Saros 10

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 10

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 10

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 10 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 10
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -2467-Feb-2808:04:28 58477 5921 -55248 Pb t- -1.5553 0.0134 70S 86E 0 - -
2-33 -2449-Mar-1114:51:55 57985 5828 -55025 P t- -1.4951 0.1155 71S 31W 0 - -
3-32 -2431-Mar-2121:29:58 57496 5736 -54802 P t- -1.4275 0.2308 71S 145W 0 - -
4-31 -2413-Apr-0204:00:39 57009 5644 -54579 P t- -1.3539 0.3565 72S 101E 0 - -
5-30 -2395-Apr-1210:25:07 56525 5553 -54356 P t- -1.2754 0.4910 72S 11W 0 - -
6-29 -2377-Apr-2316:43:34 56042 5463 -54133 P t- -1.1917 0.6343 72S 122W 0 - -
7-28 -2359-May-0322:59:48 55561 5373 -53910 P t- -1.1060 0.7812 71S 129E 0 - -
8-27 -2341-May-1505:14:06 55082 5284 -53687 P t- -1.0180 0.9319 71S 20E 0 - -
9-26 -2323-May-2511:29:22 54606 5196 -53464 A t- -0.9305 0.9402 51S 109W 21 60805m57s
10-25 -2305-Jun-0517:45:53 54131 5108 -53241 A p- -0.8436 0.9417 38S 146E 32 40106m41s
11-24 -2287-Jun-1600:07:03 53659 5021 -53018 A p- -0.7599 0.9420 28S 44E 40 33007m19s
12-23 -2269-Jun-2706:33:10 53188 4935 -52795 A p- -0.6796 0.9415 20S 58W 47 29507m51s
13-22 -2251-Jul-0713:05:33 52720 4850 -52572 A p- -0.6040 0.9407 13S 161W 53 27608m14s
14-21 -2233-Jul-1819:46:17 52254 4765 -52349 A p- -0.5348 0.9393 8S 96E 58 26608m28s
15-20 -2215-Jul-2902:36:02 51790 4681 -52126 A p- -0.4725 0.9378 5S 9W 62 26108m32s
16-19 -2197-Aug-0909:36:20 51327 4597 -51903 A p- -0.4183 0.9360 2S 117W 65 26008m32s
17-18 -2179-Aug-1916:45:35 50867 4514 -51680 A p- -0.3710 0.9344 2S 134E 68 26208m26s
18-17 -2161-Aug-3100:06:45 50409 4432 -51457 A p- -0.3329 0.9327 2S 22E 71 26508m20s
19-16 -2143-Sep-1007:36:48 49954 4351 -51234 A n- -0.3015 0.9313 4S 93W 72 26808m13s
20-15 -2125-Sep-2115:17:40 49500 4270 -51011 A n- -0.2786 0.9302 6S 150E 74 27008m06s
21-14 -2107-Oct-0123:05:58 49048 4190 -50788 A n- -0.2611 0.9295 10S 30E 75 27207m59s
22-13 -2089-Oct-1307:03:28 48598 4110 -50565 A n- -0.2505 0.9294 14S 92W 75 27207m51s
23-12 -2071-Oct-2315:05:59 48151 4032 -50342 A n- -0.2434 0.9298 18S 146E 76 27007m42s
24-11 -2053-Nov-0323:13:38 47705 3954 -50119 A n- -0.2399 0.9309 22S 22E 76 26607m32s
25-10 -2035-Nov-1407:23:28 47262 3876 -49896 A n- -0.2375 0.9326 26S 102W 76 25907m19s
26 -9 -2017-Nov-2515:34:58 46820 3800 -49673 A n- -0.2362 0.9350 30S 134E 76 24907m03s
27 -8 -1999-Dec-0523:44:08 46381 3724 -49450 A n- -0.2319 0.9382 33S 11E 76 23606m44s
28 -7 -1981-Dec-1707:50:57 45944 3648 -49227 A n- -0.2251 0.9420 35S 111W 77 22006m21s
29 -6 -1963-Dec-2715:52:46 45508 3574 -49004 A n- -0.2136 0.9464 36S 130E 77 20205m54s
30 -5 -1944-Jan-0723:50:10 45075 3500 -48781 A n- -0.1979 0.9514 35S 11E 78 18205m24s
31 -4 -1926-Jan-1807:38:50 44644 3427 -48558 A nn -0.1742 0.9570 34S 105W 80 15904m50s
32 -3 -1908-Jan-2915:21:30 44215 3354 -48335 A nn -0.1449 0.9628 30S 139E 81 13604m13s
33 -2 -1890-Feb-0822:54:52 43788 3282 -48112 A nn -0.1070 0.9690 26S 25E 84 11203m32s
34 -1 -1872-Feb-2006:22:36 43363 3211 -47889 A nn -0.0635 0.9754 20S 89W 86 8802m49s
35 0 -1854-Mar-0213:40:34 42941 3141 -47666 A nn -0.0113 0.9817 14S 159E 89 6502m05s
36 1 -1836-Mar-1220:54:17 42520 3071 -47443 A nn 0.0456 0.9880 7S 47E 87 4201m22s
37 2 -1818-Mar-2404:00:22 42101 3002 -47220 Am nn 0.1098 0.9940 1N 64W 84 2100m40s
38 3 -1800-Apr-0311:03:09 41685 2934 -46997 A nn 0.1778 0.9997 9N 173W 80 100m02s
39 4 -1782-Apr-1418:00:48 41270 2866 -46774 H nn 0.2511 1.0049 17N 78E 75 1700m30s
40 5 -1764-Apr-2500:57:44 40858 2799 -46551 H -n 0.3262 1.0096 26N 31W 71 3500m57s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 10
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 -1746-May-0607:53:19 40447 2733 -46328 H -p 0.4033 1.0136 34N 139W 66 5101m16s
42 7 -1728-May-1614:49:17 40039 2667 -46105 T -p 0.4811 1.0171 43N 114E 61 6701m30s
43 8 -1710-May-2721:47:31 39633 2602 -45882 T -p 0.5580 1.0196 51N 6E 56 8101m36s
