Saros 130

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 130

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 130

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 130 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 130
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-34 1416-Jun-1011:56:48 294 20 -7218 Nb t- 1.5633 0.0239-1.0441 48.0 - -
2-33 1434-Jun-2118:19:58 270 20 -6995 N t- 1.4768 0.1821-0.8850130.6 - -
3-32 1452-Jul-0200:45:22 248 20 -6772 N t- 1.3911 0.3391-0.7275175.5 - -
4-31 1470-Jul-1307:13:09 227 20 -6549 N t- 1.3062 0.4950-0.5716208.7 - -
5-30 1488-Jul-2313:46:39 207 20 -6326 N t- 1.2247 0.6444-0.4223234.4 - -
6-29 1506-Aug-0320:24:27 188 20 -6103 N t- 1.1457 0.7897-0.2775255.5 - -
7-28 1524-Aug-1403:11:09 171 20 -5880 N t- 1.0729 0.9238-0.1443272.2 - -
8-27 1542-Aug-2510:04:50 155 20 -5657 Nx t- 1.0046 1.0495-0.0196285.9 - -
9-26 1560-Sep-0417:08:48 141 20 -5434 P t- 0.9441 1.1611 0.0910296.6 72.8 -
10-25 1578-Sep-1600:21:26 129 20 -5211 P t- 0.8898 1.2613 0.1901305.3103.5 -
11-24 1596-Oct-0607:45:08 120 20 -4988 P t- 0.8436 1.3465 0.2742311.9122.6 -
12-23 1614-Oct-1715:18:15 101 18 -4765 P t- 0.8044 1.4191 0.3458316.9135.9 -
13-22 1632-Oct-2723:00:30 75 15 -4542 P t- 0.7719 1.4790 0.4051320.6145.4 -
14-21 1650-Nov-0806:52:24 47 12 -4319 P t- 0.7465 1.5257 0.4515323.2152.0 -
15-20 1668-Nov-1814:52:17 24 10 -4096 P h- 0.7274 1.5606 0.4865324.7156.6 -
16-19 1686-Nov-2922:59:47 10 7 -3873 P h- 0.7135 1.5859 0.5125325.5159.7 -
17-18 1704-Dec-1107:11:29 9 5 -3650 P a- 0.7023 1.6057 0.5336325.8162.0 -
18-17 1722-Dec-2215:28:30 10 4 -3427 P a- 0.6948 1.6186 0.5484325.6163.4 -
19-16 1741-Jan-0123:47:05 11 3 -3204 P a- 0.6880 1.6297 0.5621325.2164.6 -
20-15 1759-Jan-1308:06:35 14 3 -2981 P a- 0.6812 1.6404 0.5762324.8165.9 -
21-14 1777-Jan-2316:24:08 16 2 -2758 P a- 0.6724 1.6547 0.5944324.4167.5 -
22-13 1795-Feb-0400:39:45 15 1 -2535 P a- 0.6610 1.6732 0.6175324.2169.7 -
23-12 1813-Feb-1508:50:46 12 1 -2312 P a- 0.6454 1.6993 0.6488324.3172.6 -
24-11 1831-Feb-2616:56:21 7 1 -2089 P a- 0.6246 1.7346 0.6897324.8176.2 -
25-10 1849-Mar-0900:55:48 7 1 -1866 P a- 0.5980 1.7804 0.7414325.7180.6 -
26 -9 1867-Mar-2008:49:01 4 0 -1643 P a- 0.5657 1.8366 0.8038326.9185.5 -
27 -8 1885-Mar-3016:34:07 -6 0 -1420 P a- 0.5258 1.9066 0.8802328.5191.0 -
28 -7 1903-Apr-1200:12:59 2 0 -1197 P a- 0.4798 1.9877 0.9677330.2196.6 -
29 -6 1921-Apr-2207:44:39 22 0 -974 T a- 0.4269 2.0815 1.0678332.0202.1 40.1
30 -5 1939-May-0315:11:43 24 0 -751 T a- 0.3693 2.1842 1.1765333.6207.1 62.4
31 -4 1957-May-1322:31:28 32 0 -528 T a- 0.3046 2.3001 1.2982335.1211.6 77.6
32 -3 1975-May-2505:48:47 46 0 -305 T+ p- 0.2367 2.4218 1.4253336.0215.2 88.3
33 -2 1993-Jun-0413:01:26 59 0 -82 T+ p- 0.1638 2.5532 1.5617336.4217.9 95.8
34 -1 2011-Jun-1520:13:43 67 0 141 T+ pp 0.0897 2.6868 1.6999336.2219.3100.2
35 0 2029-Jun-2603:23:22 74 1 364 T+ pp 0.0124 2.8266 1.8436335.2219.6101.9
36 1 2047-Jul-0710:35:45 84 5 587 T- pp -0.0636 2.7310 1.7513333.6218.6100.8
37 2 2065-Jul-1717:48:40 96 9 810 T- pp -0.1402 2.5890 1.6121331.2216.3 97.0
38 3 2083-Jul-2901:05:34 111 15 1033 T- pp -0.2143 2.4520 1.4773328.1212.9 90.4
39 4 2101-Aug-0908:25:34 129 21 1256 T -p -0.2864 2.3189 1.3458324.5208.4 80.7
40 5 2119-Aug-2015:51:55 149 28 1479 T -p -0.3538 2.1946 1.2227320.4203.2 67.3
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 130
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 6 2137-Aug-3023:24:05 172 35 1702 T -p -0.4171 2.0782 1.1069316.0197.2 48.3
42 7 2155-Sep-1107:03:11 197 44 1925 T -a -0.4752 1.9715 1.0003311.5190.7 2.6
43 8 2173-Sep-2114:50:18 225 52 2148 P -a -0.5273 1.8761 0.9046307.0184.0 -
44 9 2191-Oct-0222:45:48 255 62 2371 P -a -0.5729 1.7926 0.8206302.7177.4 -
