Saros 1

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 1

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 1

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 1 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 1
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -2872-Jun-0400:25:01 70046 8188 -60254 Pb t- 1.5060 0.0938 62N 24W 0 - -
2-33 -2854-Jun-1506:52:06 69508 8079 -60031 P t- 1.4290 0.2275 63N 132W 0 - -
3-32 -2836-Jun-2513:22:36 68973 7972 -59808 P t- 1.3547 0.3557 63N 119E 0 - -
4-31 -2818-Jul-0620:00:06 68439 7865 -59585 P t- 1.2861 0.4733 64N 7E 0 - -
5-30 -2800-Jul-1702:44:14 67908 7759 -59362 P t- 1.2229 0.5806 65N 106W 0 - -
6-29 -2782-Jul-2809:37:26 67379 7653 -59139 P t- 1.1668 0.6750 66N 138E 0 - -
7-28 -2764-Aug-0716:38:34 66851 7549 -58916 P t- 1.1171 0.7579 67N 20E 0 - -
8-27 -2746-Aug-1823:50:22 66326 7444 -58693 P t- 1.0762 0.8254 68N 102W 0 - -
9-26 -2728-Aug-2907:10:47 65803 7341 -58470 P t- 1.0423 0.8807 69N 134E 0 - -
10-25 -2710-Sep-0914:40:20 65282 7238 -58247 A+ t- 1.0159 0.9234 70N 7E 0 - -
11-24 -2692-Sep-1922:18:36 64763 7136 -58024 An t- 0.9965 0.9074 72N 128W 2 - 06m11s
12-23 -2674-Oct-0106:04:43 64246 7035 -57801 An t- 0.9831 0.9073 72N 73E 10 - 06m52s
13-22 -2656-Oct-1113:57:31 63731 6934 -57578 An p- 0.9752 0.9064 69N 66W 12 - 07m25s
14-21 -2638-Oct-2221:54:02 63219 6834 -57355 An p- 0.9701 0.9059 66N 161E 13 - 07m54s
15-20 -2620-Nov-0205:54:57 62708 6734 -57132 An p- 0.9683 0.9059 63N 29E 14 - 08m18s
16-19 -2602-Nov-1313:56:29 62200 6636 -56909 A p- 0.9663 0.9066 60N 101W 14 143108m39s
17-18 -2584-Nov-2321:57:47 61693 6537 -56686 A p- 0.9640 0.9080 57N 129E 15 136008m54s
18-17 -2566-Dec-0505:55:27 61189 6440 -56463 A p- 0.9582 0.9104 54N 0E 16 122509m05s
19-16 -2548-Dec-1513:49:52 60686 6343 -56240 A p- 0.9492 0.9135 50N 127W 18 106909m08s
20-15 -2530-Dec-2621:38:06 60186 6247 -56017 A p- 0.9346 0.9174 46N 108E 20 89509m04s
21-14 -2511-Jan-0605:19:22 59688 6152 -55794 A p- 0.9137 0.9219 42N 14W 24 73208m50s
22-13 -2493-Jan-1712:52:24 59191 6057 -55571 A p- 0.8853 0.9271 38N 133W 27 59008m25s
23-12 -2475-Jan-2720:17:20 58697 5963 -55348 A p- 0.8497 0.9326 34N 110E 32 47307m50s
24-11 -2457-Feb-0803:33:03 58205 5870 -55125 A p- 0.8059 0.9385 31N 3W 36 37907m06s
25-10 -2439-Feb-1810:40:27 57715 5777 -54902 A p- 0.7543 0.9445 28N 113W 41 30406m18s
26 -9 -2421-Mar-0117:39:50 57228 5685 -54679 A p- 0.6953 0.9507 25N 140E 46 24505m27s
27 -8 -2403-Mar-1200:32:58 56742 5594 -54456 A p- 0.6300 0.9566 24N 34E 51 19804m39s
28 -7 -2385-Mar-2307:18:15 56258 5503 -54233 A p- 0.5572 0.9625 22N 68W 56 16003m55s
29 -6 -2367-Apr-0214:00:07 55776 5413 -54010 A p- 0.4806 0.9680 22N 170W 61 12903m16s
30 -5 -2349-Apr-1320:37:06 55297 5324 -53787 A p- 0.3990 0.9731 21N 90E 66 10402m41s
31 -4 -2331-Apr-2403:14:03 54819 5236 -53564 A p- 0.3159 0.9778 21N 10W 71 8302m12s
32 -3 -2313-May-0509:48:08 54344 5148 -53341 A nn 0.2293 0.9820 21N 108W 77 6501m48s
33 -2 -2295-May-1516:25:53 53870 5060 -53118 A nn 0.1445 0.9855 21N 152E 82 5201m28s
34 -1 -2277-May-2623:04:42 53399 4974 -52895 A nn 0.0599 0.9886 20N 52E 86 4001m11s
35 0 -2259-Jun-0605:49:14 52930 4888 -52672 A nn -0.0211 0.9910 18N 49W 89 3200m58s
36 1 -2241-Jun-1712:37:55 52463 4803 -52449 A nn -0.0998 0.9928 16N 152W 84 2500m47s
37 2 -2223-Jun-2719:35:15 51998 4718 -52226 Am nn -0.1721 0.9942 14N 103E 80 2100m40s
38 3 -2205-Jul-0902:39:31 51534 4635 -52003 A nn -0.2396 0.9950 10N 5W 76 1800m35s
39 4 -2187-Jul-1909:53:12 51074 4551 -51780 A -n -0.3000 0.9955 6N 116W 73 1700m32s
40 5 -2169-Jul-3017:16:15 50615 4469 -51557 A -n -0.3535 0.9956 2N 131E 69 1700m31s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 1
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 -2151-Aug-1000:50:23 50158 4387 -51334 A -n -0.3984 0.9955 2S 14E 67 1700m31s
42 7 -2133-Aug-2108:34:41 49703 4306 -51111 A -n -0.4360 0.9954 7S 105W 64 1800m31s
43 8 -2115-Aug-3116:29:31 49250 4226 -50888 A -p -0.4656 0.9953 12S 133E 62 1900m31s
44 9 -2097-Sep-1200:34:32 48800 4146 -50665 A -p -0.4875 0.9953 17S 8E 61 1900m30s
