Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09 is visible from the following geographic regions:

  • Partial Eclipse: east Asia, Australia, Pacific
  • Total Eclipse: Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Pacific

The map to the right depicts the geographic regions of eclipse visibility. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2016 Mar 09 at 01:58:19 TD (01:57:11 UT1). This is 1.2 days before the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Aquarius. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 1153.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 130 and is number 52 of 73 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s descending node. The Moon moves northward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma increases.

The solar eclipse of 2016 Mar 09 is a relatively long total eclipse with a duration at greatest eclipse of 04m09s. It has an eclipse magnitude of 1.0450.

The total solar eclipse of 2016 Mar 09 is followed two weeks later by a penumbral lunar eclipse on 2016 Mar 23.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 68.0 seconds for this eclipse.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09 .


Eclipse Data: Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 1.04499
Eclipse Obscuration 1.09200
Gamma 0.26092
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 2016 Mar 09 at 01:58:19.5 TD (01:57:11.5 UT1) 2457456.581383
Ecliptic Conjunction 2016 Mar 09 at 01:55:37.5 TD (01:54:29.5 UT1) 2457456.579508
Equatorial Conjunction 2016 Mar 09 at 02:06:49.1 TD (02:05:41.1 UT1) 2457456.587281
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
2016 Mar 09 at 01:58:19.5 TD (01:57:11.5 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension23h19m17.6s23h18m58.7s
Declination-04°22'46.4"-04°07'40.6"
Semi-Diameter 16'06.5" 16'33.5"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.9" 1°00'46.2"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l -2.7°
b -0.3°
c -24.6°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 68.0 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 130 (52/73)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP123:20:28.323:19:20.307°37.9'S102°12.6'E
First Internal ContactP201:18:48.101:17:40.117°10.7'N074°34.5'E
Last Internal ContactP302:37:37.902:36:29.951°58.6'N132°06.4'W
Last External ContactP404:36:03.304:34:55.327°12.7'N158°20.9'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N100:54:44.200:53:36.235°53.0'N082°25.3'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S100:20:13.200:19:05.233°34.5'S084°55.8'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N203:01:31.203:00:23.270°20.3'N144°48.2'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S203:36:34.003:35:26.001°15.7'N141°19.9'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU100:17:05.300:15:57.302°21.6'S088°27.9'E
First Internal ContactU200:18:37.800:17:29.802°08.3'S088°05.8'E
Last Internal ContactU303:37:53.003:36:45.032°41.7'N144°22.0'W
Last External ContactU403:39:28.603:38:20.632°27.9'N144°44.4'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N100:18:02.300:16:54.301°49.4'S088°16.2'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S100:17:41.300:16:33.302°40.5'S088°17.4'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N203:38:29.503:37:21.533°01.1'N144°33.2'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S203:38:51.603:37:43.632°08.5'N144°33.1'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C100:17:51.500:16:43.502°15.0'S088°16.8'E
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C203:38:40.803:37:32.832°34.8'N144°33.2'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse01:58:19.501:57:11.510°07.3'N148°30.5'E 74.8° 162.5° 155.1 km04m09.49s
Greatest Duration01:57:59.901:56:51.910°04.0'N148°42.1'E 74.8° 161.8° 155.1 km04m09.49s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09

Polynomial Besselian Elements
2016 Mar 09 at 02:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 -0.06253 0.25383 -4.3797 0.53889 -0.00723 207.3722
1 0.55028 0.17212 0.0159 -0.00007 -0.00007 15.0040
2 0.00000 0.00002 0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047087
Tan ƒ2 0.0046852

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 2.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Total Solar Eclipse of 2016 Mar 09 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 68.0 seconds for this eclipse.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.