h27m11s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2021 Nov 19 - 0.97417
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2346 Jun 05 - 0.02088

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.