Saros 22

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 22

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 22

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 22 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 22
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -2174-May-2816:18:46 50746 4493 -51621 Pb t- -1.4759 0.1352 69S 179E 0 - -
2-33 -2156-Jun-0722:57:52 50289 4411 -51398 P t- -1.4019 0.2675 69S 65E 0 - -
3-32 -2138-Jun-1905:37:45 49833 4329 -51175 P t- -1.3286 0.3975 68S 49W 0 - -
4-31 -2120-Jun-2912:21:33 49380 4249 -50952 P t- -1.2589 0.5199 67S 162W 0 - -
5-30 -2102-Jul-1019:09:13 48929 4169 -50729 P t- -1.1927 0.6350 66S 83E 0 - -
6-29 -2084-Jul-2102:03:56 48480 4090 -50506 P t- -1.1324 0.7386 65S 33W 0 - -
7-28 -2066-Aug-0109:05:18 48033 4011 -50283 P t- -1.0777 0.8313 64S 149W 0 - -
8-27 -2048-Aug-1116:13:34 47588 3933 -50060 P t- -1.0288 0.9131 63S 92E 0 - -
9-26 -2030-Aug-2223:30:47 47145 3856 -49837 As t- -0.9876 0.9309 56S 17W 8 - 06m04s
10-25 -2012-Sep-0206:56:16 46704 3780 -49614 A p- -0.9534 0.9283 50S 127W 17 88106m37s
11-24 -1994-Sep-1314:30:49 46265 3704 -49391 A p- -0.9268 0.9249 48S 116E 22 73406m57s
12-23 -1976-Sep-2322:11:45 45828 3629 -49168 A p- -0.9056 0.9215 48S 3W 25 67907m10s
13-22 -1958-Oct-0506:01:10 45394 3554 -48945 A p- -0.8917 0.9183 50S 125W 27 66507m16s
14-21 -1940-Oct-1513:55:21 44961 3481 -48722 A p- -0.8820 0.9156 52S 112E 28 66307m17s
15-20 -1922-Oct-2621:54:31 44531 3408 -48499 A p- -0.8767 0.9134 56S 13W 28 67207m15s
16-19 -1904-Nov-0605:55:25 44102 3335 -48276 A p- -0.8731 0.9118 59S 138W 29 68107m10s
17-18 -1886-Nov-1713:58:19 43676 3264 -48053 A p- -0.8713 0.9109 64S 96E 29 68907m03s
18-17 -1868-Nov-2721:59:22 43251 3193 -47830 A p- -0.8681 0.9107 68S 28W 29 68706m55s
19-16 -1850-Dec-0905:57:55 42829 3122 -47607 A p- -0.8630 0.9113 72S 149W 30 67306m47s
20-15 -1832-Dec-1913:51:38 42409 3053 -47384 A p- -0.8542 0.9126 76S 97E 31 64606m40s
21-14 -1814-Dec-3021:40:22 41991 2984 -47161 A p- -0.8416 0.9146 79S 7W 32 60806m34s
22-13 -1795-Jan-1005:20:06 41575 2916 -46938 A p- -0.8215 0.9173 79S 98W 34 55606m29s
23-12 -1777-Jan-2112:52:31 41161 2848 -46715 A p- -0.7952 0.9205 76S 167E 37 50106m26s
24-11 -1759-Jan-3120:14:57 40749 2781 -46492 A p- -0.7607 0.9242 70S 64E 40 44306m25s
25-10 -1741-Feb-1203:29:50 40339 2715 -46269 A p- -0.7200 0.9282 64S 44W 44 39006m24s
26 -9 -1723-Feb-2210:32:49 39931 2650 -46046 A p- -0.6693 0.9324 56S 152W 48 34006m23s
27 -8 -1705-Mar-0517:28:51 39526 2585 -45823 A p- -0.6127 0.9367 48S 101E 52 29706m22s
28 -7 -1687-Mar-1600:14:28 39122 2521 -45600 A p- -0.5470 0.9410 39S 5W 57 26006m20s
29 -6 -1669-Mar-2706:54:35 38721 2458 -45377 A p- -0.4765 0.9451 31S 110W 61 22806m14s
30 -5 -1651-Apr-0613:25:58 38321 2396 -45154 A p- -0.3984 0.9491 22S 147E 66 20306m05s
31 -4 -1633-Apr-1719:54:57 37924 2334 -44931 A p- -0.3178 0.9527 13S 45E 71 18205m53s
32 -3 -1615-Apr-2802:18:43 37528 2273 -44708 A nn -0.2322 0.9559 4S 55W 77 16505m37s
33 -2 -1597-May-0908:41:54 37135 2212 -44485 A nn -0.1455 0.9587 5N 155W 82 15205m18s
34 -1 -1579-May-1915:04:06 36744 2152 -44262 A nn -0.0571 0.9609 13N 106E 87 14204m58s
35 0 -1561-May-3021:29:02 36355 2093 -44039 A nn 0.0298 0.9628 21N 6E 88 13504m37s
36 1 -1543-Jun-1003:56:53 35968 2035 -43816 Am nn 0.1151 0.9641 28N 93W 83 13104m16s
37 2 -1525-Jun-2110:29:19 35583 1977 -43593 A nn 0.1973 0.9649 34N 168E 78 12903m58s
38 3 -1507-Jul-0117:08:46 35200 1920 -43370 A nn 0.2748 0.9653 40N 69E 74 13103m43s
39 4 -1489-Jul-1223:55:46 34819 1864 -43147 A -n 0.3471 0.9653 44N 31W 69 13403m31s
40 5 -1471-Jul-2306:51:46 34440 1809 -42924 A -p 0.4126 0.9650 47N 132W 65 13903m23s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 22
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 -1453-Aug-0313:57:11 34064 1754 -42701 A -p 0.4712 0.9644 48N 125E 62 14503m18s
42 7 -1435-Aug-1321:13:38 33689 1700 -42478 A -p 0.5216 0.9637 48N 19E 58 15303m16s
43 8 -1417-Aug-2504:40:25 33317 1647 -42255 A -p 0.5644 0.9630 46N 91W 55 16103m16s
