Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: Africa, south Asia
  • Total Eclipse: Angola, D. R. Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, India, Myanmar, China

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 1980 Feb 16 at 08:54:01 TD (08:53:11 UT1). This is 1.0 days before the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Capricornus. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 707.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 130 and is number 50 of 73 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

The solar eclipse of 1980 Feb 16 is a relatively long total eclipse with a duration at greatest eclipse of 04m08s. It has an eclipse magnitude of 1.0434.

The total solar eclipse of 1980 Feb 16 is followed two weeks later by a penumbral lunar eclipse on 1980 Mar 01.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 50.6 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16 .


Eclipse Data: Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 1.04343
Eclipse Obscuration 1.08874
Gamma 0.22244
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 1980 Feb 16 at 08:54:01.2 TD (08:53:10.6 UT1) 2444285.870261
Ecliptic Conjunction 1980 Feb 16 at 08:51:43.4 TD (08:50:52.8 UT1) 2444285.868666
Equatorial Conjunction 1980 Feb 16 at 08:59:53.4 TD (08:59:02.8 UT1) 2444285.874338
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
1980 Feb 16 at 08:54:01.2 TD (08:53:10.6 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension21h56m13.9s21h56m00.3s
Declination-12°34'01.7"-12°20'55.0"
Semi-Diameter 16'11.4" 16'36.8"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 1°00'58.4"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -2.3°
b -0.3°
c -21.5°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 50.6 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 130 (50/73)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP106:15:57.206:15:06.605°50.1'S001°32.4'W
First Internal ContactP208:12:11.708:11:21.014°21.3'N026°01.3'W
Last Internal ContactP309:35:42.009:34:51.442°08.9'N118°11.7'E
Last External ContactP411:31:59.711:31:09.022°09.7'N095°33.3'E
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N107:42:50.507:41:59.934°30.9'N013°07.5'W
South Extreme Path Limit 1S107:20:36.607:19:46.031°54.6'S024°23.5'W
North Extreme Path Limit 2N210:04:52.710:04:02.061°24.3'N098°25.5'E
South Extreme Path Limit 2S210:27:33.010:26:42.403°59.3'S117°45.1'E

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU107:12:08.607:11:18.001°27.9'S014°36.5'W
First Internal ContactU207:13:34.307:12:43.701°17.6'S014°55.6'W
Last Internal ContactU310:34:22.210:33:31.626°40.6'N108°44.3'E
Last External ContactU410:35:50.510:34:59.926°30.1'N108°25.1'E
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N107:12:57.107:12:06.400°59.6'S014°42.3'W
South Extreme Path Limit 1S107:12:46.307:11:55.701°45.9'S014°49.2'W
North Extreme Path Limit 2N210:35:00.410:34:09.826°59.0'N108°29.5'E
South Extreme Path Limit 2S210:35:11.810:34:21.226°11.7'N108°39.9'E

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C107:12:51.407:12:00.801°22.8'S014°46.0'W
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C210:35:06.410:34:15.726°35.3'N108°34.7'E

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse08:54:01.208:53:10.600°06.0'S046°53.6'E 77.1° 166.1° 148.6 km04m08.03s
Greatest Duration08:51:56.808:51:06.100°22.5'S046°30.7'E 77.1° 161.1° 148.6 km04m08.09s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16

Polynomial Besselian Elements
1980 Feb 16 at 09:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.00103 0.22979 -12.5663 0.53934 -0.00678 311.4593
1 0.56042 0.14255 0.0140 -0.00006 -0.00006 15.0019
2 -0.00001 0.00007 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047326
Tan ƒ2 0.0047091

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 9.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Solar Eclipse of 1980 Feb 16 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 50.6 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.