Saros 135

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 135

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 135

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 135 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 135
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-36 1615-Apr-1319:38:27 100 18 -4759 Nb a- -1.5327 0.0400-0.9486 55.8 - -
2-35 1633-Apr-2403:17:43 74 15 -4536 N a- -1.4853 0.1272-0.8618 98.9 - -
3-34 1651-May-0510:48:38 47 12 -4313 N a- -1.4322 0.2250-0.7646130.9 - -
4-33 1669-May-1518:11:55 24 10 -4090 N h- -1.3734 0.3333-0.6574158.2 - -
5-32 1687-May-2701:28:11 10 7 -3867 N h- -1.3096 0.4512-0.5410182.7 - -
6-31 1705-Jun-0708:39:02 9 5 -3644 N h- -1.2420 0.5763-0.4180204.8 - -
7-30 1723-Jun-1815:45:34 10 4 -3421 N t- -1.1716 0.7067-0.2902224.8 - -
8-29 1741-Jun-2822:47:45 12 3 -3198 N t- -1.0982 0.8429-0.1571243.2 - -
9-28 1759-Jul-1005:48:57 14 3 -2975 N t- -1.0247 0.9797-0.0240259.6 - -
10-27 1777-Jul-2012:48:46 16 2 -2752 P t- -0.9509 1.1173 0.1093274.4 75.8 -
11-26 1795-Jul-3119:50:34 15 1 -2529 P t- -0.8791 1.2513 0.2386287.4110.4 -
12-25 1813-Aug-1202:52:49 12 1 -2306 P t- -0.8086 1.3833 0.3655299.1134.6 -
13-24 1831-Aug-2309:59:56 7 1 -2083 P t- -0.7429 1.5067 0.4833309.2152.5 -
14-23 1849-Sep-0217:10:17 7 1 -1860 P t- -0.6807 1.6238 0.5945318.0166.6 -
15-22 1867-Sep-1400:26:27 3 0 -1637 P t- -0.6240 1.7309 0.6956325.6177.8 -
16-21 1885-Sep-2407:48:12 -6 0 -1414 P t- -0.5726 1.8284 0.7867332.1186.7 -
17-20 1903-Oct-0615:17:33 2 0 -1191 P t- -0.5280 1.9133 0.8654337.6193.7 -
18-19 1921-Oct-1622:53:59 22 0 -968 P t- -0.4902 1.9858 0.9317342.2199.1 -
19-18 1939-Oct-2806:36:43 24 0 -745 P t- -0.4581 2.0477 0.9876346.2203.4 -
20-17 1957-Nov-0714:27:30 32 0 -522 T t- -0.4332 2.0963 1.0305349.5206.6 27.9
21-16 1975-Nov-1822:24:13 46 0 -299 T p- -0.4134 2.1352 1.0642352.2209.0 40.2
22-15 1993-Nov-2906:27:06 60 0 -76 T p- -0.3994 2.1633 1.0876354.5210.8 46.7
23-14 2011-Dec-1014:32:57 67 0 147 T p- -0.3882 2.1860 1.1061356.5212.3 51.1
24-13 2029-Dec-2022:43:12 74 1 370 T p- -0.3811 2.2008 1.1174358.1213.3 53.7
25-12 2048-Jan-0106:53:55 84 5 593 T p- -0.3746 2.2141 1.1280359.5214.3 55.9
26-11 2066-Jan-1115:04:47 96 9 816 T p- -0.3687 2.2259 1.1378360.8215.2 57.9
27-10 2084-Jan-2223:13:00 111 15 1039 T p- -0.3610 2.2407 1.1513362.1216.3 60.5
28 -9 2102-Feb-0307:18:21 129 21 1262 T p- -0.3514 2.2585 1.1686363.3217.5 63.6
29 -8 2120-Feb-1415:17:20 149 28 1485 T p- -0.3371 2.2848 1.1950364.7219.2 67.9
30 -7 2138-Feb-2423:09:56 172 36 1708 T p- -0.3178 2.3198 1.2306366.2221.1 73.1
31 -6 2156-Mar-0706:54:14 198 44 1931 T p- -0.2922 2.3663 1.2783367.8223.5 79.0
32 -5 2174-Mar-1814:30:50 226 53 2154 T- pp -0.2605 2.4236 1.3371369.5226.0 85.2
33 -4 2192-Mar-2821:56:24 256 62 2377 T- pp -0.2202 2.4967 1.4120371.2228.8 91.6
34 -3 2210-Apr-1005:13:49 289 72 2600 T- pp -0.1736 2.5812 1.4986372.8231.4 97.3
35 -2 2228-Apr-2012:20:31 325 82 2823 T- pp -0.1184 2.6813 1.6008374.1233.6102.1
36 -1 2246-May-0119:20:11 363 93 3046 T- pp -0.0575 2.7920 1.7137375.0235.2105.2
37 0 2264-May-1202:08:52 404 105 3269 T+ pp 0.0121 2.8742 1.7979375.3235.8106.2
38 1 2282-May-2308:52:42 448 117 3492 T+ pp 0.0856 2.7384 1.6640374.7235.1104.4
39 2 2300-Jun-0315:28:05 494 129 3715 T+ pp 0.1655 2.5910 1.5182373.2232.9 99.0
40 3 2318-Jun-1422:00:41 542 142 3938 T+ pp 0.2477 2.4395 1.3681370.5228.8 88.9
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 135
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 4 2336-Jun-2504:27:13 593 155 4161 T -t 0.3347 2.2793 1.2089366.5222.5 71.0
42 5 2354-Jul-0610:53:56 647 169 4384 T -t 0.4215 2.1197 1.0501361.3214.0 36.6
43 6 2372-Jul-1617:18:28 703 184 4607 P -t 0.5096 1.9580 0.8886354.7202.8 -
