Saros 141

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 141

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of lunar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of penumbral lunar eclipses. The series will then produce several dozen partial eclipses, followed by several dozen total eclipses. The later portion of the series produces another set of partial eclipses before ending with a final group of penumbral eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 141

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every lunar eclipse belonging to Saros 141 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details along with a diagram of the eclipse geometry and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Lunar Eclipses.

Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 141
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
1-38 1608-Aug-2519:20:07 109 19 -4841 Nb a- -1.5414 0.0062-0.9470 21.2 - -
2-37 1626-Sep-0603:05:57 84 16 -4618 N a- -1.4898 0.1029-0.8544 85.7 - -
3-36 1644-Sep-1610:59:46 57 13 -4395 N a- -1.4449 0.1874-0.7741115.1 - -
4-35 1662-Sep-2718:59:21 31 11 -4172 N a- -1.4053 0.2625-0.7036135.6 - -
5-34 1680-Oct-0803:06:26 14 8 -3949 N a- -1.3720 0.3258-0.6449150.6 - -
6-33 1698-Oct-1911:20:31 8 5 -3726 N a- -1.3448 0.3783-0.5973162.0 - -
7-32 1716-Oct-3019:42:20 10 4 -3503 N a- -1.3239 0.4189-0.5613170.3 - -
8-31 1734-Nov-1104:10:31 11 4 -3280 N a- -1.3089 0.4488-0.5360176.3 - -
9-30 1752-Nov-2112:43:58 13 3 -3057 N a- -1.2984 0.4701-0.5189180.6 - -
10-29 1770-Dec-0221:22:32 16 2 -2834 N a- -1.2927 0.4825-0.5104183.3 - -
11-28 1788-Dec-1306:04:27 16 1 -2611 N a- -1.2899 0.4894-0.5069185.0 - -
12-27 1806-Dec-2514:48:03 12 1 -2388 N a- -1.2892 0.4923-0.5071186.1 - -
13-26 1825-Jan-0423:31:52 10 1 -2165 N a- -1.2890 0.4937-0.5081186.9 - -
14-25 1843-Jan-1608:14:23 6 1 -1942 N a- -1.2886 0.4956-0.5083187.7 - -
15-24 1861-Jan-2616:54:01 8 0 -1719 N a- -1.2865 0.5002-0.5051189.1 - -
16-23 1879-Feb-0701:28:33 -5 0 -1496 N a- -1.2810 0.5109-0.4955191.4 - -
17-22 1897-Feb-1709:57:43 -6 0 -1273 N a- -1.2717 0.5282-0.4789194.9 - -
18-21 1915-Mar-0118:19:31 17 0 -1050 N a- -1.2573 0.5549-0.4527199.8 - -
19-20 1933-Mar-1202:33:02 24 0 -827 N a- -1.2369 0.5924-0.4153206.3 - -
20-19 1951-Mar-2310:37:32 30 0 -604 N a- -1.2099 0.6419-0.3660214.4 - -
21-18 1969-Apr-0218:33:05 39 0 -381 N a- -1.1765 0.7034-0.3046223.8 - -
22-17 1987-Apr-1402:19:48 55 0 -158 N h- -1.1364 0.7770-0.2312234.2 - -
23-16 2005-Apr-2409:55:54 65 0 65 N h- -1.0885 0.8651-0.1435245.7 - -
24-15 2023-May-0517:24:04 71 1 288 N h- -1.0350 0.9637-0.0456257.6 - -
25-14 2041-May-1600:43:02 80 3 511 P t- -0.9747 1.0748 0.0645269.8 58.5 -
26-13 2059-May-2707:55:34 91 8 734 P t- -0.9098 1.1946 0.1830281.8 97.2 -
27-12 2077-Jun-0614:59:52 106 13 957 P t- -0.8388 1.3258 0.3123293.7125.1 -
28-11 2095-Jun-1722:00:11 122 19 1180 P t- -0.7653 1.4617 0.4459304.8147.0 -
29-10 2113-Jun-2904:55:26 142 25 1403 P t- -0.6888 1.6035 0.5850315.2165.2 -
30 -9 2131-Jul-1011:47:56 164 33 1626 P t- -0.6108 1.7484 0.7265324.6180.5 -
31 -8 2149-Jul-2018:38:11 188 41 1849 P t- -0.5315 1.8957 0.8701333.2193.3 -
32 -7 2167-Aug-0101:28:59 215 49 2072 T t- -0.4536 2.0407 1.0108340.6203.7 16.7
33 -6 2185-Aug-1108:20:59 245 58 2295 T t- -0.3774 2.1829 1.1483347.0212.0 59.3
