Saros 15

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 15

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 15

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 15 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 15
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-39 -2539-Jul-1114:35:14 60448 6298 -56134 P t- 1.4662 0.1223 65N 48E 0 - -
2-38 -2521-Jul-2222:23:29 59949 6202 -55911 P t- 1.4133 0.2247 66N 81W 0 - -
3-37 -2503-Aug-0206:20:23 59452 6107 -55688 P t- 1.3677 0.3130 67N 147E 0 - -
4-36 -2485-Aug-1314:25:18 58956 6012 -55465 P t- 1.3288 0.3879 68N 12E 0 - -
5-35 -2467-Aug-2322:38:39 58463 5919 -55242 P t- 1.2969 0.4489 69N 125W 0 - -
6-34 -2449-Sep-0407:00:04 57972 5826 -55019 P t- 1.2719 0.4966 70N 95E 0 - -
7-33 -2431-Sep-1415:30:06 57483 5733 -54796 P t- 1.2540 0.5304 71N 48W 0 - -
8-32 -2413-Sep-2600:06:58 56996 5642 -54573 P t- 1.2423 0.5524 71N 168E 0 - -
9-31 -2395-Oct-0608:49:27 56512 5551 -54350 P t- 1.2355 0.5651 71N 21E 0 - -
10-30 -2377-Oct-1717:37:12 56029 5460 -54127 P t- 1.2333 0.5692 72N 127W 0 - -
11-29 -2359-Oct-2802:28:56 55548 5371 -53904 P t- 1.2344 0.5669 71N 84E 0 - -
12-28 -2341-Nov-0811:22:02 55069 5282 -53681 P t- 1.2371 0.5618 71N 65W 0 - -
13-27 -2323-Nov-1820:15:16 54593 5194 -53458 P t- 1.2403 0.5559 70N 146E 0 - -
14-26 -2305-Nov-3005:06:50 54118 5106 -53235 P t- 1.2425 0.5518 69N 1W 0 - -
15-25 -2287-Dec-1013:56:03 53646 5019 -53012 P t- 1.2431 0.5507 68N 148W 0 - -
16-24 -2269-Dec-2122:38:54 53176 4933 -52789 P t- 1.2390 0.5584 67N 68E 0 - -
17-23 -2250-Jan-0107:16:54 52707 4847 -52566 P t- 1.2315 0.5727 66N 74W 0 - -
18-22 -2232-Jan-1215:46:06 52241 4763 -52343 P t- 1.2173 0.5996 65N 146E 0 - -
19-21 -2214-Jan-2300:08:16 51777 4678 -52120 P t- 1.1980 0.6359 64N 9E 0 - -
20-20 -2196-Feb-0308:19:45 51315 4595 -51897 P t- 1.1706 0.6878 63N 126W 0 - -
21-19 -2178-Feb-1316:23:42 50855 4512 -51674 P t- 1.1376 0.7502 62N 102E 0 - -
22-18 -2160-Feb-2500:17:02 50397 4430 -51451 P t- 1.0965 0.8279 62N 27W 0 - -
23-17 -2142-Mar-0708:01:44 49941 4349 -51228 P t- 1.0488 0.9180 61N 154W 0 - -
24-16 -2124-Mar-1715:37:08 49487 4268 -51005 Tn t- 0.9942 1.0312 59N 90E 5 - 01m56s
25-15 -2106-Mar-2823:05:41 49036 4188 -50782 T p- 0.9345 1.0356 52N 7W 20 33102m23s
26-14 -2088-Apr-0806:26:53 48586 4108 -50559 T p- 0.8692 1.0370 49N 114W 29 24602m33s
27-13 -2070-Apr-1913:41:59 48139 4030 -50336 T p- 0.7995 1.0372 48N 140E 37 20402m37s
28-12 -2052-Apr-2920:52:34 47693 3952 -50113 T p- 0.7268 1.0363 47N 34E 43 17502m37s
29-11 -2034-May-1103:59:41 47250 3874 -49890 T p- 0.6519 1.0345 47N 70W 49 15202m32s
30-10 -2016-May-2111:04:24 46808 3798 -49667 T p- 0.5758 1.0319 47N 173W 55 13102m25s
31 -9 -1998-Jun-0118:08:12 46369 3722 -49444 T p- 0.4996 1.0284 46N 83E 60 11102m15s
32 -8 -1980-Jun-1201:12:55 45932 3646 -49221 T p- 0.4250 1.0242 45N 20W 65 9102m00s
33 -7 -1962-Jun-2308:19:51 45497 3572 -48998 T n- 0.3535 1.0193 43N 124W 69 7101m41s
34 -6 -1944-Jul-0315:28:59 45064 3498 -48775 H n- 0.2848 1.0139 40N 131E 73 5001m16s
35 -5 -1926-Jul-1422:43:39 44633 3425 -48552 H nn 0.2218 1.0079 37N 23E 77 2800m46s
36 -4 -1908-Jul-2506:02:47 44204 3352 -48329 H nn 0.1636 1.0017 33N 87W 80 600m10s
37 -3 -1890-Aug-0513:29:31 43777 3281 -48106 Am nn 0.1126 0.9952 28N 161E 83 1700m30s
38 -2 -1872-Aug-1521:01:22 43352 3209 -47883 A nn 0.0670 0.9887 23N 47E 86 4001m14s
39 -1 -1854-Aug-2704:42:31 42929 3139 -47660 A nn 0.0303 0.9822 18N 71W 88 6301m59s
40 0 -1836-Sep-0612:29:51 42509 3069 -47437 A nn -0.0003 0.9759 13N 170E 90 8602m45s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 15
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 1 -1818-Sep-1720:25:41 42090 3000 -47214 A nn -0.0231 0.9700 7N 49E 89 10803m28s
42 2 -1800-Sep-2804:27:26 41673 2932 -46991 A nn -0.0401 0.9644 2N 74W 88 12904m09s
43 3 -1782-Oct-0912:36:27 41259 2864 -46768 A nn -0.0505 0.9594 3S 161E 87 14804m46s
44 4 -1764-Oct-1920:49:20 40847 2797 -46545 A nn -0.0566 0.9548 8S 35E 87 16505m20s
45 5 -1746-Oct-3105:05:36 40436 2731 -46322 A nn -0.0593 0.9510 13S 91W 87 18005m50s
46 6 -1728-Nov-1013:23:23 40028 2666 -46099 A nn -0.0600 0.9478 17S 143E 86 19206m17s
