Saros 19

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 19

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 19

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 19 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 19
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-35 -2333-Jun-1512:30:09 54868 5245 -53587 Pb t- 1.5437 0.0143 63N 79E 0 - -
2-34 -2315-Jun-2519:18:47 54393 5157 -53364 P t- 1.4760 0.1365 64N 35W 0 - -
3-33 -2297-Jul-0702:11:10 53919 5069 -53141 P t- 1.4116 0.2517 65N 150W 0 - -
4-32 -2279-Jul-1709:09:52 53448 4983 -52918 P t- 1.3527 0.3560 66N 94E 0 - -
5-31 -2261-Jul-2816:14:49 52978 4897 -52695 P t- 1.2996 0.4490 67N 25W 0 - -
6-30 -2243-Aug-0723:26:41 52511 4812 -52472 P t- 1.2527 0.5303 68N 146W 0 - -
7-29 -2225-Aug-1906:46:45 52045 4727 -52249 P t- 1.2130 0.5983 69N 90E 0 - -
8-28 -2207-Aug-2914:14:57 51582 4643 -52026 P t- 1.1804 0.6533 70N 36W 0 - -
9-27 -2189-Sep-0921:51:13 51121 4560 -51803 P t- 1.1549 0.6957 71N 165W 0 - -
10-26 -2171-Sep-2005:34:35 50662 4477 -51580 P t- 1.1356 0.7272 71N 64E 0 - -
11-25 -2153-Oct-0113:25:11 50205 4396 -51357 P t- 1.1229 0.7475 72N 70W 0 - -
12-24 -2135-Oct-1121:21:48 49750 4314 -51134 P t- 1.1154 0.7591 72N 155E 0 - -
13-23 -2117-Oct-2305:22:14 49297 4234 -50911 P t- 1.1114 0.7650 72N 19E 0 - -
14-22 -2099-Nov-0213:26:29 48846 4154 -50688 P t- 1.1107 0.7654 71N 118W 0 - -
15-21 -2081-Nov-1321:31:06 48397 4075 -50465 P t- 1.1104 0.7656 70N 105E 0 - -
16-20 -2063-Nov-2405:35:56 47951 3997 -50242 P t- 1.1108 0.7648 70N 31W 0 - -
17-19 -2045-Dec-0513:36:21 47506 3919 -50019 P t- 1.1076 0.7701 69N 165W 0 - -
18-18 -2027-Dec-1521:34:17 47063 3842 -49796 P t- 1.1025 0.7787 68N 62E 0 - -
19-17 -2009-Dec-2705:24:54 46623 3766 -49573 P t- 1.0913 0.7978 67N 68W 0 - -
20-16 -1990-Jan-0613:08:52 46184 3690 -49350 P t- 1.0750 0.8256 65N 163E 0 - -
21-15 -1972-Jan-1720:42:36 45748 3615 -49127 P t- 1.0503 0.8676 64N 38E 0 - -
22-14 -1954-Jan-2804:08:24 45314 3541 -48904 A+ t- 1.0193 0.9205 63N 85W 0 - -
23-13 -1936-Feb-0811:23:36 44882 3467 -48681 An t- 0.9794 0.9202 54N 168E 11 - 07m38s
24-12 -1918-Feb-1818:28:54 44452 3394 -48458 A p- 0.9314 0.9255 46N 62E 21 75607m30s
25-11 -1900-Mar-0101:24:19 44023 3322 -48235 A p- 0.8750 0.9302 41N 43W 29 52307m09s
26-10 -1882-Mar-1208:11:08 43597 3250 -48012 A p- 0.8115 0.9347 38N 145W 36 40206m41s
27 -9 -1864-Mar-2214:49:30 43174 3180 -47789 A p- 0.7407 0.9389 35N 115E 42 32606m12s
28 -8 -1846-Apr-0221:20:54 42752 3110 -47566 A p- 0.6635 0.9428 34N 17E 48 27505m46s
29 -7 -1828-Apr-1303:46:38 42332 3040 -47343 A p- 0.5812 0.9464 33N 79W 54 23705m23s
30 -6 -1810-Apr-2410:09:07 41914 2971 -47120 A p- 0.4955 0.9495 32N 174W 60 21005m06s
31 -5 -1792-May-0416:27:38 41499 2903 -46897 A p- 0.4060 0.9522 32N 92E 66 19004m53s
32 -4 -1774-May-1522:46:59 41085 2836 -46674 A pn 0.3166 0.9543 31N 2W 71 17504m47s
33 -3 -1756-May-2605:06:12 40673 2769 -46451 A nn 0.2266 0.9560 30N 95W 77 16404m46s
34 -2 -1738-Jun-0611:30:00 40264 2703 -46228 A nn 0.1395 0.9572 28N 170E 82 15704m50s
35 -1 -1720-Jun-1617:55:50 39857 2638 -46005 A nn 0.0534 0.9579 25N 74E 87 15304m58s
36 0 -1702-Jun-2800:29:31 39451 2574 -45782 A nn -0.0267 0.9582 22N 25W 89 15205m09s
37 1 -1684-Jul-0807:08:44 39048 2510 -45559 Am nn -0.1027 0.9581 18N 125W 84 15305m22s
38 2 -1666-Jul-1913:57:34 38647 2447 -45336 A nn -0.1713 0.9577 14N 131E 80 15605m33s
39 3 -1648-Jul-2920:54:21 38248 2384 -45113 A nn -0.2341 0.9570 9N 25E 77 16105m42s
40 4 -1630-Aug-1004:03:02 37851 2322 -44890 A nn -0.2876 0.9562 4N 85W 73 16605m46s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 19
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 5 -1612-Aug-2011:21:32 37456 2261 -44667 A -n -0.3337 0.9554 2S 163E 70 17205m46s
42 6 -1594-Aug-3118:50:59 37063 2201 -44444 A -n -0.3712 0.9546 7S 47E 68 17805m41s
43 7 -1576-Sep-1102:31:00 36672 2141 -44221 A -n -0.4009 0.9540 13S 71W 66 18205m34s
44 8 -1558-Sep-2210:21:39 36284 2083 -43998 A -n -0.4226 0.9538 18S 168E 65 18505m23s
45 9 -1540-Oct-0218:21:37 35897 2024 -43775 A -n -0.4374 0.9538 23S 45E 64 18605m10s