44 9 -1399-Sep-0412:17:18 32946 1594 -42032 A -p 0.5997 0.9624 44N 155E 53 16803m18s
45 10 -1381-Sep-1520:05:00 32578 1542 -41809 A -p 0.6270 0.9620 41N 38E 51 17403m21s
46 11 -1363-Sep-2604:02:49 32211 1491 -41586 A -p 0.6465 0.9619 38N 84W 50 17703m25s
47 12 -1345-Oct-0712:09:34 31847 1441 -41363 A -p 0.6597 0.9623 35N 152E 49 17703m27s
48 13 -1327-Oct-1720:23:43 31485 1391 -41140 A -p 0.6677 0.9631 31N 26E 48 17503m29s
49 14 -1309-Oct-2904:44:42 31125 1342 -40917 A -p 0.6708 0.9645 28N 103W 48 16903m28s
50 15 -1291-Nov-0813:10:45 30767 1294 -40694 A -p 0.6707 0.9665 25N 127E 48 15903m23s
51 16 -1273-Nov-1921:39:09 30411 1246 -40471 A -p 0.6694 0.9691 22N 4W 48 14703m13s
52 17 -1255-Nov-3006:09:23 30057 1200 -40248 A -p 0.6673 0.9723 20N 136W 48 13102m59s
53 18 -1237-Dec-1114:38:24 29705 1154 -40025 A -p 0.6671 0.9762 19N 94E 48 11302m37s
54 19 -1219-Dec-2123:06:06 29355 1109 -39802 A -p 0.6688 0.9806 18N 37W 48 9302m10s
55 20 -1200-Jan-0207:28:30 29007 1064 -39579 A -p 0.6756 0.9855 19N 166W 47 6901m37s
56 21 -1182-Jan-1215:47:20 28662 1020 -39356 A -p 0.6861 0.9908 20N 66E 47 4501m00s
57 22 -1164-Jan-2323:58:51 28318 977 -39133 A -p 0.7030 0.9964 23N 61W 45 1800m23s
58 23 -1146-Feb-0308:04:01 27977 935 -38910 H -p 0.7261 1.0022 27N 173E 43 1100m13s
59 24 -1128-Feb-1416:00:50 27637 894 -38687 H -p 0.7568 1.0080 32N 49E 41 4200m46s
60 25 -1110-Feb-2423:51:24 27300 853 -38464 T -p 0.7932 1.0136 38N 74W 37 7601m13s
61 26 -1092-Mar-0707:34:30 26965 813 -38241 T -p 0.8366 1.0189 45N 163E 33 11701m33s
62 27 -1074-Mar-1815:10:37 26631 774 -38018 T -p 0.8863 1.0236 53N 39E 27 17301m46s
63 28 -1056-Mar-2822:40:39 26300 736 -37795 T -t 0.9419 1.0272 63N 89W 19 27801m49s
64 29 -1038-Apr-0906:05:51 25971 698 -37572 T+ -t 1.0022 1.0036 72N 97E 0 - -
65 30 -1020-Apr-1913:27:04 25644 661 -37349 P -t 1.0664 0.8848 71N 28W 0 - -
66 31 -1002-Apr-3020:45:04 25319 625 -37126 P -t 1.1339 0.7584 71N 152W 0 - -
67 32 -0984-May-1104:02:08 24996 616 -36903 P -t 1.2029 0.6280 70N 84E 0 - -
68 33 -0966-May-2211:18:59 24676 609 -36680 P -t 1.2728 0.4949 69N 39W 0 - -
69 34 -0948-Jun-0118:36:25 24357 602 -36457 P -t 1.3428 0.3610 68N 161W 0 - -
70 35 -0930-Jun-1301:56:23 24040 595 -36234 P -t 1.4112 0.2296 67N 76E 0 - -
71 36 -0912-Jun-2309:19:25 23726 588 -36011 Pe -t 1.4775 0.1019 66N 47W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 22

Solar eclipses of Saros 22 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -2174 May 28. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0912 Jun 23. The total duration of Saros series 22 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 22
First Eclipse -2174 May 28
Last Eclipse -0912 Jun 23
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 8P 49A 2H 5T 7P

Saros 22 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 22
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 15 21.1%
AnnularA 49 69.0%
TotalT 5 7.0%
HybridH 2 2.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 22 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 22
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 56100.0%
Central (two limits) 54 96.4%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 22 occur in the following order : 8P 49A 2H 5T 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 22 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 22
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1940 Oct 1507m17s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1164 Jan 2300m23s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -1056 Mar 2801m49s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1110 Feb 2401m13s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1128 Feb 1400m46s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1146 Feb 0300m13s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -2048 Aug 11 - 0.91315
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0912 Jun 23 - 0.10192

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.