Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29 is visible from the geographic regions shown on the map to the right. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1856 Sep 29 at 03:59:44 TD (03:59:37 UT1). This is 0.8 days before the Moon reaches apogee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Virgo. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of -819.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 122 and is number 49 of 70 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

The solar eclipse of 1856 Sep 29 is a relatively long annular eclipse with a duration at greatest eclipse of 06m21s. It has an eclipse magnitude of 0.9246.

The annular solar eclipse of 1856 Sep 29 is followed two weeks later by a partial lunar eclipse on 1856 Oct 13.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 7.0 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29 .


Eclipse Data: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 0.92459
Eclipse Obscuration 0.85486
Gamma 0.94200
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1856 Sep 29 at 03:59:43.8 TD (03:59:36.8 UT1) 2399221.666398
Ecliptic Conjunction 1856 Sep 29 at 03:48:34.4 TD (03:48:27.4 UT1) 2399221.658650
Equatorial Conjunction 1856 Sep 29 at 02:57:35.2 TD (02:57:28.2 UT1) 2399221.623243
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1856 Sep 29 at 03:59:43.8 TD (03:59:36.8 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension12h22m42.1s12h24m20.6s
Declination-02°27'27.1"-01°43'06.8"
Semi-Diameter 15'58.7" 14'42.3"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.8" 0°53'58.2"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l 1.0°
b -1.1°
c 21.8°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 7.0 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 122 (49/70)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP101:30:47.701:30:40.765°59.5'N070°21.5'E
Last External ContactP406:29:05.406:28:58.407°53.0'N169°58.2'E
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N102:10:54.502:10:47.551°02.0'N057°53.6'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S105:48:50.305:48:43.307°13.8'S179°17.5'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU103:13:03.803:12:56.883°11.1'N161°37.1'W
First Internal ContactU203:30:43.503:30:36.575°23.1'N154°31.9'W
Last Internal ContactU304:29:22.804:29:15.846°17.0'N162°19.8'W
Last External ContactU404:47:01.804:46:54.838°13.5'N166°06.6'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N103:30:21.003:30:14.075°12.9'N154°19.3'W
South Extreme Path Limit 1S103:13:39.603:13:32.683°26.2'N162°37.1'W
North Extreme Path Limit 2N204:29:45.804:29:38.846°27.9'N162°26.6'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S204:46:26.204:46:19.237°56.9'N165°56.6'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C103:20:59.303:20:52.379°49.6'N156°26.1'W
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C204:39:06.704:38:59.641°44.8'N164°23.2'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse03:59:43.803:59:36.854°20.3'N169°06.0'E 19.1° 235.8° 831.0 km06m21.10s
Greatest Duration04:00:39.104:00:32.053°58.2'N169°19.4'E 19.1° 236.3° 836.1 km06m21.11s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1856 Sep 29 at 04:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.45902 0.82259 -2.4596 0.57008 0.02381 242.4298
1 0.44127 -0.24484 -0.0156 0.00002 0.00002 15.0045
2 -0.00001 -0.00002 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 -0.0000
3 -0.00000 0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0046720
Tan ƒ2 0.0046487

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 4.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 1856 Sep 29 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 7.0 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.