Saros 6

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 6

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 6

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 6 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 6
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -2673-Mar-2720:30:45 64232 7032 -57795 Pb t- -1.4781 0.0987 71S 107W 0 - -
2-36 -2655-Apr-0703:58:00 63718 6931 -57572 P t- -1.4149 0.2205 71S 125E 0 - -
3-35 -2637-Apr-1811:21:34 63205 6831 -57349 P t- -1.3489 0.3479 71S 2W 0 - -
4-34 -2619-Apr-2818:41:05 62694 6732 -57126 P t- -1.2799 0.4810 71S 128W 0 - -
5-33 -2601-May-1001:58:21 62186 6633 -56903 P t- -1.2093 0.6167 71S 107E 0 - -
6-32 -2583-May-2009:14:34 61679 6535 -56680 P t- -1.1383 0.7525 70S 17W 0 - -
7-31 -2565-May-3116:31:30 61175 6437 -56457 P t- -1.0681 0.8858 69S 141W 0 - -
8-30 -2547-Jun-1023:50:27 60673 6341 -56234 T- t- -1.0003 1.0134 69S 95E 0 - -
9-29 -2529-Jun-2207:11:23 60172 6245 -56011 T t- -0.9345 1.0405 47S 34W 20 38603m15s
10-28 -2511-Jul-0214:37:30 59674 6149 -55788 T p- -0.8736 1.0376 38S 153W 29 26103m18s
11-27 -2493-Jul-1322:08:07 59178 6055 -55565 T p- -0.8168 1.0334 31S 88E 35 19503m06s
12-26 -2475-Jul-2405:45:14 58684 5961 -55342 T p- -0.7664 1.0284 26S 31W 40 15002m44s
13-25 -2457-Aug-0413:28:14 58192 5867 -55119 T p- -0.7216 1.0229 23S 150W 44 11202m14s
14-24 -2439-Aug-1421:19:21 57702 5775 -54896 T p- -0.6841 1.0171 21S 88E 47 8001m40s
15-23 -2421-Aug-2605:17:45 57214 5683 -54673 H p- -0.6533 1.0111 20S 35W 49 5001m04s
16-22 -2403-Sep-0513:23:03 56729 5591 -54450 H p- -0.6290 1.0053 21S 160W 51 2300m30s
17-21 -2385-Sep-1621:36:09 56245 5501 -54227 A p- -0.6119 0.9995 23S 73E 52 200m03s
18-20 -2367-Sep-2705:55:40 55763 5411 -54004 A p- -0.6009 0.9941 26S 55W 53 2500m32s
19-19 -2349-Oct-0814:21:14 55284 5322 -53781 A p- -0.5954 0.9890 30S 175E 53 4700m58s
20-18 -2331-Oct-1822:49:27 54806 5233 -53558 A p- -0.5928 0.9844 34S 45E 53 6701m21s
21-17 -2313-Oct-3007:21:49 54331 5145 -53335 A p- -0.5943 0.9804 38S 87W 53 8501m40s
22-16 -2295-Nov-0915:54:23 53858 5058 -53112 A p- -0.5969 0.9770 43S 142E 53 10101m55s
23-15 -2277-Nov-2100:26:48 53386 4972 -52889 A p- -0.6000 0.9743 48S 12E 53 11402m07s
24-14 -2259-Dec-0108:55:26 52917 4886 -52666 A p- -0.6011 0.9721 52S 115W 53 12402m17s
25-13 -2241-Dec-1217:20:38 52450 4801 -52443 A p- -0.5999 0.9706 56S 120E 53 13202m24s
26-12 -2223-Dec-2301:38:54 51985 4716 -52220 A p- -0.5941 0.9696 58S 2W 53 13602m30s
27-11 -2204-Jan-0309:49:31 51522 4632 -51997 A p- -0.5829 0.9691 59S 120W 54 13702m35s
28-10 -2186-Jan-1317:50:58 51061 4549 -51774 A p- -0.5652 0.9690 58S 125E 55 13602m39s
29 -9 -2168-Jan-2501:43:13 50602 4467 -51551 A p- -0.5410 0.9692 56S 11E 57 13202m43s
30 -8 -2150-Feb-0409:23:44 50145 4385 -51328 A p- -0.5080 0.9696 52S 102W 59 12702m47s
31 -7 -2132-Feb-1516:54:14 49691 4304 -51105 A p- -0.4675 0.9701 46S 145E 62 12202m52s
32 -6 -2114-Feb-2600:13:17 49238 4224 -50882 A p- -0.4184 0.9706 40S 34E 65 11602m58s
33 -5 -2096-Mar-0807:23:12 48787 4144 -50659 A n- -0.3629 0.9709 32S 77W 69 11203m04s
34 -4 -2078-Mar-1914:21:03 48339 4065 -50436 A nn -0.2981 0.9710 24S 175E 73 10903m12s
35 -3 -2060-Mar-2921:11:59 47893 3987 -50213 A nn -0.2285 0.9707 16S 68E 77 10803m22s
36 -2 -2042-Apr-1003:53:29 47448 3909 -49990 A nn -0.1515 0.9700 8S 37W 81 10903m33s
37 -1 -2024-Apr-2010:30:23 47006 3832 -49767 Am nn -0.0718 0.9690 1N 140W 86 11203m45s
38 0 -2006-May-0116:59:49 46566 3756 -49544 A nn 0.0134 0.9673 10N 118E 89 11803m58s
39 1 -1988-May-1123:28:02 46128 3680 -49321 A nn 0.0988 0.9652 18N 17E 84 12604m11s
40 2 -1970-May-2305:52:06 45692 3605 -49098 A nn 0.1870 0.9625 27N 83W 79 13804m23s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 6
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 -1952-Jun-0212:17:06 45258 3531 -48875 A np 0.2735 0.9595 35N 179E 74 15304m34s
42 4 -1934-Jun-1318:41:58 44826 3458 -48652 A -p 0.3594 0.9558 43N 81E 69 17304m44s
43 5 -1916-Jun-2401:11:18 44396 3385 -48429 A -p 0.4409 0.9519 49N 16W 64 19704m53s