46 10 -1522-Oct-1402:29:18 35512 1967 -43552 A -n -0.4466 0.9544 28S 80W 63 18504m55s
47 11 -1504-Oct-2410:44:25 35130 1910 -43329 A -n -0.4505 0.9555 33S 154E 63 18104m38s
48 12 -1486-Nov-0419:04:45 34749 1854 -43106 A -n -0.4511 0.9573 37S 28E 63 17404m19s
49 13 -1468-Nov-1503:28:24 34371 1799 -42883 A -n -0.4497 0.9596 41S 99W 63 16403m59s
50 14 -1450-Nov-2611:53:41 33995 1744 -42660 A -n -0.4479 0.9626 45S 135E 63 15103m36s
51 15 -1432-Dec-0620:18:37 33620 1690 -42437 A -n -0.4472 0.9662 48S 11E 63 13603m10s
52 16 -1414-Dec-1804:41:31 33248 1637 -42214 A -n -0.4489 0.9705 50S 113W 63 11902m42s
53 17 -1396-Dec-2813:00:10 32878 1585 -41991 A -n -0.4551 0.9753 51S 126E 63 9902m13s
54 18 -1377-Jan-0821:14:29 32510 1533 -41768 A -p -0.4656 0.9806 51S 6E 62 7801m42s
55 19 -1359-Jan-1905:22:43 32144 1482 -41545 A -p -0.4824 0.9862 51S 113W 61 5601m10s
56 20 -1341-Jan-3013:23:36 31780 1432 -41322 A -p -0.5059 0.9923 49S 130E 59 3100m39s
57 21 -1323-Feb-0921:17:11 31419 1382 -41099 A -p -0.5364 0.9983 48S 13E 57 700m08s
58 22 -1305-Feb-2105:03:29 31059 1333 -40876 H -p -0.5737 1.0045 46S 102W 55 1900m22s
59 23 -1287-Mar-0312:43:27 30701 1285 -40653 H -p -0.6176 1.0105 44S 144E 52 4500m49s
60 24 -1269-Mar-1420:15:16 30346 1238 -40430 T -p -0.6690 1.0162 43S 32E 48 7401m15s
61 25 -1251-Mar-2503:42:29 29992 1191 -40207 T -p -0.7253 1.0215 42S 80W 43 10401m39s
62 26 -1233-Apr-0511:03:35 29640 1145 -39984 T -p -0.7872 1.0261 43S 171E 38 14001m59s
63 27 -1215-Apr-1518:21:41 29291 1100 -39761 T -p -0.8526 1.0299 44S 62E 31 18902m14s
64 28 -1197-Apr-2701:35:11 28944 1056 -39538 T -t -0.9226 1.0324 48S 44W 22 27802m21s
65 29 -1179-May-0708:48:31 28599 1012 -39315 Ts -t -0.9936 1.0315 59S 139W 5 - 02m04s
66 30 -1161-May-1816:00:37 28255 970 -39092 P -t -1.0660 0.8869 62S 111E 0 - -
67 31 -1143-May-2823:13:45 27914 927 -38869 P -t -1.1381 0.7511 63S 8W 0 - -
68 32 -1125-Jun-0906:28:53 27575 886 -38646 P -t -1.2091 0.6165 63S 127W 0 - -
69 33 -1107-Jun-1913:48:03 27238 846 -38423 P -t -1.2770 0.4872 64S 112E 0 - -
70 34 -1089-Jun-3021:11:59 26903 806 -38200 P -t -1.3418 0.3637 65S 11W 0 - -
71 35 -1071-Jul-1104:40:56 26570 767 -37977 P -t -1.4027 0.2473 66S 135W 0 - -
72 36 -1053-Jul-2212:17:11 26240 729 -37754 P -t -1.4581 0.1415 67S 99E 0 - -
73 37 -1035-Aug-0120:01:01 25911 691 -37531 Pe -t -1.5078 0.0471 68S 29W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 19

Solar eclipses of Saros 19 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -2333 Jun 15. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1035 Aug 01. The total duration of Saros series 19 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 19
First Eclipse -2333 Jun 15
Last Eclipse -1035 Aug 01
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 21P 36A 2H 6T 8P

Saros 19 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 19
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 29 39.7%
AnnularA 36 49.3%
TotalT 6 8.2%
HybridH 2 2.7%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 19 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 19
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 44100.0%
Central (two limits) 41 93.2%
Central (one limit) 2 4.5%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 2.3%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 19 occur in the following order : 21P 36A 2H 6T 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 19 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 19
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1936 Feb 0807m38s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1323 Feb 0900m08s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1197 Apr 2702m21s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1269 Mar 1401m15s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1287 Mar 0300m49s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1305 Feb 2100m22s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1161 May 18 - 0.88694
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -2333 Jun 15 - 0.01425

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.