45 10 -2079-Sep-2208:49:10 48351 4067 -50442 A -p -0.5024 0.9955 22S 120W 60 1800m27s
46 11 -2061-Oct-0317:11:32 47905 3989 -50219 A -p -0.5117 0.9962 26S 111E 59 1500m22s
47 12 -2043-Oct-1401:41:49 47460 3911 -49996 A -p -0.5153 0.9972 31S 20W 59 1100m16s
48 13 -2025-Oct-2510:17:25 47018 3834 -49773 A -p -0.5155 0.9988 36S 151W 59 500m07s
49 14 -2007-Nov-0418:57:31 46578 3758 -49550 H -p -0.5126 1.0009 40S 77E 59 400m05s
50 15 -1989-Nov-1603:38:41 46139 3682 -49327 H -n -0.5095 1.0036 44S 54W 59 1400m18s
51 16 -1971-Nov-2612:21:27 45703 3607 -49104 H -n -0.5059 1.0069 48S 175E 59 2800m34s
52 17 -1953-Dec-0721:02:13 45269 3533 -48881 H -n -0.5050 1.0107 51S 47E 59 4300m52s
53 18 -1935-Dec-1805:40:03 44837 3460 -48658 H2 -p -0.5069 1.0150 53S 80W 59 6001m11s
54 19 -1917-Dec-2914:12:39 44407 3387 -48435 T -p -0.5139 1.0197 55S 155E 59 7901m31s
55 20 -1898-Jan-0822:40:05 43980 3315 -48212 T -p -0.5259 1.0248 55S 32E 58 9901m53s
56 21 -1880-Jan-2007:00:57 43554 3243 -47989 T -p -0.5442 1.0301 55S 89W 57 12102m13s
57 22 -1862-Jan-3015:14:00 43130 3172 -47766 T -p -0.5696 1.0355 54S 152E 55 14502m34s
58 23 -1844-Feb-1023:19:53 42708 3102 -47543 T -p -0.6020 1.0408 53S 33E 53 17002m53s
59 24 -1826-Feb-2107:17:50 42289 3033 -47320 T -p -0.6414 1.0459 51S 84W 50 19803m11s
60 25 -1808-Mar-0315:08:50 41871 2964 -47097 T -p -0.6874 1.0507 50S 160E 46 22903m28s
61 26 -1790-Mar-1422:52:24 41456 2896 -46874 T -p -0.7403 1.0548 49S 45E 42 26503m42s
62 27 -1772-Mar-2506:30:37 41042 2829 -46651 T -p -0.7983 1.0583 48S 68W 37 31303m53s
63 28 -1754-Apr-0514:03:40 40631 2762 -46428 T -p -0.8611 1.0607 49S 180W 30 38403m59s
64 29 -1736-Apr-1521:31:46 40222 2697 -46205 T -t -0.9286 1.0617 52S 72E 21 53803m57s
65 30 -1718-Apr-2704:57:06 39815 2631 -45982 T- -t -0.9986 1.0266 61S 14W 0 - -
66 31 -1700-May-0712:20:06 39410 2567 -45759 P -t -1.0706 0.8878 61S 135W 0 - -
67 32 -1682-May-1819:43:13 39007 2503 -45536 P -t -1.1430 0.7476 62S 103E 0 - -
68 33 -1664-May-2903:05:27 38606 2440 -45313 P -t -1.2161 0.6056 62S 18W 0 - -
69 34 -1646-Jun-0910:30:43 38207 2378 -45090 P -t -1.2867 0.4682 63S 140W 0 - -
70 35 -1628-Jun-1917:58:31 37810 2316 -44867 P -t -1.3550 0.3355 64S 97E 0 - -
71 36 -1610-Jul-0101:30:50 37415 2255 -44644 P -t -1.4197 0.2103 65S 28W 0 - -
72 37 -1592-Jul-1109:07:43 37023 2195 -44421 Pe -t -1.4806 0.0929 66S 154W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 1

Solar eclipses of Saros 1 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -2872 Jun 04. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1592 Jul 11. The total duration of Saros series 1 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 1
First Eclipse -2872 Jun 04
Last Eclipse -1592 Jul 11
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 9P 39A 5H 12T 7P

Saros 1 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 1
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 16 22.2%
AnnularA 39 54.2%
TotalT 12 16.7%
HybridH 5 6.9%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 1 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 1
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 56100.0%
Central (two limits) 49 87.5%
Central (one limit) 5 8.9%
Non-Central (one limit) 2 3.6%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 1 occur in the following order : 9P 39A 5H 12T 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 1 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 1
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -2548 Dec 1509m08s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -2025 Oct 2500m07s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1754 Apr 0503m59s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1917 Dec 2901m31s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1935 Dec 1801m11s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -2007 Nov 0400m05s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1700 May 07 - 0.88783
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1592 Jul 11 - 0.09288

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.