Saros 9

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 9

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 9

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 9 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 9
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-39 -2568-Feb-0601:12:33 61268 6455 -56498 Pb t- 1.5283 0.0081 63N 23E 0 - -
2-38 -2550-Feb-1609:14:51 60765 6358 -56275 P t- 1.4915 0.0777 62N 109W 0 - -
3-37 -2532-Feb-2717:07:30 60264 6262 -56052 P t- 1.4472 0.1618 62N 122E 0 - -
4-36 -2514-Mar-1000:52:41 59766 6167 -55829 P t- 1.3974 0.2568 61N 6W 0 - -
5-35 -2496-Mar-2008:29:39 59269 6072 -55606 P t- 1.3415 0.3639 61N 131W 0 - -
6-34 -2478-Mar-3116:00:41 58775 5978 -55383 P t- 1.2811 0.4798 61N 105E 0 - -
7-33 -2460-Apr-1023:24:17 58282 5884 -55160 P t- 1.2150 0.6063 61N 16W 0 - -
8-32 -2442-Apr-2206:44:19 57792 5792 -54937 P t- 1.1464 0.7374 61N 137W 0 - -
9-31 -2424-May-0214:00:03 57304 5700 -54714 P t- 1.0751 0.8732 61N 103E 0 - -
10-30 -2406-May-1321:13:47 56818 5608 -54491 T+ t- 1.0025 1.0105 61N 16W 0 - -
11-29 -2388-May-2404:26:12 56334 5517 -54268 T t- 0.9294 1.0434 67N 87W 21 39502m28s
12-28 -2370-Jun-0411:39:40 55852 5427 -54045 T p- 0.8577 1.0420 68N 179W 31 27302m31s
13-27 -2352-Jun-1418:55:07 55372 5338 -53822 T p- 0.7884 1.0390 68N 86E 38 21302m28s
14-26 -2334-Jun-2602:12:37 54894 5249 -53599 T p- 0.7214 1.0351 67N 11W 44 17102m20s
15-25 -2316-Jul-0609:35:07 54418 5161 -53376 T p- 0.6595 1.0303 64N 112W 48 13702m07s
16-24 -2298-Jul-1717:02:20 53945 5074 -53153 T p- 0.6024 1.0249 61N 143E 53 10701m51s
17-23 -2280-Jul-2800:36:41 53473 4987 -52930 T p- 0.5519 1.0191 57N 34E 56 7901m29s
18-22 -2262-Aug-0808:16:32 53003 4901 -52707 H p- 0.5069 1.0130 52N 79W 59 5201m04s
19-21 -2244-Aug-1816:05:16 52536 4816 -52484 H p- 0.4702 1.0067 47N 165E 62 2600m35s
20-20 -2226-Aug-3000:00:31 52070 4732 -52261 H n- 0.4401 1.0005 42N 45E 64 200m03s
21-19 -2208-Sep-0908:03:39 51607 4648 -52038 A n- 0.4174 0.9944 36N 77W 65 2200m31s
22-18 -2190-Sep-2016:12:53 51146 4564 -51815 A n- 0.4006 0.9885 31N 158E 66 4401m07s
23-17 -2172-Oct-0100:29:28 50686 4482 -51592 A n- 0.3907 0.9831 26N 31E 67 6501m42s
24-16 -2154-Oct-1208:50:22 50229 4400 -51369 A n- 0.3855 0.9781 21N 97W 67 8402m17s
25-15 -2136-Oct-2217:15:04 49774 4319 -51146 A n- 0.3842 0.9736 17N 134E 67 10202m52s
26-14 -2118-Nov-0301:41:48 49321 4238 -50923 A n- 0.3854 0.9698 13N 5E 67 11703m24s
27-13 -2100-Nov-1310:10:19 48870 4158 -50700 A n- 0.3886 0.9666 9N 125W 67 13003m54s
28-12 -2082-Nov-2418:36:17 48421 4079 -50477 A n- 0.3905 0.9641 6N 105E 67 14104m20s
29-11 -2064-Dec-0502:59:56 47974 4001 -50254 A n- 0.3911 0.9622 3N 23W 67 14904m42s
30-10 -2046-Dec-1611:17:43 47530 3923 -50031 A n- 0.3875 0.9609 1N 150W 67 15404m57s
31 -9 -2028-Dec-2619:30:35 47087 3846 -49808 A n- 0.3807 0.9601 1S 84E 68 15705m06s
32 -8 -2009-Jan-0703:33:16 46647 3770 -49585 A n- 0.3659 0.9598 3S 39W 69 15705m08s
33 -7 -1991-Jan-1711:28:55 46208 3694 -49362 A n- 0.3461 0.9599 4S 160W 70 15505m03s
34 -6 -1973-Jan-2819:12:37 45772 3619 -49139 A n- 0.3170 0.9602 4S 82E 72 15204m54s
35 -5 -1955-Feb-0802:47:06 45337 3545 -48916 A nn 0.2813 0.9608 4S 33W 74 14804m41s
36 -4 -1937-Feb-1910:08:37 44905 3471 -48693 A nn 0.2354 0.9613 4S 145W 76 14404m29s
37 -3 -1919-Mar-0117:21:26 44475 3398 -48470 A nn 0.1832 0.9619 4S 105E 79 14004m17s
38 -2 -1901-Mar-1300:22:35 44046 3326 -48247 Am nn 0.1219 0.9623 4S 1W 83 13704m09s
39 -1 -1883-Mar-2307:14:19 43620 3254 -48024 A nn 0.0537 0.9625 3S 105W 87 13604m04s
40 0 -1865-Apr-0313:57:01 43196 3183 -47801 A nn -0.0211 0.9622 3S 153E 89 13704m04s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 9
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 1 -1847-Apr-1320:32:53 42774 3113 -47578 A nn -0.1007 0.9617 2S 54E 84 13904m09s
42 2 -1829-Apr-2503:02:23 42354 3044 -47355 A nn -0.1852 0.9607 3S 44W 79 14504m21s
43 3 -1811-May-0509:26:46 41937 2975 -47132 A np -0.2731 0.9592 3S 141W 74 15304m39s
44 4 -1793-May-1615:48:48 41521 2907 -46909 A -p -0.3624 0.9571 5S 123E 69 16605m03s