34 -5 2203-Aug-2315:15:11 277 68 2518 T pp -0.3039 2.3203 1.2806352.3218.6 78.1
35 -4 2221-Sep-0222:13:42 312 78 2741 T- pp -0.2348 2.4498 1.4048356.8223.5 89.7
36 -3 2239-Sep-1405:17:33 349 89 2964 T- pp -0.1708 2.5702 1.5195360.3227.0 97.0
37 -2 2257-Sep-2412:27:34 389 101 3187 T- pp -0.1123 2.6803 1.6239363.2229.4101.4
38 -1 2275-Oct-0519:44:06 431 112 3410 T- pp -0.0599 2.7794 1.7172365.4230.8103.8
39 0 2293-Oct-1603:08:17 476 125 3633 T- pp -0.0144 2.8659 1.7979367.2231.6104.6
40 1 2311-Oct-2810:40:16 524 137 3856 T+ pp 0.0241 2.8508 1.7772368.7231.9104.5
Catalog of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 141
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QSE Gamma Pen Mag Um Mag Pen Dur
m
Par Dur
m
Tot Dur
m
41 2 2329-Nov-0718:18:32 574 151 4079 T+ pp 0.0568 2.7934 1.7146369.9231.9103.7
42 3 2347-Nov-1902:04:58 627 164 4302 T+ pp 0.0825 2.7489 1.6651371.0231.8102.7
43 4 2365-Nov-2909:57:06 682 178 4525 T+ pp 0.1031 2.7132 1.6250371.9231.7101.7
44 5 2383-Dec-1017:55:39 740 193 4748 T+ pp 0.1179 2.6880 1.5961372.7231.6100.8
45 6 2401-Dec-2101:56:06 801 208 4971 T+ pp 0.1307 2.6662 1.5711373.5231.4 99.9
46 7 2420-Jan-0110:00:56 864 223 5194 T+ pp 0.1394 2.6514 1.5538374.1231.4 99.2
47 8 2438-Jan-1118:05:29 930 239 5417 T+ pp 0.1484 2.6358 1.5365374.6231.4 98.5
48 9 2456-Jan-2302:10:07 998 255 5640 T+ pp 0.1568 2.6207 1.5206375.0231.3 97.9
49 10 2474-Feb-0210:11:04 1069 272 5863 T+ pp 0.1682 2.6000 1.4997375.1231.1 96.9
50 11 2492-Feb-1318:09:19 1142 289 6086 T+ pp 0.1814 2.5753 1.4756375.1230.8 95.6
51 12 2510-Feb-2502:01:13 1218 306 6309 T+ pp 0.1998 2.5410 1.4425374.7230.1 93.7
52 13 2528-Mar-0709:46:45 1296 324 6532 T+ pp 0.2233 2.4969 1.4002374.0229.1 90.8
53 14 2546-Mar-1817:24:15 1378 342 6755 T+ -p 0.2535 2.4405 1.3461372.8227.5 86.4
54 15 2564-Mar-2900:54:04 1461 361 6978 T -p 0.2895 2.3730 1.2812371.2225.3 79.9
55 16 2582-Apr-0908:13:57 1547 380 7201 T -t 0.3338 2.2904 1.2016368.8221.9 69.7
56 17 2600-Apr-2015:25:39 1636 399 7424 T -t 0.3845 2.1956 1.1100365.6217.3 53.1
57 18 2618-May-0122:28:03 1728 419 7647 T -t 0.4427 2.0872 1.0048361.5211.1 11.5
58 19 2636-May-1205:23:33 1822 439 7870 P -t 0.5065 1.9686 0.8893356.2202.9 -
59 20 2654-May-2312:09:18 1918 460 8093 P -t 0.5780 1.8358 0.7596349.5191.8 -
60 21 2672-Jun-0218:50:36 2017 481 8316 P -t 0.6529 1.6970 0.6237341.4177.8 -
61 22 2690-Jun-1401:25:01 2119 502 8539 P -t 0.7331 1.5486 0.4779331.5159.2 -
62 23 2708-Jun-2507:57:34 2223 524 8762 P -t 0.8148 1.3973 0.3290320.0135.1 -
63 24 2726-Jul-0614:25:30 2330 546 8985 P -t 0.9002 1.2397 0.1735306.3100.2 -
64 25 2744-Jul-1620:55:06 2440 569 9208 P -t 0.9842 1.0847 0.0201290.9 34.8 -
65 26 2762-Jul-2803:24:12 2552 592 9431 N -t 1.0682 0.9300-0.1334273.2 - -
66 27 2780-Aug-0709:56:15 2666 615 9654 N -t 1.1500 0.7795-0.2830253.5 - -
67 28 2798-Aug-1816:31:24 2783 638 9877 N -t 1.2294 0.6335-0.4285231.5 - -
68 29 2816-Aug-2823:12:56 2903 662 10100 N -t 1.3038 0.4968-0.5649207.3 - -
69 30 2834-Sep-0906:01:01 3025 687 10323 N -t 1.3731 0.3697-0.6921180.6 - -
70 31 2852-Sep-1912:56:11 3150 711 10546 N -t 1.4370 0.2528-0.8094150.6 - -
71 32 2870-Sep-3020:00:36 3278 736 10769 N -t 1.4937 0.1490-0.9137116.5 - -
72 33 2888-Oct-1103:14:03 3408 762 10992 N -t 1.5436 0.0577-1.0056 72.9 - -