44 9 -1692-Jun-0704:49:19 39229 2538 -45659 T -p 0.6330 1.0216 60N 100W 50 9501m38s
45 10 -1674-Jun-1811:56:01 38827 2475 -45436 T -p 0.7046 1.0227 67N 155E 45 11001m36s
46 11 -1656-Jun-2819:07:55 38427 2412 -45213 T -p 0.7727 1.0231 74N 56E 39 12501m31s
47 12 -1638-Jul-1002:27:29 38029 2350 -44990 T -p 0.8354 1.0227 79N 30W 33 14201m24s
48 13 -1620-Jul-2009:54:53 37633 2289 -44767 T -p 0.8926 1.0217 80N 102W 26 16601m16s
49 14 -1602-Jul-3117:30:40 37239 2228 -44544 T -p 0.9436 1.0198 76N 172E 19 20901m06s
50 15 -1584-Aug-1101:15:53 36847 2168 -44321 T -t 0.9877 1.0165 68N 75E 8 41000m51s
51 16 -1566-Aug-2209:11:12 36458 2109 -44098 P -t 1.0242 0.9570 62N 40W 0 - -
52 17 -1548-Sep-0117:16:26 36070 2050 -43875 P -t 1.0537 0.9022 61N 172W 0 - -
53 18 -1530-Sep-1301:30:20 35685 1993 -43652 P -t 1.0769 0.8591 61N 54E 0 - -
54 19 -1512-Sep-2309:53:44 35301 1935 -43429 P -t 1.0932 0.8287 61N 82W 0 - -
55 20 -1494-Oct-0418:25:10 34920 1879 -43206 P -t 1.1037 0.8091 61N 140E 0 - -
56 21 -1476-Oct-1503:03:26 34540 1823 -42983 P -t 1.1095 0.7986 61N 0W 0 - -
57 22 -1458-Oct-2611:47:13 34163 1768 -42760 P -t 1.1113 0.7953 61N 142W 0 - -
58 23 -1440-Nov-0520:34:59 33788 1714 -42537 P -t 1.1106 0.7968 61N 76E 0 - -
59 24 -1422-Nov-1705:25:37 33415 1661 -42314 P -t 1.1081 0.8018 62N 67W 0 - -
60 25 -1404-Nov-2714:15:46 33044 1608 -42091 P -t 1.1064 0.8055 63N 150E 0 - -
61 26 -1386-Dec-0823:06:06 32675 1556 -41868 P -t 1.1051 0.8086 63N 6E 0 - -
62 27 -1368-Dec-1907:52:39 32308 1505 -41645 P -t 1.1070 0.8059 64N 136W 0 - -
63 28 -1350-Dec-3016:35:49 31943 1454 -41422 P -t 1.1123 0.7968 65N 81E 0 - -
64 29 -1331-Jan-1001:12:02 31581 1404 -41199 P -t 1.1236 0.7765 66N 60W 0 - -
65 30 -1313-Jan-2109:43:24 31220 1355 -40976 P -t 1.1392 0.7479 67N 160E 0 - -
66 31 -1295-Jan-3118:06:40 30861 1307 -40753 P -t 1.1617 0.7061 68N 21E 0 - -
67 32 -1277-Feb-1202:22:32 30505 1259 -40530 P -t 1.1906 0.6516 69N 116W 0 - -
68 33 -1259-Feb-2210:29:51 30150 1212 -40307 P -t 1.2269 0.5827 70N 108E 0 - -
69 34 -1241-Mar-0518:30:06 29798 1166 -40084 P -t 1.2694 0.5013 71N 27W 0 - -
70 35 -1223-Mar-1602:22:39 29447 1120 -39861 P -t 1.3183 0.4070 71N 160W 0 - -
71 36 -1205-Mar-2710:07:56 29099 1076 -39638 P -t 1.3731 0.3007 72N 68E 0 - -
72 37 -1187-Apr-0617:47:19 28753 1032 -39415 P -t 1.4329 0.1842 72N 62W 0 - -
73 38 -1169-Apr-1801:21:29 28409 989 -39192 Pe -t 1.4970 0.0592 71N 169E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 10

Solar eclipses of Saros 10 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -2467 Feb 28. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1169 Apr 18. The total duration of Saros series 10 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 10
First Eclipse -2467 Feb 28
Last Eclipse -1169 Apr 18
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 8P 30A 3H 9T 23P

Saros 10 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 10
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 31 42.5%
AnnularA 30 41.1%
TotalT 9 12.3%
HybridH 3 4.1%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 10 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 10
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 42100.0%
Central (two limits) 42100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 10 occur in the following order : 8P 30A 3H 9T 23P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 10 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 10
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -2215 Jul 2908m32s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1800 Apr 0300m02s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1692 Jun 0701m38s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1584 Aug 1100m51s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1746 May 0601m16s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1782 Apr 1400m30s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1566 Aug 22 - 0.95705
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -2467 Feb 28 - 0.01341

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.