45 10 2209-Oct-1406:49:53 288 72 2594 P -a -0.6120 1.7213 0.7487298.7171.1 -
46 11 2227-Oct-2515:02:23 324 82 2817 P -a -0.6445 1.6621 0.6886295.2165.4 -
47 12 2245-Nov-0423:23:16 362 93 3040 P -a -0.6708 1.6142 0.6399292.1160.4 -
48 13 2263-Nov-1607:52:13 403 105 3263 P -a -0.6909 1.5778 0.6027289.6156.3 -
49 14 2281-Nov-2616:27:11 446 116 3486 P -a -0.7065 1.5494 0.5737287.6153.0 -
50 15 2299-Dec-0801:09:07 492 129 3709 P -a -0.7168 1.5307 0.5547286.1150.7 -
51 16 2317-Dec-1909:55:14 541 142 3932 P -a -0.7237 1.5180 0.5419285.0149.0 -
52 17 2335-Dec-3018:45:23 592 155 4155 P -a -0.7279 1.5101 0.5345284.1148.0 -
53 18 2354-Jan-1003:35:56 646 169 4378 P -a -0.7321 1.5019 0.5271283.3147.0 -
54 19 2372-Jan-2112:27:43 702 183 4601 P -a -0.7354 1.4953 0.5217282.5146.2 -
55 20 2390-Jan-3121:17:33 761 198 4824 P -a -0.7404 1.4852 0.5133281.6145.1 -
56 21 2408-Feb-1206:04:34 822 213 5047 P -a -0.7480 1.4704 0.5006280.3143.5 -
57 22 2426-Feb-2214:46:51 886 228 5270 P -a -0.7595 1.4480 0.4805278.6141.0 -
58 23 2444-Mar-0423:24:11 953 244 5493 P -a -0.7755 1.4174 0.4526276.4137.3 -
59 24 2462-Mar-1607:55:12 1022 261 5716 P -a -0.7967 1.3771 0.4150273.4132.2 -
60 25 2480-Mar-2616:18:41 1093 278 5939 P -a -0.8242 1.3251 0.3658269.6125.1 -
61 26 2498-Apr-0700:35:15 1168 295 6162 P -a -0.8577 1.2622 0.3058264.9115.4 -
62 27 2516-Apr-1808:44:24 1244 312 6385 P -a -0.8975 1.1878 0.2341259.0102.0 -
63 28 2534-Apr-2916:45:46 1324 330 6608 P -a -0.9440 1.1014 0.1501251.7 82.7 -
64 29 2552-May-1000:40:12 1406 349 6831 P -a -0.9962 1.0045 0.0554242.9 50.9 -
65 30 2570-May-2108:28:00 1490 367 7054 N -a -1.0540 0.8976-0.0498232.3 - -
66 31 2588-May-3116:10:44 1577 387 7277 N -a -1.1158 0.7835-0.1627219.7 - -
67 32 2606-Jun-1223:46:41 1667 406 7500 N -a -1.1831 0.6596-0.2858204.3 - -
68 33 2624-Jun-2307:19:44 1759 426 7723 N -a -1.2526 0.5321-0.4132186.0 - -
69 34 2642-Jul-0414:48:49 1854 446 7946 N -a -1.3252 0.3991-0.5467163.4 - -
70 35 2660-Jul-1422:16:52 1952 467 8169 N -a -1.3980 0.2660-0.6808135.3 - -
71 36 2678-Jul-2605:42:40 2052 488 8392 N -a -1.4722 0.1308-0.8178 96.2 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 130

Lunar eclipses of Saros 130 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 1416 Jun 10. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 2678 Jul 26. The total duration of Saros series 130 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 130
First Eclipse 1416 Jun 10
Last Eclipse 2678 Jul 26
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 8N 20P 14T 22P 7N

Saros 130 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 130
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 15 21.1%
PartialP 42 59.2%
TotalT 14 19.7%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 130 occur in the order of 8N 20P 14T 22P 7N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 130
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 8
Partial P 20
Total T 14
Partial P 22
Penumbral N 7

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 130 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 130
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 2029 Jun 2601h41m53s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 2155 Sep 1100h02m35s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1903 Apr 1203h16m33s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2552 May 1000h50m53s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1542 Aug 2504h45m53s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1416 Jun 1000h48m02s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1903 Apr 12 - 0.96765
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2552 May 10 - 0.05537

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.