Saros 5

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 5

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 5

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 5 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 5
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 -2720-Apr-0423:45:19 65583 7298 -58376 Pb t- 1.5366 0.0180 61N 15E 0 - -
2-35 -2702-Apr-1606:40:52 65063 7195 -58153 P t- 1.4574 0.1597 60N 100W 0 - -
3-34 -2684-Apr-2613:34:19 64545 7093 -57930 P t- 1.3752 0.3086 61N 146E 0 - -
4-33 -2666-May-0720:29:18 64029 6992 -57707 P t- 1.2928 0.4590 61N 31E 0 - -
5-32 -2648-May-1803:25:25 63515 6891 -57484 P t- 1.2102 0.6111 61N 84W 0 - -
6-31 -2630-May-2910:26:19 63003 6792 -57261 P t- 1.1298 0.7598 62N 160E 0 - -
7-30 -2612-Jun-0817:30:19 62494 6693 -57038 P t- 1.0509 0.9066 62N 43E 0 - -
8-29 -2594-Jun-2000:42:13 61986 6594 -56815 T t- 0.9772 1.0164 71N 55W 12 28300m52s
9-28 -2576-Jun-3008:00:24 61480 6496 -56592 T t- 0.9078 1.0212 79N 128W 24 17501m13s
10-27 -2558-Jul-1115:27:19 60977 6399 -56369 T t- 0.8448 1.0240 80N 163E 32 15401m28s
11-26 -2540-Jul-2123:02:34 60475 6303 -56146 T p- 0.7876 1.0256 76N 77E 38 14201m38s
12-25 -2522-Aug-0206:47:53 59976 6207 -55923 T p- 0.7381 1.0266 71N 28W 42 13501m47s
13-24 -2504-Aug-1214:42:53 59478 6112 -55700 T p- 0.6962 1.0270 65N 142W 46 12801m53s
14-23 -2486-Aug-2322:46:46 58983 6018 -55477 T p- 0.6611 1.0272 59N 98E 48 12301m58s
15-22 -2468-Sep-0307:00:57 58490 5924 -55254 T p- 0.6342 1.0271 53N 27W 50 11902m02s
16-21 -2450-Sep-1415:23:44 57999 5831 -55031 T p- 0.6140 1.0270 48N 154W 52 11602m06s
17-20 -2432-Sep-2423:55:14 57510 5738 -54808 T p- 0.6006 1.0270 42N 75E 53 11402m10s
18-19 -2414-Oct-0608:32:44 57023 5647 -54585 T p- 0.5918 1.0273 37N 57W 53 11402m15s
19-18 -2396-Oct-1617:16:59 56538 5556 -54362 T p- 0.5884 1.0278 33N 168E 54 11602m22s
20-17 -2378-Oct-2802:04:40 56055 5465 -54139 T p- 0.5873 1.0287 28N 33E 54 11902m31s
21-16 -2360-Nov-0710:55:11 55574 5376 -53916 T p- 0.5883 1.0302 24N 104W 54 12502m43s
22-15 -2342-Nov-1819:46:09 55095 5287 -53693 T p- 0.5892 1.0321 21N 120E 54 13302m59s
23-14 -2324-Nov-2904:36:55 54618 5198 -53470 T p- 0.5895 1.0346 18N 17W 54 14403m16s
24-13 -2306-Dec-1013:24:05 54144 5111 -53247 T p- 0.5866 1.0376 15N 152W 54 15603m37s
25-12 -2288-Dec-2022:07:32 53671 5024 -53024 T p- 0.5803 1.0410 13N 73E 54 16903m59s
26-11 -2269-Jan-0106:45:04 53201 4938 -52801 T p- 0.5687 1.0449 11N 60W 55 18204m21s
27-10 -2251-Jan-1115:17:10 52733 4852 -52578 T p- 0.5522 1.0491 9N 169E 56 19504m43s
28 -9 -2233-Jan-2223:40:00 52266 4767 -52355 T p- 0.5278 1.0536 8N 40E 58 20805m03s
29 -8 -2215-Feb-0207:56:21 51802 4683 -52132 T p- 0.4979 1.0580 7N 87W 60 21905m20s
30 -7 -2197-Feb-1316:03:09 51340 4599 -51909 T p- 0.4598 1.0625 7N 149E 63 22905m34s
31 -6 -2179-Feb-2400:03:44 50880 4517 -51686 T n- 0.4163 1.0668 7N 26E 65 23805m46s
32 -5 -2161-Mar-0707:54:07 50422 4434 -51463 T n- 0.3641 1.0707 7N 93W 69 24505m55s
33 -4 -2143-Mar-1715:39:28 49966 4353 -51240 T n- 0.3074 1.0741 7N 149E 72 25106m03s
34 -3 -2125-Mar-2823:16:28 49512 4272 -51017 T n- 0.2438 1.0769 8N 33E 76 25606m10s
35 -2 -2107-Apr-0806:49:45 49060 4192 -50794 T n- 0.1768 1.0790 9N 81W 80 25906m17s
36 -1 -2089-Apr-1914:16:42 48610 4113 -50571 T nn 0.1045 1.0802 9N 166E 84 26006m23s
37 0 -2071-Apr-2921:42:27 48163 4034 -50348 Tm nn 0.0311 1.0807 10N 53E 88 26006m30s
38 1 -2053-May-1105:04:58 47717 3956 -50125 T nn -0.0448 1.0802 10N 58W 87 25906m35s
39 2 -2035-May-2112:27:13 47274 3878 -49902 T nn -0.1209 1.0788 9N 169W 83 25606m39s
40 3 -2017-Jun-0119:49:17 46832 3802 -49679 T -n -0.1966 1.0764 8N 79E 79 25206m40s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 5
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 -1999-Jun-1203:13:45 46393 3726 -49456 T -n -0.2699 1.0733 6N 33W 74 24706m37s
42 5 -1981-Jun-2310:41:00 45955 3650 -49233 T -n -0.3405 1.0693 3N 147W 70 24006m28s
43 6 -1963-Jul-0318:11:53 45520 3576 -49010 T -p -0.4075 1.0646 0S 98E 66 23106m12s
44 7 -1945-Jul-1501:48:21 45087 3502 -48787 T -p -0.4691 1.0593 4S 18W 62 22105m48s
