Solar Eclipse Prime Page

Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22

Fred Espenak

Introduction


The Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22 is visible from the geographic regions shown on the map to the right. Click on the map to enlarge it. For an explanation of the features appearing in the map, see Key to Solar Eclipse Maps.

The instant of greatest eclipse takes place on 2509 Mar 22 at 00:20:46 TD (00:00:32 UT1). This is 4.0 days after the Moon reaches perigee. During the eclipse, the Sun is in the constellation Pisces. The synodic month in which the eclipse takes place has a Brown Lunation Number of 7251.

The eclipse belongs to Saros 157 and is number 26 of 70 eclipses in the series. All eclipses in this series occur at the Moon’s ascending node. The Moon moves southward with respect to the node with each succeeding eclipse in the series and gamma decreases.

The solar eclipse of 2509 Mar 22 is one of the rare hybrid solar eclipses. In this particular case the eclipse path starts out as annular. Further down the track it changes to total and then back to annular before the path ends. It is a very short hybrid eclipse with a duration at greatest eclipse of 00m12s. The eclipse magnitude is 1.0023, while Gamma has a value of 0.4675.

The hybrid solar eclipse of 2509 Mar 22 is preceded two weeks earlier by a partial lunar eclipse on 2509 Mar 08.

These eclipses all take place during a single eclipse season.

The eclipse predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 1213.9 seconds for this eclipse. The uncertainty in ΔT is 305.3 seconds corresponding to a standard error in longitude of the eclipse path of ± 1.28°.

The following links provide maps and data for the eclipse.

The tables below contain detailed predictions and additional information on the Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22 .


Eclipse Data: Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22

Eclipse Characteristics
Parameter Value
Eclipse Magnitude 1.00228
Eclipse Obscuration 1.00456
Gamma 0.46753
Conjunction Times
Event Calendar Date & Time Julian Date
Greatest Eclipse 2509 Mar 22 at 00:20:45.7 TD (00:00:31.7 UT1) 2637533.500367
Ecliptic Conjunction 2509 Mar 22 at 00:25:49.9 TD (00:05:36.0 UT1) 2637533.503889
Equatorial Conjunction 2509 Mar 22 at 00:49:01.9 TD (00:28:47.9 UT1) 2637533.519999
Geocentric Coordinates of Sun and Moon
2509 Mar 22 at 00:20:45.7 TD (00:00:31.7 UT1)
Coordinate Sun Moon
Right Ascension00h04m50.3s00h03m57.4s
Declination+00°31'21.8"+00°55'08.7"
Semi-Diameter 16'05.4" 15'53.8"
Eq. Hor. Parallax 08.8" 0°58'20.7"
Geocentric Libration of Moon
Angle Value
l 4.6°
b -0.6°
c -21.8°
Prediction Paramaters
Paramater Value
Ephemerides JPL DE406
ΔT 1213.9 s
k (penumbra) 0.2725076
k (umbra) 0.2722810
Saros Series 157 (26/70)

Explanation of Solar Eclipse Data Tables

Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22

Contacts of Penumbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactP121:40:02.121:19:48.211°34.5'S131°49.4'E
Last External ContactP403:01:23.802:41:09.946°49.1'N128°02.2'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Penumbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N122:32:04.622:11:50.733°56.6'S119°03.2'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S102:09:34.201:49:20.224°28.4'N115°24.4'W

Explanation of Penumbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes: Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22

Contacts of Umbral Shadow with Earth
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
First External ContactU122:44:09.622:23:55.701°17.9'S115°41.3'E
First Internal ContactU222:44:58.422:24:44.401°05.8'S115°34.0'E
Last Internal ContactU301:56:13.301:35:59.457°17.1'N111°29.3'W
Last External ContactU401:57:07.601:36:53.757°03.7'N111°43.3'W
Extreme Northern and Southern Path Limits of Umbra
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
North Extreme Path Limit 1N122:44:45.422:24:31.500°58.9'S115°33.5'E
South Extreme Path Limit 1S122:44:22.522:24:08.601°24.7'S115°39.3'E
North Extreme Path Limit 2N201:56:27.601:36:13.657°24.7'N111°32.6'W
South Extreme Path Limit 2S201:56:53.401:36:39.456°56.1'N111°40.0'W

Explanation of Umbral Shadow Contacts and Extremes Tables

Central Line Extremes and Duration: Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22

Extreme Limits of the Central Line
Contact Event Contact Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude
Extreme Central Line Limit 1C122:44:34.022:24:20.001°11.8'S115°35.2'E
Extreme Central Line Limit 2C201:56:40.501:36:26.657°10.4'N111°36.3'W

Explanation of Central Line Extremes Table

Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration
Event Time
TD
Time
UT1
Latitude Longitude Sun
Altitude
Sun
Azimuth
Path Width Central
Duration
Greatest Eclipse00:20:45.700:00:31.724°47.3'N161°59.0'E 62.0° 147.8° 8.9 km00m12.15s
Greatest Duration01:56:40.501:36:26.657°10.4'N111°36.3'W 0.0° 271.0° 53.2 km00m47.80s

Explanation of Greatest Eclipse and Greatest Duration

Polynomial Besselian Elements: Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22

Polynomial Besselian Elements
2509 Mar 22 at 00:00:00.0 TD (=t0)
n x y d l1 l2 μ
0 -0.39386 0.31600 0.5162 0.54965 0.00347 178.3489
1 0.48197 0.26783 0.0158 0.00012 0.00012 15.0041
2 0.00000 -0.00003 -0.0000 -0.00001 -0.00001 0.0000
3 -0.00001 -0.00000 - - - -
Tan ƒ1 0.0047041
Tan ƒ2 0.0046807

At time t1 (decimal hours), each besselian element is evaluated by:

x = x0 + x1*t + x2*t2 + x3*t3 (or x = Σ [xn*tn]; n = 0 to 3)

where: t = t1 - t0 (decimal hours) and t0 = 0.000

Explanation of Polynomial Besselian Elements

Links for the Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Information

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

Predictions for the Hybrid Solar Eclipse of 2509 Mar 22 were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates were calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass. The predictions are given in both Terrestrial Dynamical Time (TD) and Universal Time (UT1). The parameter ΔT is used to convert between these two times (i.e., UT1 = TD - ΔT). ΔT has a value of 1213.9 seconds for this eclipse. The uncertainty in ΔT is 305.3 seconds corresponding to a standard error in longitude of the eclipse path of ± 1.28°.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this website is based on the book Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce eclipse data when accompanied by a link to this page and an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.