47 7 -1710-Nov-2121:41:45 39622 2601 -45876 A nn -0.0598 0.9454 20S 17E 86 20206m38s
48 8 -1692-Dec-0205:57:10 39218 2537 -45653 A nn -0.0611 0.9435 23S 108W 86 20906m54s
49 9 -1674-Dec-1314:08:45 38816 2473 -45430 A nn -0.0649 0.9423 26S 129E 86 21407m04s
50 10 -1656-Dec-2322:14:21 38416 2410 -45207 A nn -0.0730 0.9417 28S 7E 86 21607m06s
51 11 -1637-Jan-0406:13:45 38018 2348 -44984 A nn -0.0857 0.9417 29S 113W 85 21707m01s
52 12 -1619-Jan-1414:02:52 37622 2287 -44761 A nn -0.1062 0.9420 30S 130E 84 21606m51s
53 13 -1601-Jan-2521:43:51 37228 2226 -44538 A nn -0.1329 0.9427 30S 16E 82 21406m36s
54 14 -1583-Feb-0505:13:21 36837 2166 -44315 A nn -0.1685 0.9436 29S 96W 80 21106m20s
55 15 -1565-Feb-1612:33:43 36447 2107 -44092 A nn -0.2110 0.9446 28S 154E 78 20906m04s
56 16 -1547-Feb-2619:41:49 36060 2049 -43869 A -n -0.2633 0.9456 27S 47E 75 20705m49s
57 17 -1529-Mar-1002:41:17 35674 1991 -43646 A -p -0.3222 0.9466 26S 58W 71 20605m38s
58 18 -1511-Mar-2009:30:06 35291 1934 -43423 A -p -0.3893 0.9473 26S 160W 67 20805m31s
59 19 -1493-Mar-3116:10:25 34910 1878 -43200 A -p -0.4629 0.9479 25S 100E 62 21305m27s
60 20 -1475-Apr-1022:42:46 34530 1822 -42977 A -p -0.5424 0.9478 26S 1E 57 22305m30s
61 21 -1457-Apr-2205:09:25 34153 1767 -42754 A -p -0.6259 0.9475 27S 96W 51 24105m36s
62 22 -1439-May-0211:31:26 33778 1713 -42531 A -p -0.7128 0.9465 30S 169E 44 27205m46s
63 23 -1421-May-1317:49:18 33405 1659 -42308 A -p -0.8024 0.9448 34S 74E 36 33105m56s
64 24 -1403-May-2400:06:21 33034 1607 -42085 A -t -0.8919 0.9421 41S 20W 27 46306m02s
65 25 -1385-Jun-0406:22:55 32665 1555 -41862 As -t -0.9810 0.9374 54S 110W 10 - 05m51s
66 26 -1367-Jun-1412:41:58 32298 1503 -41639 P -t -1.0675 0.8467 64S 156E 0 - -
67 27 -1349-Jun-2519:03:35 31933 1453 -41416 P -t -1.1516 0.7027 65S 50E 0 - -
68 28 -1331-Jul-0601:31:47 31571 1403 -41193 P -t -1.2298 0.5691 66S 59W 0 - -
69 29 -1313-Jul-1708:06:06 31210 1354 -40970 P -t -1.3025 0.4453 67S 170W 0 - -
70 30 -1295-Jul-2714:48:24 30852 1305 -40747 P -t -1.3685 0.3334 68S 77E 0 - -
71 31 -1277-Aug-0721:39:37 30495 1258 -40524 P -t -1.4272 0.2344 69S 38W 0 - -
72 32 -1259-Aug-1804:40:53 30141 1211 -40301 P -t -1.4778 0.1495 70S 157W 0 - -
73 33 -1241-Aug-2911:52:27 29788 1165 -40078 P -t -1.5202 0.0788 70S 81E 0 - -
74 34 -1223-Sep-0819:13:43 29438 1119 -39855 Pe -t -1.5549 0.0211 71S 44W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 15

Solar eclipses of Saros 15 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -2539 Jul 11. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1223 Sep 08. The total duration of Saros series 15 is 1316.20 years.

Summary of Saros 15
First Eclipse -2539 Jul 11
Last Eclipse -1223 Sep 08
Series Duration 1316.20 Years
No. of Eclipses 74
Sequence 23P 10T 3H 29A 9P

Saros 15 is composed of 74 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 15
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 74100.0%
PartialP 32 43.2%
AnnularA 29 39.2%
TotalT 10 13.5%
HybridH 3 4.1%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 15 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 15
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 42100.0%
Central (two limits) 40 95.2%
Central (one limit) 2 4.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 74 eclipses in Saros 15 occur in the following order : 23P 10T 3H 29A 9P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 15 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 15
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1656 Dec 2307m06s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1890 Aug 0500m30s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -2070 Apr 1902m37s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1962 Jun 2301m41s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1944 Jul 0301m16s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1908 Jul 2500m10s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -2142 Mar 07 - 0.91798
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1223 Sep 08 - 0.02112

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.