44 7 2390-Jul-2723:44:45 762 198 4830 P -t 0.5961 1.7991 0.7298346.8188.9 -
45 8 2408-Aug-0706:12:57 824 213 5053 P -t 0.6809 1.6438 0.5740337.7171.8 -
46 9 2426-Aug-1812:46:03 888 229 5276 P -t 0.7615 1.4963 0.4258327.6151.4 -
47 10 2444-Aug-2819:24:49 954 245 5499 P -t 0.8376 1.3571 0.2856316.8126.5 -
48 11 2462-Sep-0902:10:00 1024 261 5722 P -t 0.9085 1.2277 0.1550305.4 94.9 -
49 12 2480-Sep-1909:03:31 1095 278 5945 P -t 0.9727 1.1107 0.0366293.9 46.8 -
50 13 2498-Sep-3016:05:34 1170 295 6168 Nx -t 1.0301 1.0061-0.0695282.5 - -
51 14 2516-Oct-1123:16:59 1246 313 6391 N -t 1.0803 0.9147-0.1624271.6 - -
52 15 2534-Oct-2306:38:01 1326 331 6614 N -t 1.1231 0.8369-0.2416261.5 - -
53 16 2552-Nov-0214:09:20 1408 349 6837 N -t 1.1582 0.7731-0.3067252.6 - -
54 17 2570-Nov-1321:50:10 1493 368 7060 N -t 1.1860 0.7226-0.3582245.0 - -
55 18 2588-Nov-2405:39:07 1580 387 7283 N -t 1.2079 0.6828-0.3986238.7 - -
56 19 2606-Dec-0613:36:24 1670 407 7506 N -t 1.2236 0.6541-0.4274233.8 - -
57 20 2624-Dec-1621:40:23 1762 427 7729 N -t 1.2347 0.6335-0.4477230.0 - -
58 21 2642-Dec-2805:49:27 1857 447 7952 N -t 1.2420 0.6195-0.4606227.2 - -
59 22 2661-Jan-0714:01:33 1954 468 8175 N -t 1.2475 0.6086-0.4698224.8 - -
60 23 2679-Jan-1822:16:01 2054 489 8398 N -t 1.2517 0.5997-0.4762222.7 - -
61 24 2697-Jan-2906:31:09 2157 510 8621 N -t 1.2560 0.5901-0.4828220.5 - -
62 25 2715-Feb-1014:44:01 2262 532 8844 N -t 1.2627 0.5760-0.4931217.4 - -
63 26 2733-Feb-2022:54:48 2370 554 9067 N -t 1.2717 0.5573-0.5075213.4 - -
64 27 2751-Mar-0407:00:47 2480 577 9290 N -t 1.2851 0.5303-0.5295207.9 - -
65 28 2769-Mar-1415:02:23 2593 600 9513 N -t 1.3026 0.4953-0.5590200.8 - -
66 29 2787-Mar-2522:56:41 2709 623 9736 N -t 1.3268 0.4481-0.6004191.0 - -
67 30 2805-Apr-0506:45:49 2827 647 9959 N -t 1.3557 0.3919-0.6506178.8 - -
68 31 2823-Apr-1614:27:26 2948 671 10182 N -t 1.3912 0.3237-0.7126162.8 - -
69 32 2841-Apr-2622:02:26 3071 696 10405 N -t 1.4327 0.2445-0.7856141.9 - -
70 33 2859-May-0805:30:24 3197 721 10628 N -t 1.4801 0.1543-0.8695113.2 - -
71 34 2877-May-1812:53:05 3325 746 10851 Ne -t 1.5323 0.0556-0.9623 68.2 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 135

Lunar eclipses of Saros 135 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 1615 Apr 13. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 2877 May 18. The total duration of Saros series 135 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 135
First Eclipse 1615 Apr 13
Last Eclipse 2877 May 18
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 9N 10P 23T 7P 22N

Saros 135 is composed of 71 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 135
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PenumbralN 31 43.7%
PartialP 17 23.9%
TotalT 23 32.4%

The 71 lunar eclipses of Saros 135 occur in the order of 9N 10P 23T 7P 22N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 135
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 9
Partial P 10
Total T 23
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 22

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 135 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 135
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 2264 May 1201h46m13s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 1957 Nov 0700h27m57s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1939 Oct 2803h23m23s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2480 Sep 1900h46m48s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2498 Sep 3004h42m32s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1615 Apr 1300h55m46s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 1939 Oct 28 - 0.98764
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2480 Sep 19 - 0.03656

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.