Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: North & Central America, northwest South America
  • Annular Eclipse: central Pacific, Costa Rica

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2001 Dec 14 at 20:53:01 TD (20:51:57 UT1). This is 6.7 days before the Moon reaches apogee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Ophiuchus. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 977.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 132 and is number 45 of 71 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

The annular solar eclipse of 2001 Dec 14 is followed two weeks later by a penumbral lunar eclipse on 2001 Dec 30.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 64.3 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14 .


Eclipse Data: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 0.96811
Eclipse Obscuration 0.93724
Gamma 0.40885
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 2001 Dec 14 at 20:53:01.4 TD (20:51:57.1 UT1) 2452258.369411
Ecliptic Conjunction 2001 Dec 14 at 20:48:27.3 TD (20:47:23.1 UT1) 2452258.366239
Equatorial Conjunction 2001 Dec 14 at 20:45:58.4 TD (20:44:54.2 UT1) 2452258.364516
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
2001 Dec 14 at 20:53:01.4 TD (20:51:57.1 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension17h29m14.2s17h29m29.5s
Declination-23°15'02.0"-22°52'05.9"
Semi-Diameter 16'14.9" 15'30.3"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 0°56'54.2"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l 5.0°
b -0.4°
c 1.5°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 64.3 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 132 (45/71)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP118:04:25.518:03:21.322°02.9'N172°06.5'W
First Internal ContactP220:35:28.520:34:24.263°55.7'N158°27.8'W
Last Internal ContactP321:10:43.721:09:39.452°55.9'N083°21.4'W
Last External ContactP423:41:46.823:40:42.606°00.1'N089°02.1'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N120:22:17.920:21:13.766°11.6'N139°43.2'W
South Extreme Path Limit 1S119:13:26.319:12:22.000°36.2'N160°53.2'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N221:24:00.421:22:56.157°55.7'N095°18.2'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S222:32:35.822:31:31.515°32.1'S062°17.5'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU119:09:13.519:08:09.329°47.7'N175°55.0'E
First Internal ContactU219:12:26.519:11:22.230°23.7'N175°28.1'E
Last Internal ContactU322:33:38.722:32:34.414°32.4'N075°48.9'W
Last External ContactU422:36:57.622:35:53.313°54.3'N076°21.1'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N119:11:13.019:10:08.730°48.8'N176°01.5'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S119:10:28.019:09:23.829°22.3'N175°21.5'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N222:34:54.722:33:50.414°59.0'N076°20.2'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S222:35:40.622:34:36.413°27.4'N075°49.5'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C119:10:49.819:09:45.630°05.4'N175°41.4'E
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C222:35:18.322:34:14.014°13.1'N076°04.9'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse20:53:01.420:51:57.100°38.1'N130°58.3'W 65.9° 188.0° 125.6 km03m52.96s
Greatest Duration21:08:28.121:07:23.800°14.2'S126°41.3'W 64.4° 205.0° 127.4 km03m54.11s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14

Polynomial Besselian Elements
2001 Dec 14 at 21:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 0.12365 0.39465 -23.2518 0.55955 0.01332 136.2783
1 0.52894 -0.08130 -0.0021 0.00012 0.00012 14.9964
2 0.00000 0.00015 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 -0.0000
3 -0.00001 0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047508
Tan ƒ2 0.0047272

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 21.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Annular Solar Eclipse of 2001 Dec 14 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 64.3 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.