45 5 -1775-May-2622:09:39 41107 2840 -46686 A -p -0.4516 0.9546 7S 26E 63 18405m34s
46 6 -1757-Jun-0704:30:33 40696 2773 -46463 A -p -0.5401 0.9515 11S 71W 57 20806m08s
47 7 -1739-Jun-1710:53:50 40286 2707 -46240 A -p -0.6261 0.9480 15S 169W 51 24306m44s
48 8 -1721-Jun-2817:21:12 39879 2642 -46017 A -p -0.7081 0.9440 21S 92E 45 29107m15s
49 9 -1703-Jul-0823:54:00 39473 2577 -45794 A -p -0.7848 0.9397 28S 10W 38 36107m38s
50 10 -1685-Jul-2006:32:08 39070 2513 -45571 A -p -0.8566 0.9349 36S 115W 31 47207m48s
51 11 -1667-Jul-3013:18:52 38669 2450 -45348 A -t -0.9206 0.9297 45S 137E 23 68207m44s
52 12 -1649-Aug-1020:13:41 38269 2387 -45125 As -t -0.9775 0.9237 58S 23E 11 - 07m22s
53 13 -1631-Aug-2103:18:28 37872 2326 -44902 P -t -1.0260 0.9102 70S 104W 0 - -
54 14 -1613-Sep-0110:31:55 37477 2265 -44679 P -t -1.0672 0.8398 70S 133E 0 - -
55 15 -1595-Sep-1117:56:09 37084 2204 -44456 P -t -1.0993 0.7852 71S 7E 0 - -
56 16 -1577-Sep-2301:29:10 36693 2145 -44233 P -t -1.1242 0.7429 72S 122W 0 - -
57 17 -1559-Oct-0309:10:27 36305 2086 -44010 P -t -1.1424 0.7122 72S 107E 0 - -
58 18 -1541-Oct-1416:59:42 35918 2027 -43787 P -t -1.1542 0.6922 72S 26W 0 - -
59 19 -1523-Oct-2500:55:07 35533 1970 -43564 P -t -1.1615 0.6800 71S 161W 0 - -
60 20 -1505-Nov-0508:55:40 35150 1913 -43341 P -t -1.1646 0.6750 71S 64E 0 - -
61 21 -1487-Nov-1516:57:42 34770 1857 -43118 P -t -1.1668 0.6714 70S 71W 0 - -
62 22 -1469-Nov-2701:02:11 34391 1802 -42895 P -t -1.1673 0.6709 69S 153E 0 - -
63 23 -1451-Dec-0709:05:01 34015 1747 -42672 P -t -1.1698 0.6671 68S 19E 0 - -
64 24 -1433-Dec-1817:05:32 33641 1693 -42449 P -t -1.1742 0.6604 67S 114W 0 - -
65 25 -1415-Dec-2901:00:30 33268 1640 -42226 P -t -1.1835 0.6454 66S 115E 0 - -
66 26 -1396-Jan-0908:50:44 32898 1587 -42003 P -t -1.1970 0.6234 65S 14W 0 - -
67 27 -1378-Jan-1916:33:40 32530 1536 -41780 P -t -1.2168 0.5905 64S 141W 0 - -
68 28 -1360-Jan-3100:08:50 32164 1485 -41557 P -t -1.2434 0.5460 63S 94E 0 - -
69 29 -1342-Feb-1007:35:49 31800 1434 -41334 P -t -1.2770 0.4888 62S 28W 0 - -
70 30 -1324-Feb-2114:54:54 31438 1385 -41111 P -t -1.3174 0.4196 62S 148W 0 - -
71 31 -1306-Mar-0322:05:35 31078 1336 -40888 P -t -1.3649 0.3371 61S 94E 0 - -
72 32 -1288-Mar-1405:09:07 30720 1288 -40665 P -t -1.4189 0.2425 61S 23W 0 - -
73 33 -1270-Mar-2512:06:09 30365 1240 -40442 P -t -1.4784 0.1371 61S 137W 0 - -
74 34 -1252-Apr-0418:58:37 30011 1194 -40219 Pe -t -1.5422 0.0231 61S 110E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 9

Solar eclipses of Saros 9 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -2568 Feb 06. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1252 Apr 04. The total duration of Saros series 9 is 1316.20 years.

Summary of Saros 9
First Eclipse -2568 Feb 06
Last Eclipse -1252 Apr 04
Series Duration 1316.20 Years
No. of Eclipses 74
Sequence 9P 8T 3H 32A 22P

Saros 9 is composed of 74 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 9
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 74100.0%
PartialP 31 41.9%
AnnularA 32 43.2%
TotalT 8 10.8%
HybridH 3 4.1%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 9 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 9
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 41 95.3%
Central (one limit) 1 2.3%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 74 eclipses in Saros 9 occur in the following order : 9P 8T 3H 32A 22P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 9 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 9
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1685 Jul 2007m48s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -2208 Sep 0900m31s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -2370 Jun 0402m31s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -2280 Jul 2801m29s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -2262 Aug 0801m04s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -2226 Aug 3000m03s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1631 Aug 21 - 0.91018
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -2568 Feb 06 - 0.00813

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.