Statistics for Lunar Eclipses of Saros 141

Lunar eclipses of Saros 141 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series will begin with a penumbral eclipse near the southern edge of the penumbra on 1608 Aug 25. The series will end with a penumbral eclipse near the northern edge of the penumbra on 2888 Oct 11. The total duration of Saros series 141 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 141
First Eclipse 1608 Aug 25
Last Eclipse 2888 Oct 11
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 24N 7P 26T 7P 8N

Saros 141 is composed of 72 lunar eclipses as follows:

Lunar Eclipses of Saros 141
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PenumbralN 32 44.4%
PartialP 14 19.4%
TotalT 26 36.1%

The 72 lunar eclipses of Saros 141 occur in the order of 24N 7P 26T 7P 8N which corresponds to the following.

Sequence Order of Lunar Eclipses in Saros 141
Eclipse Type Symbol Number
Penumbral N 24
Partial P 7
Total T 26
Partial P 7
Penumbral N 8

The longest and shortest eclipses of Saros 141 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Lunar Eclipses of Saros 141
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Total Lunar Eclipse 2293 Oct 1601h44m36s -
Shortest Total Lunar Eclipse 2618 May 0100h11m30s -
Longest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2636 May 1203h22m52s -
Shortest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2744 Jul 1600h34m50s -
Longest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 2762 Jul 2804h33m15s -
Shortest Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 1608 Aug 2500h21m13s -
Largest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2636 May 12 - 0.88929
Smallest Partial Lunar Eclipse 2744 Jul 16 - 0.02012

Links to Additional Lunar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.