45 8 -1927-Jul-2509:30:57 44656 3429 -48564 T -p -0.5247 1.0535 9S 137W 58 20805m16s
46 9 -1909-Aug-0517:19:53 44227 3356 -48341 T -p -0.5745 1.0475 13S 102E 55 19304m38s
47 10 -1891-Aug-1601:16:06 43800 3284 -48118 T -p -0.6175 1.0412 19S 22W 52 17503m57s
48 11 -1873-Aug-2709:20:05 43375 3213 -47895 T -p -0.6536 1.0348 24S 147W 49 15403m15s
49 12 -1855-Sep-0617:32:02 42952 3143 -47672 T -p -0.6821 1.0286 29S 85E 47 13202m35s
50 13 -1837-Sep-1801:50:18 42531 3073 -47449 T -p -0.7049 1.0226 34S 44W 45 10801m58s
51 14 -1819-Sep-2810:16:15 42113 3004 -47226 T -p -0.7207 1.0171 40S 176W 44 8401m26s
52 15 -1801-Oct-0918:48:14 41696 2936 -47003 H3 -p -0.7312 1.0120 45S 52E 43 6000m58s
53 16 -1783-Oct-2003:25:16 41281 2868 -46780 H -p -0.7369 1.0075 49S 81W 42 3800m35s
54 17 -1765-Oct-3112:05:02 40869 2801 -46557 H -p -0.7399 1.0034 54S 146E 42 1800m16s
55 18 -1747-Nov-1020:47:00 40458 2735 -46334 H -p -0.7405 1.0001 59S 14E 42 100m00s
56 19 -1729-Nov-2205:29:11 40050 2669 -46111 A -p -0.7405 0.9973 63S 116W 42 1400m12s
57 20 -1711-Dec-0214:08:50 39644 2604 -45888 A -p -0.7420 0.9951 67S 116E 42 2600m21s
58 21 -1693-Dec-1322:45:37 39240 2540 -45665 A -p -0.7454 0.9933 70S 7W 41 3600m28s
59 22 -1675-Dec-2407:16:39 38837 2476 -45442 A -p -0.7530 0.9920 73S 125W 41 4300m34s
60 23 -1656-Jan-0415:41:13 38437 2414 -45219 A -p -0.7651 0.9909 73S 122E 40 5000m37s
61 24 -1638-Jan-1423:56:35 38039 2352 -44996 A -p -0.7843 0.9901 73S 12E 38 5600m40s
62 25 -1620-Jan-2608:03:57 37643 2290 -44773 A -p -0.8093 0.9893 71S 99W 36 6400m43s
63 26 -1602-Feb-0516:01:05 37250 2230 -44550 A -p -0.8422 0.9884 69S 150E 32 7600m47s
64 27 -1584-Feb-1623:47:36 36858 2170 -44327 A -t -0.8830 0.9871 67S 41E 28 9700m51s
65 28 -1566-Feb-2707:23:43 36468 2110 -44104 A -t -0.9315 0.9851 65S 65W 21 14500m57s
66 29 -1548-Mar-0914:50:01 36080 2052 -43881 A -t -0.9871 0.9813 63S 157W 8 45601m08s
67 30 -1530-Mar-2022:06:39 35695 1994 -43658 P -t -1.0499 0.8953 61S 100E 0 - -
68 31 -1512-Mar-3105:13:18 35311 1937 -43435 P -t -1.1197 0.7700 61S 17W 0 - -
69 32 -1494-Apr-1112:12:34 34930 1881 -43212 P -t -1.1945 0.6359 61S 132W 0 - -
70 33 -1476-Apr-2119:04:24 34551 1825 -42989 P -t -1.2739 0.4941 61S 115E 0 - -
71 34 -1458-May-0301:50:34 34173 1770 -42766 P -t -1.3566 0.3468 61S 3E 0 - -
72 35 -1440-May-1308:31:52 33798 1716 -42543 P -t -1.4419 0.1957 62S 108W 0 - -
73 36 -1422-May-2415:10:51 33425 1662 -42320 Pe -t -1.5275 0.0450 62S 142E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 5

Solar eclipses of Saros 5 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -2720 Apr 04. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1422 May 24. The total duration of Saros series 5 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 5
First Eclipse -2720 Apr 04
Last Eclipse -1422 May 24
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 7P 44T 4H 11A 7P

Saros 5 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 5
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 14 19.2%
AnnularA 11 15.1%
TotalT 44 60.3%
HybridH 4 5.5%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 5 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 5
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 59100.0%
Central (two limits) 59100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 5 occur in the following order : 7P 44T 4H 11A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 5 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 5
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1548 Mar 0901m08s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1729 Nov 2200m12s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -2017 Jun 0106m40s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -2594 Jun 2000m52s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1801 Oct 0900m58s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1747 Nov 1000m00s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -2612 Jun 08 - 0.90656
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -2720 Apr 04 - 0.01802

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.