44 6 -1898-Jul-0507:44:23 43968 3313 -48206 A -p 0.5187 0.9476 55N 111W 58 22605m02s
45 7 -1880-Jul-1514:23:19 43542 3241 -47983 A -p 0.5910 0.9430 60N 154E 54 26205m12s
46 8 -1862-Jul-2621:09:38 43119 3170 -47760 A -p 0.6568 0.9383 62N 60E 49 30405m24s
47 9 -1844-Aug-0604:03:52 42697 3100 -47537 A -p 0.7158 0.9335 63N 35W 44 35405m37s
48 10 -1826-Aug-1711:07:10 42278 3031 -47314 A -p 0.7670 0.9289 63N 134W 40 41305m54s
49 11 -1808-Aug-2718:19:15 41860 2962 -47091 A -p 0.8106 0.9244 61N 123E 36 48206m12s
50 12 -1790-Sep-0801:41:31 41445 2894 -46868 A -p 0.8460 0.9202 59N 14E 32 55806m33s
51 13 -1772-Sep-1809:12:36 41031 2827 -46645 A -p 0.8741 0.9165 56N 99W 29 64006m57s
52 14 -1754-Sep-2916:51:59 40620 2761 -46422 A -p 0.8952 0.9133 54N 144E 26 72407m23s
53 15 -1736-Oct-1000:39:09 40211 2695 -46199 A -p 0.9100 0.9109 52N 23E 24 80007m50s
54 16 -1718-Oct-2108:32:48 39804 2630 -45976 A -p 0.9192 0.9091 50N 100W 23 86008m18s
55 17 -1700-Oct-3116:30:53 39399 2565 -45753 A -p 0.9250 0.9081 48N 135E 22 90208m45s
56 18 -1682-Nov-1200:31:12 38996 2501 -45530 A -p 0.9292 0.9078 47N 8E 21 93409m08s
57 19 -1664-Nov-2208:32:58 38595 2438 -45307 A -p 0.9320 0.9083 46N 118W 21 95209m26s
58 20 -1646-Dec-0316:34:13 38196 2376 -45084 A -p 0.9351 0.9095 46N 115E 20 96909m36s
59 21 -1628-Dec-1400:32:02 37799 2314 -44861 A -p 0.9411 0.9113 46N 11W 19 100409m34s
60 22 -1610-Dec-2508:25:52 37405 2253 -44638 A -p 0.9503 0.9135 48N 136W 18 107409m18s
61 23 -1591-Jan-0416:13:21 37012 2193 -44415 A -p 0.9650 0.9160 51N 101E 15 125408m45s
62 24 -1573-Jan-1523:55:10 36622 2134 -44192 An -t 0.9845 0.9183 58N 23W 9 - 07m57s
63 25 -1555-Jan-2607:27:31 36233 2075 -43969 A+ -t 1.0118 0.9353 68N 148W 0 - -
64 26 -1537-Feb-0614:53:17 35847 2017 -43746 P -t 1.0447 0.8817 69N 87E 0 - -
65 27 -1519-Feb-1622:09:27 35463 1959 -43523 P -t 1.0857 0.8140 70N 36W 0 - -
66 28 -1501-Feb-2805:18:16 35080 1903 -43300 P -t 1.1329 0.7348 71N 157W 0 - -
67 29 -1483-Mar-1012:18:02 34700 1847 -43077 P -t 1.1879 0.6414 71N 83E 0 - -
68 30 -1465-Mar-2119:12:01 34322 1792 -42854 P -t 1.2478 0.5385 72N 36W 0 - -
69 31 -1447-Apr-0101:59:25 33946 1737 -42631 P -t 1.3133 0.4250 72N 153W 0 - -
70 32 -1429-Apr-1208:41:39 33572 1683 -42408 P -t 1.3831 0.3026 72N 90E 0 - -
71 33 -1411-Apr-2215:20:25 33200 1630 -42185 P -t 1.4561 0.1737 71N 24W 0 - -
72 34 -1393-May-0321:57:26 32830 1578 -41962 Pe -t 1.5310 0.0405 71N 139W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 6

Solar eclipses of Saros 6 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -2673 Mar 27. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1393 May 03. The total duration of Saros series 6 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 6
First Eclipse -2673 Mar 27
Last Eclipse -1393 May 03
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 7P 7T 2H 47A 9P

Saros 6 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 6
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 16 22.2%
AnnularA 47 65.3%
TotalT 7 9.7%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 6 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 6
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 56100.0%
Central (two limits) 53 94.6%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 2 3.6%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 6 occur in the following order : 7P 7T 2H 47A 9P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 6 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 6
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1646 Dec 0309m36s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -2385 Sep 1600m03s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -2511 Jul 0203m18s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -2439 Aug 1401m40s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -2421 Aug 2601m04s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -2403 Sep 0500m30s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -2565 May 31 - 0.88580
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1393 May 03 - 0.04054

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.